Difference between revisions of "Xalesia"

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|leader_title2 = [[List of House Speakers|House Speaker]]
 
|leader_title2 = [[List of House Speakers|House Speaker]]
 
|leader_name2 = [[Michael Caprezi]]
 
|leader_name2 = [[Michael Caprezi]]
|legislature = [[Parliament of Caphiria|Domus Dei Populi]]
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|legislature = [[Parliament of Xalesia|Domus Dei Populi]]
 
|area_rank = ??th <!--Demographic Yearbook 1.-->
 
|area_rank = ??th <!--Demographic Yearbook 1.-->
 
|area_km2 = 0000000
 
|area_km2 = 0000000
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|sovereignty_type = Periods
 
|sovereignty_type = Periods
 
|established_event1 = Statum Civitatis Period
 
|established_event1 = Statum Civitatis Period
|established_date1 = ??????
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|established_date1 = 1000 BCE - 800 BCE
 
|established_event2 = Kingdom Period
 
|established_event2 = Kingdom Period
|established_date2 = ??????
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|established_date2 = 800 BCE - 700 BCE
 
|established_event3 = First Empire Period
 
|established_event3 = First Empire Period
|established_date3 = ??????
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|established_date3 = 700 BCE - 517 CE
 
|established_event4 = Second Empire Period
 
|established_event4 = Second Empire Period
|established_date4 = ??????
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|established_date4 = 517 CE - 993 CE
|established_event5 = Occupation Period
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|established_event5 = Subjugation Period
|established_date5 = ??????
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|established_date5 = 993 CE - 1071 CE
 
|established_event6 = Third Empire Period
 
|established_event6 = Third Empire Period
|established_date6 = ??????
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|established_date6 = 1071 CE - 1912 CE
 +
|established_event7= Occupation Period
 +
|established_date7= 1912 CE - 1953 CE
 
|currency = [[Xalesica]]
 
|currency = [[Xalesica]]
 
|currency_code = XAL
 
|currency_code = XAL
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|cctld = .xal
 
|cctld = .xal
  
|established_date7=??????|established_event7=Commonwealth Period}}
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|established_date8= 1953 CE - present|established_event8= Commonwealth Period}}
 
Xalesia, officially the Xalesian Imperial Commonwealth, is a constitutional imperial monarchy located on the continent of Sarpedon. Xalesia sits in the centre-south of the Continent, with most of it's territory being on the Eastern side of Lake Xalica. Historically however, the territory of Xalesia stretched much further, encompassing most of Lake Xalica and the Bay of Riaia. This can clearly be seen in the cultural and linguistic similarities of Xalesia's western and southern neighbours.  
 
Xalesia, officially the Xalesian Imperial Commonwealth, is a constitutional imperial monarchy located on the continent of Sarpedon. Xalesia sits in the centre-south of the Continent, with most of it's territory being on the Eastern side of Lake Xalica. Historically however, the territory of Xalesia stretched much further, encompassing most of Lake Xalica and the Bay of Riaia. This can clearly be seen in the cultural and linguistic similarities of Xalesia's western and southern neighbours.  
  
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==History==
 
==History==
 
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The History of the region that is today Xalesia spans more than two millenia. The region is believed to have been inhabited by native tribes for far longer than that, but the history of Xalesia usually begins around the time of the arrival of the Latinic people from the north and founding of the city of Xala. From this point onward, the history of Xalesia is divided into seven periods, each linked with a different form of the Xalesian realm, culminating in the modern day Imperial Commonwealth.   
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The History of the region that is today Xalesia spans more than two millenia. The region is believed to have been inhabited by native tribes for far longer than that, but the history of Xalesia usually begins around the time of the arrival of the Latinic people from the north and founding of the city of Xala. From this point onward, the history of Xalesia is divided into eight periods, each linked with a different form of the Xalesian realm, culminating in the modern day Imperial Commonwealth.   
  
 
===Prehistory===
 
===Prehistory===
  
Although not one of the seven official periods, the prehistory of Xalesia is sometimes considered an honorary eighth period. Prior to the arrival of the Latinic peoples and the founding of Xala, the region was divided amongst several clans of native tribes. These tribes ruled from small villages and hill forts and there were no real cities or towns of any kind. The population of these native tribes is believed to have been quite small, and it is likely that much of the region was uninhabited at this time. Although the various tribes would have fought with each other for centuries, they were not prepared to fight off the arriving Latinic peoples and they were likely quickly destroyed or subsumed into Latinic culture. Evidence of these pre-latinic tribes can be seen all over regions of Xalesia, the hill fort at Lazaria being the most significant and well preserved evidence of these ancient peoples.   
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Although not one of the eight official periods, the prehistory of Xalesia is sometimes considered an honorary ninth period. Prior to the arrival of the Latinic peoples and the founding of Xala, the region was divided amongst several clans of native tribes. These tribes ruled from small villages and hill forts and there were no real cities or towns of any kind. The population of these native tribes is believed to have been quite small, and it is likely that much of the region was uninhabited at this time. Although the various tribes would have fought with each other for centuries, they were not prepared to fight off the arriving Latinic peoples and they were likely quickly destroyed or subsumed into Latinic culture. Evidence of these pre-latinic tribes can be seen all over regions of Xalesia, the hill fort at Lazaria being the most significant and well preserved evidence of these ancient peoples.   
  
 
===Statum Civitatis===
 
===Statum Civitatis===
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===First Empire===
 
===First Empire===
 
[[File:FirstXalesianEmpire.PNG|thumb|The first Xalesian Empire at its height]]
 
[[File:FirstXalesianEmpire.PNG|thumb|The first Xalesian Empire at its height]]
Around 600BCE, the kingdom would finally come to an end. For 100 years it had flourished and expanded, with little to no internal instability. The throne had peacefully passed down the line of Xalesius with little trouble. However, that was now about to change. The last Xalesian adult king (who's name is unfortunately unknown) died young from an unknown illness. The left his young son on the throne. The last thing the Xalesian nobility wanted was a young boy ruling the realm. They were terrified that without a strong king everything that had been built would crumble. This is were the power-hungry and wealthy Unaccian family would step in. Their patriarch, known today as Jevusius I, would convince the nobility to support him and his family in orchestrating a coup against Xalesius' line. This coup would be a great success. What happened the boy king is unknown, but him and his family were deposed from power and replaced with the Unaccian family and the new king, Jevusius. However, he would not remain a king for long. Around a year after his coronation, Jevusius declared the end of the kingdom of Xalesia and declared the founding of the Xalesian Empire, with himself as the first Emperor. At first, this was of little issue to the nobility that had formed under the kingdom, but shortly after declaring himself emperor, Jevusius had much of the the nobility arrested and their lands confiscated. In their place he established a new bureaucracy that wouldn't have to rely on land-governing nobles as the kingdom had done, but instead on a series of governors called 'Praeceptorems' who's title would revert back to the Emperor upon their death to be handed out again to whoever the Emperor wished. Technically this title even still exists to this day.
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Around 700BCE, the kingdom would finally come to an end. For 100 years it had flourished and expanded, with little to no internal instability. The throne had peacefully passed down the line of Xalesius with little trouble. However, that was now about to change. The last Xalesian adult king (who's name is unfortunately unknown) died young from an unknown illness. The left his young son on the throne. The last thing the Xalesian nobility wanted was a young boy ruling the realm. They were terrified that without a strong king everything that had been built would crumble. This is were the power-hungry and wealthy Unaccian family would step in. Their patriarch, known today as Jevusius I, would convince the nobility to support him and his family in orchestrating a coup against Xalesius' line. This coup would be a great success. What happened the boy king is unknown, but him and his family were deposed from power and replaced with the Unaccian family and the new king, Jevusius. However, he would not remain a king for long. Around a year after his coronation, Jevusius declared the end of the kingdom of Xalesia and declared the founding of the Xalesian Empire, with himself as the first Emperor. At first, this was of little issue to the nobility that had formed under the kingdom, but shortly after declaring himself emperor, Jevusius had much of the the nobility arrested and their lands confiscated. In their place he established a new bureaucracy that wouldn't have to rely on land-governing nobles as the kingdom had done, but instead on a series of governors called 'Praeceptorems' who's title would revert back to the Emperor upon their death to be handed out again to whoever the Emperor wished. Technically this title even still exists to this day.
  
