Imperial Latin

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This article provides Translations for Latin and Greek words used within the Imperium of Caphiria. These terms provide us with a better understanding of Caphiravian culture in two ways. First, they immerse us in the language, giving an ever so slight feel for the Latin world. Second, some words unique to Latin can give an indication of concepts that are important to the Caphiravians, such as dignitas and justitia.

[Hopefully this will lay the groundwork for a full conlang.]

Latin

A

  • academia (p. academiae) : research Institute; specialized university
  • adscripticius (p. adscripticii) : military reserves
  • Aegranae : one of the 15 ancient and powerful families of Caphiria
  • Aemiliae : one of the 15 ancient and powerful families of Caphiria
  • Aerarium : national treasury of the Imperium in Constantinople
  • aetherium : space
  • Alpes : of or having to do with the Alps or the Alpine Provinces
  • amphora (p. amphorae) : unit of volume (~26 liters); Free ration of olive oil to all residents of Caphiria (Amphora)
  • ampulum (p. ampula) : electrochemical cell, battery
  • Annona : weekly ration of free grain to all residents of Caphiria
  • argentarius (p. argentarii) : banker
  • arma (p. armae) : weapon
  • As (p. Ases) : base Caphiravian currency, now equivalent to $0.42 US
  • auctoritas : authority on what constitutes legitimate exercise of political power
  • Aureus (p. Aurei) : Caphiravian currency worth 10 Dn (1201-Present)
  • autokineticus (p. autokinetici) : automobile, abbreviated to autoki

B

  • banca (p. bancae) : bank
  • ballista (p. ballistae) : artillery
  • ballistarius (p. ballistarii) : artilleryman
  • basilica (p. basilicae) : public building
  • bellum (p. bella) : war

C

Ca-Cl

  • caelis (p. caeles) : airplane
  • caeliportum (p. caeliporta) : airport
  • calanum (p. calana) : cannon
  • castrum (p. castra) : fort
  • Censor (p. Censores) : civil protectors of the Constitution and public morality
  • Census (p. Census) : demographic poll of all Caphiravian citizens, held every Lustrum
  • Centuria (p. Centuriae) : 100 man legionary formation
  • chirurgius (p. chirurgii) : surgeon
  • Christianus (p. Christiani) : Christian
  • classis (p. classes): fleet or navy
  • Claudiae : one of the 15 ancient and powerful families of Caphiria
  • cloaca (p. cloacae) : sewer system

Co-Cu

  • coclius (p. coclius) : rifled gun
  • cognomen (p. cognomina) : surname, nickname or hereditary title
  • Cohors (p. Cohortes) : 600 man legionary formation
  • collegium (p. collegia) : corporation; Guild; Religious college
  • Comensatus (p. comensati) Caphiravian auxiliary soldier
  • concilium (p. concilia) : council
  • confoedera : confederacy
  • Consul (p. Consules) : elected governor of a Foederata and member of Congress
  • contubernium (p. conturbernia) : 10 man legionary formation
  • Corneliae : one of the 15 ancient and powerful families of Caphiria
  • curia : smallest political division of the Imperium
  • Cursus : (p. Cursum) literally translates to "the journey"; is used to refer to an entire twenty-year military career
  • custos (p. custodis): defender; guardian

D

  • Damentio : quickly
  • deliquia (p. deliquiae) : bomber plane
  • Denarius (p. Denarii) : Caphiravian currency (Dn) worth 4 HS or $2 US
  • Deus : God
  • didascalium (p. didascalia) : theological school or research institute
  • Dignitas (p. Dignitatis) : social standing by achievements, office and family
  • doctor (p. doctores) : specialist in a field, possessing an academia level of education
  • domus (p. doma) : middle-Class Urban Dwelling; house
  • Drachma (p. Drachmae) : Caphiravian currency, worth 1,000 Sestertii (minted at one site in Slakonian only)
  • duplicarius : increase in pay; raise
  • Dux (p. Duces) : general or commander of a single legion

E

  • electrika : electricity or electrical
  • Eques (p. Equites) : upper Class citizen; Knightly Order
  • Eriunt (a/es/ed) : To eat; Eating; Eaten
  • erudimentum (p. erudimenta) : upper school; university, abbreviated to erudi
  • Europa : Europe
  • evocatus (p. evocati) : veteran of the Legion

F

  • fabricinum (p. fabricina) : factory
  • familia (p. familiae) : household
  • Fascisma : Caphiravian nationalism
  • fistulara (p. fistularae) : gun, abbreviated to fista
  • foederata (p. foederatae) : highest political division in the Imperium
  • foederatus (p. foederati) : vassal state
  • foederites : confederation (Vulgar Latin term)
  • foedus (p. foedera) : alliance
  • fonta potentia (p. fontae potentiae) : power station

G

  • galenaria (p. galenariae) : Public hospital
  • Generalissimus : Supreme Commander
  • gens (p. gentes) : clan or extended family
  • gerulius (p. gerulii) : aircraft carrier
  • grammaticus (p. grammatici) : lower school, before university
  • Gravitas (p. Gravitatis) : Caphiravian social concept, depth of personality or substance of character
  • grecis (p. greces) : high fleet

