Difference between revisions of "Cohe"

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===Education===
 
===Education===
 
[[File:Deutsches Bildungssystem-quer.svg|thumbnail|350px|right|General school system of Cohe]]
 
[[File:Deutsches Bildungssystem-quer.svg|thumbnail|350px|right|General school system of Cohe]]
With a strong rooting from Yytuskia, names for the school system still reflect this with {{wpl|German|Yytusche}} naming conventEducation within Cohe is legislated to be primarily the responsibility of the {{wpl|constituent state|states}} with minor interventions by the federal government to ensure certain standards are met throughout the nation. With an optional {{wpl|Kindergarten}} provided for children between the ages of one to six, school following this is mandatory for all Cohen inhabitants. Most states provide for a ''Grundschule'' or Ground School, which lasts for 4 years with children being 5 to 9 years old. {{wpl|Secondary education}} is separated into lower and upper education, with lower being basic general education in order to get them ready to enter upper secondary education. Upper secondary education includes a number of vocational programs.
+
With a strong connection from Yytuskia, names for the school system still reflect this with {{wpl|German|Yytusche}} naming conventions. Public education within Cohe was first introduced in the early 1800s in response to the industrial age and the requirements for the many corporations within Cohe for its initial workforce. Initially this basic education included literacy, in order to understand written instructions, basic mathematics, and history. Education within Cohe is legislated to be primarily the responsibility of the {{wpl|constituent state|states}} with minor interventions by the federal government to ensure certain standards are met throughout the nation. With an optional {{wpl|Kindergarten}} provided for children between the ages of one to six, school following this is mandatory for all Cohen inhabitants. Most states provide for a ''Grundschule'' or Ground School, which lasts for 4 years with children being 5 to 9 years old. {{wpl|Secondary education}} is separated into lower and upper education, with lower being basic general education in order to get them ready to enter upper secondary education. Upper secondary education includes a number of vocational programs.
  
 
Following the ''Grundschule'' are five options for secondary schooling:
 
Following the ''Grundschule'' are five options for secondary schooling:
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#''{{wpl|Mittelschule}}'' until grade nine (with Hauptschulabschluss and in some cases Mittlere Reife = Realschulabschuss as exit exam);  
 
#''{{wpl|Mittelschule}}'' until grade nine (with Hauptschulabschluss and in some cases Mittlere Reife = Realschulabschuss as exit exam);  
 
#''{{wpl|Comprehensive school|Gesamtschule}}'' (comprehensive school)
 
#''{{wpl|Comprehensive school|Gesamtschule}}'' (comprehensive school)
Following completion of these schools, students are pushed into the ''Berufsschule'' (vocational school) as apprentices. Registered with certain associations, depending on the type of apprenticeship chosen, they are a part-time salaried employee of whatever apprenticeship chosen, they are in this role for 3 years until the student passes an exam and receives a certificate to work in any job not requiring a higher degree. The system following this is generally equivalent to other [[Yytuskia-Helvana|Yytusche-Helvanic]] and [[Urcean]] systems, both in the form of organization and in generally high marks for students in the nation.
+
Following completion of these schools, students are pushed into the ''Berufsschule'' (vocational school) as apprentices. Registered with certain associations, depending on the type of apprenticeship chosen, they are a part-time salaried employee of whatever apprenticeship chosen, they are in this role for 3 years until the student passes an exam and receives a certificate to work in any job not requiring a higher degree. The system following this is generally equivalent to other [[Yytuskia-Helvana|Yytusche-Helvanic]] and [[Urcean]] systems, both in the form of organization and in generally high marks for students in the nation. In a 2030 study it was found that 30% of Cohen citizens go on to higher education immediately following secondary schooling with a further 21% gaining a degree in higher education by the time they are 40 years old.
  