 
The first Xalesian Empire would expand significantly slower than the Xalesian kingdom, but at its height it stretched a significant distance and throughout most of its reign was easily the largest and most powerful realm on the continent. Its holdings spanned all around Lake Xalica and the Bay of Riaia. Along with this, they had a number of large and wealthy colonies spread across areas of coast and islands on the Omnium Ocean. It is important to note however, that the first Xalesian Empire had basically no competitors. They were able to expand almost unopposed, their only enemies being native tribal groups who weren't to be happy about being conquered by this Latin empire. The first Xalesian Empire predated the rise of the Caphirian Empire by more than 1000 years, and it wouldn't be until then that Xalesian Empire would finally meet its match. The Xalesian Empire was actually at its height around the time it came into conflict with Caphiria, showing just how slowly it expanded. The reason for this significantly slower expansion than the Xalesian kingdom isn't entirely clear, but historians believe that the reason for this was due to a growing population at home which required more significant management, and thanks to the new Imperial bureaucracy, which, even though it had eliminated the nobility, was cumbersome and was most likely less efficient. The Xalesian Empire also became a place of great political intrigue and scheming. The new bureaucracy allowed those with the skills to navigate it great power in the emperor's court. This meant that any emperor had to focus a significant amount of time, money and energy on fending off plots, coups, and assassins, among other political threats. While the Xalesian kingdom had been ruled by a single dynasty for 100 years, most dynasty's of the Xalesian Empire would barely last on the throne for more than half a century before being overthrown and replaced. Some dynasties, such as the famous Diocen dynasty, did last longer, some for even over a century. It was usually in these periods that the empire was able to expand the most, as less resources had to be spent on keeping control of the empire. Depsite this intrigue however, the empire never collapsed into civil war or conflict of any kind. There were small rebellions throughout its history, mainly by deposed emperors and the sons of deposed emperors, but these were always quickly put down before they could spread into an actual civil war of any kind.
 
The first Xalesian Empire would expand significantly slower than the Xalesian kingdom, but at its height it stretched a significant distance and throughout most of its reign was easily the largest and most powerful realm on the continent. Its holdings spanned all around Lake Xalica and the Bay of Riaia. Along with this, they had a number of large and wealthy colonies spread across areas of coast and islands on the Omnium Ocean. It is important to note however, that the first Xalesian Empire had basically no competitors. They were able to expand almost unopposed, their only enemies being native tribal groups who weren't to be happy about being conquered by this Latin empire. The first Xalesian Empire predated the rise of the Caphirian Empire by more than 1000 years, and it wouldn't be until then that Xalesian Empire would finally meet its match. The Xalesian Empire was actually at its height around the time it came into conflict with Caphiria, showing just how slowly it expanded. The reason for this significantly slower expansion than the Xalesian kingdom isn't entirely clear, but historians believe that the reason for this was due to a growing population at home which required more significant management, and thanks to the new Imperial bureaucracy, which, even though it had eliminated the nobility, was cumbersome and was most likely less efficient. The Xalesian Empire also became a place of great political intrigue and scheming. The new bureaucracy allowed those with the skills to navigate it great power in the emperor's court. This meant that any emperor had to focus a significant amount of time, money and energy on fending off plots, coups, and assassins, among other political threats. While the Xalesian kingdom had been ruled by a single dynasty for 100 years, most dynasty's of the Xalesian Empire would barely last on the throne for more than half a century before being overthrown and replaced. Some dynasties, such as the famous Diocen dynasty, did last longer, some for even over a century. It was usually in these periods that the empire was able to expand the most, as less resources had to be spent on keeping control of the empire. Depsite this intrigue however, the empire never collapsed into civil war or conflict of any kind. There were small rebellions throughout its history, mainly by deposed emperors and the sons of deposed emperors, but these were always quickly put down before they could spread into an actual civil war of any kind.
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So, despite the empire's issues, the time in which the first Empire reigned is sometimes known as the Xalesian golden age. The arts flourished during this time, and great progress was also made scientifically. Great pieces of classical literature that are renowned in Xalesia today were mostly written during the reign of the first Xalesian Empire. Some of the most magnificent pieces of classical art and music were also created in this period. Xalesia thrived. But, as is the case with all things, the empire and its golden age could not last forever.             
 
So, despite the empire's issues, the time in which the first Empire reigned is sometimes known as the Xalesian golden age. The arts flourished during this time, and great progress was also made scientifically. Great pieces of classical literature that are renowned in Xalesia today were mostly written during the reign of the first Xalesian Empire. Some of the most magnificent pieces of classical art and music were also created in this period. Xalesia thrived. But, as is the case with all things, the empire and its golden age could not last forever.             
 
[[File:Xalafall.jpg|thumb|The 'Excidium Xala' by early-modern Xalesian artist Contarius Rephellus]]
 
