Difference between revisions of "Great Vâlcea"

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Military service in Great Vâlcea is voluntary, however the nation maintains the fifth largest military on [[Sarpedon]] and is highly active and well equipped. The branches of the unified [[Vâlcean Armed Forces]] include the [[Army of Great Vâlcea|Regular Army]] (Armata Republicană), the [[Navy of Great Vâlcea|Navy]] (Marina Republicană), and the [[Air Force of Great Vâlcea|Air Force]] (Forța Aeriană Republicană). The average citizen is eligible to enlist in the military at the age of 16, however you must be 18 to be eligible to enter full active duty.  
 
Military service in Great Vâlcea is voluntary, however the nation maintains the fifth largest military on [[Sarpedon]] and is highly active and well equipped. The branches of the unified [[Vâlcean Armed Forces]] include the [[Army of Great Vâlcea|Regular Army]] (Armata Republicană), the [[Navy of Great Vâlcea|Navy]] (Marina Republicană), and the [[Air Force of Great Vâlcea|Air Force]] (Forța Aeriană Republicană). The average citizen is eligible to enlist in the military at the age of 16, however you must be 18 to be eligible to enter full active duty.  
  
Since [[2012]], the Vâlcean Navy and Air Force have been actively engaged in [[Operation Talon]]; Great Vâlcea's mass scale operation to protect the flow of trade through the [[Constanța Canal]] and throughout the [[Omnium Ocean]]. The operation also seeks to prevent the activity of human trafficking throughout southern Sarpedon. The Vâlcean Army meanwhile has mostly been confined to guarding Great Vâlcea's land borders, however it has also been engaged in a number of peacekeeping initiatives throughout [[Audonia]] and [[Crona]] since [[2024]].
+
Since [[2012]], the Vâlcean Navy and Air Force have been actively engaged in [[Operation Talon]]; Great Vâlcea's mass scale operation to protect the flow of trade through the [[Constanța Canal]] and throughout the [[Omnium Ocean]]. The operation also seeks to prevent the activity of human trafficking throughout southern Sarpedon. Since [[2037]], the Vâlcean Army, Navy, and Air Force have been engaged in the ongoing [[Lupatri War]] within neighbouring [[Bussdaberria]]. A task force of the Vâlcean Navy have been patrolling the [[Itera Bay]] since the beginning of the war, while the Air force and and Army have been engaged in [[Operation Resilient Warden]]; Great Vâlcea's full-scale military operation assisting the [[Bussdaberrian People's Army]] - one of the many warring Bussdaberrian factions.
  
 
==Geography and climate==
 
==Geography and climate==
 
<gallery mode="packed">
 
<gallery mode="packed">
 
File:Lakebalea.jpg|[[Lake Bâlea]], the largest lake on [[Sarpedon]], as viewed from its eastern coast.
 
File:Lakebalea.jpg|[[Lake Bâlea]], the largest lake on [[Sarpedon]], as viewed from its eastern coast.
File:Tilariver.jpg|The [[Tila River]], which provides fresh water to the otherwise arid inland of Great Vâlcea.
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File:Tilariver.jpg|The [[Tila River]], which provides fresh water to the otherwise arid interior of Great Vâlcea.
 
File:Valcanyon.jpg|Great Vâlcea's northern provinces feature a number of sprawling canyons, as seen here in [[Vatra]].
 
File:Valcanyon.jpg|Great Vâlcea's northern provinces feature a number of sprawling canyons, as seen here in [[Vatra]].
 
File:Valdesertdunes.jpg|Great Vâlcea's southern regions feature large dune systems, collectively referred to as the [[Dune Sea]].
 
File:Valdesertdunes.jpg|Great Vâlcea's southern regions feature large dune systems, collectively referred to as the [[Dune Sea]].