 
==Culture==
 
==Culture==

Revision as of 09:06, 12 February 2020

Federal Republic of Cohe

Bundesrepublik Cohe
Cohe Flag.png
CohenMilSeal.png
Flag Government Seal
Motto: Jeder Mann ein König
Every Man A King
Anthem: 
Gegrüßet seist du Cohe
(English: "Hail to Cohe")
Map of Cohe Pol.png
CapitalMiden
Official languagesProvidi
Recognised national languages
Ethnic groups
  • 70% Cohen
  • 20% Yytusche
  • 7% Helvanic
  • 3% Other
Demonym(s)Cohen
GovernmentFederal parliamentary republic
• President
Roch Lesiak
Establishment
• Kingdom of Midenriden
4th February 1020
• Kingdom of Miden
10th June 1502
• Republic of Cohe
10th June 1722
Area
• 
495,749.62 km2 (191,410.00 sq mi)
Population
• 2035 estimate
Increase 70,000,000
• 2030 census
69,542,000
• Density
141/km2 (365.2/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)estimate
• Total
$3.29 Trillion
• Per capita
Increase $47,000
Gini (2035)Negative increase 22.3
low
HDI (2035)Increase 0.876
very high
CurrencyNational Unity Dollar ($) NUD
Date formatmm-dd-yyyy
Driving sideright

Cohe, constitutionally the Federal Republic of Cohe, is a sovereign country located on Levantia upon the western coast. It shares a border to the north with Yytuskia-Helvana, with that border running along the length of the --- river, as well as a border to the south with the nation of Søbjerg running along the length of the --- river. To the northeast the nation is bordered by Albastria.

The nation includes 27 constituent states, each being semi-independent on a local level, and covers an area of 495,749.62 square kilometers (191,410 square miles) and holds largely a temperate climate compared to many neighbors with heavy rainfall due to the geographic location and nearby mountain ranges. With approximately 70 million citizens, Cohe is both centralized by sheer size as well as being exceptionally urban along the coastline, with block cities rising dozens of stories being common as well as ‘boroughs’, cities dug deep into the ground, while the northeastern portion of the nation is far less populated due to the difficulty of transportation as well as the history of the region. Its capital, Miden, is also the largest city and hosts the nation’s singular international airport, while the areas about Miden can be considered the financial center of the nation.

The area which came to be known as Cohe was populated since antiquity by several tribal groups of Gothic nature which would settle the region and fortify it heavily with hill forts along the coastline as well as mountainside conclaves, utilizing the naturally difficult terrain. Such a thing would lead to a heavily fragmented region of warring states which would, in 1020, be unified through a series of agreements by the city of Midenriden, the precursor to the modern capital of Miden. This would stagnate heavily until a revolution and the subsequent reformations in 1502 lead to the creation of the Kingdom of Miden, a nation heavily involved in actions against their northern Yytusche neighbors with multiple raids against such kingdoms embroiled in the continuous wars. The nation was formed in 1722 as a republic following a civil war which devastated most of the population. This lead to exceptionally open borders with neighboring Yytuskua, the product of which is a large population of individuals born in Cohe who continue to view themselves as Yytusche at least in part. As such, Cohe shares most of her laws as well as a common currency with Yytuskia-Helvana. Since that point, the nation has shared exceptionally close ties with their northern neighbors characterized by continuous efforts to stabilize one-another via economic and military aid in the form of volunteer units, something which has lead to international derision of Cohen peoples due to the Yytusche civil wars long standing existence and the inability of Cohen aid to halt the issue.

History

Founding of Midenriden

Nilanta Fort

Populated by several tribal groups of Gothic nature, these which would settle the region and fortify it heavily over the centuries utilizing the naturally difficult terrain. In the earliest years of recorded history, Hill fortresses where common with seventeen sites existing still in Cohe, while later years would give rise to a chain of mountain castles due to their ease of building relative to the safety given. As no centralized authority existed at that period, it is theorized that each castle was governed by its own lord who was such by virtue of capability to lead or via some other method of choosing. Historical records as well as several mass burial sites found in the southern parts of the country indicate that such city states warred frequently with one-another in taking land, resource-rich areas, and freshwater sources by military force with battles being so severe that one site held approximately 2,400 remains.

Such a thing would lead to a heavily fragmented region of warring states which would, in 1020, be largely unified through a series of agreements by the city of Midenriden, the precursor to the modern capital of Miden, dealt by King Wilenkin. Under the auspices of unifying in order to raid other, rival regions, what was attempted in 1020 was a careful series of alliances, promises, and economic trades in order to balance the kingdom itself. Of course, not all city-states agreed to these trades and promises in their natural distrust and in the north, under the banner of

Kingdom of Miden

War of 1718

Republic of Cohe

Long Peace

Great War

Reconstruction

Geography

Physical map of Cohe

Cohe is in western Levantia, bordered to the north by Yytuskia-Helvana and by the south and east with Søbjerg, while northernmost portion of the nation has a border with Albastria. To the west of the country is the Odoneru Ocean. Cohe also holds five major islands upon the coast, the largest of which is Balin Island to the north of the peninsula, measuring approximately 25 kilometers by 20 kilometers. Cohes territory covers 495,749.62 km2 (191,410.00 sq mi) with only a minor portion of this being water due to a lack of major lakes within the nation.

