Difference between revisions of "Government of Urcea"

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==Counties and Local Governments==
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==Local Government==
  
The Royal Holds are organized by {{wp|Administrative divisions of New York#County|counties}}, which in turn are completely organized by local municipal governments as either {{wp|Administrative divisions of New York#Town|towns}}  or {{wp|Administrative divisions of New York#City|cities}}. Until the [[Red Interregnum]], all counties had hereditary {{wp|Count}}s with limited authority, but following the reforms of their rule the traditional {{wp|hereditary}} counties were dissolved have all since been replaced by elective counties with {{wp|county executive}}s and {{wp|county legislature}}s, with the exception of [[Urceopolis]] County, which has a separate form of governance.  
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Every province, hold, and state is divided into {{wp|diocese}}s which are coterminous with the episcopal diocese of the [[Levantine Catholic Church]], though the so-called "civil diocese" have very little administrative or political function and have two main responsibilities. Primarily, diocesan division is a method by which judicial districts are determined; judicial responsibilities are not held at the municipal level and there are almost no municipal courts save for in [[Urceopolis]]. The second responsibility handled at the diocesan level is that of national elections, with Diocesan Boards of Election being responsible for the planning and execution of elections for [[Procurator]], [[Censor (Urcea)|Censor]], and members of the [[Concilium Daoni]]; if municipalities use the "executive" model described below, the Diocesan Board of Election also oversees elections for those local offices. Below the diocesan level exists the three basic types of local government; the {{wp|Medieval commune|civil commune}}, the guild commune, and the executive polis. In each of these three systems, the school district is entirely coterminous with the municipality, though each of the three systems have a different method by which the local school district is administered. The entirety of the Apostolic Kingdom is thus divided into municipal boundaries with no {{wp|unincorporated area}}s. This system was brought about largely during the regency of [[Gréagóir FitzRex]], as dioceses replaced counties in the mid 1890s; under the previous system, most counties had no sitting count with authority devolving back to the [[Apostolic King of Urcea|Crown]], though some counties had counts who retained hereditary political power. FitzRex also introduced the executive polis system and planned for it to be used for every locality in the country by 1905, but the [[Red Interregnum]] canceled implementation of that reform.
  
The provinces and states are divided into county-sized divisions called dioceses, which, like the counties, are organized into {{wp|Administrative divisions of New York#Town|towns}} or {{wp|Administrative divisions of New York#City|cities}}. The dioceses are run either by an elected Diocesan Executive with a Diocesan Legislature, or are run by a Diocesan Board of Supervisors, a board with the town supervisors and mayors of all of the towns and cities in the Diocese. The type of government a diocese has will vary by the size of the population within the Diocese.
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The most common type of local governance in [[Urcea]] is that of the civil commune, the oldest form of local government currently in place originating in the practices of cities in the Medieval period. The commune functions through {{wp|town meeting}}, a form of direct democracy whereby the members of the locality vote on legislation and issues of local importance in addition to having authority to set budgets and adopt zoning plans. The commune's assembly also exercises total control over the local school district. In the civil commune, any citizen owning property or having a substantial financial stake, such as a job, within the commune ages 21 or older can vote at the town meeting. A moderator is typically elected at the first meeting of a calendar year and serves for the remainder of the year, and the moderator has no delineated powers other than maintaining the rules of order. Within the assembly, there are committees formed typically either by volunteers or by drawing names from a hat or bin, and members of committees serve for a calendar year Communes maintain small governments apart from the assembly, appointing permanent paid individuals to oversee areas such as highway and sewer maintenance. These hired individuals are usually subject to the authority of a committee within the commune's assembly relating to that area of governance, with the exception of police chiefs, who are subject to oversight only by the assembly as a whole. Civil communes are usually employed for rural municipalities, but are also the most common type of government employed in suburban areas of the country as well. By national law, communes can not be used for large municipalities and cities of over 220,000 people.
  