Revision as of 10:52, 16 January 2020

Republic of Great Vâlcea

Republica a Vâlcei Mari (Vâlcean)
Flag of Great Vâlcea
Valcean emblem.png
Flag Coat of Arms
Motto: "Libertate, Forța, Unitatea" (Vâlcean)
"Liberty, Strength, Unity"
Anthem: Uniti Pentru Totdeauna
"United Forevermore"
Location of Great Vâlcea
Capital
and largest city
Constanța
Official language
Recognized languages
Vâlcean
Latin, Galați, Fontese, Veltorine
Ethnic groups
Religion
Demonym(s)Vâlcean
GovernmentUnitary semi-presidential republic
• President
Michael Luca
Ștefan Foriș
Elena Udrea
LegislatureNational People's Assembly
Formation
862 CE
1524 CE
1909 CE
1953 CE
• Vâlcean Republic
1998 CE
1999 CE
Area
• Total
1,291,731 km2 (498,740 sq mi) (??th)
Population
• Jan. 2036 estimate
138,342,211 (?rd)
• Density
107/km2 (277.1/sq mi) (?th)
GDP (nominal)2036 estimate
• Total
$6.724 trillion
• Per capita
$48,604
Gini 14.7
low
HDI (2036)Increase .951
very high · 5th
CurrencyVâlcean Severin (SEV)
Driving sideright
Internet TLD.gv

The Republic of Great Vâlcea, commonly known as Great Vâlcea or simply Vâlcea, is a sovereign state in central Sarpedon. It is a Untiary semi-presidential republic composed of eight administrative provinces. Great Vâlcea has a land area of approximately 1,291,731 km2 and borders Caphiria to the north, Bussdaberria and Carnazza to the east and Rionnio to the south. It has a population of just over 138 million inhabitants, making it the fourth-most populous nation on Sarpedon. The majority of Great Vâlcea's territory and population is situated on the eastern side of Lake Bâlea and the Tasaul Bay. This is mainly due to the Peleaga Mountains which dominate much of its western territory. More than 10% its population also lives in and around the capital of Constanța, which is home to one of the seven wonders of the modern world - the Constanța Canal.

The Republic of Great Vâlcea is a developed nation, ranking highly in both Human Development Index (HDI) and Gross Domestic Product Per Capita. The country also ranks highly in the Democracy Index, being classed as a "full democracy", and ranks highly in the Liberty Index; currently sitting at 4th place. This high ranking is usually attributed to the nation's strong electoral spending laws and its employment of a number of independent electoral watchdogs. The country is fairly culturally homogeneous, with the vast majority of the population being ethnic Vâlceans. However, the country is home to a large Caphirian minority along with smaller Galați, Fonter, and Veltorine minorities. As a result, Latin, Galați, Fontese, and Veltorine are officially recognised minority languages. Great Vâlcea is also one of the four founding nation's of the Tulcea Treaty Organisation, and the Vâlcean city of Tulcea hosts the organisation's de-jure Headquarters.  

While the nation's economy is fairly diversified, it primarily revolves around the Constanța Canal. The canal draws in huge revenues every year from the vast amounts of ships that pass through it, the canal being the only way to reach ports in the southern Caphirian province of Ranaella. Great Vâlcea also has a number of large oil fields in the south-east of the country, and as a result is a primary oil and rubber exporter to the rest of Sarpedon. Other economic activities include the manufacture of weapon parts, which has been a growing industry since the Great War, mining, mainly of copper and and iron, and tourism, with many areas along the coast of Lake Bâlea and the Tasaul Bay being visited by millions of foreign tourists each year.

