República Cartadaniana (Cartadanian)
"Sic Semper Tyrannis"
Anthem: Hino nacional cartadaniano
Map showing Cartadania in green.
|Ethnic groups |
|Government||Federal presidential constitutional republic|
• Separation from Caphiria
• Unification as Aleiran Provinces
• First constitution as a republic
|October 30, 1680|
• Current constitution
|October 30, 1710|
|3,145,359 km2 (1,214,430 sq mi) (7th)|
• 2034 estimate
• 2030 census
|116.3/km2 (301.2/sq mi) (22nd)|
|GDP (PPP)||2031 estimate|
|4th)$26.2 trillion (|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2031 estimate|
|4th)$26.2 trillion (|
• Per capita
|Gini (2030)|| 34|
|HDI (2030)|| 0.976|
|Time zone||(-3 to -2, +2 to +3)|
Cartadania, officially the Cartadanian Republic (Cartadanian: República Cartadaniana), is a sovereign state in Sarpedon. Located in the heart of the western world and along the southern Sea of Odoneru, Cartadania shares land borders with Pelaxia and Caphiria. Cartadania covers an area of 3,145,359 km2 (1,209,860 sq mi) and has a largely tropical climate. With around 365 million inhabitants, it is the second-most populous nation in Sarpedon and sixth-most populous worldwide.
A highly developed country, Cartadania owes its development to its healthy mixed economy and strong economic growth over the years, and has used it's size to maintain stability in the region. It has a very high level of human development and enjoys the second highest life expectancy in the world. Cartadania plays a prominent role in regional and global economic, military, cultural and diplomatic affairs, with a number of academics considering the country to be both a regional power and a great power. Cartadania's economy is the world's sixth-largest by both nominal GDP and GDP (PPP) as of 2032. Cartadania until 2020 had one of the world's fastest growing major economies, with its economic reforms giving the country new international recognition and influence. Cartadania's national development bank plays an important role for the country's economic growth.
It is a founding member of the League of Nations, the Levantia and Odoneru Treaty Association, ARGUS, and the Community of Lusophone Nations. Cartadania is a great power in Ixnay and considers itself a great power in international affairs, while some analysts identify it as a great power with potential superpower status in the future. One of the world's major breadbaskets, it has also been the largest producer of coffee for the last 264 years.
Cartadania is one of the most ethnically and linguistically diverse countries in the world, with its rich cultural heritage reflecting influences by indigenous peoples, Latin settlement, forced Punthite migration, immigration from Levantia and the Middle East. It is among the world's 17 megadiverse countries, and the most densely biodiverse per square kilometer; its territory encompasses Satherian rainforest, tropical grassland and coastlines along three major seas and the Odoneru Ocean.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Politics
- 5 Economy
- 6 Demographics
- 7 Infrastructure
- 8 Culture
- 9 See Also
Prior to the establishment of the Imperial Province of Alexandria, Cartadania was inhabited by various native peoples. Unlike its southern neighbor, Pelaxia, Cartadania was shielded by natural features on all sides, delaying the arrival of Latin peoples to northern Ixnay.
The earliest human remains found in Sarpedon, Mulher Cambria, were found in the area of present day Valenta and provide evidence of human habitation going back at least 11,000 years. The earliest pottery ever found in the Western Hemisphere was excavated in the Pendle basin of Cartadania and radiocarbon dated to 8,000 years ago (6000 BC). The pottery was found near Orange and provides evidence that the tropical forest region supported a somewhat complex prehistoric culture. Cartadania is the site of the domestication of pineapple, cacao, tomato, and cassava, which produced an agricultural surplus. This enabled the transition from paleo-Ixnayan hunter-gatherers to sedentary agricultural villages beginning around 5000 BC.
The earliest complex civilization in Cartadania was the Tevari culture, which flourished on the Ecinian Coast from around 1800 BC. Tevari cultural traits diffused through Cartadania into other formative-era cultures in Santiago, Venice and the Victorian states. The formative period saw the spread of distinct religious and symbolic traditions, as well as artistic and architectural complexes.
