Motto: Les iours brilliants arriuent
Brighter Days Are Coming
|Recognised national languages||Angeline|
• Governor General
• Arrival of the first Sons of Perdition
|February 29, 1873|
• Union of Exiles
|December 9, 1891|
• Beginning of National Esprit de Corps
|June 20, 1896|
|312,326.66 km2 (120,590.00 sq mi)|
• Water (%)
• 2026 census
|50/km2 (129.5/sq mi) (27th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2026 estimate|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2026 estimate|
|$768.2 billion (23rd)|
• Per capita
very high · 3rd
|Currency||Tour (₶) (MAT)|
|Drives on the||right|
Monteangelo is an island nation in Greater Ixnay, approximately 273 km (170 mi) south of Urcea and 877 km (548 mi) northeast of mainland Ixnay. The island, approximately 885 km (553 mi) long, is home to over 15.6 million citizens. While there are no official languages in Monteangelo, the lingua franca is Angeline; a constructed evolution from Latin with strong Gallo-Romance influences. While the nation does not formally incorporate cities, the largest urban area in Monteangelo is in the canton of Haydez. Home to over 2.6 million citizens, the canton is the political and cultural capital of the nation.
A relatively young nation, the settlers who would found the nation arrived on the island of Monteangelo in 1873 as dissidents and exiles from opposed to the institution of the Caesaropapist regime in Caphiria. The first of these settlers formed small-scale tribal townships, a great majority of which were hierarchical. On the ninth of December 1895, the last township assimilated and the island formed a nation-state. By the following summer, the government would become structured identically to the military forces. The population of the island would come to be bolstered by additional arrivals through the first part of the 20th century before the enaction of controlled immigration policy in 1928.
Culturally, Monteangelo has been heavily influenced by many different culture groups across the region and has unified under a unique melting pot. The country remains quite insular and much of the population is only fluent in their native languages, but since the 1970s the nation has opened up and taken a more active role in international and supranational politics. These include a myriad of sporting events as well as inter-governmental organizations such as ARGUS.
Today, Monteangelo remains a relatively small nation known for its social progressiveness and militarized government. Indeed, the island can be characterized by its extremely liberal civil rights contrasted with limited political rights for its citizens. Presently, the economy is invested in post-industrial and service sectors along with a strong niche agricultural sector which drives exports across the world. Heavy manufacturing in shipbuilding is also a major economic activity.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Geography and climate
- 4 Government and politics
- 5 Economy
- 6 Demographics
- 7 Culture
- 8 See also
The name Monteangelo translates literally to "Angel Mountain" in a variety of Romance dialects. However, the origin of this name is disputed. The prevailing narrative is that Pyrus Reus, reportedly the first cartographer to circumnavigate the island, named it thusly after a ring (or halo) of clouds shrouding the peak of the island's tallest mountain which bears the same name (known commonly as Mount Angel). A second popular theory states that early cartographers with a poor understanding of the local geography mapped the island in the shape of a robbed and winged figure. A final theory suggests that angels had been sighted on the peaks of Mount Angel prior to the arrival of the first permanent settlers in 1873.
Formally settled by Istroyan settlers as early as 2000 BCE, the islands that now constitute Monteangelo were part of a series of small-scale city-states that exerted control over the land. The Istroyan peoples were the dominant culture in the area for most of the later ancient era. They were a ferocious opponent of the Latinic expansion in that part of Ixnay. They maintained their control of the island into the early middle ages, building increasingly complex cities, but the Istroyan cities in Monteangelo were unlike any contemporary cities of the time. They were carved directly into the rock at the base of the two mountains on the opposing sides of the main island and into the cliffs along the shore. This made them incredibly defensible to land armies but vulnerable to littoral siege. Despite frequent conflict with Latinic forces, the Istroyans rarely fought land battles on others' terms, ensuring their independence in the face of the numerically superior Latinic Empire. It was the Istroyans who pioneered the Ballista as a method of coastal defense and these implements in addition to a developed maritime fleet projected Istroyan influence in the Julia Bay and the Sea of Istroya. Period depictions of the Monteangeline Istroyans often feature the trident as an implement of war. It is unclear whether the trident was actually used or if it simply served as a symbol. The trident appears almost universally in depictions of Istroyan people and persists as an emblem of the island itself to the modern day.
