Difference between revisions of "Stonne"

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==History==
 
==History==
Because the area around Stonne has been inhabited since before recorded history, there is no clear date as to when the town was founded. It is known from several later chronicles that Stonne recieved {{wpl|Market town|market priviliges}} around 870, . The Church, originally dedicated to [[East Gothic faith|Gothic Paganism]], is known from written sources to have been completed in 1339. Stonne was captured after only light skirmishing in [[1474]] by Knights of the [[Order of the Obsidian Sparrow]] towards the very end of the [[Conquest of Joanusterre]]. Following the crusader takeover, Sir [[Prise de Blaincour]] became the first Baron of Stonne, building his castle atop Stonne Hill to solidify his control over the town. Construction of the [[Stonne Monastery]] began in 1488 by the [[Prokopites|Order of Saint Prokop]] as their first holding, funded at least in part by Baron [[Prise de Blaincour]] and his lord [[Stewards of Joanusterre|Steward]].
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Because the area around Stonne has been inhabited since before recorded history, there is no clear date as to when the town was founded. It is known from several later chronicles that Stonne recieved {{wpl|Market town|market priviliges}} around 870. Construction of a castle atop the town's dominating hill was completed in 952 by Chief [[Ingmar the Ironwilled]]. The Church, originally dedicated to [[East Gothic faith|Gothic Paganism]], is known from written sources to have been completed in 1339. Stonne was captured after only light skirmishing in [[1474]] by Knights of the [[Order of the Obsidian Sparrow]] towards the very end of the [[Conquest of Joanusterre]]. Following the crusader takeover, Sir [[Prise de Blaincour]] became the first Baron of Stonne, reinforcing castle atop Stonne Hill to solidify his control over the town. Construction of the [[Stonne Monastery]] began in 1488 by the [[Prokopites|Order of Saint Prokop]] as their first holding, funded at least in part by Baron [[Prise de Blaincour]] and his lord [[Stewards of Joanusterre|Steward]] [[Falco d'Agostino]].
  
 
A tally of his holdings ordered by the [[Stewards of Joanusterre|Steward]] of [[Kubagne]] [[Joanus Sentineleau]] in 1520 shows that Stonne was home to a church, a butchershop, a watermill, a common blacksmith, a swordsmith, an armoursmith, two tailor shops, a grocer, three inns, a bakery, a cobbler, two glassmakers, two tanners, an apothecary and a bathhouse. The [[Stonne Monastery]] boasts in the same tally it's own watermill, blacksmith and butcher. A record from 1531 shows that an angry mob lynched a charlatan when the latter had sold made-up remedies as cures for anything from common cold to plague. The town's {{wpl|Bailiff}}, Gregor, was killed too when he attempted to intervene. Although nobody was physically punished for the activities of the lynchmob, Baron [[Rocher de Blaincour]] levied an extra tax on the town for the next five years for the killing of the Bailiff.
 
A tally of his holdings ordered by the [[Stewards of Joanusterre|Steward]] of [[Kubagne]] [[Joanus Sentineleau]] in 1520 shows that Stonne was home to a church, a butchershop, a watermill, a common blacksmith, a swordsmith, an armoursmith, two tailor shops, a grocer, three inns, a bakery, a cobbler, two glassmakers, two tanners, an apothecary and a bathhouse. The [[Stonne Monastery]] boasts in the same tally it's own watermill, blacksmith and butcher. A record from 1531 shows that an angry mob lynched a charlatan when the latter had sold made-up remedies as cures for anything from common cold to plague. The town's {{wpl|Bailiff}}, Gregor, was killed too when he attempted to intervene. Although nobody was physically punished for the activities of the lynchmob, Baron [[Rocher de Blaincour]] levied an extra tax on the town for the next five years for the killing of the Bailiff.

Revision as of 02:41, 27 March 2020

Stonne

Stohn (Gothic)
Town
Altensteiger Altstadt.JPG
DEU Altensteig COA.svg
Coat of arms
Stonne.png
Location of Stonne within Yonderre
Nation Yonderre
CountyDonne Flag.png Donne
BaronyStonne Flag.png Stonne
Settled by GothsAntiquity
Raised to market townc. 870
Raised to Barony capital1474
Population
 (2036 estimate)
 • Total88,242
Demonym(s)Stonnic
Stonnics (plural)
Stöhner (Gothic)

Stonne (Gothic: Stohn) is a large town in the County of Donne, Yonderre. Is is the capital of the eponymous Stonne Barony and the unofficial capital of the Black Forest. As of 2036 it was home to an estimated 88,242 people who live in the medieval town centre or in its vast suburbs. Stonne is a town of rich and varied history, having been of great importance to the Grand Chiefs of Don and the later Counts of Donne in the middle ages because of the silver mined in the nearby Loneur valley and the centre of the Black Forest glass-making industry.

History

Because the area around Stonne has been inhabited since before recorded history, there is no clear date as to when the town was founded. It is known from several later chronicles that Stonne recieved market priviliges around 870. Construction of a castle atop the town's dominating hill was completed in 952 by Chief Ingmar the Ironwilled. The Church, originally dedicated to Gothic Paganism, is known from written sources to have been completed in 1339. Stonne was captured after only light skirmishing in 1474 by Knights of the Order of the Obsidian Sparrow towards the very end of the Conquest of Joanusterre. Following the crusader takeover, Sir Prise de Blaincour became the first Baron of Stonne, reinforcing castle atop Stonne Hill to solidify his control over the town. Construction of the Stonne Monastery began in 1488 by the Order of Saint Prokop as their first holding, funded at least in part by Baron Prise de Blaincour and his lord Steward Falco d'Agostino.

A tally of his holdings ordered by the Steward of Kubagne Joanus Sentineleau in 1520 shows that Stonne was home to a church, a butchershop, a watermill, a common blacksmith, a swordsmith, an armoursmith, two tailor shops, a grocer, three inns, a bakery, a cobbler, two glassmakers, two tanners, an apothecary and a bathhouse. The Stonne Monastery boasts in the same tally it's own watermill, blacksmith and butcher. A record from 1531 shows that an angry mob lynched a charlatan when the latter had sold made-up remedies as cures for anything from common cold to plague. The town's Bailiff, Gregor, was killed too when he attempted to intervene. Although nobody was physically punished for the activities of the lynchmob, Baron Rocher de Blaincour levied an extra tax on the town for the next five years for the killing of the Bailiff.

The town was partially destroyed during the decisive Battle of Stonne that ended the Yonderian Peasants' War in 1643 when the Black Host of Fabian Löwenschiold made their last stand there. Houses damaged beyond repair, mostly due to fires caused by the battle, were demolished and replaced with contemporary renaissance buildings, while those that could be repaired more easily were preserved, notably the Church and Castle. Silver mining in the nearby Loneur valley followed by minting inside the town itself caused Stonne to bloom, making it one of the most important towns in the County of Donne. The town also continued its important function as a market town, working as a crossroads between Yonderre and foreign lands westwardly.

Stonne lost its importance gradually from the beginning of the 18th century and onwards as shipping overtook the role of trade from land-based caravans. Growth of the town stagnated and came to a standstill as urbanization began elsewhere in Donne as a result of the industrial revolution. Stonne remains important in modern times as a town of great historical and cultural significance and remains the centre of the Black Forest glass-making industry.

See also