Kingdom of Latium

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Kingdom of Latium
917–1935


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Capital Corcra
Government Imperial Monarchy
History
 •  Established 917
 •  Dissolution of the Holy Levantine Empire 1935
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The Kingdom of Latium was a constituent Kingdom of the Holy Levantine Empire, and for much of the Empire's existence it was the seat of the Emperor of the Levantines in Corcra, where the Imperial Diet and Collegial Electorate met. Characterized by dozens of pseudo-autonomous principalities, the Kingdom of Latium drove many of the political concerns within the Empire during the Early Modern Period through the Late Modern Period, including during the Great Confessional War, the Caroline War, and finally during the Great War, where various nationalists, liberals, and socialists attempted to achieve Latin nationhood, beginning the first phase of the conflict.

While historians distinguish the Eastern Kingdom of the Levantines, founded in 917 upon the death of Emperor Brian III, from the Kingdom of Latium, the two crowns were the same, with the name changing as Eastern King of the Levantines, King Leo, reforging the Holy Levantine Empire in 965. While the Emperor of the Levantines used Latium and its crown possession, Corcra, as a successful base of power from the 10th to the 14th century, the Kingdom mostly devolved into an area with the least central authority in the Empire by the 1400s. Several reasons are cited for the decline in crown power, but the fall primarily came the demise of the stem duchies dependent on Imperial support and the rise of hundreds of varied dynastic estates made the Kingdom administratively unwieldy and difficulty to govern. While several attempts at reform were made in the 1490s, lack of central authority was permanently established as a consequence of the Protestant Reformation. Despite its lack of tangible political authority, Latium by far was considered the most prestigious of the constituent Kingdoms of the Holy Levantine Empire, and a majority of Emperors of the Levantines were elected from Latium. During the 19th century, the rise of Burgundie and the South Levantine Mediatization War lead to chaos and disorder in Latium that would continue until its demise in the 20th century.

The Kingdom of Latium was dissolved with the Emperor of the Levantines relinquishing authority over it in 1935, leading to a period of fragile peace characterized by domestic chaos and infighting between former principalities. Following the end of the Great War, the former parts of the Kingdom of Latium reformed into the Latinic States, a loose confederation of many former states of Latium which had consolidated during the war.