Early Medieval Era
In the early 7th century the Istroyan city-states declined due to the presence of Bergendii raiders popularly known today as the Bladerunners. In 848, the Bladerunners destroyed the fleet of Apamos, the largest Istroyan city-state, and sacked the city proper. In the following decade, a Bergendii kingdom was established on the island. The island was the base for many raids into Latinic lands in the early years, but gradually a feudal relationship developed between Bergendii landlords and Istroyan peasants. A war through the 950s established a more centralized kingdom which would be the first nation to take on the name of Monteangelo (Muntangele in old Bergendii), a name the geographical island was referred to by the Latium Empire. Religious dynamics during this period were tense. Istroyan peasants had abandoned pagan practices and converted to Christianity in the 4th century CE. The Bergendii lords continued to practice pagan beliefs, but gradually converted in part due to the efforts of early missionary movements in the region. By 1050 CE the island was considered fully proselytized.
Late Medieval Era
While the Bergendii kingdom in Monteangelo remained stable for several centuries, the High Middle Ages brought disaster to the island in the form of bubonic plague. While the bubonic plague devastated much of Ixnay in the mid-14th century, the island was crippled and may have lost 60-75% of its population between 1347 and 1350 alone. Contemporary writings recorded that bodies were being burned in piles of hundreds to attempt to stop the progress of the plague. Ultimately, the plague would mark the end of civilization on the island for the duration of the Medieval period. Survivors of the plague made an exodus from the island in the following years and by 1360 the island was abandoned for the first time.
Early Modern Era
In 1587 the Burgundian South Levantine Trading Company arrived on the island to establish a trading port on the Southeast coast called Vital. This trading port initially simply projected and ensured trading power in the region, but the early 18th century saw the introduction of Pukhtun tea which grew well in the favourable conditions of the island. As the agricultural viability of the island became clear, the Burgundian South Levantine Trading Company began to invest in more permanent settlement and agricultural industries. Tea plantations to the west of the now city of Vital sprang up through the rest of the century, generating immense revenues and helping to satisfy the Burgundian caffeine addiction. Vital also continued to serve as a vital base during various trade wars with Caphiria in the Sea of Istroya. At its peak in the 1790s, the colony may have counted as many as 150,000 residents.
The onset of the 19th century brought a great deal of trouble to the island once again. Though exceedingly rare for the locale, a cyclone ravaged much of the island's southeast coast in 1804. The devastation was followed by a severe outbreak of cholera in 1805, followed by another outbreak in 1807. Shifting priorities through the 1810s and 1820s as Burgundie descended into civil war made all commodity imports, especially luxury goods like tea, unprofitable. Dengue fever was a sporadic threat to the port throughout its history, however particularly severe infections are considered to have been the final impetus for the Burgundian South Levantine Trading Company to disband the colony. In its final two decades, the Monteangeline port was a significant drain on the chartered company. By 1820, the island laid completely abandoned for the second time.
Late Modern Era
Sons of Perdition
Following the ascension of Faustus Galerius Pertinax to the Caphirian throne in 1872, a group of disillusioned dissidents departed the Imperium in an exodus. Numbering approximately 5,000 people, the settlers took the name Sons of Perdition, referring to their disillusionment with the newly instated Dominate and the Imperial Church. These settlers landed on the shores of Monteangelo on February 29, 1873.
Despite the coordination of efforts made to undertake the voyage from Caphiria, upon their arrival the settlers dispersed into various groups forming 14 townships which would come to form the 14 cantons in the modern Monteangeline state. The first Sons of Perdition would be joined by other multinational groups of exiles and the island became known as a haven for dissidents seeking refuge and isolation. These migrations led to a plethora of cultures making their homes on the island in addition to the Caphirian and Latinic people including Feinii, Coscivian, and Gothic cultures. In 1880, the first references to a pidgin language used to communicate among the various cultures and linguistic groups are found. A generation later this pidgin would be formalized into a creole. While standard forms for locations and institutions exist, the Monteangeline language remains varied even within the islands nation.
In 1888, a miscommunication between the township of Haïdi and the neighbouring township of Cavieze escalated into an armed confrontation. A verbal contract to exchange grain failed when the amount of grain to be exchanged was misunderstood by approximately half. Threatened with starvation until the next growing season, a band of Caviesians raided Haïdian storehouses on October 7, 1888. A week later, a pitched battle occurred resulting in the death of fourteen people without a definitive outcome. The "Eighties War" as it came to be called escalated to the surrounding townships, generally along linguistic lines. Two years later, in October of 1890, the township of Aser which had remained neutral called for peace after crop output on the island had plummeted. After those calls fell on deaf ears, Aser assembled a coalition known as the Maquisards led by Catarine Uallade and banding with the few other neutral townships suppressed each township regardless of allegiance to Haïdi or Cavieze. The pacification took another year with final cessation of conflict declared on December 9, 1891. Catarine Uallade, still commanding the Maquis forces declared a "Union of Exiles," refusing to return control to the former township leaders.
