Great Vâlcea

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Republic of Great Vâlcea

Republica a Vâlcei Mari (Vâlcean)
Flag of Great Vâlcea
Valcean emblem.png
Flag Coat of Arms
Motto: "Libertate, Forța, Unitatea" (Vâlcean)
"Liberty, Strength, Unity"
Anthem: Trandafir Roșu al Republicii
"Red Rose of the Republic"
Location of Great Vâlcea
and largest city
Official language
Recognized languages
Latin, Galați, Fontese, Veltorine
Ethnic groups
GovernmentUnitary semi-presidential republic
• President
Michael Luca
Ștefan Foriș
Elena Udrea
LegislatureNational People's Assembly
862 CE
1524 CE
1909 CE
1953 CE
• Vâlcean Republic
1998 CE
1999 CE
• Total
1,291,731 km2 (498,740 sq mi) (??th)
• Jan. 2036 estimate
138,342,211 (?rd)
• Density
107/km2 (277.1/sq mi) (?th)
GDP (nominal)2036 estimate
• Total
$6.724 trillion
• Per capita
Gini 14.7
HDI (2036)Increase .951
very high · 5th
CurrencyVâlcean Severin (SEV)
Driving sideright
Internet TLD.gv

The Republic of Great Vâlcea, commonly known as Great Vâlcea or simply Vâlcea, is a sovereign state in central Sarpedon. It is a Untiary semi-presidential republic composed of eight administrative provinces. Great Vâlcea has a land area of approximately 1,291,731 km2 and borders Caphiria to the north, Bussdaberria and Carnazza to the east and Rionnio to the south. It has a population of just over 138 million inhabitants, making it the fourth-most populous nation on Sarpedon. The majority of Great Vâlcea's territory and population is situated on the eastern side of Lake Bâlea and the Tasaul Bay. This is mainly due to the Peleaga Mountains which dominate much of its western territory. More than 10% its population also lives in and around the capital of Constanța, which is home to one of the seven wonders of the modern world - the Constanța Canal.

The Republic of Great Vâlcea is a developed nation, ranking highly in both Human Development Index (HDI) and Gross Domestic Product Per Capita. The country also ranks highly in the Democracy Index, being classed as a "full democracy", and ranks highly in the Liberty Index; currently sitting at 4th place. This high ranking is usually attributed to the nation's strong electoral spending laws and its employment of a number of independent electoral watchdogs. The country is fairly culturally homogeneous, with the vast majority of the population being ethnic Vâlceans. However, the country is home to a large Caphirian minority along with smaller Galați, Fonter, and Veltorine minorities. As a result, Latin, Galați, Fontese, and Veltorine are officially recognised minority languages. Great Vâlcea is also one of the four founding nation's of the Tulcea Treaty Organisation, and the Vâlcean city of Tulcea hosts the organisation's de-jure Headquarters.  

While the nation's economy is fairly diversified, it primarily revolves around the Constanța Canal. The canal draws in huge revenues every year from the vast amounts of ships that pass through it, the canal being the only way to reach ports in the southern Caphirian province of Ranaella. Great Vâlcea also has a number of large oil fields in the south-east of the country, and as a result is a primary oil and rubber exporter to the rest of Sarpedon. Other economic activities include the manufacture of weapon parts, which has been a growing industry since the Great War, mining, mainly of copper and and iron, and tourism, with many areas along the coast of Lake Bâlea and the Tasaul Bay being visited by millions of foreign tourists each year.