[[File:Xalafall.jpg|thumb|The 'Excidium Xala' by early-modern Xalesian artist Contarius Rephellus]]
As was previously mentioned, the first Xalesian Empire lasted around 1000 years completely unopposed on Sarpedon. But this would change in the year 414CE - the year the Caphirian Empire was born. The Xalesian Empire had existed for around 1014 years by this point, making it incredibly ancient. At first, the Xalesian Empire regarded the rise of this new empire on the continent as little more than a jumped-up upstart, something that would pose no threat to the might of the ancient and powerful Xalesian Empire. This would not be the case, however. The Caphirians continued their expansions and conquests over the next century, growing their empire. The Xalesian Empire took little notice of their expansions at first. They considered these Caphirians weak, mainly due to their religion, Christianity, which had spread rapidly in northern Sarpedon over the past few centuries, usurping the dominance of the Caphirian's formerly pagan religion. Christianity had spread to the Xalesian Empire as well, but it was mostly confined to the northern coast of Lake Xalica, and was regarded as little more than a minor cult. The two great empires of Sarpedon, Xalesia and Caphiria, would finally come head to head in 517CE. The Caphirian Empire was a powerhouse by this point, far stronger than the Xalesians had ever expected they would be. They also despised the Xalesian Empire, mainly for its pagan faith, and they considered it their goal to destroy the pagan stronghold. This would culminate in the First Xalesian-Caphirian war in 517CE. The Xalesian's were woefully unprepared for the Caphirian invasion, mainly thanks to a half a century of political instability and weak rulers. The Caphirian army would quickly capture the northern shore of Lake Xalica, assisted by the Christian peoples in the region who considered the Caphirians their liberators. The Caphirian Empire then turned its attention south, and began to march down towards Xala itself. By this point, the Emperor, Ophelius II, realised that the Xalesian Empire faced a serious threat. He called on unity amongst his court and began the assembly of an army to fend off the Caphirians. However, Xalesia's assembly of an army came too late. The Caphirians were well on there way towards Xala and had already captured much of the eastern coast of Lake Xalica and had cut off the Neceane Peninsula. The Xalesian Empire was forced to rush the assembly of its army, and when it was sent out to face the Caphirian forces in September of 517CE the army was under supplied and outnumbered. The emperor could wait no longer however, he could not allow the Caphirian forces to reach Xala. The two armies would clash at the Battle of Rattatis late in September, just nine miles from Xala. The battle would be a bloodlobath for the Xalesians. It would be the worst defeat in the entire history of Xalesian up until that point, and the first real defeat since the founding of the Xalesian Empire. The remaining Xalesian legions were shattered and fled in all directions. Howeverm, the Caphirians hadn't got out of the battle unscathed. The Xalesians had fought as well as they could, and the Caphirians had suffered heavy causalities, far more than they'd anticipated. Either way, the Caphirian army moved on to Xala unopposed, and, after a brief siege that lasted only four days, broke down the walls and sacked the ancient city for all it was worth. The city wasn't destroyed, but it sustained heavy damage, and emperor Ophelius, his entire court and his entire family were slaughtered. Thousands upon thousands of people lost their lives in the Great Sack of Xala; monuments were destroyed, temples burned, estates turned into ruins. The once impenetrable city lost was lost to chaos. After two days of looting and burning, the Caphirian army retreated from Xala and Xalesia. They had lost far more men than anticipated in the Battle of Rattatis and didn't feel like they were in a confident position to carry on the war. The First Xalesian Empire, which had reigned for more than 1000 years, was reduced to ashes in a single day.     
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As was previously mentioned, the first Xalesian Empire lasted around 1000 years completely unopposed on Sarpedon. But this would change in the year 414CE - the year the Caphirian Empire was born. The Xalesian Empire had existed for around 1014 years by this point, making it incredibly ancient. At first, the Xalesian Empire regarded the rise of this new empire on the continent as little more than a jumped-up upstart, something that would pose no threat to the might of the ancient and powerful Xalesian Empire. This would not be the case, however. The Caphirians continued their expansions and conquests over the next century, growing their empire. The Xalesian Empire took little notice of their expansions at first. They considered these Caphirians weak, mainly due to their religion, Christianity, which had spread rapidly in northern Sarpedon over the past few centuries, usurping the dominance of the Caphirian's formerly pagan religion. Christianity had spread to the Xalesian Empire as well, but it was mostly confined to the northern coast of Lake Xalica, and was regarded as little more than a minor cult. The two great empires of Sarpedon, Xalesia and Caphiria, would finally come head to head in 517CE. The Caphirian Empire was a powerhouse by this point, far stronger than the Xalesians had ever expected they would be. They also despised the Xalesian Empire, mainly for its pagan faith, and they considered it their goal to destroy the pagan stronghold. This would culminate in the First Xalesian-Caphirian war in 517CE. The Xalesian's were woefully unprepared for the Caphirian invasion, mainly thanks to a half a century of political instability and weak rulers. The Caphirian army would quickly capture the northern shore of Lake Xalica, assisted by the Christian peoples in the region who considered the Caphirians their liberators. The Caphirian Empire then turned its attention south, and began to march down towards Xala itself. By this point, the Emperor, Ophelius II, realised that the Xalesian Empire faced a serious threat. He called on unity amongst his court and began the assembly of an army to fend off the Caphirians. However, Xalesia's assembly of an army came too late. The Caphirians were well on there way towards Xala and had already captured much of the eastern coast of Lake Xalica and had cut off the Neceane Peninsula. The Xalesian Empire was forced to rush the assembly of its army, and when it was sent out to face the Caphirian forces in September of 517CE the army was under supplied and outnumbered. The emperor could wait no longer however, he could not allow the Caphirian forces to reach Xala. The two armies would clash at the Battle of Rattatis late in September, just nine miles from Xala. The battle would be a bloodlobath for the Xalesians. It would be the worst defeat in the entire history of Xalesian up until that point, and the first real defeat since the founding of the Xalesian Empire. The remaining Xalesian legions were shattered and fled in all directions. However, the Caphirians hadn't got out of the battle unscathed. The Xalesians had fought as well as they could, and the Caphirians had suffered heavy causalities, far more than they'd anticipated. Either way, the Caphirian army moved on to Xala unopposed, and, after a brief siege that lasted only four days, broke down the walls and sacked the ancient city for all it was worth. The city wasn't destroyed, but it sustained heavy damage, and emperor Ophelius, his entire court and his entire family were slaughtered. Thousands upon thousands of people lost their lives in the Great Sack of Xala; monuments were destroyed, temples burned, estates turned into ruins. The once impenetrable city lost was lost to chaos. After two days of looting and burning, the Caphirian army retreated from Xala and Xalesia. They had lost far more men than anticipated in the Battle of Rattatis and didn't feel like they were in a confident position to carry on the war. The First Xalesian Empire, which had reigned for more than 1000 years, was reduced to ashes in a single day.     
  
 
===Second Empire===
 
===Second Empire===
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After the Great Sack of Xala, the first empire collapsed quickly. With the empire's ancient seat in great disrepair, and the emperor and all his successors dead, the empire crumbled. The 14 years following the Great Sack of Xala and the collapse of the first Xalesian Empire are commonly known as the Decennium Sanguis - the Decade of Blood. The colonies on the coast of the Onmium Sea quickly collapsed and fell into ruin without Xalesian protection and support, what remained of the Xalesian Navy turned to piracy to sustain itself, raiding across much of the Bay of Riaia, and the borders of Xalesia were beset by attacks from surrounding tribes. The remaining Praeceptorem had all declared themselves the legitimate heirs to the empire and engaged in bloody conflicts between each other over the right to call themselves the true heir. Many died in these conflicts and none of the Praeceptorem could gain superiority over the other. Christianity grew in strength significantly during this time as well; many viewed the woes that had befallen Xalesia as their gods abandoning them, and as such, turned to Christianity instead. The Christians living on the north of Lake Xalica had been the only group that had really gained from the war, with many gaining lands and power in areas along the northern coast of Lake Xalica, now under the rule of Caphiria.       
 
After the Great Sack of Xala, the first empire collapsed quickly. With the empire's ancient seat in great disrepair, and the emperor and all his successors dead, the empire crumbled. The 14 years following the Great Sack of Xala and the collapse of the first Xalesian Empire are commonly known as the Decennium Sanguis - the Decade of Blood. The colonies on the coast of the Onmium Sea quickly collapsed and fell into ruin without Xalesian protection and support, what remained of the Xalesian Navy turned to piracy to sustain itself, raiding across much of the Bay of Riaia, and the borders of Xalesia were beset by attacks from surrounding tribes. The remaining Praeceptorem had all declared themselves the legitimate heirs to the empire and engaged in bloody conflicts between each other over the right to call themselves the true heir. Many died in these conflicts and none of the Praeceptorem could gain superiority over the other. Christianity grew in strength significantly during this time as well; many viewed the woes that had befallen Xalesia as their gods abandoning them, and as such, turned to Christianity instead. The Christians living on the north of Lake Xalica had been the only group that had really gained from the war, with many gaining lands and power in areas along the northern coast of Lake Xalica, now under the rule of Caphiria.       
  