Elevation varies from the mountains in the Diamode Alps (highest point being Mt. Tropz at 3,020 meters or 9908 feet) to the shores of the Odoneru Ocean with most of the country in the west being of a flat nature. The forested area in the lowlands country is flanked by the --- and --- rivers to the north and south which branch off throughout the land into various minor estuaries. Natural resources include iron ore, potash, timber, lignite, uranium, copper, salt, nickel, and water. To a lesser degree deposits of gold, silver, zinc, manganese, and tin are also present along the mountainous areas of the country.

Climate

The majority of Cohe is characterized by a temperate seasonal climate with minor temperature differences. These usually range between 27 degrees Celsius in the coldest months and 66 degrees in the warmest months. Due to such changes, seasonally it is characterized as having only summer and winter. In the west, Cohe gets an average of 789 mm (31 in) of precipitation per year and lacks any consistent dry season. The northern portions of the country have an alpine climate due to their elevations, having exceptional precipitation at the mountaintops at a lower median temperature throughout the year.

Biodiversity

With two distinct ecoregions, that being of the Levantine montane mixed forest and Odoneru shelf marine, Cohe is largely covered in forested land and mountainous territory with only a minor portion of arable land (20%). As of 2035 approximately 20% of the country is occupied by settlements and streets. Overall vegetation and plant life can be considered typical of western Levantia. Forested regions are by and large two-thirds Beeches, oaks, and other deciduous trees while the higher elevations have a greater number of spruce and fir trees. Cohe pays host to a large number of species of ferns, flowers, fungi, and mosses. Wild animals in the area include Cohen Deer, wild boar, mouflon (a subspecies of wild sheep), fox, badger, and hare.

Government And Politics

Federal Government

Political system of Cohe

Cohe is a federal, parliamentary, representative democratic republic. The political system operates under a framework known as the “Bunden” laid out in the 1722 reformation into a federal republic. Amendments towards the framework of the country generally require a two-thirds majority of the senate; the fundamental principles of the constitution, as expressed in the articles guaranteeing human dignity, the separation of powers, the federal structure, and the rule of law are valid in perpetuity.

The president is the head of state and invested primarily with representative responsibilities and powers. He is elected by the federal convention, an institution consisting of the members of the Bundestag and an equal number of state delegates. The chancellor is the head of government and exercises executive power through their Cabinet. Federal legislative power is placed in the parliament consisting of the Federal Diet and Federal Council, which together form the legislative body. These bodies are elected through direct elections in proportion to the populations of those represented areas.

Political Culture

On the whole Cohe is dominated by the Free Cohe Party (FCP), which primarily is situated on the issues of restricting and tightening trade agreements in order to better benefit Cohe, continuing to strengthen the border in order to deter illegal immigration and smuggling, an increase in most tariffs with other nations, and a strong military force in order to project power. Largely against colonization, the FCP subsidizes many industries within the country in order to protect the local employment. Government-sponsored festivals and cultural displays are also common, both by the Federal and State governments. As a result of this, the FCP is often characterized as being far-right or right wing by competition within Cohe as well as in other countries. Other parties include the Cohe Party for Democracy (CPD) and Freeman Party (FP). The CPD is generally center-left and currently support social justice, social liberalism, a mixed economy, and the welfare state, although some elements have pushed for free trade and a decrease in welfare dependency. The FP is primarily a socialist party advocating for social reforms, a redistribution of wealth, and increased aid for local jobs.

Foreign Relations

In regards to how Cohe treats with other nations, this is characterized by the tactics of the current leading party and has been for some time. Most nations are dealt with in a regulatory fashion, with tariffs in place as well as economic restrictions and exceptional regulations for foreign parties in order to provide for bargaining chips and potential during political dealings, while dealing with governments themselves is done for the most part rarely. The nation lacks major political ties with most international bodies and organizations due to a deep-seated belief, both within the government and general population, that such ties would lead to undue conflicts between Cohe and other nations which would otherwise not occur, a belief born from the years of the Great War. Due to historical reasons Cohe is most active with the nation of Yytuskia-Helvana in terms of support, both economically and militarily. Joint military exercises are performed regularly.