H

  • Haleriae : one of the 15 most powerful families of Caphiria
  • Humanitas : humanity

I

  • Imperator (p.Imperatores) : primary title of a legitimate emperor of Caphiria; Emperor; supreme leader of the armies
  • Imperium : Empire
  • imperium (p. imperia): political power of a magistrate
  • indigenus (p. indigeni) : primitive native, lowest member of Caphiravian society
  • industria : industrial
  • insula (p. insulae) : island
  • insulana (p. insulanae) : apartment complex
  • inviolabilis : sacrosanct, legally and morally inviolable

J

  • judicium (p. judicia) : court
  • Juliae : one of the 15 ancient and powerful families of Caphiria
  • Juniae : one of the 15 ancient and powerful families of Caphiria
  • jus (p. juris) : collection of laws; Law
  • Justitia : Justice
  • Justitium : Martial Law

K

  • kataphractus (p. kataphracti) : heavy cavalry troops of late-classical Caphiria

L

  • legio (p. legionis) : Legion; army
  • legionarius (p. legionarii) : soldier in a Legion; legionary
  • lex (p. leges) : a law
  • Libertas : Freedom
  • lignaballista (p. lignaballistae) : broadside artillery on a ship
  • lingua (p. linguae) : language; dialect
  • lorica (p. loricae) : legionary's body armor
  • Luna : Moon
  • Lustrum (p. Lustres) : five-year period in Caphiravian politics

M

  • Maiana (p. Maianae) : Kebab
  • mare (p. maris) : sea
  • medica (p. medicae) : of or having to do with medicine
  • Mediterraneus : Middle-Earth (Mediterranean Sea)
  • medicus (p. medici) : medical doctor
  • melista (p. melistae) : helicopter; bee
  • miles (p. milites) : infantryman
  • Ministerium (p. Ministeria) : Ministry
  • Mongolia : Land of the Mongols (Punth)
  • Mongolianus (p. Mongoliani) : Mongoloid
  • Mundus (p. Mundi) : World
  • mundanus : global

N

  • Nerusill : brain
  • Nipponianus : Asian
  • norica : steel

O

  • ocimuscr : a Principate-era sword made from iron and steel, with iron inlays on blade. They were 95 cm in total length (78 cm blade).
  • officium (p. officia) : political bureau
  • onerarius (p. onerarii) : heavy, long-distance sailing vessel
  • Optimates : Senatorial Conservatives, protect the interests of the state and the rich
  • Ordo Equester : Equestrian Order
  • Ordo Patricius : Senatorial Order
  • Ordo Plebeius : Plebeian Order

P

Pa-Pl

  • palatia (p. palatiae) : finest Caphiravian dwelling; urban villa
  • Palatino : pertaining to the Imperator
  • Patricius (p. Patricii) : highest class citizen, member of the Senatorial Order; noble; aristocrat
  • pax : (p. pacis) : peace
  • perditor (p. perditoris) : battleship
  • peregrinus (p. peregrini) : foreigner
  • philosophus (p. philosophi) : scholar in any field of study
  • Pietas (p. Pietatis) : Caphiravian social concept, a strong sense of duty and responsibility
  • Plebs (p. Plebis) : Middle to Lower class citizen

Po-Py

  • politeia (p. politeiae) : constitution; how a state is run
  • polybolum (p. polybola) : heavy machine gun
  • polycoclius (p. polycoclii) : fully-automatic rifle
  • pontus (p. pontis) : bridge
  • Populares : Senatorial Liberals, protect the interests of the populace
  • portum (p. porta) : harbor; port
  • Potestas (p. Potestatis) : power; influence in society
  • praefectura (p. praefecturae) : urban district
  • Praefectus (p. praefecti) : chief
  • Praeministrum (p. Praeministra) : Minister
  • praenomen (p. praenominis) : first name
  • Praetor (p. Praetores) : magistrate vested with judicial authority
  • Praetoriani : imperial guard of the emperors and the Senate
  • provincia (p. provinciae) : middle political division of the Imperium; Province
  • publicanus (p. publicani) : someone paid by the government to perform certains duties
  • pyrobola (p. pyrobolae) : explosive; bomb

Q

  • Quaestor (p. Quaestores) : magistrates in charge of tax collection

R

  • Radionerva (p. Radionervae) : light amplified by stimulated emission of radiation
  • regnum (p. regna) : kingdom
  • republica (p. republicae) : indirect democracy; state run on the principles of Platonic Socialism
  • res (p. Res) : affairs; things
  • Caphiriavitas : Caphiravianism

