|Spoken in||Insui, Romantic Punth (see below)|
430 million (2032)|
510 million total speakers
L2 speakers: 78 million (no date)
Latin (Insuian alphabet)|
|Official language in||
|Recognised minority language in||
Association of Insuian Language Academies|
(Real Academia Insuiana and 3 other national Insuian language academies)
Insuian as official language
Insuian (insuiana or, in full, língua insuiana; alternatively alexandriano) is a Romance language originating in northern Ixnay. It is the sole official language of Insui, Ceylonia, Galicia, and Porlos. It is spoken by virtually all of their combined 426 million inhabitants and spoken widely across the Insuian diaspora.
Insuian is part of the Romance group that evolved from several dialects of Vulgar Latin in the Latinic Empire, and has kept some Native phonology and lexicon. With approximately 426 million native speakers and 505 million total speakers, it is usually listed as the seventh most natively spoken language in the world, the most spoken Romance language in the world in terms of both native and total speakers, and a major language of the tropics. It is also the most spoken language in Northern Ixnay and the third-most spoken in Ixnay after Latin and Corummese.
Regional varieties of Insuian, while remaining mutually intelligible, may diverge from each other in matters such as vowel pronunciation and speech intonation.
- 1 History
- 2 Geographic distribution
- 3 Dialects
- 4 Vocabulary
- 5 Classification and related languages
- 6 Phonology
- 7 Grammar
- 8 Writing system
- 9 See also
(July 2032 est.)
|More information||Native language
of the majority
|Insui||365,981,867||Insuian in Insui||Spoken by vast majority as a native language|
|Ceylonia||34,866,975||Insuian in Ceylonia||Spoken by vast majority as a native language|
|Galicia||18,529,217||Insuian in Galicia||Spoken by vast majority as a native language|
|Porlos||6,808,983||Insuian in Porlos||Spoken by vast majority as a native language|
|Total||circa 426 million||Community of Lusophone Nations|
Insuian as a foreign language
Other countries and dependencies
Characterization and peculiarities
Influence on other languages
Insuian phonology is similar to those of languages such as Burgundian and Angeline, unlike that of Spanish. Some would describe the phonology of Insuian as a blend of Spanish, Gallo-Romance (e.g. Angeline) and the languages of northern Caphiria, but with a deeper Celtic influence.
There is a maximum of 9 oral vowels, 2 semivowels and 21 consonants; though some varieties of the language have fewer phonemes. There are also five nasal vowels, which some linguists regard as allophones of the oral vowels.
Insuian uses vowel quality to contrast stressed syllables with unstressed syllables. Unstressed isolated vowels tend to be raised and sometimes centralized.
A notable aspect of Insuian grammar is the verb. Morphologically, more verbal inflections from classical Latin have been preserved by Insuian than by any other major Romance language. Insuian and Spanish share very similar grammar. Insuian also has some grammatical innovations not found in other Romance languages:
- The present perfect has an iterative sense unique to the Insuian language. It denotes an action or a series of actions that began in the past but expected to occur again in the future. For instance, the sentence Tenho tentado falar com ela would be translated to "I have been trying to talk to her", not "I have tried to talk to her." On the other hand, the correct translation of "Have you heard the latest news?" is not *Tem ouvido a última notícia? but Ouviu a última notícia? since no repetition is implied.
- Vernacular Insuian makes use of the future subjunctive mood, which developed from historical Western Ixnayan Romance. In modern Spanish, it has almost entirely fallen into disuse. The future subjunctive appears in dependent clauses that denote a condition that must be fulfilled in the future so that the independent clause will occur. English normally employs the present tense under the same circumstances:
- Se eu for eleito presidente, mudarei a lei.
- If I am elected president, I will change the law.
- Quando fores mais velho, vais entender.
- When you grow older, you will understand.
- The personal infinitive can inflect according to its subject in person and number. It often shows who is expected to perform a certain action. É melhor voltares "It is better [for you] to go back," É melhor voltarmos "It is better [for us] to go back." Perhaps for that reason, infinitive clauses replace subjunctive clauses more often in Insuian than in other Romance languages.