Traditionally, dioceses were coterminous with the Catholic {{wp|diocese}}s, and in some provinces the local/provincial government were practically indistinguishable from Church function. In these, the {{wp|Bishop}} was the titular legal authority joined by an elected Legislature, but in almost all Dioceses, the Bishop, on the {{wp|constitutional advice|advice}} of the Diocesan Legislature, would appoint some type of civilian administrator over the Diocese (often with the input of the municipalities). The Bishop retained the right to veto a particular candidate, but would usually only do so after having obtained a letter of Royal or Papal dispensation to do so (so as to not override a democratically elected legislature unilaterally). A few Bishops, all in rural area or parts of the [[Ionian Highlands]], traditionally directly administered the Diocese themselves. This system was removed with the Administrative Reorganization and Rationalization Act of 2028 as Catholic dioceses were often too large a level to effectively administer local government from. In order to retain some connection to the traditional system, however, a parish priest from the largest municipality in a county now serves as non-voting nominal presiding officer of each Diocesan Legislature or Board of Supervisors, but in practice few of these priests serve in the role in a day to day capacity.
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The second most common type of local government is the guild commune. This system, like the civil commune, finds its origins in the medieval period, though they were very rare compared to civil communes and were more widely implemented during the {{wp|industrial revolution}} by [[King Aedanicus VIII]] in the face of the inability of both communal and prefecture governments to properly govern growing cities.
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The third and most rare type of local government is that of the executive polis, which entails the fairly typical system used abroad employing a mayor and city council. This system was introduced with the Administrative Reorganization Act of 1892 by [[Gréagóir FitzRex]], and previously had only been reserved for [[Urceopolis]]. These are now used only for the largest cities throughout the nation, including the cathedral city of each of Urcea's holds, provinces, and states. The executive mayor is responsible for the administration of the city and works with a municipal legislative branch, the city council, to handle the affairs of the city. The city council is elected by the all citizens of the city of voting age, and each city using this system is separated into election districts called wards. Under this system, separate zoning boards and boards of education are also elected to handle those respective areas. Elected officials under the executive polis serve five year terms that are coterminous with members of the [[Concilium Daoni]], and consequently these localities follow the electoral calendar of national elections. These cities have relatively large executive branches, with department heads nominated by the mayor and confirmed by the city council.
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Prior to the reform of 1892, there was another kind of local government in place, prefectures. Prefectures were extremely common and were employed for cities and areas that did not traditionally enjoy communal rights and privileges. Under these prefectures, the highest local hereditary authority would directly appoint a prefect to govern a region and create an administration under them. Prefects would serve as long as they had the confidence of whoever appointed them. Prior to the [[Great Confessional War]], these were usually local nobility, but following the conflict the [[Apostolic King of Urcea]] assumed direct control over vast swaths of the country. Appointment of prefects became a time consuming affair for the Crown and the inability to oversee so many local prefects was the source of corruption and poor governance in many parts of the country. [[King Aedanicus VIII]] swept away most of the prefectures during his reign, granting communal rights to most areas and elevating some guild communes elsewhere, but a handful remained in place until the entire country was reorganized in by [[Gréagóir FitzRex]] in 1892.
  
 
===Largest Cities===
 
===Largest Cities===

Revision as of 11:23, 15 August 2019

A basic overview of the function of the Urcean government.

The Government of the Apostolic Kingdom of Urcea is a type of dual federalist hierarchy and dual-sovereignty system. The Urcean Government is organized through a system of documents, edicts, and precedents called the Constitution of Urcea, which was largely formed through the twin ideological impulses of Catholic social teaching and Crown Liberalism.

At all levels of state, the Apostolic King-Elector is the central organizing Constitutional basis for authority, and all who live in the Kingdom are legally understood to be “subjects”, rather than “citizens”, though the concept applies equally and the terminology is used interchangeably. The King is constrained by a series of written and unwritten constitutional precedents. The system can best be described as something of a constitutional monarchy with a semi-presidential system below the Crown.