The oldest known name of anywhere in the region that currently constitutes Great Vâlcea is "δυτικό κόλπο" (dytikó kólpo). This roughly translates to "western bay" and comes from the old Istroyan language. This name applied to what is today the Tasaul Bay and it was likely given this name by early Istroyan explorers whilst mapping the coastlines of southern Sarpedon. At the time, the area around the Tasaul Bay was ruled by a number of small native Sarpedonian realms. These natives had already formed an early society and had a rudimentary written language known today as Tasauli. These native Sarpedonians appeared to refer to these Istroyan explorers as "Վանատոլկա" (Vanatolca), this name likely being a corruption of the ancient Istroyan word "ανατολικών" (anatolikón) which roughly translates to "easterner". This is most likely what these Istroyans would have introduced themselves as to the region's natives. When the ancient Latinic people begun to expand southward and settle in the regions around Lake Bâlea and the Tasaul Bay many centuries later, the region's natives applied this same name to them. By this point, "Վանատոլկա" (Vanatolca) had become "Վատցկա" (Vatlca), the word having changed over the centuries. As the Latinic people who had settled in the region begun to culturally and linguistically split from their ancestors and the Latin people further north, they took this name for themselves, latinising it to "Vatlca". Over the centuries the word would change further. The T in the middle of the word was dropped, an E was added after the C, an I would be added before the A, and an N would be added to the very end of the word. This would make the word "Vâlceian", or in English, "Vâlcean". The early 5th century CE is the first time we see the name "Vâlceian" appear in historical records. Eleven centuries later in the Dura Decree, that would found the Old Vâlcean Confederation, we would see the the name "Vâlcei" (Vâlcea in the Vâlcean language) used for the first time in official documentation to describe the region that is today Great Vâlcea.



Settlement by anatomically modern humans of what was to become Great Vâlcea occurred in waves beginning by about 30,000 years ago. By the end of the region's prehistoric period, the population is thought to have belonged, in the main, to a Semitic culture termed Tasauli, comprising the region around the the Tasaul Bay and Lake Bâlea. The Latinic invasion of the region, beginning sometime around 24 CE, saw the collapse of Tasauli society, dividing the region into numerous Latin polities and realms. the Latinic invaders would integrate with the Tasauli people over the next few centuries, giving birth to the unique Vâlcean culture and language. Most of the region settled by the Latinic people would become unified under the Vâlcean Empire in the 9th century.

In 1092 CE, the Vâlcean Empire launched an invasion of southern Caphiria, taking advantage of the Imperium's bloody civil war. This invasion would ultimately end in failure, Vâlcean forces being pushed out by a united front of southern Caphirian lords. However, the Vâlcean Empire would return home with numerous plundered riches and artefacts that would come to adorn the empire's capital of Constanța, earning the city the title of 'Mama de Aur', or 'Golden Mother'. The Vâlcean's short lived conquests of important Caphirian trading cities would also expose them to the model of Urceo-Caphirian feudalism, the use of which would become widespread in Vâlcea over the following centuries.

The Vâlcean Empire's collapse in 1351 CE would once again see the region that was to become Great Vâlcea broken up into numerous different polities. These polities would face a constant threat from Caphiria to the north, however, most of the region was able to maintain its independence from foreign rule throughout the late middle ages.

Dura Decree and the Old Confederation

The last surviving manuscript copy of the Dura Decree.

The signing of the Dura Decree by the rulers of several Vâlcean polities in 1524 CE saw the divided Vâlcean realms stand united for the first time. However, the Old Vâlcean Confederation, as it is known today, was not by any means a single realm. Rather, it was an alliance of mutual aid and defence, created in an effort to safeguard the divided Vâlcean realms from Caphiria and other neighbouring powers. Despite this, the Dura Decree is still considered one of the most important and influential documents in all of Vâlcean history.

The following decades would see the Old Confederation grow at a rapid pace. By 1636 CE, almost every independent Vâlcean polity had signed the Dura Decree and was part of the Old Vâlcean Confederation. The following centuries would therefore see a sharp decline in conflict throughout the Vâlcean region. Attempts by Caphirian lords and other invaders to conquer Vâlcean realms were often prevented by the unified army of the Vâlcean polities. Internal conflict between Vâlcean realms would also see a sharp decline. However, internal conflicts would still occur, the most famous of which being the Tila War.

