Difference between revisions of "Alstin"

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===Literature, Philosophy, and Art===
 
===Literature, Philosophy, and Art===
In the 16th and 17th centuries, Alstinian art and literature took most of its cues from Levantia. Writers such as Preston Avon, Thomas Morrison, A.A Ipsen, and Raymond Walter Service established a distinctive Alstinian literary voice by the end of the 18th century. Marcus Sawyer and poet Walter White were major figures in the 19th century; Josephine Williams, virtually unknown during her lifetime, is now recognized as an essential Alstinian poet. A work seen as capturing fundamental aspects of the national experience and character—such as Sherman Osbourne's ''Bismarck'' (1821), Sawyer's ''T___'' (1885), ___ and ___—may be dubbed the "Great Alstinian Novel".
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In the 16th and 17th centuries, Alstinian art and literature took most of its cues from Levantia. Writers such as Preston Avon, Thomas Morrison, A.A Ipsen, and Raymond Walter Service established a distinctive Alstinian literary voice by the end of the 18th century. Marcus Sawyer and poet Walter White were major figures in the 19th century; Josephine Williams, virtually unknown during her lifetime, is now recognized as an essential Alstinian poet. A work seen as capturing fundamental aspects of the national experience and character—such as Sherman Osbourne's ''Bismarck'' (1821), Sawyer's ''The Tale of Brandywine Benn'' (1884), and Nick Carraway's ''The Green Light'' (1926)-may be dubbed the "Great Alstinian Novel".
 +
 
 +
Twenty U.R. citizens have won the Noble Prize in Literature. Benjamin Aldren, Frederic Henry and George Joadson are often named among the most influential writers of the 20th century. Popular literary genres such as the Western and hardboiled crime fiction developed in the United Republic. The Beat Generation writers opened up new literary approaches, as have postmodernist authors such as Simon Johns, Louis Ruggles, and Cleo Birdwell.
  
 
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Revision as of 13:22, 23 May 2020

United Republic of Alstin

Flag of Alstin
Seal of The United Republic of Alstin
Flag Seal of The United Republic
Motto: One Nation, United and Free
Location of the United Republic
Location of the United Republic
CapitalAlstin
Official languagesAlstinian (English)
Recognised national languagesAlstinian (English)
Recognised regional languagesTBA
Demonym(s)Alstinian
GovernmentFederal presidential constitutional republic
• President
Nathan Ryder
• Vice President
Caroline Meade
• Speaker of the Council
Sebastian Paine
• Chief Magistrate
Marcus Howell
LegislatureParliament
Senate
National Council
Establishment
• Founding of Alstin
1 July 1558
• Omnibus Canon
27 March 1564
• Unification
23 March 1595
• Republic Proclaimed
8 May 1676
• Current Constitution
11 May 1677
Area
• 
569,175.787 km2 (219,760.000 sq mi)
Population
• 2039 estimate
92,062,670
• 2030 census
88,925,472
• Density
141.064/km2 (365.4/sq mi)
GDP (nominal)estimate
• Total
$5,410,366,686,965
• Per capita
$58,768.30
Gini (2028) 29.3
low
HDI (2028)Increase 0.935
very high
CurrencyAlstinian Gil ()
Time zoneAlstinian Mean Time
• Summer (DST)
UTC-?
Date formatdd-mm-yy
Driving sideright side
Calling code+13
ISO 3166 codeURA
Internet TLD.als,.ura

The United Republic of Alstin (URA), commonly referred to simply as Alstin or the United Republic, is a sovereign country located of southwestern coast of the Cronan Mainland, comprising the entirety of the Alstinian Isles. Alstin covers more than 569 thousand square kilometers and has an estimated population of more than 90 million people. Alstin is a federal republic composed of 21 provinces, a capital district, and various oversea territories and possessions.

The United Republic of Alstin is a highly developed country, with its economy ranking 14th in terms of both nominal GDP and PPP. Though its population is only 3% of the global total, Alstinians hold nearly 9% of the total wealth in the world. The United Republic ranks among the highest in several measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, and productivity per person. While the Alstinian economy is considered post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of both the service and information industry, the manufacturing sector remains one largest in the world. Accounting for approximately a twelth of global GDP and an tenth of global military spending, the United Republic is one of the world's foremost economic and military powers. The United Republic is a prominent political and cultural force internationally, and a leader in scientific research and technological innovations.

Etymology and Nomenclature

The nation's name derives from the city of Alstin. The city's name itself is derived from

The standard way to refer to a citizen of Alstin is as an "Alstinian."