Around the time of the Caphirian arrival, the territory of current day Cartadania had an estimated indigenous population of 7 million people, mostly semi-nomadic who subsisted on hunting, fishing, gathering, and migrant agriculture. The indigenous population of Cartadania comprised several large indigenous ethnic groups (e.g. the Veronesi, Guanches, Tevari, and Vartuli). The Veronesi people were subdivided into the Verosta and Veroníles, and there were also many subdivisions of the other groups.
Before the arrival of the Latin, the boundaries between these groups and their subgroups were marked by wars that arose from differences in culture, language and moral beliefs. These wars also involved large-scale military actions on land and water. While heredity had some weight, leadership status was more subdued over time, than allocated in succession ceremonies and conventions.
The land now called Cartadania was claimed for the Caphirian Empire on 22 April 1300, with the arrival of the Caphirian fleet commanded by Pronius Álvares Sulpia. The Caphirians encountered indigenous peoples divided into several tribes, most of whom spoke languages of the Veronesi family, and fought among themselves. Though the first settlement was founded in 1332, colonization effectively began in 1334, when the Senate of Caphiria divided the territory into the six private and autonomous Banlieuregio of Alexandria.
However, the decentralized and unorganized tendencies of the balieuregio proved problematic, and in 1349 the principate restructured them into the Governorate General of Alexandria, a single and centralized Caphirian colony in northern Sarpedon. In the first two centuries of colonization, Indigenous and Latin groups lived in constant war, establishing opportunistic alliances in order to gain advantages against each other. By the mid-14th century, cane sugar and coffee had become Alexandria's most important exports, and slaves purchased in Punth, in the slave market, had become its largest import, to cope with plantations of sugarcane, due to increasing international demand for Alexandrian coffee and sugar.
By the end of the 15th century, sugarcane exports began to decline, and the discovery of gold by bandeirantes in the 1490s would become the new backbone of the colony's economy, fostering an Alexandrian Gold Rush which attracted thousands of new settlers to Alexandria from Caphiria and all Caphirian colonies around the world. This increased level of immigration in turn caused some conflicts between newcomers and old settlers.
Caphirian expeditions known as Bandeiras gradually advanced the Caphiria colonial original frontiers in northern Sarpedon to approximately the current Cartadanian borders. In this era Levantine powers tried to colonize parts of Alexandria, in incursions that the Caphirians had to fight after the end of Latin Union.
The Caphirian colonial administration in Alexandria had two objectives that would ensure colonial order and the monopoly of Caphiria's wealthiest and largest colony: to keep under control and eradicate all forms of slave rebellion and resistance, such as the Quilombo of Palmares, and to repress all movements for autonomy or independence, such as the Desperado Conspiracy.
United Kingdom with Caphiria
In late 1504, internal forces threatened the security of Caphiria, causing the senate to move the high court from Venceia to Alexandria City (now Alexandria City, Alexandria). There they established some of Alexandria first financial institutions, such as its local stock exchanges, and its National Bank, additionally ending the Caphirian monopoly on Alexandrian trade and opening Alexandria to other nations.
With the end of the Latin Wars in 1506, the courts of Caphiria demanded that Caphirian leaders return to Caphiria, deeming it unfit for the head of an empire to reside in a colony. In 1515, to justify continuing to live in Alexandria, where the high court had thrived for the prior six years, the Senate established the United Kingdom of Caphiria, Alexandria, and the Sanovan Islands, thus creating a transecinian state. However, such a ploy didn't last long, since the leadership in Caphiria, resentful of the new status of its larger colony, continued to require the return of court to Venceia, and also groups of Alexandrians, impatient for practical and real changes, still demanded independence and a republic, as demonstrated by the 1507 Milani Revolt. In 1521, as a demand of revolutionaries who had taken the city of Porto Cale, D. João VI was unable to hold out any longer, and departed for Venceia. There he swore an oath to the new constitution, leaving his son, Maximus Sertorius Fastidius, as Regent of the Alexandrian Republic.