However, the Decennium Sanguis would not last forever. In the year 531CE, a former general of the Xalesian Empire, Theodosius Mescarla, who'd fought in the Battle of Ratticus, and had been the only known surviving general, arrived in the realm of the Praeceptorem Umidius Alvius. Theodosius had spent many of the last 14 years working as mercenary. During this time, he had becoming legendary for his strategic mind, great skills in combat, and of course, the fact he'd survived the Battle of Rattitus. This fame had earned him a large following and he commanded a very large band of loyal mercenaries. However, Theodosius seemed to decide he was tired of being a mercenary and to work towards far greater aspirations. Alvius was known as a cruel and harsh man who ruled as Praeceptorem with an iron first. He was now also one of the weakest of the Praeceptorem after a recent bloody defeat had cost him most of his army. Theodosius saw Alvius as the perfect target. As he and his men moved through Alvius' realm towards his capital of Ferraris, he preached to the people of the villages and towns that he would free them from the tyranny of Alvius and would rule justly and fairly, and, that he would rebuild the Xalesian Empire. Theodosius' preaching amassed him an even larger following, and by the time he arrived at Ferrara his force is believed to have outnumbered to city's guard ten to one. It is said that despite Alvius' orders, the city's guard opened the gates of the city to Theodosius' after only a days siege. Theodosius and his army are said to have marched through the city's streets, followed by its citizens, straight to the Praeceptorem's palace, were the Praeceptorem's guard surrendered and Theodosius had Alvius dragged out into the streets and torn to shreds by the citizens of his former city. Whether this really happened or is simply artistic license is up for debate, but either way, Theodosius gained control of the city of Ferrara and the former realm of Umidius Alvius. He would use his new realm as a base for further expansion. In 532CE Theodosius led his army to Xala. What remained of Xala was now ruled by a small council of the cities former burghers, but the city was crime ridden and corrupt, Theodosius wouldn't stand for it. Upon his arrival at the city the council quickly surrendered to him and his army and handed over Xala to his control. It is said the first thing Theodosius did was walk to the ruins of the once great imperial palace and sit in the now overgrown and crumbling throne of Xalesian Empire from which he would say to his followers; "I am your Empire, I am Xalesia." Again though, this is possibly just artistic license on behalf of past historians. Either way, Theodosius would spend the next two months cleansing the crime and corruption in the city and set up a large group of workers to begin reconstruction of the ancient city to bring it back to its former glory. Theodosius would then spend the next nine years conquering the remaining Praeceptorem, until, in the year 441CE, with the remaining Praeceptorem now all under his control and a large area of land under his rule, he would declare Emperor of the second Xalesian Empire.
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However, the Decennium Sanguis would not last forever. In the year 531CE, a former general of the Xalesian Empire, Theodosius Mescarla, who'd fought in the Battle of Ratticus, and had been the only known surviving general, arrived in the realm of the Praeceptorem Umidius Alvius. Theodosius had spent many of the last 14 years working as mercenary. During this time, he had becoming legendary for his strategic mind, great skills in combat, and of course, the fact he'd survived the Battle of Rattitus. This fame had earned him a large following and he commanded a very large band of loyal mercenaries. However, Theodosius seemed to decide he was tired of being a mercenary and to work towards far greater aspirations. Alvius was known as a cruel and harsh man who ruled as Praeceptorem with an iron first. He was now also one of the weakest of the Praeceptorem after a recent bloody defeat had cost him most of his army. Theodosius saw Alvius as the perfect target. As he and his men moved through Alvius' realm towards his capital of Ferraris, he preached to the people of the villages and towns that he would free them from the tyranny of Alvius and would rule justly and fairly, and, that he would rebuild the Xalesian Empire. Theodosius' preaching amassed him an even larger following, and by the time he arrived at Ferraris his force is believed to have outnumbered the city's guard ten to one. It is said that despite Alvius' orders, the city's guard opened the gates of the city to Theodosius' after only a days siege. Theodosius and his army are said to have marched through the city's streets, followed by its citizens, straight to the Praeceptorem's palace, were the Praeceptorem's guard surrendered and Theodosius had Alvius dragged out into the streets and torn to shreds by the citizens of his former city. Whether this really happened or is simply artistic license is up for debate, but either way, Theodosius gained control of the city of Ferraris and the former realm of Umidius Alvius. He would use his new realm as a base for further expansion. In 532CE Theodosius led his army to Xala. What remained of Xala was now ruled by a small council of the cities former burghers, but the city was crime ridden and corrupt, Theodosius wouldn't stand for it. Upon his arrival at the city the council quickly surrendered to him and his army and handed over Xala to his control. It is said the first thing Theodosius did was walk to the ruins of the once great imperial palace and sit in the now overgrown and crumbling throne of the Xalesian Empire from which he would say to his followers; "I am your Empire, I am Xalesia." Again though, this is possibly just artistic license on behalf of past historians. Either way, Theodosius would spend the next two months cleansing the crime and corruption in the city and set up a large group of workers to begin reconstruction of the ancient city to bring it back to its former glory. Theodosius would then spend the next nine years conquering the remaining Praeceptorem, until, in the year 441CE, with the remaining Praeceptorem now all under his control and a large area of land under his rule, he would declare himself Emperor of the second Xalesian Empire.
  