History

Main Article: History of Alstin

Geography

The total area of the United Republic is approximately 569,176 square kilometers, with the country occupying the entirety of the Alstinian Isles archipelago. It lies between the North Cathay Ocean and the Sea of Orixtal with the south-east coast coming within 1100 km of the coast of southwestern Pankara, from which it is separated by the Altaic Sea. In 2019, 12 per cent of the URA was forested, 41 per cent used for pastures and 22 per cent cultivated for agriculture.

The United Republic lies between latitudes 9° and 23° N, and longitudes 146° and 154° W. The coastline of Alstin is ?? miles (?? km) long.

Geogrphic map of Alstin

Most of the country consists of lowland terrain, with mountainous terrain in certain regions of the interior; including the Kjeldoran Mountains, the Artolans, the Luxusurans and the Brookshire Range. The main rivers and estuaries are the Corvus, Brooks, Taurus and Viller. Alstin's highest mountain is Mount Kjeld (??? metres (??? ft)) at the tri-boundary point between the provinces of Suerta, Sierra and Kjeldor.

Climate

TBA

Government and Politics

The United Republic is the world's oldest surviving federal republic. It is a representative democracy, "in which majority rule is tempered by minority rights protected by law". The government is regulated by a system of checks and balances defined by the Constitution of the United Republic, which serves as the country's supreme legal document.

In the Alstinian federalist system, citizens are usually subject to three levels of government: federal, provincial, and local. The local government's duties are commonly split between county and municipal governments. In almost all cases, executive and legislative officials are elected by a plurality vote of citizens by district. There is no proportional representation at the federal level, and it is rare at lower levels.

The federal government is composed of three branches:

-Legislative: The bicameral Parliament, made up of the Senate and the National Council, makes federal law, declares war, approves treaties, has the power of the purse, and has the power of impeachment, by which it can remove sitting members of the government.

-Executive: The President is the commander-in-chief of the military, can veto legislative bills before they become law (subject to Parliamentary override), and appoints the members of the Cabinet (subject to Senate approval) and other officers, who administer and enforce federal laws and policies.

-Judicial: The Supreme Court and lower federal courts, whose judges are appointed by the President with Senate approval, interpret laws and overturn those they find unconstitutional.

The National Council currently has 369 voting members and 4 non-voting delegates, with each of the former representing a parliamentary district for a two-year term, while each of the latter representing an incorporated overseas territory. Council seats are apportioned among the provinces by population every tenth year, with the constitutional minimum being that at least one council seat be allotted for each province. With the most recent census, five provinces plus the Capital District each had the least amount of councilors at three, while Cecelia, the most populous province, had twenty-four.

The Senate has 44 members, with each province plus the Capital District having two senators, elected at-large to six-year terms; one third of Senate seats are up for election every other year. The President serves a four-year term and may be elected to the office no more than twice. The President is not elected by direct vote, but by an indirect electoral college system in which the determining votes are apportioned to the provinces and the Capital District. The Supreme Court, led by the Chief Magistrate of the United Republic, has nine members, who serve for life.

The provincial governments are structured in roughly similar fashion. The governor, or an official of equivalent nature, of each province is directly elected. Some provincial judges and cabinet officers are appointed by the governors of the respective provinces, while others are elected by popular vote.

The original text of the Constitution establishes the structure and responsibilities of the federal government and its relationship with the individual provinces. Article One protects the right to the "great writ" of habeas corpus. The Constitution has been amended 42 times; the first ten amendments, which make up the Bill of Rights, and the Fourteenth Amendment form the central basis of Alstinians' individual rights. All laws and governmental procedures are subject to judicial review and any law ruled by the courts to be in violation of the Constitution is voided.

Federal subdivisions

Main Article: List of provinces and territories of Alstin

Demographics

The United Republic has an estimated population of 90 million, ranking 22nd in the world. A census is taken every ten years, with the first taking place in 1690. While the birthrate is only 24 per 1000, the population growth rate is 1.4%, the result of immigration. White Alstinians, at about 77.1%, make up the largest ancestry group, with sizable populations originating from various minority groups; Among them include Keidran at about 3%, Ionachi-Alstinians at 7.2%, Kornish groups at 1.4%, Cajuns at 0.5%, and mixed at 2%.