The rapid industrialisation of the 17th century onward would see the the dawn of a period known as the Vâlcean Renaissance. The growing prevalence of the middle classes saw an explosion in Vâlcean literature and artwork, much of which drew from the works of the ancient Tasauli Civilisation and the Vâlcean Empire. The Vâlcean Renaissance also served to create a more unified Vâlcean identity. Those from across the Vâlcean region often begun to refer to themselves as 'Vâlcean' rather than identifying solely with the city or the state in which they lived. However, the rapid industrialisation also saw the rise of immense civil strife and class conflict. As populations all across the Vâlcean region grew, more and more people moved into heavily urbanised cities. The living conditions in these cities were incredibly poor, and the vast majority of the population in all major urban centres lived in squalor and poverty. Working conditions in the new industrial factories were also extremely hazardous, however these conditions varied between states.

The rise of the middle class and the wide-spread squalor of the working classes across the Vâlcean states also saw major calls for reform. All of the states were still ruled by hereditary elites. Some afforded more rights to their citizens than others, but most were ruled with an iron fist, with little to no political rights extended to anyone outside the state's ruling family. Poor working and living conditions, the general squalor and poverty, and the lack of political rights Vâlcean people were afforded led to a number of riots and minor revolts throughout the 18th and 19th centuries. However, this disobedient action rarely succeeded, and often ended with bloodshed and numerous deaths.  

By the late 1800s, the Old Vâlcean Confederation had become unrecognisable from millennia prior. At its height, the confederation contained well over 100 hundred independent realms. By the late 19th century, the confederation was made up of no more than 20 independent states. The wealthiest and most powerful of these states was the Principality of Turasi. On June 5th 1894, seeking to centralise the confederation and bring all of the Vâlcean states under his rule, Prince Michael IV of Turasi had 17 of the Vâlcean rulers arrested after inviting them to his court in Constanța. After forcing the captured Vâlcean rulers to comply with his demands, Prince Michael had himself proclaimed 'Domnitor' of the confederation. In theory, the position of Domnitor was to be no more than a supervisory position; the holder of the title simply ensuring that the confederation ran smoothly and disputes between member-states were resolved. However, in practice the Domnitor acted as the confederation's sole head of state and wielded supreme power.

Collapse of the Old Confederation and the Great War

By 1904, Prince Michael IV had succeeded in using his position as Domnitor to enact numerous centralisation reforms across the Vâlcean states. The most famous of these reforms was the introduction of a shared currency, the Severin. While these reforms had granted Michael significant power, it still could not be said that the Old Vâlcean Confederation was a single unified state. Although with limited authority, each of the Vâlcean states were still ruled by their own hereditary ruler.

These reforms had also succeeded in creating a new wave of civil strife. The reforms had seen any political rights that Vâlcean people had held in within their own states stripped away. Although living and working conditions had improved across the confederation over the past few decades, poverty was still widespread amongst the working classes. This culminated in the 1909 Vâlcean Revolution. on January 10th 1909, the workers of Constanța, led by former military general and Vâlcean war hero Andrei Cadanțu, stormed Michael IV's palace and took the Prince and his family prisoner. After no more than a day, Cadanțu and his army of workers were in control of the entire city. Over the following weeks and months, people all across the confederation rose up and seized cities and even entire states. By the end of the year, the entire confederation with the exception of the principalities of Peleaga and Iulia had fallen to the rebelling Vâlceans. On December 18th of 1909, Cadanțu would invite representatives from each of the groups of rebelling Vâlceans to his seat in Constanța where he would declare the founding of the Vâlcean Commonwealth. Cadanțu would assume the position of 'Consul', the ruler of the new commonwealth, promising to held democratic and free elections as soon as the situation in the commonwealth was stable.

'Spiritul Oamenilor' by Vâlcean artist Eugen Almer. The painting depicts a mob of rioting Vâlcean workers.

Over the next six years, Cadanțu would lead his new commonwealth in a bloody civil war against the principalities of Peleaga and Iulia. The War of the Confederation, as it is known today, would come to an end in 1916 when Caphiria, sensing an opportunity to grow its territory and gain access to the strategically important Constanța Land Bridge, invaded the Vâlcean Commonwealth. Cadanțu's army, now forced to fight on three fronts, was unable to halt the Caphirian advance, and Caphirian forces had captured Constanța by early November. The Constanța Treaty, signed on November 26th, would see the end of the war. Caphiria would annex the territory of the Vâlcean Commonwealth, while Iulia and Peleaga would be allowed to continue their existence as independent states, now kingdoms rather than principalities.        