The country employs a type of fusion legal system that has been trending more towards the side of common law since the turn of the 20th century; Royal Proclamations, Decrees, Bulls and canon law as interpreted by Royal courts form the basis of a majority of historical statute in the Kingdom, but the primary legislation in the country is determined by the Concilium Daoni, which is the national legislature. Local governments, provinces, and the semi-autonomous regions have home rule ability to pass their own legislation, which forms the remainder of the body of statutes within the country. Existing somewhere between these is the rule making authority of the various Royal ministries, part of the Concilium Purpaidá, who not only issue their own rules and regulations but ensure a uniform legal-economic system throughout the country. The Concilium Purpaidá, which serves as a quasi-executive ministry, is chaired and directed by the nationally elected Procurator, whose office has its origins in the Royal Steward.

The Concilium Daoni serves as the national legislature, and it is variously controlled by organized national political parties which exist and contest the elections that occur throughout the country, including local and provincial elections. The Concilium Purpaidá, serves as the executive ministry and is appointed by the Chancellor and Temporary President, the majority leader of the Daoni.

Legal Structure of the Kingdom

The Julian Palace serves as the home of the national government and the focal point and symbol for the National Government.

The Apostolic King of Urcea serves as Head of State and is the unifying legal basis for the country as a whole and the National Government in particular. Legally speaking, the provinces owe their allegiance to him as King, in Urceopolis as Archduke, in Yustona as Grand Duke, in Canaery as Prince-Elector, and the autonomous states as Prince-Sovereign, though in practical terms he is hailed as Apostolic King in all his realms. The Apostolic Kingdom, however, is not a confederal collection of holdings but since the end of the 16th century has been gradually integrated into a single legal federal polity, which allows the Royal Courts jurisdiction over the entirety of the realm and the authority of the two Concilium to extend over the entire country. The nature of the King's authority since the early 21st century reforms, however, does present itself as him legally ruling over all provinces and holdings in a real union conterminous with the legal entity of the Kingdom. Besides autonomous regions, however, there is a clear popular conception of the Urcean nation-state rather than a Urcean union.

The Apostolic Kingdom is said to have a "dual-sovereignty" system, because the Apostolic King of Urcea is sovereign and is the central Constitutional organ by which the state functions, but the Concilium Daoni is sovereign insofar at is an expression of the people of Urcea and functionally holds supreme lawmaking authority within the Kingdom. Some observers have noted that the strength of Urcea's federalist system provides that the Kingdom should actually be referred to as "triple-sovereign", given the relationship between the federal and provincial governments.

Executive Branch

See Also: Procurator

The Urcean executive branch is legally and nominally lead by the Apostolic King, who serves as Chief Executive and Head of State. Under the terms of the Great Bull of 1811 and the general development of the Constitution of Urcea, his powers are not that of Absolute Monarch and the constitutional tradition will limit his direct interference in the day-to-day affairs of the national government in addition to the affairs of subsidiary and local governments. The King wields a considerable amount of political influence and can constitutionally arbitrate deadlocks between the Procurator and Concilium Purpaidá, giving the King a major role in the governance of the Kingdom at various points.

In addition to the power of the King to settle disputes between the Procurator and the Concilium Purpaidá, the King has several other powers based on his own prerogative. The most commonly used power is that of appointment; all of the officers of the Armed Forces are appointed by the King himself, usually through a secretary (although the King personally reviews brigadiers and higher), and the King nominates members of the Royal Judiciary which are confirmed by a vote of the Purpaidá members. Most importantly, the King nominates a list of candidates for Censor to be narrowed down by the Urcean Conference of Catholic Bishops. The King also appoints Governors-General of the royal holds and Rectors of overseas territories. The King also has the power, in the event of budget impasses between the Procurator and the Daoni, to unilaterally extend Royal budgets in order to prevent Government shutdowns. The King's Budgets cannot substantially alter the previous year's budget being extended, but he can change the funding amount in any line by five percent in either direction, giving the King's Budgets flexibility in the event of recessions and severe shortfalls. The King has a very exclusive veto authority, restricted entirely to bills in which both Censors have issued a formal objection to.