To Theodosius and the people of Xalesia at the time, this empire was simply the same empire as the first. It is only in the modern day that historians have split the empires apart, for the sake of clarity and historical understanding.
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To Theodosius and the people of Xalesia at the time, this empire was simply the same empire as the first. It is only in the modern day that historians have split the empires apart, for the sake of clarity and historical understanding. The second Xalesian Empire would never quite live up to the first empire, however. While the reign of the second empire certainly was an era of peace and prosperity in Xalesia, it simply couldn't match the golden age of the first Xalesian Empire, but, to be fair, little could. The second Xalesian Empire would never quite reach the heights that the first had either. It would mostly stay away from expansion around Lake Xalica, not wanting to provoke a new conflict with the Caphirians. But it would expand its control completely over the bay of Riaia, just as the first empire had done, and would even expand far further eastward than the old Xalesian Empire ever had. The empire would also finally embrace Christianity, just as Caphiria had done centuries earlier. Theodosius' son, Theodosius II, would declare the practice of Christianity fully legal and would himself convert later in life, declaring Christianity the new official religion of the empire. With this, Christianity would begin to spread much quicker throughout Xalesia, at the expense of the Xalesian pantheon. The worship of the Xalesian pantheon wouldn't be made illegal until two centuries later under Maro II, however. The second Xalesian Empire would also be far more stable politically than its predecessor, only being ruled by three dynasties in its lifetime; although its lifetime was much shorter than the first empire. This increased stability is usually traced back to Theodosius' modified bureaucracy. It would retain much of the principles of the first empire's bureaucracy, but it would also rely on a relatively weak and small budding nobility, that would serve under the Praeceptorems. The practice of the emperor handing out the title of Praeceptorem to the eldest son of a region's former Praeceptorem also became fairly commonplace. These changes took away a lot of the bureaucracy's meritocratic elements, preventing just anyone from rising through the ranks and challenging the emperor.
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All in all, the second Xalesian would be a very successful and powerful state that dominated southern Sarpedon. Despite this however, it would never be the great power that the first empire had been. Instead, the second Xalesian Empire was forced to mostly play second fiddle to the Caphirian Empire. The second Xalesian Empire would reign successfully for around 452 years, less than half the time the first empire had reigned. In this time it would rebuild Xala (not quite to its former glory but still into a magnificent city), create many significant cultural works that are still relevant today, and establish a powerful and fairly large empire. This could not last forever. Over these 452 years, the second Xalesian Empire had managed to avoid conflict with the Caphirians. They had stayed away from there areas of control and influence and had given up most of their ancestral control over Lake Xalica to them. This peace couldn't last forever though, and, in the spring of 993CE, a new conflict would begin.
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In April of 993CE, the Caphirian Empire would send an emissary to Xala seeking an audience with the emperor of the Xalesian Empire. This audience was granted and the emissary laid out Caphiria's demands. Xalesia was to hand over the Neacene Peninsula as well as all the lands north and east of the region, they were also to pay tribute to the emperor in the form of yearly payment of gold, and were to agree to aid Caphiria in all of its future military campaigns. The Xalesian emperor, Emperor Romelus I, could not accept the conditions. It would make Xalesia a laughing stock and nothing more than a puppet of Caphiria. Not to mention, that the Neacene Peninsula was an ancestral part of Xalesia and if the Romelus knew if he gave up such a significant and important region of Xalesia the Praeceptorem would be calling for his head. As such, Emperor Romelus told the emissary that Xalesia would accept none of Caphiria's demands and sent the him away, Xalesia then began to prepare for war.
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The Second Xalesian-Caphirian war would begin in the summer of 933CE             
 
      
 
      
===Caphirian Occupation===
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===Caphirian Subjugation===
  
 
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[[File:ThirdXalesianEmpire.PNG|thumb|The third Xalesian Empire at its height]]
 
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===Caphirian Occupation===
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===Imperial Commonwealth===
 
===Imperial Commonwealth===
 
[[File:XalesianModern.PNG|thumb|The modern borders of Xalesia]]
 
[[File:XalesianModern.PNG|thumb|The modern borders of Xalesia]]
 
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Revision as of 17:50, 13 July 2019

Xalesian Imperial Commonwealth

Imperii Rei Publicae Xalesian (Latin)
Flag of Xalesia
of Xalesia
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: 
"Pro Domino, pro Imperatore, pro populo" (Latin)
"For the Lord, for the Emperor, for the people"
Location of Xalesia
Capital
and largest city
Xala
Official languages
Ethnic groups
  • 86% Xalesian
  • 10% Native Latinic
  • 3% Alianturan
  • 1% Other
Demonym(s)Xalesian, Xalesi, or Xalan
GovernmentConstitutional Imperial Monarchy
• Emperor
Victor Olivarius III
Michael Caprezi
LegislatureDomus Dei Populi
Periods
• Statum Civitatis Period
1000 BCE - 800 BCE
• Kingdom Period
800 BCE - 700 BCE
• First Empire Period
700 BCE - 517 CE
• Second Empire Period
517 CE - 993 CE
• Subjugation Period
993 CE - 1071 CE
• Third Empire Period
1071 CE - 1912 CE
• Occupation Period
1912 CE - 1953 CE
• Commonwealth Period
1953 CE - present
Area
• Total
0,000,000 km2 (0 sq mi) (??th)
Population
• Jan. 2035 estimate
82,211,339 (?rd)
• Density
212/km2 (549.1/sq mi) (?th)
GDP (nominal)2035 estimate
• Total
$3.1 trillion
• Per capita
$36,700
CurrencyXalesica (XAL)
Driving sideright
Internet TLD.xal

Xalesia, officially the Xalesian Imperial Commonwealth, is a constitutional imperial monarchy located on the continent of Sarpedon. Xalesia sits in the centre-south of the Continent, with most of it's territory being on the Eastern side of Lake Xalica. Historically however, the territory of Xalesia stretched much further, encompassing most of Lake Xalica and the Bay of Riaia. This can clearly be seen in the cultural and linguistic similarities of Xalesia's western and southern neighbours.

Xalesia has a very small population compared to some of the countries of equal development also found on Sarpedon. Just under 50% of Xalesia's population is also located in and around the nation's ancient capital - Xala. Xalesia's small population is more than enough to support its economy, however. Xalesia stands as the fourth largest economy on Sarpedon and its economy is easily in the world's top 20, most of which is thanks to the incredibly important Xala canal.

While a unified realm named "Xalesia" wouldn't come into being until much later, the city of Xala has stood in one form or another for millenia. It is one of the oldest cities on Ixnay, being founded by early Latinic settlers upon their migration south, who then used the early settlement's strategic position to expand and settle across more of the continent. Before the arrival of the Latinic peoples, the region was inhabited by many ancient cultures such as the Yullasians, the Gorrodisans, and the Southern Cheylians - a culture believed to be an offshoot from the Cheylians that inhabited areas in what is today Caphiria. The city of Xala and the nation of Xalesia are inseparable, however. Each are regarded as standing as a testament to the other, so much so that across much of Xalesia the city is referred to as the nation and the people's "Mater Auream", or "Golden Mother".

Xalesia is divided into seven separate regions; Xala, Mescarla, Jevusius, Labora, Neacene, Unica, and Tecarus. Nowadays however, these regions are, in most respects, considered defunct in Xalesian society. They play little to no role politically or economically and are often simply considered a hangover from the fully autocratic rule of the past. Prior to the foundation of the Domus Dei Populi, each of these regions was ruled by a Praeceptorem on behalf of the Emperor. The title of Praeceptorem still exists today, and there is still one Praeceptorem for each region, however the title is now entirely honorary and affords no lands or power to those gifted with the title by the Emperor. Now, the title of Praeceptorem is mostly used to denominate a person of great standing within the nation. Upon the death of a Praeceptorem the Emperor will be free to hand out the title once again to whoever they deem worthy. The geography of the nation is also fairly similar across all seven regions, with most almost entirely being made up of forests and warm grasslands, with the exception of Neacene, with the inland of the peninsula region being dominated by the Neacene mountains.

Religion, historically, has also played a large part in Xalesian society. The Catholic faith has always dominated Xalesia, but, in the last century the percentage of the Xalesian population that follow the Catholic faith is believed to have fallen to just under 50% (although there is no official statistic to prove this). If this was the case then Xalesia would be the most non-religious nation on the planet. Whatever the case, the Catholic church has played a pivotal role throughout the history of the nation. The Xalesian Catholic church is also known for being far more progressive in its ideals than the churches of other Christian nations, with most clergymen in Xalesia supporting the 1967 legalisation of homosexuality, the 1989 legalisation of abortion, and the 2002 legalisation of Gay marriage. The reasoning behind this more progressive attitude is still a debated topic to this day. Many assume that it is an attempt to appeal to an increasingly progressively-minded society and win back support among the general population.