Caphiria's declaration of war on Veltorina in 1932 would also draw in the now-independent nation of Peleaga, which had held an alliance with Veltorina since 1925. Unlike Veltorina, Peleaga was greatly unprepared for war, especially with a power such as Caphiria. Despite this, Peleagan forces were able to prevent Caphiria from making any significant progress into the country for a number of years, primarily thanks to the Peleaga Mountains which served as an excellent natural defence. However, Peleaga was not able to hold out indefinitely, and after a series of naval landings on Peleaga's northern shores, the country was quickly overwhelmed. By 1937, the entirety of the country had fallen under Caphirian occupation and the Peleagan government and royal family had fled to Urcea.

Iulian soldiers keeping watch over a desert plateau.

In 1944, the Government of Urcea entered into secret talks with the government of Iulia. These talks were slow and occurred intermittently, not concluding until 1947. The talks concluded with an agreement reached between the two states known as the Silivaș-Durocoria plan. In exchange for entering the Great War on the side of Urcea and launching a surprise attack on Caphiria, the plan detailed the creation of pan-Vâlcean state after the Great War had concluded as well as the entry of Iulia as a member of the Levantia and Odoneru Treaty Association. The creation of this state had been the central point of contention throughout the negotiations, as Urcea had been hesitant to surrender the sovereignty of Peleaga, whose royals it sheltered. The length and course of the war had lead to compromise, however, and Urcea came to agree upon the creation of the new state. This state was to be known as Great Vâlcea and the Iulian House of Marculescu were to take leadership of the planned nation. As such, on July 5th, 1947, the Iulian military launched a surprise invasion of Caphirian held Vâlcea. Meanwhile, a task force of the Urcean Royal Navy would enter the Tasaul Bay, destroy the relatively small Caphirian southern fleet, and occupy the Tutera Peninsula and the islands of Alian and Narasseta. Later that same month, Urcean Royal Marines would launch a naval assault from the Isle of Alian which was able to swiftly liberate the city of Constanța and capture the Constanța canal zone, securing naval and supply routes throughout the Vâlcean Theater for the remainder of the war. Over the next 4 years, Iulian and Urcean forces would lead a successful land campaign against Caphiria, liberating almost all of Vâlcean-majority land from Caphirian control as Caphiria struggled to redeploy forces from the Veltorine front. This great success owes in part to Vâlcean resistance to Caphirian rule, which took a major upturn after Iulia's declaration of war. Iulian forces, independent of Urcean assistance, would also capture and occupy the small Caphirian border territory of Tacila. However, the invasion stalled by late 1951, the Caphirians having managed to mount a significant defense along their southern border.

New Confederation and the Velvet Revolution

1953 would see the Great War come to an end with the Treaty of Kartika. The treaty would see the Silivaș-Durocoria plan plan put into effect and the Confederation of Great Vâlcea was founded under the House of Marculescu. The founding of the new confederation marked the first time all Vâlceans had been united under what could be called a real nation state. The new confederation's constitution, signed into law in 1954, outlined the structure and makeup of the new nation. The Confederation of Great Vâlcea was to function as a federation of eight states. Each state was to be ruled by a Prince, with the exception of Iulia which was to be ruled by the House of Marculescu as a kingdom. The King of Iulia would also hold the title of 'Grand Domnitor' and would serve as the nation's head of state. The constitution also created the Royal Federal Council, an upper house made up of the rulers of the eight states, and the Confederal Senate, a lower house made up of officials elected by citizen voters to local constituencies. However, the Confederal Senate held very little power, and all legislation had to been signed off by the Royal Federal Council and the Grand Domnitor.

