Difference between revisions of "History of Caphiria"
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==Civil war era==
==Civil war era==
Latest revision as of 20:07, 13 July 2019
The history of Caphiria has been among the most influential to the modern world, from the spread of the Latin language and Romance languages as a result to the creation of the Imperial Church to its vast contributions to modern government, law, politics, engineering, art, literature, architecture, technology, warfare, religion, language, and society.
Caphirian history is traditionally divided into eight distinct historical eras:
- The Prehistoric era, covering Caphiria's earliest inhabitants and the establishment of the Latinic people.
- The Kingdom era (480 BC - 370 BC), covering the formation of the city-state of Caphiria in 480 BC and characterized by a monarchical form of government in which according to tradition, Lanintius was the first of five Kings.
- The Republic era (370 BC - 414 AD), which commenced in 370 BC when kings were replaced with rule by elected senators. The period, which lasted 783 years, was marked by vast expansion of Caprivian territory, regional dominance, and eventually over the entire Ecinis Sea and parts of the Kindreds Sea and Great Lakes.
- The Principate era (414 - 1070 AD), marked by a series of civil wars and internal political conflict, centers around the reorganization of the Republic and creation of the Constitution of Caphiria. This era also marks the early stages of the city-state evolving into a proper empire, with vast territorial holdings, hegemony over Latium, and was among the most powerful economic, cultural, political and military forces in the world of its time.
- The Civil War era (1070 - 1115 AD), covers a dozen or so civil wars that took place over a period of four decades as contention for leadership and political groups vied for control over the massive and wealthy state. The most famous of these was between Marius Oratonius and Quinus Sator Alercius and the subsequent war between their successors and die hard loyalists. This led to the state splitting into two: a monarchy in the north and a republic in the south.
- The Pontificate era (1115 - 1456 AD), which is divided into two unequal parts, begins with the reunification of the state into the Imperium, a hybrid political system that solved the crisis of the civil war. This era also marks the combination of the secular and religious authorities, creating a caesaropapist form of government, which meant emperors were regarded as greater than other mortals, though not quite as deities. As time went on, the identity of the imperatorship with the papacy became less clear and after a peaceful coup, the emperor became recognized more for his legal authority, rather than his religious one.
- The Dominate era (1456 - 1872 AD) is marked by its cultural and political achievement, becoming the symbol of artistic and cultural influence. This period is characterized by the rediscovery of classical Latin philosophy which encouraged a new thinking that became manifested in art, architecture, politics, science and literature. This era marks the transition from the Middle Ages to modern Caphiria.
- The Mandatum era (1872 - present), covers the 18th century to present day. This period can be characterized as the shift from regional hegemon to global superpower. Caphiria played a major role in the Great War, notably as the first nation to use nuclear weaponry. Kiravia and Caphiria emerged as superpowers following the end of the 20th century and has maintained a mostly friendly relationship with it, confronting indirectly during the Space race, proxy wars, and propaganda campaigns.
The origins of Caphiria trace back to a geographic region called Latium that encompasses the southern part of Levantia and the northern part of Sarpedon. The region of Latium played a pivotal role in the development of a number of diverse cultural groups and civilizations. The Adonerii civilization was one of the most influential and included the partial coastlines of what is now Urcea, Caphiria, Insui, and Burgundie. The earliest known evidence of the Adonerii date back to the 14th Century BC but it wasn't until the 9th century BC when a loose confederation of Latin city-states formed the Adonerii League. The Adonerii League was created primarily for common defense against other Latinic tribes and expansion of trade opportunities. It was governed by a council of local rulers that met in the city-state of Vetera. The Adonerii League was an "empire of the sea" and was exceptional at colonization and spreading its local culture and customs that would eventually form the backbone of modern Latin and Romance cultures.
The Adonerii League fell into rapid decline in the 7th century BC due to a series of changing climates and natural disasters that destroyed key cities and gave rise to other cities that would quickly outgrew the confederacy. One of the cities that grew from the decline of Adonerum was the coastal city Venceia, located across the Ecinis Sea. Venceia was established in 814 BC after a large Latinic tribe settled in the area and by the time the Adonerii League was dissolved in 570 BC had become an established city-state and had begun colonizing in its own right. During this time, the rise and dominance of the Latinic people began. Colloquially known as Latins, they are the successors to the Adonerii and share the same culture, history, ancestry and language.