Administrative Divisions

Number Provinces of Cohe Capital Population
1 CohenMilSeal.png Miden Miden 10,178,000
2 CohenMilSeal.png Dzivysk Dzivysk 2,590,000
3 CohenMilSeal.png Vyebtsy Vyebtsy 2,310,000
4 CohenMilSeal.png Balasboszló Balasboszló 2,800,000
5 CohenMilSeal.png Přítovy Přítovy 2,730,000
6 CohenMilSeal.png Strakozavou Strakozavou 2,450,000
7 CohenMilSeal.png Derazhryska Derazhryska 2,660,000
8 CohenMilSeal.png Svyetsaw Svyetsaw 700,000
9 CohenMilSeal.png Drahilawye Drahilawye 700,000
10 CohenMilSeal.png Nemyzna Nemyzna 700,000
11 CohenMilSeal.png Pored Pored 700,000
12 CohenMilSeal.png Ternikine Ternikine 6,708,000
13 CohenMilSeal.png Morspil Morspil 6,677,000
14 CohenMilSeal.png Nilanta Nilanta 6,679,000
15 CohenMilSeal.png Giradava Giradava 6,648,000
16 CohenMilSeal.png Chigheni Chigheni 2,450,000
17 CohenMilSeal.png Bistricești Bistricești 2,380,000
18 CohenMilSeal.png Keszson Keszson 2,870,000
19 CohenMilSeal.png Warbrzeg Warbrzeg 700,000
20 CohenMilSeal.png Częschy Częschy 700,000
21 CohenMilSeal.png Calingra Calingra 700,000
22 CohenMilSeal.png Donducănești Donducănești 700,000
23 CohenMilSeal.png Rîbcini Rîbcini 700,000
24 CohenMilSeal.png Sárbolas Sárbolas 700,000
25 CohenMilSeal.png Mátégy Mátégy 700,000
26 CohenMilSeal.png Havířice Havířice 700,000
27 CohenMilSeal.png Kroměrec Kroměrec 1,400,000

The nation is composed of 27 constituent states which are oriented along historical lines from periods predating that of the realm of Midenriden. These states handle the vast majority of domestic duties within the nation, operate their own State Legislatures for the purposes of minor laws and decisions, courts in order to pass judgement for minor offenses, as well as a cabinet which, by extension, elects and appoints the Federal Council. These states also operate civil services such as police, fire departments, and water services, though some federal services do overlap with these and do take presidency in any tasking compared to state civil services, such as police investigations.

It should be noted that the northern islands which Cohe occupies are grouped into a singular constituent state for the use of administration and that, while these islands generally face the same issues domestically and as such may be represented in the federal government by the same number of representatives as any continental province of Cohe they do elect their own separate State Legislatures for the use of more specific laws and decisions.

Provinces of Cohe

Military

See Cohen Armed Forces

Economy and Infrastructure

First Miden Bank

Banking

Regulatory Agencies

While most countries have only one bank regulator, in Cohe banking is regulated at both the federal and state level. Depending on its type of charter and organizational structure, a banking organization may be subject to numerous federal and state banking regulations. The nation maintains separate securities, commodities, and insurance regulatory agencies—separate from the bank regulatory agencies—at the federal and state level. Cohen banking regulations address privacy, disclosure, fraud prevention, anti-money laundering, anti-terrorism, anti-usury lending, and the promotion of lending to lower-income populations. Some individual cities also enact their own financial regulation laws (for example, defining what constitutes usurious lending).

Bank Secrecy

In Cohe, the issues of banking privacy and information security is one which is treated in much the same way as private property or an individual’s person. While individual persons cannot access the information of another on the activities of their banking, a federal or state level organization can do so with due cause. What constitutes due cause, however, is not given form through a singular law or definition but instead through a conglomerate of differing state laws as well as some few federal laws, though the apparatuses used to determine fraud prevention, anti-money laundering, anti-terrorism, and anti-usury lending do often fall under the banner of anti-terrorism organizations within the federal government itself.

Major Industries

Calingra Quarry

Cohe’s economy is widely diversified, in part due to the natural abundance of resources within the northern portion of the country as well as major population densities within the southern portions of the country. The largest national industry, by far, would be the mining industry about the Diamode Alps which plays host to large deposits of iron ore, lignite, uranium, copper, nickel, while smaller deposits exist of gold, silver, zinc, manganese, and tin. The mining of these ores accounts for a vast number of jobs within the country which are both sold abroad and sold to other domestic corporations for use locally. Due to the placement of these deposits, underground mining and in-situ leaching are the most common forms of methods while only two open quarries exist on the northern side of the country.