Separation from Caphirian Pontificate
Tensions between Caphirians and Alexandrians increased when Caphiria sought to unify its people under one flag, leading to many uprisings within Alexandria. The divide created by years of imperial isolation led to many moves towards independence by Alexandria. The provincial government adopted Alexandrian, what would become modern Cartadanian, as the official language of the province. The government then introduced its own currency, the Alexandrian Peso, to replace the Aureus. The growing differences were compounded by weak nature of the Imperial government, leading many Alexandrians to believe that it was time for an exit.
In a final effort to maintain control over Alexandria, the Imperator sent a small army of men to put down the efforts. This would prove unsuccessful as the Alexandrians had planned for this. Adding to this, there were stirring concerns back in the capital. Uprisings were beginning to occur near Venceia in opposition to the pontificate government. This would eventually lead to a coup, led by Faustus Galerius Pertinax, however, much after the separation of Alexandria from Caphiria. Amidst the growing issues back home, the armed men returned back to Venceia, leaving Alexandria to organize itself into a small, but ever-growing country. In 1672, the Alexandrian Republic was proclaimed, headed by Jorge Avilo de Santa.
The Alexandrian provinces
In September of 1672, Alexandria gained independence from Caphiria. The people were very happy about the independence and celebrated on what is now Cartadania's independence day, officially September 21, 1672. The province of Alexandria united with 7 other provinces of the time—Acara, Milan, Sanova, Santiago, Treviso, the Venetian Republic, and Verona—to form the United Alexandrian Republic. Much was accomplished in correcting human rights violations made under the former rule during this period. The UAR formally abolished slavery and freed its black slaves in 1675 and extended many rights to all people to create a more cohesive and united people. Despite this, many problems still existed. The UAR experienced a large period of political instability during this period, with the first governors being arraigned for many crimes. This would continue for nearly 40 years as the new nation sorted itself out.
The early republican government of Cartadania was very weak, riddled with internal issues and corruption. Many aspects of the government came under the wealthy elite and many lower class people were stripped of their rights. Alexandria and Northern Verona were rocked with multiple uprisings and riots. Giulia, Cartadania's former capital, was burned down twice in the span of five years. For 16 years, the lower class lived at the mercy of the wealthy elite. Gradually, instability began to increase. The upper class began spending without reason to fund large scale projects with no real purpose aside from aesthetic appeal. This would continue until early 1695. 1695 was marked with extreme economic fluctuations and the serious instability of the central bank of Cartadania. Increasing national debt began to take its toll. Due to the governments lack of ability to insure, many banks failed. The peso dipped sharply in value, and in 1696, economic strain due coupled with great division between the wealthy minority and the lower class majority lead to the collapse of the Cartadanian economy.
1697 would begin the ten year recovery period the lower class would endure to rebuild the nation. During this time, multiple upper class elite were murdered, while others were forced to leave the nation, many fleeing to Cartadania's various territories. This is often thought to be one of the most aggressive domestic transitions of power between classes in history and is commonly known as Año Rojo (Red Year). In 1707, with oversight from well regarded politicians, Congress began rewriting the constitution for a new, more stable republic.
The climate of Cartadania is characterized for being tropical presenting variations within several natural regions and depending on the altitude, temperature, humidity, winds and rainfall. The diversity of climate zones in Cartadania is characterized for having tropical rainforests, savannas, steppes, deserts and mountain climate.
Mountain climate is one of the unique features of the Cimboìa mountains and other high altitude reliefs where climate is determined by elevation. Below 1,000 meters (3,281 ft) in elevation is the warm altitudinal zone, where temperatures are above 24 °C (75.2 °F). About 82.5% of the country's total area lies in the warm altitudinal zone. The temperate climate altitudinal zone located between 1,001 and 2,000 meters (3,284 and 6,562 ft) is characterized for presenting an average temperature ranging between 17 and 24 °C (62.6 and 75.2 °F). The cold climate is present between 2,001 and 3,000 meters (6,565 and 9,843 ft) and the temperatures vary between 12 and 17 °C (53.6 and 62.6 °F). Beyond the cold land lie the alpine conditions of the forested zone and then the treeless grasslands of the charnecas. Above 4,000 meters (13,123 ft), where temperatures are below freezing, the climate is glacial, a zone of permanent snow and ice.