Xalesia is a highly developed and modern country, with its development easily on par with other Sarpedonian nations such Caphiria and the Sarpedonian States. This development is thanks to its aforementioned powerful economy which has fuelled rapid progress across all areas of Xalesian society. Xalesia's western neighbour, Aliantur, holds a population over three times the size of Xalesia's, yet their nominal GDP Per Capita is over $1000 less than Xalesia's. Although, most of Xalesia's economic prowess is thanks to the city of Xala and the strategic Xala canal which gives Xalesia a commanding position over southern Sarpedonian trade. Many left-wing Xalesian economists claim large welfare initiatives and the creation of broad social schemes have also helped advance the Xalesian economy, while those on the right claim it is almost entirely down to Xalesia's control over southern Xalesian trade and that the economy could grow further if more privatisation initiatives take place.

Xalesia also ranks very highly in social performance and human development. Xalesia boasts an entirely nationalised healthcare system which is completely free at the point of use. The 'NXHS', as it is known, is considered one of the most advanced healthcare services in the world, and Xalesia has become a worldwide hub for medical development as a result. Xalesia also has the world's highest minimum wage, currently sitting around $14 dollars an hour for workers of all ages. Xalesia's worker protection and union rights are also some of the strongest in the world, and are certainly the strongest on Sarpedon. Xalesia has mostly been able to compensate for these costs with an incredibly low military budget, which is only spent on a small but advanced navy used to guard the Xala canal and the Xala Defence Force, a small military branch which focuses on the defence of Xalesian borders. Xalesia also scuttled its small nuclear weapons program and disposed of its only nuclear weapons in the early 2000s, eliminating that expense. This has led to many political theorists categorising Xalesia as a strange blend of democratic socialism and monarchy, something seen no where else in the world. Famous Urcean political theorist, Lucian Fransil, described Xalesia as "a nation that has managed to integrate two ideologies that are usually completely opposing forces into one seamless system." He also added that the whole system was "quite remarkable."

History

The History of the region that is today Xalesia spans more than two millenia. The region is believed to have been inhabited by native tribes for far longer than that, but the history of Xalesia usually begins around the time of the arrival of the Latinic people from the north and founding of the city of Xala. From this point onward, the history of Xalesia is divided into eight periods, each linked with a different form of the Xalesian realm, culminating in the modern day Imperial Commonwealth.

Prehistory

Although not one of the eight official periods, the prehistory of Xalesia is sometimes considered an honorary ninth period. Prior to the arrival of the Latinic peoples and the founding of Xala, the region was divided amongst several clans of native tribes. These tribes ruled from small villages and hill forts and there were no real cities or towns of any kind. The population of these native tribes is believed to have been quite small, and it is likely that much of the region was uninhabited at this time. Although the various tribes would have fought with each other for centuries, they were not prepared to fight off the arriving Latinic peoples and they were likely quickly destroyed or subsumed into Latinic culture. Evidence of these pre-latinic tribes can be seen all over regions of Xalesia, the hill fort at Lazaria being the most significant and well preserved evidence of these ancient peoples.

Statum Civitatis

The Latinic people would migrate south along the coast of Lake Xalica before arriving at the Neacene Peninsula and, after migrating further south, later the site of what would become Xala. It is believed that the first settlement of Xala was founded sometime around 1100BCE, although some historians believe the date may be even earlier. Either way, the settlement quickly grew into a hub of ancient Latinic culture, and served as an excellent staging post for further Latin migration. The first records describing the 'city of Xala' are believed to be dated to around 1000BCE, showing just how quickly Xala turned from a small settlement into a thriving city. Over the next 200 or so years, the power of Xala would only grow. It would become a thriving city state, bringing in much wealth from the rich waters of Lake Xalica and the Bay of Riaia. The 'Statum Civitatis', as it is known, was run by a council of Merchants, sailors and burghers, with one member of this council elected by the council members as the cities official representative - the Consul. This Consul was almost always the wealthiest and most powerful member of the council at the time.

As the city state's power continued to grow, so did the calls for more representation amongst Xala's citizens. A number of society's had formed calling on the council to allow the male members of Xala's citizenry to also vote on who they'd like to be Consul. The city state had also settled a number of other regions along the coast of Lake Xalica, and its ability to run and defend these new settlements was becoming temperamental. The bureaucracy of the city state had never been designed to deal with more than just the single city, and their military was stretched thin. Tensions were high in Xala in these days, and it is likely that no one was really sure what the future held for the Statum Civitatis. It is unlikely anyone would've expected that the rule of the council, and the Statum Civitatus itself, would come to an end, however.

Kingdom

The ancient Xalesian kingdom at its height

Around 800 to 790BCE, the council of Xala would be overthrown. The recently elected Consul, known only in Xalesian history as Xalesius I, would use his influence in the Xalan military guard to depose the council, and establish himself as the only ruler in Xala. He would declare himself the first king of Xalesia. It is unknown whether the man was actually named Xalesius, or if this was just a convenient myth made up by old historians to explain the name of the new kingdom. Some evidence does allude to his name being at least something related to Xalesius, but other historians claim that this name was not realistic for the time period, and it is likely the name 'Xalesia' is simply a variation of the name for the city, Xala. Whatever the case, the overthrow of the council and the establishment of the kingdom shows the first recorded use of the name 'Xalesia'.

Those calling for more representation in Xala were quickly silenced with the rise of the kingdom. The bureaucracy was also completely scrapped and reformed by the new monarch to instead rely on a new noble class to allow the kingdom to handle a significantly larger domain. The new king would also reform the military, making it into less of a defensive guard and into more of proper classical army. Using this newly reformed military and bureaucracy, the new kingdom would expand at an incredibly fast pace. The lands surrounding Xalesia were either uninhabited, inhabited by small and weak Latinic communities, or inhabited by tribal groups. The kingdom sent out numerous groups of settlers to settle the surrounding areas in the name of Xalesia, subsumed the surrounding Latinic communities with relative ease, and destroyed or integrated the surrounding tribes. The kingdom also expanded its control over the colonies on lake Xalica, and sent settlers south to establish colonies on the isle of Alian and even establish a colony on the coast of the Omnium Ocean on the Lorian Peninsula These expansions were so rapid, that in only 100 years the relatively new kingdom of Xalesia now extended down both coasts of the Bay of Riaia, had significant control over Lake Xalica, and had incorporated the entirety of the Neacene Peninsula. The reign of the Xalesian kingdom also saw the birth of an official and uniform pantheon of gods. Up until the rise of the kingdom, the Latinic people in the region had worshipped various pagan deities. The kingdom sought to change this, and an official pantheon and religion was codified and founded, known today as the Xalesian Pantheon or Xalesian paganism. This pantheon would go on to dominate Xalesia for well over 1000 years, up until the rise of Christianity in the region. However, despite the kingdom of Xalesia's great success, it would only really be a short footnote in Xalesian history. Although, without the Xalesian kingdom it is unlikely that Xalesian history would've played out the way it did. The kingdom began the expansionism of Xalesia and without it the great Xalesian Empire that came after would've likely never risen.