The fishing industry within the country is also a major source of economic strength, with a total of four million tonnes of fish caught every year on average due to long ranging fishing vessels employing mainly purse seining. The proliferation of vessels often is likened to civilian fleets, which ships rotating in a shift-line manner to reduce stress and fatigue on crew members. Despite this, the Cohen Navy still receives nearly a hundred calls for aid every year, mainly due to engine failures or man overboard situations. Even with this danger, the industry only continues to grow as demand across Levantia increases. Recent proliferation of fishing companies employing independent fishers under their roster has lead to some protests and a mild counter-culture, though skirmishes between the factions have not been extreme in recent history.

Due to heavily forested areas to both the north and south of the Diamode Alps, the timber industry is a major contributor to Cohe’s GDP with over $330 Billion contributed in 2036 as well as employing significant numbers of the population. Due to the perfection of silvicide and herbicide use, specific trees are enabled to grow in contrast to others while selected areas are kept off-limits to timber companies, enabling a continuous cycle of fully renewable forestry. As can be expected, significant oversight is present within the timber industry by both state and federal governments due to the importance of ensuring that such efforts do not hold more damage than the money they bring in. In addition to this, civil programs are in place to ensure invasive species are kept limited and controlled, as such species could prove to be exceptional damaging to the ecology and by extension the economy.

A manufacturing industry is present within Cohe, producing a variety of both civil and military goods for domestic and foreign use. This was initially born during the 1800s when the mining industry began to take flight through the Rudnik brothers, three men who purchased both iron and nickel mines as well as began the construction of local factories and, through the simplicity of production, outpaced many domestic and foreign competitors in local prices. Today, the Cohe industrial base is a piece of national pride in many ways, contributing $670 Billion to the GDP. Local production includes such things as civil appliances, industrial works, as well as military products in terms of rifles, missiles, and warships of a heavy scale.

Power Production

Pored Nuclear Plant, 1978

Pre-Great War, Cohen power production was entirely coal driven with smaller, more local plants producing for localized, unconnected power grids in singular townships and some isolated counties. In the midst of the industrial pull immediately prior to the Great War, the main producer of power within Cohe would still be the use of coal, which could be found in major abundance within the country itself. However, power plants along the length of the Alps provided for much of the major population centers while some of the new hydroelectric power plants along the twin rivers gave power to nearby areas. A rudimentary national power grid was in development, though such progress would be interrupted. These areas would prove to be significant military targets during the war by strategic bombing, both in order to disrupt domestic production as well as to attempt to flood portions of the country in order to disrupt military efforts and maneuvers.

During the war itself, emergency programs would lead to multiple underground power plants in order to protect such things from strategic bombing. As small as could be to power such things as factories and lighting for search lights, they lacked mass output to maximize concealment, lessen the chance of a bomb strike, and conserve resources and fuel. Often near rivers, many such plants relied on underground streams for power while other operated in the far more usual coal manner. Produced to roughly the same specifications under the Board of Engineers and the Cohen Army Corps of Engineers, injuries would prove to be high due to construction faults, bombing, and a series of sabotages from insurrectionist movements. Nevertheless, these emergency plants would provide power and enable Cohe to keep active. Following the wars end these emergency plants would cease operation due their scale of power production.

Following that period, most of the power structure for Cohe was rebuilt during the late 1950s, though significant advancements in energy technology would lead to a vast experiment. In 1957, construction for the Pored XB-01 Plant began, the idea of such unlimited energy widespread, and uranium deposits in the alpine regions would be put to work. In 1963, construction of the plant was completed and it produced enough power to provide for not only the testing area but the surrounding power grid itself. After control testing for several years the station would be expanded and designated the Pored Nuclear Plant in 1965 and continues to operate normally even today with modification. The success of the Pored station would lead to the construction of nearly a dozen other similar nuclear plants across the country and today such power contributes to nearly 3/4ths of the total power output of the country.

More recently, renewable power sources have spread across the country, mainly in terms of wind power. Large farms of wind turbines can be found along the length of the Diamode Alps, reliant upon the omnipresent high winds within that area. Such wind plants contribute both to the practical research efforts in perfecting the technology as well as local power grids and ensuring a sustainable, continuous source of power is present in the region. In addition to this, solar technology has made a recent rise in the 2020s in an effort by consumers to lessen the costs of power for their own households, leading to many private houses as well as some affordable housing projects to have roofs lined with solar paneling.