Union of Exiles
Power between the independent townships and the coalition was contentious in the early years of the new nation. The townships had been governed by hierarchical structures based on community patriarchs from the original Sons of Perdition twenty years prior and while most of the townships had undergone succession, there was no formalized system of government.
Many senior township figures protested Catarine Uallade's rule on the grounds of her inexperience (she was only twenty-nine by the end of the War), her gender, and on religious grounds. While most of the Sons of Perdition had departed Levantia in protest of the Imperial Church, most continued to practice Christianity in various forms. Catarine Uallade was an atheist and her coalition forces had not given status to or recognized any institutions of faith during the pacification of the Eighties War. In addition, protests against the possibility of armed coercion by the government spread across the townships. Nevertheless, Catarine Vallade had a great degree of popular support with a reputation as a progressive peacemaker. After four and a half years of de facto armed dictatorship, an agreement was struck between Uallade's coalition and representatives of the townships that would formalize the government and nationhood of Monteangelo.
National Esprit de Corps
The agreement formed on June 20th, 1896 was referred to as the creation of Esprit de Corps for the new nation. Under this agreement, the 14 townships would be reconstituted as 14 cantons which would be directly governed by a centralized state. Catarine Uallade would remain the leader of the nation, but her coalition forces would disarm. The new government retained its military structure and became known as the Estat. Parallel to the Estat, two armed branches of service would be created: the Armade or navy and the Gendarmerie, a paramilitary organization charged with policing and national defense. While initially conceptualized as completely independent from one another, provisions were put in place in August of 1900 for the branches to provide oversight over each other.
Several waves of migrants arrived in the first quarter of the 20th century leading to significant population growth. The first census in 1898 counted 106,331 inhabitants. By 1908, this number had quintupled. A new centre of development, an absence of regulations, and new opportunities to settle on a relatively large and untamed island attracted a plethora of foreign workers. Despite the authoritarian nature of the government, the reputation of the island as a libertarian nexus. This reality was reinforced by the state's policy of non-interference in the daily lives of citizens. The primary occupation of the government was solely to provide administrative services and national defence.
Following the death of Catarine Uallade in 1927, the position of Governor General was assumed by Pierre Chiffre, a senior Estat officer. The appointment was given assented by the heads of the Armade and the Gendarmerie, creating a new precedent for succession, though Catarine Uallade had been the only branch head to die in office. Concerned with the amount of immigration to the island, Governor General Chiffre closed the island to new migrants and instituted formalized citizenship. Proceeding with a program of nationalist development, in 1929 the state created academies to educate the youths of the nation and provide job placement in the Estat, Armade, or Gendarmerie. While initially voluntary, the academies formed the basis for the public school system and mandatory branch service. All children between the ages of 5 and 18 became obligated to attend academies in 1934, shortly after Chiffre had retired citing health reasons. His replacement, David Renard extended public services and developed a universal tax code and began printing currency. Previously tax codes varied by canton according to the laws of the old townships. The new system directed all tax revenue to the centralized state to be dispersed. This along with the establishment of an agricultural board to coordinate sales and control the prices of agricultural goods and exports damaged the libertarian reputation of the island nation.
Questions regarding the place of the Estat within Monteangeline society were answered by the administration of Iehan Coruin-Galles who was promoted to the Governor Generalship in 1948 one month prior to the outbreak of the Great War. Within six months, the Estat, Armade, and Gendarmerie unified their rank structures and hierarchical organization. The government instituted national health and dental care in 1950 as the numbers and reach of the branches of service expanded greatly. Wartime fears also brought about a rationing system in the event of conflict and resource shortages. While concerns ultimately passed after the end of the war, the mixed-money and rationing systems remain in place. The Great War period saw a rapid expansion of both civil services and military services, cementing trust of the island's integrity in the hands of the government.
The second half of the 20th century would bring about little change in political structure in Monteangelo, however social equality became a prominent issue in the eyes of the Monteangeline public. While gender held no formal status in Monteangeline law, workplace discrimination, pay inequality, and lack of maternity leave and protections for women were rising issues through the 1960s and 1970s. Governor General Guillaume Tessain opposed any affirmative action on behalf of the government. Following demonstrations throughout the 1960s and a women's strike from all branches of service in 1968, in 1969 Tessain's office issued one of only two votes in history to the Monteangeline public. A non-binding referendum, it was titled a Morality Survey by the Estat. With 89% turnout for the survey, 70% of respondents called for equal status and affirmative action. Despite overwhelming support, Tessain's office maintained their previous stance. Immediately following the announcement of the Estat's position on June 1, 1969 a general strike was organized starting on the 18th. The strike lasted for six months, crippling the Monteangline economy. On January 5, 1970 following pressure from the chief officers of the Armade and the Gendarmerie, Governor General Tessain resigned from office. He was replaced by Adelle Lougain, a civilian who had distinguished herself as a strike leader and was promoted to Maior in the Estat the day prior to assuming office. Along with creating provisions for affirmative action, Luganin's administration narrowed wages and reduced the workday from 10 to 8 hours.