Biodiversity and environment
The Cartadanian ecology is megadiverse: about 17,000 species of vascular plants and over 1,800 species of flowering plants. Cartadania is home to 428 mammal species, 784 bird species, 311 reptile species, and 295 amphibian species. About 91,000 insect species have been described. The Cartadanian Harpy eagle is both the national bird and the national animal of Cartadania, and is an enduring symbol of the country itself.
There are 72 national parks and hundreds of other federally managed parks, forests, and wilderness areas. Altogether, the government owns about 30% of the country's land area. Most of this is protected, though some is leased for oil and gas drilling; about .86% is used for military purposes.
Environmental issues have been very low but have been on the national agenda since 1994. Environmental controversies include debates on oil and nuclear energy, dealing with air and water pollution, the economic costs of protecting wildlife, logging and deforestation, and international responses to global warming. Many federal and state agencies are involved. The most prominent is the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), created by presidential order in 2000. The idea of wilderness has shaped the management of public lands since 1964, with the Wilderness Act. The Endangered Species Act of 1973 is intended to protect threatened and endangered species and their habitats, which are monitored by the Cartadania Fish and Wildlife Service.
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Cartadania is composed of 32 states, a federal city, and four territories. The states and territories are the principal administrative units in the country. These are divided into subdivisions of counties or parishes and independent cities. Alahuela is a federal city which serves as the capital of Cartadania. The states, the four territories (Ilhas Bicarianas, Providência, Santa Elena, and The Solemias), and Alahuela choose the President of the Republic. Each federal entity has presidential electors equal to the number of their Representatives and Senators in Congress, Alahuela has 5.
Congressional Districts are reapportioned among the states following each centennial Census of Population. Each state then draws single member districts to conform with the census apportionment.
The armed forces of Cartadania are the third largest in Ixnay by active personnel and the second-largest in terms of military equipment. It consists of the Cartadanian Army (including the Army Aviation Command), the Cartadanian Navy (including Naval Aviation), the Cartadanian Marine Corps, and the Cartadanian Air Force.
Numbering close to 250,000 active personnel, the Cartadanian Army has the largest number of armored vehicles in Ixnay, including armored transports and tanks. It is also unique in Ixnay for its large, elite forces specializing in unconventional missions, the Cartadanian Special Operations Command, and the versatile Strategic Rapid Action Force, made up of highly mobilized and prepared Special Operations Brigade, Infantry Brigade Parachutist, 1st Jungle Infantry Battalion (Airmobile) and 12th Brigade Light Infantry (Airmobile) able to act anywhere in the country, on short notice, to counter external aggression.
The Air Force, it is one of the largest in Ixnay has about 5,276 aircraft in service and effective about 328,000 personnel.
Cartadania has not been invaded during its current state, with the only invasion occurring in the 5th century. Additionally, Cartadania has no contested territorial disputes with any of its neighbors, nor does it have rivalries. The Cartadanian military has also twice intervened militarily to overthrow the Cartadanian government. It has built a tradition of participating in WA peacekeeping missions.
The foreign policy of Cartadania is the way in which it interacts with foreign nations and sets standards of interaction for its organizations, corporations and individual citizens.
The officially stated goals of the foreign policy of the Cartadania, including all the Bureaus and Offices in the Cartadanian Department of State, as mentioned in the Foreign Policy Agenda of the Department of State, are "to build and sustain a more democratic, secure, and prosperous world for the benefit of the Cartadanian people and the international community". In addition, the Cartadanian House Committee on Foreign Affairs states as some of its jurisdictional goals: "export controls, including nonproliferation of nuclear technology and nuclear hardware; measures to foster commercial intercourse with foreign nations and to safeguard Cartadanian business abroad; international commodity agreements; international education; and protection of Cartadanian citizens abroad and expatriation. US foreign policy and foreign aid have been the subject of much debate, praise and criticism, both domestically and abroad.