Healthcare

Cohe has legalized a universal, tax-based health care system based around a series of taxes and tariffs. These include taxes against the person, of which can be considered minor in their scale and impact on most of the population while not afflicting those below the poverty line, as well as corporate taxes for foreign based companies and conglomerates operating within Cohe. Due to this taxation effort, funding from the government in order to make up the extra slack is lessened, popularizing the idea among Cohen politicians while the civilian populace continues to enjoy the benefits of a universal system. In 2030, Cohen ranked highly internationally with an average life expectancy of 78 for men, 84 for women, as well as a low infant mortality rate (4.4 per 1,000 live births). Practicing physicians were approximately 4.2 per 1,000. In a government survey in 2033, outcomes, hospital wait times, and quality of care were considered to be good by 78% of the 1.3 million participants across the nation, average by 20% of those participants, and poor by the remaining 2%. Robust constitutional protections by the government have given, for most citizens, ample considerations towards both the LGBT community and the argument of abortion.

Transportation

Personal transportation has a mix of automobiles and public transportation, though numbers of usage vary between urban and rural parts of the country. With an extensive highway system developed and built in the 1990s, per-capita vehicle ownership for Cohe is approximately 430 vehicles per 1,000 Cohen in 2030, leading to 30,100,000 active vehicles in the nation in the same year. Due to urban congestion recent attempts have been made in furthering public transportation to include an underground subway system linking Miden with outlying districts and regions as well as railed subways within the city, enabling most of the urban population to go about their day without ever requiring to drive. As a result of this, more recent surveys in 2035 indicate the average Cohen adult (accounting for all drivers and non-drivers) spends 30 minutes driving every day, traveling 18.6 miles (30 km). With this decline in personal automobile usage, the government has instituted buy-back policies, either selling the vehicles abroad following refurbishment or recycling them for other use. Due to cheap and prolific nuclear technology, many newer vehicles are electrically powered. In 2035, surveys indicated that approximately 60% of current vehicles (Then estimated to be approximately 26,400,000) were compact vehicles.

Line 203, Miden

The Cohe Highways Commission (CHC) operates a network of highways within the country, employing a limited toll system within areas about the Yytuskia-Helvana and Cohe border. This significant cost to trucks frequenting the system has been the subject of much criticism by free trade advocates in both nations as many view it in a predatory light. However, no other roads within the nation hold toll roads. CHC is funded mainly through this and the federal government’s Ministry of Interior and is charged with maintaining the network. Roadwork occurs throughout the year and employs a significant portion of the population. More recently the CHC has begun to link up the mainly isolated networks of highways and rudimentary roads between the south and north portions of the country through a series of tunnels at the shallowest portions of the Diamode Alps with the purpose of streamlining the extraction of those resources located in that region.

The railway network within the nation originates from the coal mining efforts in the late 1890s and is laid out as such. With various lines moving from the Alpine regions, where such coal mines were, to nearby cities and even terminating seemingly at random when the power plant at the end is no longer in operation, on the whole the railways are unorganized prior to the middle 1900s. With the war in full swing, the need to move such war materials and personnel gave rise to a centralized underground rail system from centralized mining areas in the Alps to staging areas in the middle of the country before spreading to various refineries and factories. Some of these rail lines are still in use by several steelworks companies. More recently in 2022 reforms have been given in the form of high speed rail networks between cities for the civil populace with efforts underway by local governments to remove and recycle the earliest rail lines in Cohe due to their disuse or refit them for a wider gauge to be used by modern rail. These government efforts have come under critique by various smaller groups as destroying Cohen history and revaluing certain pieces of land while varied environmentalist organizations have lauded the effort to modernize the national infrastructure. In 2035, out of twenty three lines marked for recycling nine have been dismantled with another seven more than halfway in progress.

In terms of the airports, Cohe sports a singular international hub marked with the name of the Middle International Airport (Providi: Bliski Międzynarodowy Port Lotniczy, often abbreviated to BMPL) which operates over a 7,627 acre land. Serving 20 million passengers in 2035, it is by no means the busiest airport in the world with a total of three operating airports. BMPL is currently in a state of modernization in order to lessen power constraints with the addition of better lighting, a simplification of the power grid, and minor provisions for independent emergency generators.

