Difference between revisions of "Capital punishment around the world"

From IxWiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search
m
(List)
 
Line 88: Line 88:
 
| align="center" |19__
 
| align="center" |19__
 
||In 19__-19__, as the Latinic constitution was being developed, its framers engaged in a debate over a “right to life” clause. While its inclusion was universally supported as a constitutional defense of the rights of the unborn and disabled (in addition to prohibitions laid out by the Levantine Church, which possess the force of law in the Latinic States), the framers were in disagreement on the extension of the clause to prohibit capital punishment, largely because it had never been prohibited by the Church. Anti-death penalty advocates argued that the death penalty no longer contributed to the ”preservation and security of human life," the Catholic principle to which the implementation of capital punishment was held, in modern justice systems. They also pointed to the exoneration of many on death row through modern forensic techniques, executions carried out during the war following questionable court-martials, and argued that the death penalty was essentially a denial of the right to appeal. This party was eventually victorious, threatening to veto inclusion of the clause at all and taking advantage of a post-war attitude deeply affected by years of slaughter. As a result, the L.S. become the only country in Ixnay to prohibit capital punishment from its foundation.
 
||In 19__-19__, as the Latinic constitution was being developed, its framers engaged in a debate over a “right to life” clause. While its inclusion was universally supported as a constitutional defense of the rights of the unborn and disabled (in addition to prohibitions laid out by the Levantine Church, which possess the force of law in the Latinic States), the framers were in disagreement on the extension of the clause to prohibit capital punishment, largely because it had never been prohibited by the Church. Anti-death penalty advocates argued that the death penalty no longer contributed to the ”preservation and security of human life," the Catholic principle to which the implementation of capital punishment was held, in modern justice systems. They also pointed to the exoneration of many on death row through modern forensic techniques, executions carried out during the war following questionable court-martials, and argued that the death penalty was essentially a denial of the right to appeal. This party was eventually victorious, threatening to veto inclusion of the clause at all and taking advantage of a post-war attitude deeply affected by years of slaughter. As a result, the L.S. become the only country in Ixnay to prohibit capital punishment from its foundation.
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#008080" |
 +
|{{flag|Kuhlfros}}
 +
| align="center" |Antiquity
 +
| align="center" |1952
 +
| align="center" |1955
 +
|While protest to the Death Penalty can be traced back to the early 20th century, it was not until after the Great War to legislative action took place nationwide to affirm every human being, even the worst among them, are indeed human and deserve the right to life.
 
|-
 
|-
 
|}
 
|}

Latest revision as of 01:56, 13 September 2019

Capital punishment has occurred over much of the world in the past. However, in the past century, many countries in the region have abolished the practice. The following summarises the countries and conditions in which capital punishment is legal around the world.

Legend

    Abolitionist: Capital punishment has been formally abolished by statute or constitution.
    Abolitionist in peacetime: Capital punishment has been formally abolished except for crimes committed under exceptional circumstances (such as wartime).
    Abolitionist in practice: Capital punishment is legal but the country has not executed anyone during the last 10 years and is believed to have a policy or established practice of not carrying out executions.
    Retentionist: Capital punishment is legal and is used for ordinary offences.

List

Country Year implemented Year of last execution Year abolished Notes
 Burgundie Antiquity 2034 In effect The death penalty in Burgundie has existed since antiquity. The death penalty is reserved for violent crimes known in Burgundie as "crimes of power" such as sexual crimes (especially rape and pedophilia), serial murder, systemic abuse (physical and emotional), and treason. Burgundie is unique among developed nations for also having a legal concept for vigilantism. Called Deuagant (Eng. taken from God), it is a non-sanctioned execution that is defensible in the community in which it occurs. This construct is not formally sanctioned by the Lazarine Court, but if there is not a subsequent outcry cases are not common against the community in which it occurred. While Deuagant is not a proven deterrent to sexual crimes, in particular, Burgundie does have a one of the lowest sexual crimes reporting rates in the Occidental world.
 Caphiria Antiquity 2030 In effect Capital punishment is lawful and has existed since antiquity though in modern times it has faced criticism. Today, it is reserved for the most heinous crimes: rape, murder, terrorism, treason and espionage.
 Chulzia Antiquity 1999 2000 Executions have been practiced since antiquity, it was only publicized on the arrival of the Oduniyyad Caliphate as a method of retribution by authorities. Over time, its validity was demarcated to exceptional happenings, i.e. murder, attempted murder, hijacking, acts of terrorism, treason, espionage, political offenses, child rape, molestation of a child under 12 years of age with aggravating factors, rape of an adult with aggravating factors, rape of an adult that results in death, illness or grievous bodily harm, robbery with aggravating factors, drug offenses, production of child pornography, child trafficking, child prostitution, child corruption, piracy, striking, unionizing, homosexuality, abortion, damaging or deliberately destroying state or private property, destroying military facilities or technology and pedophilia.