Etymology

The oldest known name of anywhere in the region that currently constitutes Great Vâlcea is "δυτικό κόλπο" (dytikó kólpo). This roughly translates to "western bay" and comes from the old Istroyan language. This name applied to what is today the Tasaul Bay and it was likely given this name by early Istroyan explorers whilst mapping the coastlines of southern Sarpedon. At the time, the area around the Tasaul Bay was ruled by a number of small native Sarpedonian realms. These natives had already formed an early society and had a rudimentary written language known today as Tasauli. These native Sarpedonians appeared to refer to these Istroyan explorers as "Վանատոլկա" (Vanatolca), this name likely being a corruption of the ancient Istroyan word "ανατολικών" (anatolikón) which roughly translates to "easterner". This is most likely what these Istroyans would have introduced themselves as to the region's natives. When the ancient Latinic people begun to expand southward and settle in the regions around Lake Bâlea and the Tasaul Bay many centuries later, the region's natives applied this same name to them. By this point, "Վանատոլկա" (Vanatolca) had become "Վատցկա" (Vatlca), the word having changed over the centuries. As the Latinic people who had settled in the region begun to culturally and linguistically split from their ancestors and the Latin people further north, they took this name for themselves, latinising it to "Vatlca". Over the centuries the word would change further. The T in the middle of the word was dropped, an E was added after the C, an I would be added before the A, and an N would be added to the very end of the word. This would make the word "Vâlceian", or in English, "Vâlcean". The early 5th century CE is the first time we see the name "Vâlceian" appear in historical records. Eleven centuries later in the Dura Decree, that would found the Old Vâlcean Confederation, we would see the the name "Vâlcei" (Vâlcea in the Vâlcean language) used for the first time in official documentation to describe the region that is today Great Vâlcea.

History

Background

Settlement by anatomically modern humans of what was to become Great Vâlcea occurred in waves beginning by about 30,000 years ago. By the end of the region's prehistoric period, the population is thought to have belonged, in the main, to a Semitic culture termed Tasauli, comprising the region around the the Tasaul Bay and Lake Bâlea. The Latinic invasion of the region, beginning sometime around 24 CE, saw the collapse of Tasauli society, dividing the region into numerous Latin polities and realms. the Latinic invaders would integrate with the Tasauli people over the next few centuries, giving birth to the unique Vâlcean culture and language. Most of the region settled by the Latinic people would become unified under the Vâlcean Empire in the 9th century.

In 1092 CE, the Vâlcean Empire launched an invasion of southern Caphiria, taking advantage of the Imperium's bloody civil war. This invasion would ultimately end in failure, Vâlcean forces being pushed out by a united front of southern Caphirian lords. However, the Vâlcean Empire would return home with numerous plundered riches and artefacts that would come to adorn the empire's capital of Constanța, earning the city the title of 'Mama de Aur', or 'Golden Mother'. The Vâlcean's short lived conquests of important Caphirian trading cities would also expose them to the model of Urceo-Caphirian feudalism, the use of which would become widespread in Vâlcea over the following centuries.

The Vâlcean Empire's collapse in 1351 CE would once again see the region that was to become Great Vâlcea broken up into numerous different polities. These polities would face a constant threat from Caphiria to the north, however, most of the region was able to maintain its independence from foreign rule throughout the late middle ages.

Dura Decree and the Old Confederation

Collapse of the Old Confederation and the Great War

New Confederation and the Velvet Revolution

Since the revolution

Government and politics

The Republic of Great Vâlcea is a Untiary semi-presidential democratic republic with strong democratic traditions. The Constitution of the Republic was created in 1999, a year after the Velvet Revolution and the subsequent creation of the Republic. It created an executive with strong authority in relation to parliament. The executive branch itself has two leaders: the President of the Republic, currently Michael Luca, who is head of state and is elected directly by universal adult suffrage for a 5-year term, and the Government, led by the president-appointed Chancellor, currently Ștefan Foriș.

The Vâlcean Parliament is a unicameral legislature comprised of the National People's Assembly. The Assembly representatives represent local constituencies and are directly elected for 5-year terms. The Assembly has the power to dismiss the government, and thus the majority in the Assembly often determines the choice of government. However, the Government itself has a strong influence in shaping the agenda of Parliament. The leader of the National People's Assembly is the President of the Assembly, currently Elena Urdrea. The position of President of the Assembly is always held by the leader of the largest party in the National People's Assembly.