Megaprojects

Diamode Tunnel Project

In 2011, under release by the Ministry of Interior and Cohe Highways Commission, construction began for a series of tunnels through the Diamode Alps region with the intention to connect the northern and southern portions of the country more completely. Prior to the Project, the two halves of the country had been connected by highways and roads over the least steep portions of the Alps which lead to a series of meandering, dangerous roadworks for any transit. These roadworks were approximately three times as long as would be needed if an underground tunnel was present, while also being approximately five times longer to traverse due to extreme turns and dangerous conditions. In 1955, surveys indicated a 230% greater chance for a crash on those roads over the Diamode Alps compared to normal roadworks in the summer, while the chance increased to 350% in the winter due to black ice, visibility, and other various issues. In order to have a safer and faster connection, in 1980 plans for the project began to be drawn-up.

On 4 October, 2016, after several delays due to equipment shortages and breakdowns, progress was estimated to be at 10% when a blizzard halted construction progress and lead to efforts to recover nineteen lost construction workers. A nearby Cohen Army infantry unit leant troops in the recovery effort, which yielded three alive over the first week following the blizzard. Twelve bodies would be found over several months with the last four never being recovered. Following that winter, clearing the damage would take several months and a worker’s strike would be immediately underway to protest conditions considered to be intolerable. After a month of the strike, better equipment would be supplied to the workers as well as an improved plan on the limiting of casualties and other issues. Construction would continue again following the incident.

Today, the project is underway with 40,000 construction workers and holds an estimated 70% completion.

Nilanta Shipyards Project

In an intention to increase ship-based trade as well as construct a greater number of military and civilian craft, in 2027 the port city of Nilanta was selected for expansion and improvement. Both civilian shipbuilding companies and the Cohen Navy have expressed interest in larger vessels, with overall length for the drydocks being estimated at 1,500 feet for a target length. With multiple slipways, drydocks, and onload/offload stations in planning, actual construction has, in 2035, only been started on two slipways, one drydock, and two stations. These in progress stations are at approximately 60% completion. In 2029 the project came under the purview of the Cohen Army Corps of Engineers who have dedicated significant portions of their efforts to the project.

Society

Demographics




Circle frame.svg

Self-reported ethnic origin (2035):

  Cohen (70%)
  Yytusche (20%)
  Helvanic (7%)
  Other (3%)

With a population of 69,542,000 in the 2035 census, an increase of 6% over the last five years since the 2025 census, Cohes birth rates far outstrips its immigration from other countries with 5.72 births per woman. In 2035, 756,696 live births occurred compared to 556,696 deaths, while immigration in the country only accounted for 0.4% growth. Historically this population growth has existed since the 1970s. The average life expectancy for men in Cohe is 80.2 years, while for women the life expectancy is 84.5 years. Median age for the population in 2035 was 25.5 years, a decrease since 2025 when the median age was 28.2 years.

Economically stable with a strong, easily available healthcare system enables the high growth of the nation from native sources, though detractors have observed the low immigration due to harsh border controls. Yytusche-Helvanic citizenry have been noted to take advantage of the capable healthcare system in Cohe, leading to several protests and dissent within State and Federal Legislatures on the issue. In 2035, 20,000 live births were of Yytusche or Helvanic origins with the parents being of not Cohen citizenry and on temporary visas or student statuses.

Cohen population density stands at 141 per square kilometer (365.2 per square mile). High population concentrations occur to the south and coastal areas of the nation with the largest cities, where 78.3% of the population resides. In these areas, population density triples in some regions, while in rural areas to the north and mountain regions it can be as low as 30 per square kilometer (78 per square mile).

Ethnic Groups

Cohe is an extremely homogenous country throughout its history, though most of the population can be considered a mix between the native Cohen, Yytusche, and Helvanic ethnicities. As a direct result of this, for the most part surveys regarding ethnicities are self-reported, reflecting more the culture and history of individual families and persons than the larger communities. Despite this, a majority of citizens regard themselves as Cohen, reflecting a strong push towards naturalization within the country. Overall, 70% of inhabitants are of native origin, the next largest group being Yytusche citizens at 20%, while Helvanics are third at 7%.