Within the executive branch, the King enacts laws and policies upon the advice of the Procurator. The Procurator, who is directly elected by the nation at large, serves in many ways as the functional Head of Government as the “right hand of the King”; he or she serves as the presiding officer over meetings of the Concilium Purpaidá, has direct oversight of all its ministers and ministries. The Procurator determines the government's official program of policies that it will implement, although members of the Purpaidá are under no obligation to follow the policies. The Procurator also serves as First Lord of the Treasury, giving them the authority to create and issue Royal Budgets for the Kingdom in the name of the King that must be approved by the Concilium Daoni. The Procurator has no formal ministry under them, but is head of the Royal Treasury and, functionally, the national bureaucracy as a whole. The Procurator also serves as the Lord Regent of the Apostolic Kingdom in the event of the absence or minority of a King. Since the time of the Great Interregnum, the Procurator has also served as the Magister Militum of the Armed Forces of the Apostolic Kingdom of Urcea, giving him or her effective supreme command and control over the military. Elections for the Procurator are held every five years on the first Tuesday in November, and Procurators take office on the first of January following the date of the election. There are no term limits on the office of Procurator. The Procurator may veto legislation passed by the Concilium Daoni. The Procurator is also responsible for appointment of Rectors of overseas territories.

The Royal Treasury is chartered by the King and functionally serves as the central organ within the national bureaucracy, coordinating with the various Ministries and other Royal organizations to implement programs and policies via budget lines and supplemental appropriations. The Royal Treasury is funded through various mechanisms which the Kingdom uses to tax, and each of the three types of subdivisions pay different kinds of taxes. As noted above, the Procurator is First Lord of the Treasury and controls broad policy directives for the Treasury, but the day to day operations of the Treasury are under the purview of the Chancellor of the Treasury, although nothing precludes the Procurator and Chancellor from being the same individual.

The Concilium Purpaidá, known as the "Purpaidá", serves as a practical executive branch and Cabinet, though its original function was that of privy council. The members of the Purpaidá are members of the Concilium Daoni (known as the “Common Council”) nominated by the Chancellor and Temporary President through his or position as head of the Concilium Daoni. The various Ministers of the Concilium serve as the head of various Ministries that are akin to executive agencies, and the national bureaucracy is organized through them. Much of the nation's national policymaking comes through the regulatory rule-making power statutorily authorized to the various Ministries of the Purpaidá; these regulations, rules, and pseudo-laws do not require Royal or Daoni assent if they have statutory basis but rather require the imprimatur of the Procurator. If a member does not follow official directives of the Procurator, called "Treasury Orders", the Procurator may issue a formal request to the King for an order of compliance. Members of the Purpaidá can also ask the King for arbitration in the event that the Procurator refuses to issue an imprimatur for their proposed course of action. The King may take three options: he can issue a "Writ of Compliance", ordering the Purpaidá member to follow the Procurator's direction; he can issue a "Writ of Correction", in which the Procurator must withdraw his Treasury Order, allowing the Purpaidá member to proceed on their own proposed course of action submitted to the King; or, the King can issue a "Writ of Dismissal", in which neither the Purpaidá member's proposal nor the policy designed by the Procurator may be followed and that an entirely new policy must be devised. Constitutionally speaking, the King may issue a narrowly tailored suggestion following a Writ of Dismissal, but neither the Purpaidá member nor the Procurator are under any legal obligation to follow or implement the King's suggestion, though the King's word is normally considered to be very influential and, politically speaking, the King's suggestions are rarely refused in these circumstances.