First Empire

The first Xalesian Empire at its height

Around 700BCE, the kingdom would finally come to an end. For 100 years it had flourished and expanded, with little to no internal instability. The throne had peacefully passed down the line of Xalesius with little trouble. However, that was now about to change. The last Xalesian adult king (who's name is unfortunately unknown) died young from an unknown illness. The left his young son on the throne. The last thing the Xalesian nobility wanted was a young boy ruling the realm. They were terrified that without a strong king everything that had been built would crumble. This is were the power-hungry and wealthy Unaccian family would step in. Their patriarch, known today as Jevusius I, would convince the nobility to support him and his family in orchestrating a coup against Xalesius' line. This coup would be a great success. What happened the boy king is unknown, but him and his family were deposed from power and replaced with the Unaccian family and the new king, Jevusius. However, he would not remain a king for long. Around a year after his coronation, Jevusius declared the end of the kingdom of Xalesia and declared the founding of the Xalesian Empire, with himself as the first Emperor. At first, this was of little issue to the nobility that had formed under the kingdom, but shortly after declaring himself emperor, Jevusius had much of the the nobility arrested and their lands confiscated. In their place he established a new bureaucracy that wouldn't have to rely on land-governing nobles as the kingdom had done, but instead on a series of governors called 'Praeceptorems' who's title would revert back to the Emperor upon their death to be handed out again to whoever the Emperor wished. Technically this title even still exists to this day.

The first Xalesian Empire would expand significantly slower than the Xalesian kingdom, but at its height it stretched a significant distance and throughout most of its reign was easily the largest and most powerful realm on the continent. Its holdings spanned all around Lake Xalica and the Bay of Riaia. Along with this, they had a number of large and wealthy colonies spread across areas of coast and islands on the Omnium Ocean. It is important to note however, that the first Xalesian Empire had basically no competitors. They were able to expand almost unopposed, their only enemies being native tribal groups who weren't to be happy about being conquered by this Latin empire. The first Xalesian Empire predated the rise of the Caphirian Empire by more than 1000 years, and it wouldn't be until then that Xalesian Empire would finally meet its match. The Xalesian Empire was actually at its height around the time it came into conflict with Caphiria, showing just how slowly it expanded. The reason for this significantly slower expansion than the Xalesian kingdom isn't entirely clear, but historians believe that the reason for this was due to a growing population at home which required more significant management, and thanks to the new Imperial bureaucracy, which, even though it had eliminated the nobility, was cumbersome and was most likely less efficient. The Xalesian Empire also became a place of great political intrigue and scheming. The new bureaucracy allowed those with the skills to navigate it great power in the emperor's court. This meant that any emperor had to focus a significant amount of time, money and energy on fending off plots, coups, and assassins, among other political threats. While the Xalesian kingdom had been ruled by a single dynasty for 100 years, most dynasty's of the Xalesian Empire would barely last on the throne for more than half a century before being overthrown and replaced. Some dynasties, such as the famous Diocen dynasty, did last longer, some for even over a century. It was usually in these periods that the empire was able to expand the most, as less resources had to be spent on keeping control of the empire. Depsite this intrigue however, the empire never collapsed into civil war or conflict of any kind. There were small rebellions throughout its history, mainly by deposed emperors and the sons of deposed emperors, but these were always quickly put down before they could spread into an actual civil war of any kind.

So, despite the empire's issues, the time in which the first Empire reigned is sometimes known as the Xalesian golden age. The arts flourished during this time, and great progress was also made scientifically. Great pieces of classical literature that are renowned in Xalesia today were mostly written during the reign of the first Xalesian Empire. Some of the most magnificent pieces of classical art and music were also created in this period. Xalesia thrived. But, as is the case with all things, the empire and its golden age could not last forever.

The 'Excidium Xala' by early-modern Xalesian artist Contarius Rephellus

As was previously mentioned, the first Xalesian Empire lasted around 1000 years completely unopposed on Sarpedon. But this would change in the year 414CE - the year the Caphirian Empire was born. The Xalesian Empire had existed for around 1014 years by this point, making it incredibly ancient. At first, the Xalesian Empire regarded the rise of this new empire on the continent as little more than a jumped-up upstart, something that would pose no threat to the might of the ancient and powerful Xalesian Empire. This would not be the case, however. The Caphirians continued their expansions and conquests over the next century, growing their empire. The Xalesian Empire took little notice of their expansions at first. They considered these Caphirians weak, mainly due to their religion, Christianity, which had spread rapidly in northern Sarpedon over the past few centuries, usurping the dominance of the Caphirian's formerly pagan religion. Christianity had spread to the Xalesian Empire as well, but it was mostly confined to the northern coast of Lake Xalica, and was regarded as little more than a minor cult. The two great empires of Sarpedon, Xalesia and Caphiria, would finally come head to head in 517CE. The Caphirian Empire was a powerhouse by this point, far stronger than the Xalesians had ever expected they would be. They also despised the Xalesian Empire, mainly for its pagan faith, and they considered it their goal to destroy the pagan stronghold. This would culminate in the First Xalesian-Caphirian war in 517CE. The Xalesian's were woefully unprepared for the Caphirian invasion, mainly thanks to a half a century of political instability and weak rulers. The Caphirian army would quickly capture the northern shore of Lake Xalica, assisted by the Christian peoples in the region who considered the Caphirians their liberators. The Caphirian Empire then turned its attention south, and began to march down towards Xala itself. By this point, the Emperor, Ophelius II, realised that the Xalesian Empire faced a serious threat. He called on unity amongst his court and began the assembly of an army to fend off the Caphirians. However, Xalesia's assembly of an army came too late. The Caphirians were well on there way towards Xala and had already captured much of the eastern coast of Lake Xalica and had cut off the Neceane Peninsula. The Xalesian Empire was forced to rush the assembly of its army, and when it was sent out to face the Caphirian forces in September of 517CE the army was under supplied and outnumbered. The emperor could wait no longer however, he could not allow the Caphirian forces to reach Xala. The two armies would clash at the Battle of Rattatis late in September, just nine miles from Xala. The battle would be a bloodlobath for the Xalesians. It would be the worst defeat in the entire history of Xalesian up until that point, and the first real defeat since the founding of the Xalesian Empire. The remaining Xalesian legions were shattered and fled in all directions. However, the Caphirians hadn't got out of the battle unscathed. The Xalesians had fought as well as they could, and the Caphirians had suffered heavy causalities, far more than they'd anticipated. Either way, the Caphirian army moved on to Xala unopposed, and, after a brief siege that lasted only four days, broke down the walls and sacked the ancient city for all it was worth. The city wasn't destroyed, but it sustained heavy damage, and emperor Ophelius, his entire court and his entire family were slaughtered. Thousands upon thousands of people lost their lives in the Great Sack of Xala; monuments were destroyed, temples burned, estates turned into ruins. The once impenetrable city lost was lost to chaos. After two days of looting and burning, the Caphirian army retreated from Xala and Xalesia. They had lost far more men than anticipated in the Battle of Rattatis and didn't feel like they were in a confident position to carry on the war. The First Xalesian Empire, which had reigned for more than 1000 years, was reduced to ashes in a single day.