During the Chulzian Insurrection, the Insurrectionary Army made the practice illicit under all circumstances, it only permitted its use for penalizing panjandrums of society that had caused bloodshed of the civilians they have hegemonized. Capital punishment was fully abolished after the insurrection in 2000.

 Çyr 1816 1944 1953 Protest against the death penalty in the Çyr had resulted in de facto abolition of execution as a criminal punishment by the beginning of the 20th century. A number of executions during the Great War for deserters led to further public outcry and the introduction of an official moratorium during the war. In 1953 the Act against punishment by death was passed, abolishing the death penalty in times of both war and peace.
 Diamavya 1334 2034 In effect The death penalty in Diamavya has existed since the establishment of the Magnicronz Empire, and remains in the constitution today. Although the death penalty is supposedly reserved for the worst of crimes, similar sentences leading to death such as colonial exile or reconditioning are used more frequently in its place.
 Insui 1711 2020 In effect
(Being abolished)
The death penalty in Insui was first used as a punishment for the corrupt during the overthrow of Insui's first government. It has been used throughout the years usually in extreme crimes and during upscale wars. While remaining legal, the Department of Justice has recommended it be phased out in favor of other methods.
 United Kingdom Antiquity 2033 In effect The death penalty in the United Kingdom exists since antiquity, and in modern times has been codified into the constitution. The death penalty is reserved for the most heinous crimes: rape, murder, paedophilia, terrorism, treason and espionage. The method of execution differs per prison.
 Urcea Antiquity 2032 In effect The death penalty in Urcea has existed since antiquity. The death penalty is reserved for the violent crimes such as some rapes and murder, alongside treason.
 Kiravia Antiquity 2034 In effect Capital punishment is lawful in the federal court system, most state and territorial courts, and the military justice system. Some states have abolished capital punishment - either entirely or for all ordinary crimes - while many more have discontinued capital punishment in practice, both with and without formal moratoria, but have not abolished it. Though most often handed down for (usually aggravated) murders and (in some states) aggravated rapes, it may also be used as a penalty for espionage, treason, piracy, perfidy and other military crimes, aircraft hijacking, and train derailment. A few jurisdictions, such as Kyllera, allow capital punishment for arson and horse theft. Firing squad is the standard method of execution.
 Latinic States N/A 19__ 19__ In 19__-19__, as the Latinic constitution was being developed, its framers engaged in a debate over a “right to life” clause. While its inclusion was universally supported as a constitutional defense of the rights of the unborn and disabled (in addition to prohibitions laid out by the Levantine Church, which possess the force of law in the Latinic States), the framers were in disagreement on the extension of the clause to prohibit capital punishment, largely because it had never been prohibited by the Church. Anti-death penalty advocates argued that the death penalty no longer contributed to the ”preservation and security of human life," the Catholic principle to which the implementation of capital punishment was held, in modern justice systems. They also pointed to the exoneration of many on death row through modern forensic techniques, executions carried out during the war following questionable court-martials, and argued that the death penalty was essentially a denial of the right to appeal. This party was eventually victorious, threatening to veto inclusion of the clause at all and taking advantage of a post-war attitude deeply affected by years of slaughter. As a result, the L.S. become the only country in Ixnay to prohibit capital punishment from its foundation.
 Kuhlfros Antiquity 1952 1955 While protest to the Death Penalty can be traced back to the early 20th century, it was not until after the Great War to legislative action took place nationwide to affirm every human being, even the worst among them, are indeed human and deserve the right to life.