S

  • sagitta (p. sagittae) : arrow
  • sagittarius (p. sagittarii) : archer
  • sagittum : archery
  • Scipiae : one of the 15 ancient and powerful families of Caphiria
  • scutum (p. scuta) : shield, either physical or electromagnetic
  • Senator (p. Senatores) : Senator
  • Ser (p. Seres) : Oriental
  • servus (p. servi) : slave
  • Sestertius (p. Sestertii) : Caphiravian currency (HS) worth 5 As
  • Shah : Persian/Kebab King (lit. King of Kings)
  • sifocaelus (p. sifocaeli) : jet airplane
  • Sina (p. Sinae) : Akai
  • Sinica : Land of the Chinese
  • silexis : flint; flintlock
  • statio (p. stationes) : resting stop; train station
  • subintrus : stealthy

T

  • Terra : Earth
  • terniust : antiqued term to describe the early signs of pregnancy
  • testuda (p. testudae) : armored vehicle or tank
  • tiro (p. tirones) : recruit in the Legion
  • tormentillus (p. tormentilli) : flying bomb; missile, colloquially telarus
  • Tributum : Poll Tax on non-citizens
  • Triumphum (p. Triumpha) : public ceremony honoring a great military campaign

U

  • Urbs : The City, Venceia
  • urbs (p. urbes) : city

V

  • Valeriae : one of the 15 ancient and powerful families of Caphiria
  • valetudinarium (p. valetudinaria) : infirmary; sick room (archaic)
  • vallum (p. valla) : Wall
  • vastator (p. vastatoris) : destroyer, ship
  • Veto : I forbid; declaration of disagreement
  • vexillium (p. vexillia) : flag
  • villa (p. Villae) : rural upper-class dwelling; summer home


Greek

D

  • Deydiakonos : Dogmatic chief of the Church after the Civil War

E

  • episkopoi (p. Episkopos) : bishop

I

  • ierapostoloi (p. Ierapostolos) : missionary

H

  • Hrysostomos : Term used among senators meaning the Imperator's "favourite"

K

  • kleftoi : derogatory term for a Thief


Technical Terms

A

  • Aecis-Aegis Radionerva : Point-Defense Laser
  • Auctoritas Principis : supreme legislative authority in Rom
  • Augustus : Honorific cognomen exclusive to an Imperator
  • Auxilia Subito : Conscription

B

  • Ballista Contra-Caeli : Anti-Aircraft Guns
  • Ballista Pyrobola : Howitzer

C

  • celerite arquus : Semi-Automatic Crossbow
  • Censum Parlementum : Judging Conference
  • Cladis Urbs : Urban Crisis
  • Cloaca Maxima : Sewers of Caphiria
  • coclius convitia : percussion rifle
  • coclius silexis : flintlock rifle
  • coclius volvo : revolving rifle
  • Comitia Curiata : lower house of Caphiravian parliament, consisting of senators (abbreviated Curia)
  • Concilium Aetherium : (Alliance) Space Council
  • Concilium Res Oeconomica : (Alliance) Economic Council
  • Concilium Res Sali : (Alliance) Council of Health Affairs
  • Concilium Res Arma Atomi : (Alliance) Council of Atomic Weapons
  • Contra-Caeli : anti-aircraft

D

  • Decemviri : Ten Man Commissionn, formed to resolve legislative dilemmas

F

  • Fistulara Lacera : Shotgun
  • Fistulara Pyrobola : Grenade launcher
  • Fistulara Silexis : Flintlock musket
  • Foedus Terrae : Alliance of Earth

G

  • Gradus Deiectio : Reduction in rank

I

  • Imperatores Boni : The (10) Good Emperors of Caphiria (98-395 CE)
  • Imperium Maius : The Potestas of an Imperator himself (regular imperium is granted to others by the Imperator)

J

  • Judicium Mundum : Supreme Court of Earth
  • Judicium Romanum : Supreme Court of Caphiria
  • Jure Divis : Divine right
  • Jus Gentium : Laws of Nations, international law

M

  • Magna Ludi Saeculari : Millennial Games (247 and 1247 CE)
  • Magnum Concilium (Foedorum) : Grand Council (of the Alliance)
  • Mare Nostrum : Mediterranean Sea (lit. Our Sea)

L

  • Legio Caelis Custodiae : Caphiravian Air Force
  • Ludi Capitolini : Like the Olympic games, held at the end of every Lustrum
  • Ludi Saeculari : Centurial Games

O

  • Officium Imperialis : Caphiravian emperor's advisory council
  • Orbis Terrarum : Circle of Lands

P

  • Paterfamilias : The Patriarch of a Caphiravian family
  • Pater Patriae : Father of the Fatherland
  • Politeia Caphiriavia : Caphiravian Constitution
  • Platonismus : Ideology combining ideals from the book Republic with socialist principles
  • Praefectus Castrorum : National Guard Commander
  • Praefectus Urbi : Governor of a City
  • Praetorium Mundi : World Headquarters
  • Pyrobolum Insidium : Land Mine

S

  • Senatus Consultum : recommendation of the Senate
  • Senatus Populusque Caphiriavia (SPQH) : Senate and the People of Caphiria, the Caphiravian Republic

T

  • Testudo Maris : Ironclad