The Confederation of Great Vâlcea would grow to become an influential nation on the world stage and a strong regional power. The Caphirian-constructed Constanța Canal would draw in huge revenues for the new confederation, and combined with the large oil reserves in the south-east of the country and a booming tourism industry, the new nation would have one of the largest economies on Sarpedon by the 1970s. However, despite the new confederation's economic success, the country was rife with political strife since its founding. Vâlceans had fought for decades under the Old Confederation to receive political rights, and even though they could now elect officials to the Confedeal Senate in the new confederation, this power was made moot by how little power the Confederal Senate actually held to influence the direction of the nation.

Protesters in Constanța standing off against Military Police during the Velvet Revolution.

Protests across the country and a number of mass arrests in 1997 would finally push the Vâlcean people to tipping point. In January of 1998, riots would brake out all across the confederation, marking the beginning of the Velvet Revolution. As the year went on, the riots would grow larger and more intense. They would quickly receive support from a number of political parties such as the Republican Party and the Communist Party, bolstering the support of the two already popular parties. Maria Urdrea, the current General-Secretary of the Tulcea Treaty Organisation and mother to the current Vâlcean President of the Assembly, Elena Urdrea, would rise as a leading figure and symbol during the Velvet Revolution after video footage captured by an Urcean journalist showing her standing defiantly a top a car leading Vâlcean protesters against a charge by the Constanța riot police was circulated by news organisations all across the globe.

After a large group of Vâlcean protesters stormed the Constanța Palace, Grand Domnitor Cristian II along with the seven Vâlcean princes agreed to abdicate their respective thrones, and announced they would abide by the protester's the demands. The Velvet Revolution would therefore come to an end on December 12th 1998. Eight days later on the 20th of December, the Republic of Great Vâlcea would be founded, with Elena Urdrea as the republic's first President, marking the end of the relatively short-lived Confederation of Great Vâlcea. The republic would remain under League of Nations supervision until its new constitution was written into law on May 18th 1999.

Since the revolution

Since the Velvet Revolution, Great Vâlcea has become one of the world's most liberal and progressive democracies - a stark contrast to the former confederation. The economy inherited from the confederation by the republic has continued to grow at a fast pace, and growing industries such as solar energy combined with increased trade through the Constanța Canal and a continuously growing tourism industry has further enhanced the nation's economic situation. Socialist and progressive left-wing policy has also dominated the republic since its founding. For example: universal healthcare is provided free at the point of use under a single-payer system, high-speed broadband is provided by the state to rural communities, university fees are subsidised by the government, which retains controlling stakes in all of the nation's universities, and all public transport is is state-owned and provided free of charge.

In 2035, Great Vâlcea would become one of the four founding nations of the Tulcea Treaty Organisation; a military alliance primarily focused on southern Sarpedon. Since then, the alliance has expanded greatly to include ten nations from all across the continent. Great Vâlcea also hosts the alliance's de-jure headquarters in the city of Tulcea.

Great Vâlcea along with the rest of the Tulcea Treaty Organisation would intervene in the ongoing Bussdaberrian Civil War in 2037 after 46 people were murdered by Bussdaberrian supremacists in the Vâlcean village of Lupatri, beginning the so-called Lupatri War. This war remains ongoing and the Vâlcean military has launched a full scale incursion into Bussdaberria in assistance of the Bussdaberrian People's Army.

Government and politics

The Republic of Great Vâlcea is a Untiary semi-presidential democratic republic with strong democratic traditions. The Constitution of the Republic was created in 1999, a year after the Velvet Revolution and the subsequent creation of the Republic. It created an executive with strong authority in relation to parliament. The executive branch itself has two leaders: the President of the Republic, currently Michael Luca, who is head of state and is elected directly by universal adult suffrage for a 5-year term, and the Government, led by the president-appointed Chancellor, currently Ștefan Foriș.

The Vâlcean Parliament is a unicameral legislature comprised of the National People's Assembly. The Assembly representatives represent local constituencies and are directly elected for 5-year terms. The Assembly has the power to dismiss the government, and thus the majority in the Assembly often determines the choice of government. However, the Government itself has a strong influence in shaping the agenda of Parliament. The leader of the National People's Assembly is the President of the Assembly, currently Elena Urdrea. The position of President of the Assembly is always held by the leader of the largest party in the National People's Assembly.