Sitting on the Purpaidá are the two Censors, who are responsible for maintaining the census and supervising public morality. Besides the administrative necessities of the decennial census, the Censors issue regulations for content censorship in the media, and additionally must issue a report on impacts on morality and public virtue of a proposed piece of legislation before the Concilium Daoni. The Censors do not have full veto power, but rather lodge formal "Objections", which by themselves are influential enough to halt a bill or bring about an amendment. Both Censors, in concurrence, can issue a suspensive veto for a bill, forbidding the legislation from being voted on for the remainder of the year unless more than eighty percent of the members of the Daoni vote to override. When both Censors issue an objection, the Apostolic King of Urcea can also legally veto a bill, though in those circumstances the Procurator typically vetoes the legislation rather than the King in order to preserve democratic legitimacy. The Apostolic King of Urcea selects a list of potential candidates from among a list of self-declared candidates for the office, and from this list the Urcean Conference of Catholic Bishops selects four candidates who are elected by the nation as a whole. Censors can run for reelection provided the Conference of Catholic Bishops include the incumbent on their list of candidates, and it is highly unusual for the Bishops to refuse ballot access to an incumbent.

Legislative Branch

See Also: Concilium Daoni, Chancellor and Temporary President

The Common Council (also known as the Concilium Daoni) is a popularly elected body that serves as the national legislature of the Apostolic Kingdom. Originally constituted as a meeting of the commons to approve or disapprove tax levies by the King, the Daoni has taken on broad legal powers in all policy areas. Members of the Daoni are called Delegates, and the members are organized into party conferences, with each party having its own leader. Though the Procurator is the legal and nominal presiding officer of the Council, Constitutional precedent calls for the election of a Temporary President. Since the middle of the 19th century, the Temporary President has served in the role of Chancellor of the Royal Treasury and has had the ability to nominate the members of the Purpaidá, giving rise to the office of Chancellor and Temporary President, who serves as the head of the legislative branch. The Chancellor and Temporary President also usually serves as leader of their party, and as a consequence, typically holds the title of Majority Leader of the Concilium Daoni. The leader of the largest minority party serves as Leader of His Most Christian Majesty's Loyal Opposition.

Like the Procurator, elections for Delegate are held every five years on the first Tuesday in November, and new sessions of the Concilium Daoni begin on the first of January following the date of the election and last for five years. Election districts, called Delegations, are single-member and first-past-the-post, and boundaries of each Delegation are determined decenially following each decade's census. The number of Delegations has been set at 500 since the Great War.

The Concilium Daoni is organized into committees corresponding to the different Concilium Purpaidá ministries, with each minister also serving as Chair of the respective committee they are Minister of. Each committee also has a ranking minority member from the largest minority party, and the role of ranking member doubles as shadow minister. Given the workload of serving as head of a Ministry, Ministers very rarely get involved on a more than superficial level in the affairs of their respective committees, with staff or other Delegates doing much of the work.

Besides considering and passing legislation, the Concilium Daoni has several important functions. Filling the role of Chancellor and Temporary President is necessary for the functioning of government given the role the Chancellor plays in filling the Concilium Purpaidá, so the election of a Chancellor and Temporary President is often the first item of business considered by a session of the Concilium Daoni. The Concilium Daoni is responsible for approving any international treaties to which Urcea is a signatory. In addition, the Concilium Daoni is responsible for passage of a Royal Budget every fiscal year, which begins on April 1st. The Procurator must propose a budget to the Daoni by January 15th each year, and negotiations proceed from there. Constitutionally, the Daoni may not add language to the budget, but may change funding lines or remove language. If negotiations between the Chancellor and Temporary President and Procurator break down, the King has the authority to extend the previous year's budget, as noted above. If an agreement is reached, the Concilium Daoni considers and votes on the budget bills as modified by any negotiations or agreements since the Procurator first proposed them.

Though defunct, the Imperial Diet, the legislative body of the Holy Levantine Empire which created trade conditions and regulations throughout the Empire, served as a critically important legislative institution in the Urcean government. The King, as both King and as Elector, functionally had the right to nullify proposed laws, and beginning with the ostracization of Urcea following the Second Caroline War, most of the dictates of the Diet were nullified in Urcea, giving rise to the need for a stronger Concilium Daoni to take its place.

