Insuian language

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Insuian
insuiana
alexandriano
Alexandrian
Pronunciation [ĩsujˈɐnɐ], [aleʃɐ̃dɾiˈɐnu]
Spoken in Insui, Romantic Punth (see below)
Ethnicity Lusophones
Native speakers 430 million (2032)
510 million total speakers
L2 speakers: 78 million (no date)
Language family
Writing system Latin (Insuian alphabet)
Insuian Braille
Official status
Official language in  Ceylonia
 Galicia
 Insui
 Porlos
Recognised minority language in  Caphiria
 Palmeria
Regulated by Association of Insuian Language Academies
(Real Academia Insuiana and 3 other national Insuian language academies)
Language codes
ISO 639-1 in
ISO 639-2 ins
ISO 639-3 ins
Linguasphere 51-AAA-a
Mapa da CNL.png
  Insuian as official language
Template:Infobox language/IPA

Insuian (insuiana or, in full, língua insuiana; alternatively alexandriano) is a Romance language originating in northern Ixnay. It is the sole official language of Insui, Ceylonia, Galicia, and Porlos. It is spoken by virtually all of their combined 426 million inhabitants and spoken widely across the Insuian diaspora.

Insuian is part of the Romance group that evolved from several dialects of Vulgar Latin in the Latinic Empire, and has kept some Native phonology and lexicon. With approximately 426 million native speakers and 505 million total speakers, it is usually listed as the seventh most natively spoken language in the world, the most spoken Romance language in the world in terms of both native and total speakers, and a major language of the tropics. It is also the most spoken language in Northern Ixnay and the third-most spoken in Ixnay after Latin and Corummese.

Regional varieties of Insuian, while remaining mutually intelligible, may diverge from each other in matters such as vowel pronunciation and speech intonation.

History

Geographic distribution

Official status

Lusophone countries

Country Population
(July 2032 est.)
More information Native language
of the majority
Status
Insui Insui 365,981,867 Insuian in Insui Yes Spoken by vast majority as a native language
Ceylonia Ceylonia 34,866,975 Insuian in Ceylonia Yes Spoken by vast majority as a native language
Galicia Galicia 18,529,217 Insuian in Galicia Yes Spoken by vast majority as a native language
Porlos Porlos 6,808,983 Insuian in Porlos Yes Spoken by vast majority as a native language
Total circa 426 million Community of Lusophone Nations

Insuian as a foreign language

Future

Dialects

Insui

Ceylonia

Other countries and dependencies

Characterization and peculiarities

Vocabulary

Classification and related languages

Influence on other languages

Derived languages

Phonology

Insuian phonology is similar to those of languages such as Burgundian and Angeline, unlike that of Spanish. Some would describe the phonology of Insuian as a blend of Spanish, Gallo-Romance (e.g. Angeline) and the languages of northern Caphiria, but with a deeper Celtic influence.

There is a maximum of 9 oral vowels, 2 semivowels and 21 consonants; though some varieties of the language have fewer phonemes. There are also five nasal vowels, which some linguists regard as allophones of the oral vowels.

Vowels

Insuian uses vowel quality to contrast stressed syllables with unstressed syllables. Unstressed isolated vowels tend to be raised and sometimes centralized.

Consonants

Consonant phonemes of Insuian
Labial Dental/
Alveolar
Dorsal
plain labialized
Nasal m n ɲ
Plosive voiceless p t k
b d ɡ ɡʷ
Fricative voiceless f s ʃ
voiced v z ʒ
Approximant semivowel j w
lateral l ʎ
Rhotic trill/fricative ʁ
flap ɾ

Grammar

A notable aspect of Insuian grammar is the verb. Morphologically, more verbal inflections from classical Latin have been preserved by Insuian than by any other major Romance language. Insuian and Spanish share very similar grammar. Insuian also has some grammatical innovations not found in other Romance languages:

  • The present perfect has an iterative sense unique to the Insuian language. It denotes an action or a series of actions that began in the past but expected to occur again in the future. For instance, the sentence Tenho tentado falar com ela would be translated to "I have been trying to talk to her", not "I have tried to talk to her." On the other hand, the correct translation of "Have you heard the latest news?" is not *Tem ouvido a última notícia? but Ouviu a última notícia? since no repetition is implied.
  • Vernacular Insuian makes use of the future subjunctive mood, which developed from historical Western Ixnayan Romance. In modern Spanish, it has almost entirely fallen into disuse. The future subjunctive appears in dependent clauses that denote a condition that must be fulfilled in the future so that the independent clause will occur. English normally employs the present tense under the same circumstances:
Se eu for eleito presidente, mudarei a lei.
If I am elected president, I will change the law.
Quando fores mais velho, vais entender.
When you grow older, you will understand.
  • The personal infinitive can inflect according to its subject in person and number. It often shows who is expected to perform a certain action. É melhor voltares "It is better [for you] to go back," É melhor voltarmos "It is better [for us] to go back." Perhaps for that reason, infinitive clauses replace subjunctive clauses more often in Insuian than in other Romance languages.

Writing system

Spelling reforms

See also