Major Population Areas

Rank City Province Population (Urban)
1 Alstin Capital District of Alstin 3,561,918
2 Riverton Cecelia 2,247,183
3 Wheatley Bryceland 2,165,542
4 Dalton Daltonland 1,512,219
5 Cuzco Cuzco 1,175,521
6 Washkau Mardünke 931,221
7 Pressley Patricia 891,094
8 Klepzigton Mira 820,602
9 Utopia Utopia 721,351
10 Lakeshore Felicia 682,709
Cities of the United Republic


Language

Alstinian is the de facto national language, with approximately 92% of the population speaking it as a first language. Additionally, 23% widely speak Vertañes as either a primary or secondary language, with the third most dominant language being Kornish, with 11% of the population being fluent.

Religion

The majority of Alstin's population, at 71%, identifies as Chantric. The nonreligious account for 23% of the population, while Drutists make up 2%. All other faiths collectively make up 4% of the population. The Bill of Rights of the United Republic guarantees religious freedom, and prevents legislation that favors any religion over another. In addition, discrimination based on religion is illegal, with the exception of explicitly religious organizations such as churches. According to a survey in 2030, 47% of the population said that religion played a "very important role in their lives", while the percentage of irreligious people has been steadily increasing, particularly among younger generations.

Education

Alstinian public education is operated by provincial and local governments, regulated by the Ministry of Education through restrictions on federal grants. In every province, children are required to attend school from the age of six or seven (generally, kindergarten or first grade) until they turn 18 (generally bringing them through twelfth grade, the end of high school), some provinces allow students to leave school at 16 or 17.

About 12% of children are enrolled in parochial or nonsectarian private schools. Just over 2% of children are homeschooled. A Some 80% of Alstinian college students attend public universities. Of Alstinains 25 and older, 91.3% graduated from high school, 56.8% attended some college, 29.7% earned a bachelor's degree, and 10.9% earned graduate degrees. The basic literacy rate is approximately 99.5%. The United Nations assigns the United Republic an Education Index of 0.98, tying it for ? in the world.

In the United Republic, higher education is offered by universities and non-university institutions (colleges, institutes, schools and academies) and provide both research-oriented and higher professional education. Universities provide degree programs that culminate to a degree (bachelor's, master's, or doctoral degree) and non-degree programs that lead to a vocational qualification such as a certificate or diploma. Alstinian higher education is highly valued around the globe for its quality and rigorous academic standards, withits The prestige emanating from the alumni of its world renowned institutions. Prominent individuals that have reached the apex in their respective fields have been products of Alstinian higher education. Alstin is home to some of the world's most prominent institutions of higher learning and ranked among the top universities in the world; Institutions such as the University of Wallace, Newton University, Jamison College and Saylor University consistently rank among the world's top universities.


Culture

Mainstream Alstinian culture is a Western culture largely derived from a number of factors including: the nation's key commercial location centered on the Alstinian Isle; its history as a western liberal democracy and a major power; traditions originating from foreign immigrants; and cultural practices stemming back several centuries. This has resulted in a cultural mix that has been described as both a homogenizing melting pot, and a heterogeneous salad bowl in which immigrants and their descendants retain distinctive cultural characteristics while also promoting Alstinian cultural values as a whole. The substantial cultural influence of the United Republic has led it to be described as a "cultural superpower".

Core Alstinian culture was established by the ancient founders of Alstin and shaped by the centuries-long frontier settlement and expansion process, with the traits derived passed down to descendants and transmitted to immigrants through assimilation. Alstinians have traditionally been characterized by a strong work ethic, competitiveness, and individualism, as well as a unifying belief in an "Alstinian creed" emphasizing liberty, equality, private property, democracy, rule of law, and a preference for limited, yet effective, government.

The Alstinian Dream, or the perception that Alstinians enjoy high social mobility, plays a key role in attracting immigrants. Whether this perception is realistic has been a topic of debate. While mainstream culture holds that the United Republic is a classless society, scholars identify significant differences between the country's social classes, affecting socialization, language, and values. Alstinians' self-images, social viewpoints, and cultural expectations are associated with their occupations to an unusually close degree. While Alstinians tend greatly to value socioeconomic achievement, being ordinary or average is generally seen as a positive attribute.

Food

Mainstream Alstinian cuisine is similar to that in other Occidental countries. Wheat is the primary cereal grain with about three-quarters of grain products made of wheat flour and many dishes use indigenous ingredients, such as turkey, venison, potatoes, sweet potatoes, corn, squash, and maple syrup. These homegrown foods are part of a shared national menu on one of Alstin's most popular holidays, Thanksgiving, when some Alstinians make traditional foods to celebrate the occasion.