National Politics

Typically, the political leadership of the Urcean Government can take four distinct forms. In the first, following an election, the Procurator and the Chancellor are the same individual or from the same party; same party candidacies are uncommon but not unheard of if a party's Concilium Daoni leader does not have widespread popular appeal and electability. In this scenario, this party are in total control of the government and the Chancellor-Procurator controls the appointment of the members of the Concilium Purpaidá and the policies that the Purpaidá follows, leading to the party's policy program and budget being implemented. The second scenario involves a Procurator and Chancellor of different parties who form what's called a "Purpaidá Coalition", whereby a minority of members of the Purpaidá are appointees of the Procurator's party in exchange for a mutually agreed upon policy program being established by the Procurator; in this scenario, the Chancellor is usually the more powerful of the coalition partners. The third scenario requires a hung Daoni, whereby the Procurator guides his party to form a coalition with another party to elect a Chancellor of the other party. This scenario is called a "Daoni Coalition", and the appointed membership of the Purpaidá is typically an even split. In this scenario, the Procurator is typically the more powerful of the coalition partners. The final scenario involves a Chancellor and Procurator of different parties who cannot come to an agreement. In this scenario, the Procurator's program is often in conflict with members of the Purpaidá, requiring constant intervention of the King over Treasury Orders, and many times in this scenario King's Budgets are implemented. This final scenario is often called "Royal Rule", because the King, in his role as arbitrator, is most accurately said to be the one governing the Kingdom.

During the 20th century, political power switched between the two largest parties - the National Pact, the dominant party of the 19th century, and the National Democratic Party, formed in the midst of the Red Interregnum. While the National Democratic Party transformed into the National Social Union beginning in 2020, the bi-partisan divide continued until the 2035 Urcean political realignment. Despite the predominance of the two major parties, other smaller parties such as the Julian Party and the Democratic Labor Party did hold office throughout the country in the era. In the 21st Century, the National Social Union held a majority in the Daoni every session except for 2006-11, when the National Pact under the leadership of Michael Redder took a slim majority in the legislature. By contrast, the National Pact has held the Procuratorship for the whole of the 21st Century except from 2016-2025. After the dissolution of the National Social Union in 2035, the Democratic Labor Party became the second largest party in the Concilium Daoni with the National Pact surging to a majority in the 2035 Urcean Concilium Daoni election.

Provinces, Royal Holds, and Semi-Autonomous States

The Praetorium in Urceopolis serves as the home of the Parliament of the Archduchy of Urceopolis as well as the city's government.

The federal subdivisions of Urcea take three distinct forms, the first of which is called a royal hold, land directly held by the Apostolic King of Urcea through some other title other than King. There are 3 such Holds. Each hold has a unicameral Royal Parliament for each hold. The Parliament functions as a de facto legislature for the hold, though all proposals and laws are nominally issued in the name of the King. Each hold has a Governor-General of the Realm, which are appointed by the King on the advice of the Purpaidá, who serves as de facto executive officer within the hold. Appointments are generally made factoring the aptitude of a potential office holder as well as the partisan composition of the Hold.

The subnational divisions of Urcea.

The second form of subdivision is the province, the most numerous of the three types of sub-national governance; there are 29 Provinces. These are considered to be general federal entities that are not directly held by the King as a separate title, but rather are tied to the Kingdom itself as a legal entity. The legal precedent has been established through successive rules that constitute a General Code for the Provinces, which creates for the provinces a representative form of government which is uniform throughout all of Urcea's provinces. Each province has an elected bicameral legislature (with the two houses generally called the Senate and Assembly) comprised of electoral districts determined decennially based on the decennial census, an elected Governor who serves as the province's chief executive, and a provincial Supreme Court, with some members appointed by the King as a "Royal Judge" and approved by the provincial legislature and with some members being appointed by the Governor.

The third form of governance is the semi-autonomous state, also called a "state", the least numerous of the three types; there are 2 such States. Unlike the provinces and holds, states are generally free of the royal bureaucracy and are free to construct the confines of their state as applicable, and are also free to determine their own form of governance with consent from the King in the form of an issued charter. In practice, all of the states emulate the form of government as the provinces, though the Chief Executive is called Secretary-General rather than "Governor". The state is generally reserved for cultural enclaves within the Apostolic Kingdom.