The Palace of Parliament in Constanța. The building is the home of the National People's Assembly.

Great Vâlcea is also notable for its heavy inclination toward socialist policies. Social services, healthcare, and most utilities are all provided by the government under a single-payer system. Education, though not free at the post-secondary level, is heavily subsidised by the government which maintains controlling shares in each of the nation's universities. Many of these policies are longstanding and stem from the Velvet Revolution, which saw the labouring classes gain a great deal of political power. Although the Republic of Great Vâlcea is relatively young, its republican ideals are also longstanding and stem for the short lived Vâlcean Commonwealth, whose constitution was one of the most liberal in its time. In the present, those liberal values continue to form a cornerstone of Vâlcean society and Great Vâlcea is renowned as one of the most friendly and inclusive nations in the world for various different peoples, refugees, and minorities of all stripes.

Critics of the Vâlcean administration often argue that the nation is ruled as a one-party state. While in the literal sense this is not the case, this criticism stems from the fact that the Social Democratic Union has held the Presidency and lead the National People's Assembly since the Republic's founding in 1998. While this is true, independent watchdogs, including a League of Nations envoy, have detected no instances of voter fraud or election manipulation, and it appears that the Social Democratic Union continues to win completely democratically with a mandate from the Vâlcean people. Another counter argument is that the Social Democratic Union have never led the National People's Assembly alone. The party has always led the assembly in coalition with either the Communist Party, the Green Party, or in one instance, the New Liberal Party. Currently the Assembly is led by a coalition of the Social Democratic Union, the Green Party, and the Communist Party.

Administrative divisions

Great Vâlcea is subdivided into eight provinces. The nation is also often divided into three regions: West, East, and North; but these regions are purely geographical and are not political divisions. Provinces are further divided into tîrguri and communes. Tîrguri have local councils but are components of urban areas and are grouped under a city council or similar urban administration. In contrast, communes are considered rural areas with a greater deal of autonomy for the administration of infrastructure and bylaws. Tîrguri are generally larger than communes and are frequently redrawn. Communes are generally smaller but cannot be redrawn as often. Lake Bâlea and the Tasaul Bay do not fall under the direct jurisdiction of any one province though the islands of Narasseta and Alian along with the Tutera Peninsula do. Lake Bâlea and the Tasaul Bay are administered directly by the Directory of Domestic Affairs.

The table below gives more information on each of the eight provinces.

Administrative Provinces Flag Coat of arms Abbreviation Capital Population Land area (km2) Density (people per km2) # of seats in the National People's Assembly
Number Percentage
Iulia Iualia flag 4.png Iualia coa 4.png IU Constanța 0 0.00% 0 0 0
Peleaga Peleaga flag.png Peleaga coa.png PE Iași 0 0.00% 0 0 0
Târa Tara flag.png Tara coa.png TR Oradea 0 0.00% 0 0 0
Bâlea Balea flag.png Balea coa.png BL Suceava 0 0.00% 0 0 0
Salesia Salesia flag.png Salesia coa.png SA Resita 0 0.00% 0 0 0
Vatra Vatra flag.png Vatra coa.png VA Tulcea 0 0.00% 0 0 0
Roșiorii Rosiorri flag.png Rosiorri coa.png RO Mediaș 0 0.00% 0 0 0
Breza Breza flag.png Breza coa.png BR Târgu 0 0.00% 0 0 0

Parties and elections

Elections in Great Vâlcea occur every five years. Presidential elections are usually held two years after Assembly elections, however this is not always the case. A system of instant-runoff voting (IRV) is used in both elections. This system of voting has lead to the nation traditionally having a very diverse range of parties occupying the National People's Assembly. As of 2035, ten different parties along with three independents occupy seats in the Assembly. A single representative is elected to the assembly from each of the nation's 652 constituencies. Currently, the Social Democratic Union forms a majority leadership in the assembly with support from the Green Party and the Communist Party. The current President, Michael Luca, also ran on a Social Democratic ticket.