The Palace of Parliament in Constanța. The building is the home of the National People's Assembly.

Great Vâlcea is also notable for its heavy inclination toward socialist policies. Social services, healthcare, and most utilities are all provided by the government under a single-payer system. Education, though not free at the post-secondary level, is heavily subsidised by the government which maintains controlling shares in each of the nation's universities. Many of these policies are longstanding and stem from the Velvet Revolution, which saw the labouring classes gain a great deal of political power. Although the Republic of Great Vâlcea is relatively young, its republican ideals are also longstanding and stem for the short lived Vâlcean Commonwealth, whose constitution was one of the most liberal in its time. In the present, those liberal values continue to form a cornerstone of Vâlcean society and Great Vâlcea is renowned as one of the most friendly and inclusive nations in the world for various different peoples, refugees, and minorities of all stripes.

Critics of the Vâlcean administration often argue that the nation is ruled as a one-party state. While in the literal sense this is not the case, this criticism stems from the fact that the Republican Party has held the Presidency and lead the National People's Assembly since the Republic's founding in 1998. While this is true, independent watchdogs, including a League of Nations envoy, have detected no instances of voter fraud or election manipulation, and it appears that the Republican Party continues to win completely democratically with a mandate from the Vâlcean people. Another counter argument is that the Republican Party have never led the National People's Assembly alone. The party has always led the assembly in coalition with either the Communist Party, the Green Party, or in one instance, the New Liberal Party. Currently the Assembly is led by a coalition of the Republican Party, the Green Party, and the Communist Party.

Administrative divisions

Great Vâlcea is subdivided into eight provinces. The nation is also often divided into three regions: West, East, and North; but these regions are purely geographical and are not political divisions. Provinces are further divided into tîrguri and communes. Tîrguri have local councils but are components of urban areas and are grouped under a city council or similar urban administration. In contrast, communes are considered rural areas with a greater deal of autonomy for the administration of infrastructure and bylaws. Tîrguri are generally larger than communes and are frequently redrawn. Communes are generally smaller but cannot be redrawn as often. Lake Bâlea and the Tasaul Bay do not fall under the direct jurisdiction of any one province though the islands of Narasseta and Alian along with the Tutera Peninsula do. Lake Bâlea and the Tasaul Bay are administered directly by the Directory of Domestic Affairs.

The table below gives more information on each of the eight provinces.

Administrative Provinces Flag Coat of arms Abbreviation Capital Population Land area (km2) Density (people per km2) # of seats in the National People's Assembly
Number Percentage
Iulia Iualia flag 4.png Iualia coa 4.png IU Constanța 35,973,167 26.00% 341,257 105 169
Peleaga Peleaga flag.png Peleaga coa.png PE Iași 7,358,116 5.32% 157,912 47 35
Târa Tara flag.png Tara coa.png TR Oradea 18,861,057 13.63% 147,578 128 89
Bâlea Balea flag.png Balea coa.png BL Suceava 26,722,593 19.32% 140,766 190 126
Salesia Salesia flag.png Salesia coa.png SA Resita 14,392,601 10.40% 128,722 112 68
Vatra Vatra flag.png Vatra coa.png VA Tulcea 11,472,939 8.30% 145,376 79 54
Roșiorii Rosiorri flag.png Rosiorri coa.png RO Mediaș 13,216,439 9.55% 99,844 132 62
Breza Breza flag.png Breza coa.png BR Târgu 10,345,299 7.48% 130,276 79 49

Parties and elections

Elections in Great Vâlcea occur every five years. Presidential elections are usually held two years after Assembly elections, however this is not always the case. A system of instant-runoff voting (IRV) is used in both elections. This system of voting has lead to the nation traditionally having a very diverse range of parties occupying the National People's Assembly. As of 2035, ten different parties along with three independents occupy seats in the Assembly. A single representative is elected to the assembly from each of the nation's 652 constituencies. Currently, the Republican Party forms a majority leadership in the assembly with support from the Green Party and the Communist Party. The current President, Michael Luca, also ran on a Republican ticket.