Second Empire

The second Xalesian Empire at its height

After the Great Sack of Xala, the first empire collapsed quickly. With the empire's ancient seat in great disrepair, and the emperor and all his successors dead, the empire crumbled. The 14 years following the Great Sack of Xala and the collapse of the first Xalesian Empire are commonly known as the Decennium Sanguis - the Decade of Blood. The colonies on the coast of the Onmium Sea quickly collapsed and fell into ruin without Xalesian protection and support, what remained of the Xalesian Navy turned to piracy to sustain itself, raiding across much of the Bay of Riaia, and the borders of Xalesia were beset by attacks from surrounding tribes. The remaining Praeceptorem had all declared themselves the legitimate heirs to the empire and engaged in bloody conflicts between each other over the right to call themselves the true heir. Many died in these conflicts and none of the Praeceptorem could gain superiority over the other. Christianity grew in strength significantly during this time as well; many viewed the woes that had befallen Xalesia as their gods abandoning them, and as such, turned to Christianity instead. The Christians living on the north of Lake Xalica had been the only group that had really gained from the war, with many gaining lands and power in areas along the northern coast of Lake Xalica, now under the rule of Caphiria.

However, the Decennium Sanguis would not last forever. In the year 531CE, a former general of the Xalesian Empire, Theodosius Mescarla, who'd fought in the Battle of Ratticus, and had been the only known surviving general, arrived in the realm of the Praeceptorem Umidius Alvius. Theodosius had spent many of the last 14 years working as mercenary. During this time, he had becoming legendary for his strategic mind, great skills in combat, and of course, the fact he'd survived the Battle of Rattitus. This fame had earned him a large following and he commanded a very large band of loyal mercenaries. However, Theodosius seemed to decide he was tired of being a mercenary and to work towards far greater aspirations. Alvius was known as a cruel and harsh man who ruled as Praeceptorem with an iron first. He was now also one of the weakest of the Praeceptorem after a recent bloody defeat had cost him most of his army. Theodosius saw Alvius as the perfect target. As he and his men moved through Alvius' realm towards his capital of Ferraris, he preached to the people of the villages and towns that he would free them from the tyranny of Alvius and would rule justly and fairly, and, that he would rebuild the Xalesian Empire. Theodosius' preaching amassed him an even larger following, and by the time he arrived at Ferraris his force is believed to have outnumbered the city's guard ten to one. It is said that despite Alvius' orders, the city's guard opened the gates of the city to Theodosius' after only a days siege. Theodosius and his army are said to have marched through the city's streets, followed by its citizens, straight to the Praeceptorem's palace, were the Praeceptorem's guard surrendered and Theodosius had Alvius dragged out into the streets and torn to shreds by the citizens of his former city. Whether this really happened or is simply artistic license is up for debate, but either way, Theodosius gained control of the city of Ferraris and the former realm of Umidius Alvius. He would use his new realm as a base for further expansion. In 532CE Theodosius led his army to Xala. What remained of Xala was now ruled by a small council of the cities former burghers, but the city was crime ridden and corrupt, Theodosius wouldn't stand for it. Upon his arrival at the city the council quickly surrendered to him and his army and handed over Xala to his control. It is said the first thing Theodosius did was walk to the ruins of the once great imperial palace and sit in the now overgrown and crumbling throne of the Xalesian Empire from which he would say to his followers; "I am your Empire, I am Xalesia." Again though, this is possibly just artistic license on behalf of past historians. Either way, Theodosius would spend the next two months cleansing the crime and corruption in the city and set up a large group of workers to begin reconstruction of the ancient city to bring it back to its former glory. Theodosius would then spend the next nine years conquering the remaining Praeceptorem, until, in the year 441CE, with the remaining Praeceptorem now all under his control and a large area of land under his rule, he would declare himself Emperor of the second Xalesian Empire.

To Theodosius and the people of Xalesia at the time, this empire was simply the same empire as the first. It is only in the modern day that historians have split the empires apart, for the sake of clarity and historical understanding. The second Xalesian Empire would never quite live up to the first empire, however. While the reign of the second empire certainly was an era of peace and prosperity in Xalesia, it simply couldn't match the golden age of the first Xalesian Empire, but, to be fair, little could. The second Xalesian Empire would never quite reach the heights that the first had either. It would mostly stay away from expansion around Lake Xalica, not wanting to provoke a new conflict with the Caphirians. But it would expand its control completely over the bay of Riaia, just as the first empire had done, and would even expand far further eastward than the old Xalesian Empire ever had. The empire would also finally embrace Christianity, just as Caphiria had done centuries earlier. Theodosius' son, Theodosius II, would declare the practice of Christianity fully legal and would himself convert later in life, declaring Christianity the new official religion of the empire. With this, Christianity would begin to spread much quicker throughout Xalesia, at the expense of the Xalesian pantheon. The worship of the Xalesian pantheon wouldn't be made illegal until two centuries later under Maro II, however. The second Xalesian Empire would also be far more stable politically than its predecessor, only being ruled by three dynasties in its lifetime; although its lifetime was much shorter than the first empire. This increased stability is usually traced back to Theodosius' modified bureaucracy. It would retain much of the principles of the first empire's bureaucracy, but it would also rely on a relatively weak and small budding nobility, that would serve under the Praeceptorems. The practice of the emperor handing out the title of Praeceptorem to the eldest son of a region's former Praeceptorem also became fairly commonplace. These changes took away a lot of the bureaucracy's meritocratic elements, preventing just anyone from rising through the ranks and challenging the emperor.

All in all, the second Xalesian would be a very successful and powerful state that dominated southern Sarpedon. Despite this however, it would never be the great power that the first empire had been. Instead, the second Xalesian Empire was forced to mostly play second fiddle to the Caphirian Empire. The second Xalesian Empire would reign successfully for around 452 years, less than half the time the first empire had reigned. In this time it would rebuild Xala (not quite to its former glory but still into a magnificent city), create many significant cultural works that are still relevant today, and establish a powerful and fairly large empire. This could not last forever. Over these 452 years, the second Xalesian Empire had managed to avoid conflict with the Caphirians. They had stayed away from there areas of control and influence and had given up most of their ancestral control over Lake Xalica to them. This peace couldn't last forever though, and, in the spring of 993CE, a new conflict would begin.

In April of 993CE, the Caphirian Empire would send an emissary to Xala seeking an audience with the emperor of the Xalesian Empire. This audience was granted and the emissary laid out Caphiria's demands. Xalesia was to hand over the Neacene Peninsula as well as all the lands north and east of the region, they were also to pay tribute to the emperor in the form of yearly payment of gold, and were to agree to aid Caphiria in all of its future military campaigns. The Xalesian emperor, Emperor Romelus I, could not accept the conditions. It would make Xalesia a laughing stock and nothing more than a puppet of Caphiria. Not to mention, that the Neacene Peninsula was an ancestral part of Xalesia and if the Romelus knew if he gave up such a significant and important region of Xalesia the Praeceptorem would be calling for his head. As such, Emperor Romelus told the emissary that Xalesia would accept none of Caphiria's demands and sent the him away, Xalesia then began to prepare for war.

The Second Xalesian-Caphirian war would begin in the summer of 933CE

Caphirian Subjugation

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Third Empire

The third Xalesian Empire at its height

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Caphirian Occupation

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Imperial Commonwealth

The modern borders of Xalesia

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