Languages

Cohe is home to multiple languages, the most prominent and official language being Providi. With 95% of inhabitants being capable of speaking the language fluently and the remaining 5% able to speak Providi serviceably, it is by far the most spoken language in the nation. Literacy rates for the country average nationally at 97% with illiteracy being most common in country and rural regions. This is partially due to longer commutes in those regions, a reliance on unskilled labor for some industries. Regional languages include Yytusche and Helvanic to the western portions of the nation as well as Miden and its surrounding regions where the largest concentrations of those populations exist. The former is spoken fluently by 40% of the population and serviceably by 5% of the total population, while the latter is spoken fluently by 22% and serviceably by 8% of the population. Literacy rates for both languages are similar to Providi. A fourth language, Junglish, which is an ergot variant of English is spoken fluently by only 15% of the population and serviceably by 20%. Various campaigns have been noted to increase bilingual percentages.

Religion

Religious affiliations in the Federal Republic of Cohe (2030)
Affiliation % of population
Cohen Wotanism 67 67
 
Christianity 23.3 23.3
 
Levantine Catholicism 20.2 20.2
 
Other Christian 3.1 3.1
 
Other 2 2
 
Irreligion 7.7 7.7
 
Atheism 5 5
 
Agnosticism 2.7 2.7
 

Cohe is overall dominated by the native religion of the country, known largely as Cohen Wotanisn. In a survey in 2030 it was found that 67% of Cohen citizens practice the religion in one form or another. Of these, 60% indicated "often", denoting practicing at minimum three times a week, 28% indicated "irregularly", denoting practicing at approximately one a week or twice a month, while 12% indicated "rarely", at any point less than irregularly. Cohen Wotanism is one of the oldest on Levantia with churches dating to 30 BCE still existing along the coast and in mountainside alcoves. Of these, only the --- Church, estimated to have been built originally in 27 CE and rebuilt in the 9th Century, is still in active operation due to its stone construction. Churches within the city follow a uniform construction guide for details, though they vary wildly in size. The domestic reach of Cohen Wotanism cannot be understated, with the symbology and iconography of many federal and state government bodies and agencies sporting such religious symbols such as the Valknut on the national flag and Ægishjálmr on the official Military Seal.

The Levantine Church today has a consistent base of worshippers with 20.2% of the population reporting to be of that religion in one way or another. In a 2030 survey, it was reported that of these 20% reported "often", 10% reported "irregularly", and 70% stated "rarely" with the majority of worship taking place in personal homes or private gatherings. Churches are rare except for major population centers such as Miden and operate through donations in support of soup kitchens, food banks, and other charitable organizations.

Education

General school system of Cohe

With a strong connection from Yytuskia, names for the school system still reflect this with Yytusche naming conventions. Public education within Cohe was first introduced in the early 1800s in response to the industrial age and the requirements for the many corporations within Cohe for its initial workforce. Initially this basic education included literacy, in order to understand written instructions, basic mathematics, and history. Education within Cohe is legislated to be primarily the responsibility of the states with minor interventions by the federal government to ensure certain standards are met throughout the nation. With an optional Kindergarten provided for children between the ages of one to six, school following this is mandatory for all Cohen inhabitants. Most states provide for a Grundschule or Ground School, which lasts for 4 years with children being 5 to 9 years old. Secondary education is separated into lower and upper education, with lower being basic general education in order to get them ready to enter upper secondary education. Upper secondary education includes a number of vocational programs.

Following the Grundschule are five options for secondary schooling:

  1. Gymnasium (grammar school) until grade 12 or 13 (with Abitur as exit exam, qualifying for university);
  2. Fachoberschule admission after grade ten until grade twelve (with Fachhochschulreife (between Abitur and Realschulabschluss) as exit exam);
  3. Realschule until grade ten (with Mittlere Reife (Realschulabschluss) as exit exam);
  4. Mittelschule until grade nine (with Hauptschulabschluss and in some cases Mittlere Reife = Realschulabschuss as exit exam);
  5. Gesamtschule (comprehensive school)

Following completion of these schools, students are pushed into the Berufsschule (vocational school) as apprentices. Registered with certain associations, depending on the type of apprenticeship chosen, they are a part-time salaried employee of whatever apprenticeship chosen, they are in this role for 3 years until the student passes an exam and receives a certificate to work in any job not requiring a higher degree. The system following this is generally equivalent to other Yytusche-Helvanic and Urcean systems, both in the form of organization and in generally high marks for students in the nation. In a 2030 study it was found that 30% of Cohen citizens go on to higher education immediately following secondary schooling with a further 21% gaining a degree in higher education by the time they are 40 years old.

Culture

Music

Cuisine

Sports

See also