The four largest political parties in the National People's Assembly are as follows:

Logo of the Republican Party.

Republican Party (Partidul Republicană) (PR) - left-wing democratic socialist party. Has led the National People's Assembly since since the assembly's creation in 1999. Supports social equality, social justice, nationalisation, trade unions, and environmentalism. Lead by Elena Urdrea.

New Liberal Party (Noul Partid Liberal) (NPL) - Centre to centre-left liberal party. Has been the official opposition since 2030. Supports social equality, limited foreign interventionism, a regulated market economy, and environmentalism. Lead by Norman Manea.

United Conservative Party (Partidul Conservator Unit) (PCU) - centre-right to right-wing conservative party. Originally formed in 1989 after the unification of the New State Party and the Confederal Conservative Party. Has been the third largest Vâlcean party since 2025. Supports foreign interventionism, international military cooperation, conservative policy, and privatisation. Lead by Dan Voiculescu.

Green Party (Partidul Verde) (PV) - Left-wing environmentalist party. Has been the third largest Vâlcean party since 2025. Supports environmentalism, trade unions, social justice, social equality, and Alterglobalisation. Lead by Marcian Bleahu.


Great Vâlcea's current legal system was founded in 1953 after the establishment of the Confederation of Great Vâlcea following the Great War. However, it was based off and is essentially a partially modified version of the Kingdom of Iulia's legal system which had been in use since its foundation as an independent state in 1916.

Great Vâlcea's legal system is based on its codified criminal code. As such, the decisions of appellate courts do not directly alter the criminal code, though landmark cases have been known to lead to amendments in the code following major legal decisions. The code itself has been altered and revised many times since its inception. Naturally, a great deal of the national legislature's work is devoted to statute which then must be affirmed by the nation's supreme court. Beneath the supreme court are the appellate courts of which there are one per province. Appellate courts are not permanent and are typically formed by senior members of various judiciaries within a state. Only if a criminal appeal makes its way through an appellate court would it be heard by the supreme court. As such, it is very rare that such a thing comes to pass which is why it typically inspires statutory change if such an event does occur. Below the appellate courts are the trial courts of which there are typically one per constituency or city. Trial courts are where most legal proceedings take place including proceedings for both indictable and summary offences.

Law enforcement in Great Vâlcea is primarily the responsibility of local police departments, with provincial police providing broader services. The Constanța Police Department (Departamentul de Poliție Constanța - DPC) is the largest in the country. Agencies such as the Investigation Agency of the Republic (Agenția de Investigare a Republicii - AIR) and the Republic Marshals Service have specialised duties, including protecting civil rights, national security and enforcing Vâlcean courts' rulings and national laws.


Vâlcean reservists participate in a military exercise, 2025.

Military service in Great Vâlcea is voluntary, however the nation maintains the fifth largest military on Sarpedon and is highly active and well equipped. The branches of the unified Vâlcean Armed Forces include the Regular Army (Armata Republicană), the Navy (Marina Republicană), and the Air Force (Forța Aeriană Republicană). The average citizen is eligible to enlist in the military at the age of 16, however you must be 18 to be eligible to enter full active duty.

Since 2012, the Vâlcean Navy and Air Force have been actively engaged in Operation Talon; Great Vâlcea's mass scale operation to protect the flow of trade through the Constanța Canal and throughout the Omnium Ocean. The operation also seeks to prevent the activity of human trafficking throughout southern Sarpedon. Since 2037, the Vâlcean Army, Navy, and Air Force have been engaged in the ongoing Lupatri War within neighbouring Bussdaberria. A task force of the Vâlcean Navy have been patrolling the Itera Bay since the beginning of the war, while the Air force and and Army have been engaged in Operation Resilient Warden; Great Vâlcea's full-scale military operation assisting the Bussdaberrian People's Army - one of the many warring Bussdaberrian factions.

Geography and climate