A primary difference between the three types of subdivisions is the types of taxes levied from each. In the Royal Holdings (i.e. the Archduchy of Urceopolis, Electorate of Canaery, and Grand Duchy of Yustona), the King directly levies Royal Dues, a type of income tax assessed at a progressive rate on individuals. In the provinces, the Provincial Due is taken; rather than a personal tax, this is taken from the total incomes of the provincial government at a flat rate throughout the Kingdom. The rate in 2026 was 25.6%. In the semi-autonomous states, citizens pay the Sovereign Income Tax; the flat tax rates of which are determined by the semi-autonomous governments at a rate no lower than 12.5%, and both Aenglasmarch and Gassavelia set their rates at such. The Provincial Due and Royal Due rates may not be raised by the Procurator without consent of the Concilium Daoni.

List of Subnational Divisions

Flag Abbreviation Name Type Cathedral City Population (2034-35)
Urceopolisgd.png UR Urceopolis Royal Hold (Archduchy) Urceopolis 339,049,112
Yustona.png YU Yustona Royal Hold (Grand Duchy) Cálfeld 109,104,666
Canaery.png EC Canaery Royal Hold (Electorate) Cana 49,104,599
Flag of Sark.svg AM Ænglasmarch Autonomous State Holchester 20,501,552
GassaveliaFlag.png GV Gassavelia Autonomous State Harzenon 89,204,152
Afoncord.png AC Afoncord Province Lustenstád 49,204,684
60px AD Ardricampus Province Ardricampus 11,501,502
Flag of Devon.svg AR Ardthirium Province Highmount 8,501,112
Burgundiemarch.png BR Burgundiemarch Province New Urceopolis 5,401,299
Callan.png CL Callan Province Sangran 49,494,224
Cape Aedan.png CP Cape Aedan Province Seansport 74,082,195
East glen.png EG Eastglen Province Amaepons 56,506,943
Saint Wite's Cross.svg EV Eastvale Province Fort St. Andrew 12,501,685
Gabban.png GB Gabban Province Sauson 19,501,992
60px GV Goldvale Province Aquae Sextiae 33,960,395
Halfway.png HA Halfway Province Koureiros 10,582,573
Mynadin.png HD Hardinán Province Scipianople 15,691,224
Killean.png KE Killean Province Ardaire 54,204,654
60px KD Killdarium Province Killdaire 15,104,696
60px KV Kingsvale Province Fort St. Blaise 11,895,224
60px LC Lower Carolina Province Durham 21,405,124
60px NA New Audonia Province Alticium 24,501,542
Niallsland.png NI Niallsland Province Belbern 8,596,204
Northgate.png NG Northgate Province Rustellum 29,502,695
60px NI North Ionia Province Roekdorse 7,404,701
60px NC North Crotona Province Toulonium 35,492,192
Roscampus.png RC Roscampus Province Philaridon 29,210,201
BlessedSacProvince.png SS Sanctissimo Sacramento Province Leosfort 49,401,591
Southmarch.png SM Southmarch Province Santry 41,105,692
60px SI South Ionia Province Praenum 16,402,591
60px SC South Crotona Province Odosport 25,693,604
60px TR Tromarine Province Atina 24,492,192
60px UC Upper Carolina Province Morgansfort 29,401,684
West glen.png WG Westglen Province Stanlow 42,405,119

