Difference between revisions of "Hištanšahr"

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Latest revision as of 12:17, 4 December 2019

Principality of Hištanšahr

Uzdehzanistan
"Realm and Principality of the Exiled Tribe"
ca. 680–1071
Flag of Hištanšahr
Standard
CapitalHarzenon
Common languagesOld Persian
Religion
Nestorian Christianity
Demonym(s)Uzdehzani
GovernmentFeudal monarchy
Satrap 
• 1040-1067
Cambyses IV
• 1067-1071
Artaxerxes IX (disputed)
History 
• 
ca. 680
• 
1071
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Republic of Isulae Isti
Various Latinic warlords
Various Istroyan warlords
Kingdom of Gassavelia
Today part ofUrcea
Burgundie

Hištanšahr, also Uzdehzanistan, was a state in southeastern Levantia in the Medieval period. Formed as a colony of fleeing Nestorian exiles from Audonia during the rise of the Oduniyyad Caliphate, Hištanšahr came to rule over large areas of territory which included a primarily Latinic, Istroyan and Gaelic native underclass. It reached its territorial and influence apex in the 8th century as it created a large network of subjects from the cities, tribes, and polities that formed after the collapse of Great Levantia in an area comprising most of what is today southern Urcea. During this period, it was actively opposed by the Latin League. Hištanšahr's influence over its neighbors went into sharp decline with the rise of the Holy Levantine Empire. Despite this, it persisted until its overthrow in the 11th century, when it was reformed into the Kingdom of Gassavelia.

Hištanšahr left an important legacy in Levantia and in general, as many ancient Audonian cultural traditions were imported to Levantia, and much historical information about pre-Islamic Audonia has been preserved in Levantia. In addition to their own cultural footprint, a unique culture began to form among Hištanšahr's native subjects, creating a blend of Latinic, Istroyan and Gaelic traditions with Audonian influences included. This process would continue during the Kingdom of Gassavelia and would form the basis of modern "Gassavelian" culture. The double-headed eagle, a symbol imported from Audonia and standard of Hištanšahr, became associated with grand power and authority in Levantine culture. It was later adopted by the Holy Levantine Empire, among others, as its symbol.

Etymology

"Hištanšahr" translates roughly into "state of those who left" from Persian, reflecting the exile-based origin of the nation. "Uzdehzan", which referred to the residents of Hištanšahr, approximately translates into "tribe of the exiled".

History

Culture