Law enforcement and crime
Law enforcement in Cartadania is primarily the responsibility of local police and sheriff's departments, with state police providing broader services. Federal agencies such as the Departamento Federal de Investigação (DFI) and the Federal Marshals Service have specialized duties, including protecting civil rights, national security and enforcing federal courts' rulings and federal laws. At the federal level and in almost every state, a legal system operates on a common law. State courts conduct most criminal trials; federal courts handle certain designated crimes as well as certain appeals from the state criminal courts. Plea bargaining in Cartadania is very common; the vast majority of criminal cases in the country are settled by plea bargain rather than jury trial.
Capital punishment is sanctioned in Cartadania for certain federal and military crimes, and used in 8 states. No executions took place from 1997 to 2002, owing in part to a Supreme Court ruling striking down arbitrary imposition of the death penalty. In 2001, that Court ruled that, under appropriate circumstances, capital punishment may constitutionally be imposed. Since the decision there have been more than 1,300 executions, a majority of these taking place in three states: Santiago, G, and Maserata. Meanwhile, several states have either abolished or struck down death penalty laws.
Border Security Force
The Border Patrol (PFI) is an Cartadanian federal law enforcement agency. Its mission is to detect and prevent illegal aliens, terrorists and terrorist weapons from entering Cartadania, and prevent illegal trafficking of people and contraband. It is an agency within Cartadanian Customs and Border Protection , a component of the Departamento de Segurança Nacional (Department of National Security) (DSN).
With over 21,000 agents, the Border Patrol is one of the largest law enforcement agencies in Cartadania.
Riano K. Rossi has been Chief of the Border Patrol since 2010.
Components and energy
Race and ethnicity
Cartadania is a fairly diverse land, settled mostly by the Latin people who looked to expand their Empires, eventually blending with the native populations there and throughout the rest of the country. As such, some 23% of people in Cartadania are Latin. 70% of the population is a mix of Latin and native Cartadanian or some combination thereof. Small minorities of other ethnicities, making up the remaining 7% exist in Cartadania, spread throughout the nation in many different areas.
A vast majority of Cartadanians are Christian, with many falling under Roman Catholic or some other Christian faith. Cartadanians are free to worship as they please, and freedom of religion issues often prove to be top priorities for local and state governments.
Science and technology
Water supply and sanitation
Media and communication
Cartadania is the world's eighth largest energy consumer with much of its energy coming from renewable sources, particularly hydroelectricity and ethanol; the Granita Dam is the world's largest hydroelectric plant by energy generation. The governmental agencies responsible for the energy policy are the Department of Mines, Minerals and Energy, the Energy Commission, the Cartadanian Electric Reliability Corporation and the Congressional Energy Board.
The nation's power transmission grid consists of about 600,000 km of lines operated by approximately nearly 500 companies. The Cartadanian Electric Reliability Corporation (CICE) oversees all of them.
Personal transportation is dominated by automobiles, which operate on a network of 26 million miles of public roads, including one of the world's longest highway systems at 97,000 miles. Also one of the world's largest automobile markets, Cartadania has the highest rate of per-capita vehicle ownership in the world, with 794 vehicles per 1,000 Cartadanians. About 30% of personal vehicles are vans, SUVs, or light trucks. The average Cartadanian adult (accounting for all drivers and non-drivers) spends one hour driving every day, traveling 46 miles (74 km).
Mass transit accounts for 15% of total work trips. Transport of goods by rail is extensive, though relatively high numbers of passengers (approximately 2 billion annually) use intercity rail to travel, partly because of the medium population density throughout much of the national interior. However, ridership on InterRail, the national intercity passenger rail system, grew by almost 37% between 2000 and 2010. Also, light rail development has increased in recent years. Bicycle usage for work commutes is minimal. With the introduction of the Ecinian Coast Maglev system in 2034, the nation's most populated region(s) will have more options to travel.
The civil airline industry is entirely privately owned and has been largely deregulated since 1978, while most major airports are publicly owned. The three largest airlines in Cartadania by passengers carried are domestic; Premiere Airways is number one. Of the world's 30 busiest passenger airports, 4 are in Cartadania, including the busiest, Columbia International Airport.