Local Government

Every province, hold, and state is divided into dioceses which are coterminous with the episcopal diocese of the Levantine Catholic Church, though the so-called "civil diocese" have very little administrative or political function and have two main responsibilities. Primarily, diocesan division is a method by which judicial districts are determined; judicial responsibilities are not held at the municipal level and there are almost no municipal courts save for in Urceopolis. The second responsibility handled at the diocesan level is that of national elections, with Diocesan Boards of Election being responsible for the planning and execution of elections for Procurator, Censor, and members of the Concilium Daoni; if municipalities use the "executive" model described below, the Diocesan Board of Election also oversees elections for those local offices. Below the diocesan level exists the three basic types of local government; the civil commune, the guild commune, and the executive polis. In each of these three systems, the school district is entirely coterminous with the municipality, though each of the three systems have a different method by which the local school district is administered. The entirety of the Apostolic Kingdom is thus divided into municipal boundaries with no unincorporated areas. This system was brought about largely during the regency of Gréagóir FitzRex, as dioceses replaced counties in the mid 1890s; under the previous system, most counties had no sitting count with authority devolving back to the Crown, though some counties had counts who retained hereditary political power. FitzRex also introduced the executive polis system and planned for it to be used for every locality in the country by 1905, but the Red Interregnum canceled implementation of that reform.

The most common type of local governance in Urcea is that of the civil commune, the oldest form of local government currently in place originating in the practices of cities in the Medieval period. The commune functions through town meeting, a form of direct democracy whereby the members of the locality vote on legislation and issues of local importance in addition to having authority to set budgets and adopt zoning plans. The commune's assembly also exercises total control over the local school district. In the civil commune, any citizen owning property or having a substantial financial stake, such as a job, within the commune ages 21 or older can vote at the town meeting. A moderator is typically elected at the first meeting of a calendar year and serves for the remainder of the year, and the moderator has no delineated powers other than maintaining the rules of order. Within the assembly, there are committees formed typically either by volunteers or by drawing names from a hat or bin, and members of committees serve for a calendar year Communes maintain small governments apart from the assembly, appointing permanent paid individuals to oversee areas such as highway and sewer maintenance. These hired individuals are usually subject to the authority of a committee within the commune's assembly relating to that area of governance, with the exception of police chiefs, who are subject to oversight only by the assembly as a whole. Civil communes are usually employed for rural municipalities, but are also the most common type of government employed in suburban areas of the country as well. By national law, communes can not be used for large municipalities and cities of over 220,000 people.

The second most common type of local government is the guild commune. This system, like the civil commune, finds its origins in the medieval period, though they were very rare compared to civil communes and were more widely implemented during the industrial revolution by King Aedanicus VIII in the face of the inability of both communal and prefecture governments to properly govern growing cities.

The third and most rare type of local government is that of the executive polis, which entails the fairly typical system used abroad employing a mayor and city council. This system was introduced with the Administrative Reorganization Act of 1892 by Gréagóir FitzRex, and previously had only been reserved for Urceopolis. These are now used only for the largest cities throughout the nation, including the cathedral city of each of Urcea's holds, provinces, and states. The executive mayor is responsible for the administration of the city and works with a municipal legislative branch, the city council, to handle the affairs of the city. The city council is elected by the all citizens of the city of voting age, and each city using this system is separated into election districts called wards. Under this system, separate zoning boards and boards of education are also elected to handle those respective areas. Elected officials under the executive polis serve five year terms that are coterminous with members of the Concilium Daoni, and consequently these localities follow the electoral calendar of national elections. These cities have relatively large executive branches, with department heads nominated by the mayor and confirmed by the city council.

Prior to the reform of 1892, there was another kind of local government in place, prefectures. Prefectures were extremely common and were employed for cities and areas that did not traditionally enjoy communal rights and privileges. Under these prefectures, the highest local hereditary authority would directly appoint a prefect to govern a region and create an administration under them. Prefects would serve as long as they had the confidence of whoever appointed them. Prior to the Great Confessional War, these were usually local nobility, but following the conflict the Apostolic King of Urcea assumed direct control over vast swaths of the country. Appointment of prefects became a time consuming affair for the Crown and the inability to oversee so many local prefects was the source of corruption and poor governance in many parts of the country. King Aedanicus VIII swept away most of the prefectures during his reign, granting communal rights to most areas and elevating some guild communes elsewhere, but a handful remained in place until the entire country was reorganized in by Gréagóir FitzRex in 1892.

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