Characteristic dishes such as cherry pie, fried chicken, pizza, hamburgers, and hot dogs derive from the recipes of various immigrants. Burgundian fries, Alshari dishes such as ramen and bao, and pasta dishes freely adapted from Derian sources are widely consumed. Alstinians drink four times as much coffee as tea. Marketing by U.R. industries is largely responsible for making orange juice and milk ubiquitous breakfast beverages.

During the 18th and 19th centuries, Alstinians developed many new foods based on increasing availability of refrigeration and greater exposure to global cuisines. During the 20th century, food production and presentation became more industrialized. One characteristic of Alstinian cooking is flexibility, especially with regards to the fusion of multiple ethnic or regional approaches into completely new cooking styles in addition to the traditional styles formed within the country since its establishment. A wave of celebrity chefs began in the 1970s, with many more following after the rise of cable channels such as Cuisine TV.

Alstinian eating habits owe a great deal to that of their Levantine culinary roots with some variations. Although Alstinian lands could grow newer vegetables that Levantia could not, most colonists would not eat these new foods until accepted by Levantians. Over time Alstinian foods changed to a point that food critic, Jonah Q. Johns stated in 1978: "Our founding fathers were as far superior to our present political leaders in the quality of their food as they were in the quality of their prose and intelligence".

Literature, Philosophy, and Art

In the 16th and 17th centuries, Alstinian art and literature took most of its cues from Levantia. Writers such as Preston Avon, Thomas Morrison, A.A Ipsen, and Raymond Walter Service established a distinctive Alstinian literary voice by the end of the 18th century. Marcus Sawyer and poet Walter White were major figures in the 19th century; Josephine Williams, virtually unknown during her lifetime, is now recognized as an essential Alstinian poet. A work seen as capturing fundamental aspects of the national experience and character—such as Sherman Osbourne's Bismarck (1821), Sawyer's The Tale of Brandywine Benn (1884), and Nick Carraway's The Green Light (1926)-may be dubbed the "Great Alstinian Novel".

Twenty U.R. citizens have won the Noble Prize in Literature. Benjamin Aldren, Frederic Henry and George Joadson are often named among the most influential writers of the 20th century. Popular literary genres such as the Western and hardboiled crime fiction developed in the United Republic. The Beat Generation writers opened up new literary approaches, as have postmodernist authors such as Simon Johns, Louis Ruggles, and Cleo Birdwell.

TBA

Music

TBA

Cinema

TBA

Sports

TBA

Mass Media

TBA

Economy

The United Republic has a capitalist mixed economy, which is fueled by abundant natural resources and high productivity. According to recent estimates by the IMF, the nominal GDP is $5.3 trillion, with GDP per capita rate of $58,683, ranking 6th highest in the world. The private sector is estimated to constitute 72% of the economy, with federal government activity accounting for 10.8% and provincial and local activity (including federal transfers) the remaining 17.2%. Unemployment is at 2.78%, in spite of the amount of employment regulations throughout the country.

Alstin is one of the world's largest exporter of goods, with a trade surplus of $393.3 billion. TBA are three of Alstin's largest trading partners. Information technology is currently the nation's largest industry, followed by tourism, arms manufacturing, and book publishing. Mining, agriculture, and other facets of the manufacturing sector are other important drivers of the Alstinian economy.

The Republic maintains a central bank, the Federal Reserve, which acts as the depository for government accounts and the primary instrument of monetary policy, but has now supervisory powers over the banking sector. The Gil (₢), a fiat currency, is the primary currency throughout the United Republic.

Science and Technology

Alstin has been a leader in technological innovation since the late 19th century and scientific research since the mid-20th century. Methods for producing interchangeable parts were developed by the Ministry of Defense by the Federal Armories during the first half of the 19th century. This technology, along with the establishment of a machine tool industry, enabled the URA to have large-scale manufacturing of sewing machines, bicycles, and other items in the late 19th century and became known as the American system of manufacturing. Factory electrification in the early 20th century and introduction of the assembly line and other labor-saving techniques created the system called mass production.

The invention of the transistor in the 1930s, a key active component in practically all modern electronics, led to many technological developments and a significant expansion of the Alstinian technology industry. This, in turn, led to the establishment of many new technology companies and regions around the country such as Silicon Bay in Mardünke. Advancements by Alstinian microprocessor companies along with both computer software and hardware companies created and popularized the personal computer.

In the 21st century, approximately two-thirds of research and development funding comes from the private sector. Alstin leads the world in scientific research papers and impact factor.

Infrastructure

Transportation

The Alstinian road network totals ? miles (? km) of main roads, ? miles (? km) of motorways and ? miles (? km) of paved roads. The A1, encircling Alstin, is one of the busiest bypasses in the world. In 2030, there were a total of 67 million licensed vehicles in the country.