The four largest political parties in the National People's Assembly are as follows:

Social Democratic Union (Uniunea Social Democrată) (USD) - left-wing democratic socialist party. Has led the National People's Assembly and the government since 2030. Supports social equality, social justice, nationalisation, trade unions, and environmentalism. Lead by Elena Udrea.


New Liberal Party (Noul Partid Liberal) (NPL) - Centre to centre-left liberal party. Has been the official opposition since 2030. Supports social equality, limited foreign interventionism, a regulated market economy, and environmentalism. Lead by Norman Manea.


United Conservative Party (Partidul Conservator Unit) (PCU) - centre-right to right-wing conservative party. Originally formed in 1989 after the unification of the New State Party and the Confederal Conservative Party. Has been the third largest Vâlcean party since 2025. Supports foreign interventionism, international military cooperation, conservative policy, and privatisation. Lead by Dan Voiculescu.


Green Party (Partidul Verde) (PV) - Left-wing environmentalist party. Has been the third largest Vâlcean party since 2025. Supports environmentalism, trade unions, social justice, social equality, and Alterglobalisation. Lead by Marcian Bleahu.

Law

Great Vâlcea's current legal system was founded in 1953 after the establishment of the Confederation of Great Vâlcea following the Great War. However, it was based off and is essentially a partially modified version of the Kingdom of Iulia's legal system which had been in use since its foundation as an independent state in 1916.

Great Vâlcea's legal system is based on its codified criminal code. As such, the decisions of appellate courts do not directly alter the criminal code, though landmark cases have been known to lead to amendments in the code following major legal decisions. The code itself has been altered and revised many times since its inception. Naturally, a great deal of the national legislature's work is devoted to statute which then must be affirmed by the nation's supreme court. Beneath the supreme court are the appellate courts of which there are one per province. Appellate courts are not permanent and are typically formed by senior members of various judiciaries within a state. Only if a criminal appeal makes its way through an appellate court would it be heard by the supreme court. As such, it is very rare that such a thing comes to pass which is why it typically inspires statutory change if such an event does occur. Below the appellate courts are the trial courts of which there are typically one per constituency or city. Trial courts are where most legal proceedings take place including proceedings for both indictable and summary offences.

Law enforcement in Great Vâlcea is primarily the responsibility of local police departments, with provincial police providing broader services. The Constanța Police Department (Departamentul de Poliție Constanța - DPC) is the largest in the country. Agencies such as the Investigation Agency of the Republic (Agenția de Investigare a Republicii - AIR) and the Republic Marshals Service have specialised duties, including protecting civil rights, national security and enforcing Vâlcean courts' rulings and national laws.

Military

Vâlcean reservists participate in a military exercise, 2025.

Military service in Great Vâlcea is voluntary, however the nation maintains the fifth largest military on Sarpedon and is highly active and well equipped. The branches of the unified Vâlcean Armed Forces include the Regular Army (Armata Republicană), the Navy (Marina Republicană), and the Air Force (Forța Aeriană Republicană). The average citizen is eligible to enlist in the military at the age of 16, however you must be 18 to be eligible to enter full active duty.

Since 2012, the Vâlcean Navy and Air Force have been actively engaged in Operation Talon; Great Vâlcea's mass scale operation to protect the flow of trade through the Constanța Canal and throughout the Omnium Ocean. The operation also seeks to prevent the activity of human trafficking throughout southern Sarpedon. Since 2037, the Vâlcean Army, Navy, and Air Force have been engaged in the ongoing Lupatri War within neighbouring Bussdaberria. A task force of the Vâlcean Navy have been patrolling the Itera Bay since the beginning of the war, while the Air force and and Army have been engaged in Operation Resilient Warden; Great Vâlcea's full-scale military operation assisting the Bussdaberrian People's Army - one of the many warring Bussdaberrian factions.

Geography and climate

Economy

Demographics

Culture