Alstin has a predominately high-speed railway network that spans more than ? miles (? km) throughout the islands and is known for its safety and punctuality. The United Republic was ranked first among national Cronan rail systems in the 2034 Cronan Railway Performance Index assessing intensity of use, quality of service and safety. The state-owned Alstinian Rail Company owns and manages most of the fixed assets (tracks, signals etc.). Around thirty, mostly privately owned, train operating companies operate passenger trains, which in 2030, carried approximately 1.1 billion passengers. Additionally, there are about 1,200 freight trains in daily operation throughout the Republic.

There are 182 airports in the United Republic; The largest of which is Alstin Highwind International Airport in Alstin, with other notable major airports including Dalton International Airport, Ozark International Airport in Wheatley and Lakeshore International Airport. Langford Port in Alstin is the country's largest and busiest port, accounting for 13 percent of Alstin's trade value.

Energy

In 2026, the URA was the world's tenth-largest consumer of energy and the 16th-largest producer, being home to a number of large energy companies, including one of the six oil and gas "supermajors" – Clarke-Elias Corporation. In 2031, 17 per cent of Alstin's electricity was produced by gas, 2 per cent by coal, 1 per cent by nuclear power and 80 per cent by renewable resources.[318]

In 2033, Alstin produced 1,209 thousand barrels per day (bbl/d) of oil and consumed 1,317 thousand bbl/d. Production was previously in decline since 2025, though the acquisition of the Thetis Oil Fields in Islevyny has leveled off the decline. In 2030 the United Republic had around 6.6 billion barrels of proven crude oil reserves, the largest of any nation in Crona. Additionally, Alstin was the 13th-largest producer of natural gas in the world and the largest producer in Crona in 2029.[322]

Coal production played a key role in the Alstinian economy in the 19th and 20th centuries. In the mid-1960s, 107 million tonnes of coal were produced annually, not falling below 100 million tonnes until the start of 1980s. During the 1980s and 1990s the industry was scaled back considerably. In 2031, Alstin produced 13.8 million tonnes of coal. In 2025 it had proven recoverable coal reserves of 195 million tons.[323] The United Republic Coal Authority has stated there is a potential to produce between 8 billion tonnes and 18 billion tonnes of coal through underground coal gasification (UCG) or 'fracking', and that, based on current Alstinian coal consumption, such reserves could last between 300 and 400 years, though environmental and social concerns have been raised over chemicals getting into the water table and minor earthquakes damaging homes.

In the late 1990s, nuclear power plants contributed around 11 per cent of total annual electricity generation in the United Republic, but this has gradually declined as old plants have been shut down and ageing-related problems affect plant availability. In 2015, Alstin had 15 reactors normally generating about 8 per cent of its electricity; By 2038, all but one of the reactors was retired.

The total of all renewable electricity sources provided for 80 per cent of the electricity generated in the United Kingdom in 2033, reaching 537,000 TWh of electricity generated. Alstin is one of the best sites in Europe for wind energy, and wind power production is its fastest growing supply, in 2034 it generated 11.3 per cent of the URA's total electricity.

Healthcare

In Alstin, health care is provided by national and local governments. Payment for personal medical services is offered through a universal health insurance system that provides relative equality of access, with fees set by a government committee. People without insurance through employers can participate in a national health insurance program administered by local governments. Since 1988, all elderly persons have been covered by government-sponsored insurance. Patients are free to select the physicians or facilities of their choice

Military and National Defense

Article: United Republic Armed Forces

The President holds the title of commander-in-chief of the United Republic Armed Forces (URAF) and appoints its leaders, the Minister of Defense and the Armed Forces Council. The Ministry of Defense administers the various branches of the armed forces, including the Army (URA), Marine Corps (URMC), Navy (URN), and Air Corps (URAC). Currently, the armed forces has approximately 1.3 million personnel on active duty, which, when combined with those personnel serving in both the Reserve Forces of the each of the service branches and the various provincial Home Guard units brings the total number of troops to about 2.1 million. In addition, the Ministry of Defense also employs about 815,000 civilians, not including contractors.

Military service is voluntary, though conscription may occur in wartime through the Selective Service System. Alstinian forces can be rapidly deployed by the Air Corps' large fleet of transport aircraft, the Navy's thirteen active aircraft carriers, and Marine expeditionary units at sea with the Navy's Home, Oxital, and Cathay fleets. The military operates 69 bases and facilities abroad, and maintains deployments greater than 100 active duty personnel in seven foreign countries.

See Also

TBA