The second Morality Survey took place in 1984 following the high profile dismissal of a Gendarmerie colonel for homosexuality in 1983. Both the Governor General and the General of the Gendarmerie retired the same year, but public dissatisfaction manifested in demonstrations. The new administration of Governor General Frederic Garraux decided to survey the public. The survey was to be held on November 29, 1984 but the office announced the survey nine months prior to organizing a campaign. Turnout for the second Morality Survey was lower than the first, but 73% of respondents were in favour of providing protections for gays and lesbians in Monteangelo. The Estat and other two branches of service swiftly issued orders of protection for all citizens regardless of gender or sexual orientation.
Geography and climate
Monteangelo is a tropical island nation located just below the equator approximately 300 km south of Urcea and 650 km north east of mainland Ixnay. Along with the main island, two smaller neighbouring islands fall under the sovereignty of Monteangelo: the islands of Ioura and Matin.
The main island takes its name from the large mountain on the eastern side, Mt. Ange, one of the most prominent physical features on the island. Mt. Brisers in the west in occasionally mistaken for its more famous eastern cousin, but is several hundred feet shorter and its peak is less pronounced. Other prominent features of the island include the Val which cleaves the northeastern Highlands in two as well as Le Bassin, a depression which almost reaches sea level at the centre of the island. In addition, the Collines de Soiras in the northwest are examples of some of the oldest mountains in the world which have since been weathered down. The Lowlands in the south and the famous sandy beaches of the Gold and Silver coasts round out the physical features of the island.
The lowest point of the island is at sea level while the peak of Mt. Angel reaches 2,945 m at its peak. Inland, the lowest point in Le Bassin is 53 m above sea level. The former mountains in the north west average 492 m, while the median elevation across the island is 232 m. Most of the population resides along the coastlines below 100 m.
Flora and fauna
As a relatively isolated locale, Monteangelo has a relatively unique composition of both flora and fauna. With the exception of several notable instances, the island's ecosystem has remained relatively stable in its closed system.
In terms of flora, the vast tropical rainforests and marshlands of the southern half of the island have heavy tree cover, largely preserved by the low human population density, though increasingly under threat from hardwood logging and the tea industry. Tea itself is the largest human-introduced element of plant life on the island, extensively grown and harvested on plantations in the island's interior, but the suitable climate has led to wild tea plants becoming increasingly common in the interior, integrating well with indigenous flora. In addition to hardwoods, Black bamboo can be found relatively commonly on the south side of the island. In the highlands and the north, the vegetation becomes far more sparse though thick brush and thickets are still present. Along the coastlines of the island, "beach cabbage" is widespread regardless of rocky or sandy surfaces. Other flowers which are relatively commonly found on the island include bougainvilleas, amborella, and silverleaf nightshade. Longan, cashew, and almond trees are also found in Monteangelo.
Monteangelo has not naturally supported many large creatures, the largest wild creatures being onagers which were likely introduced during the Bergendii occupation of the island in the middle ages. They were believed to have been lost until they were rediscovered in the drier areas of the island in the early 20th century in relatively small populations. This is likely due to the animals' limited tolerance to the island's typically harsh conditions.
In terms of endemic animal life, Monteangelo is home to a unique species of small gazelle known as the Madoque which is widespread alongside the onagers in dry areas. The most arid regions of the island, located mostly in the island's northwestern hills, are also home to a small population of fennec foxes. The more humid rainforests of the island are less explored in terms of fauna and there are likely many species of insects and animals which remain to be discovered, though notable animal denizens of these regions include civets and megabats. Other airborne creatures include golden eagles and kestrels which are the island's sole apex predators, keeping the population levels of many other species on the island in check, hunting the young of larger creatures and freely preying upon the smaller ones. Kingfishers are also common along the rocky coasts of the island. Despite a suitable climate, tropical birds such as the Psittaciformes order are almost conspicuously absent from Monteangelo.
Under the Köppen climate classification, Monteangelo ranges between a tropical rainforest climate (equatorial) and a semi-arid climate depending mostly on elevation with the Highlands experiencing much milder temperatures and lower precipitation than the rest of the island. Temperatures have never dropped below 0 °C (32 F) with the exception of the highest peaks, though even this is not perennial. The lowest recorded temperature in a habitable location was 1.1 °C (34 F), measured in Montaigneville in 1966.
As an equatorial locale, variations between seasons are extremely limited, as are daylight hours. As such, Monteangelo does not practice daylight savings time.
|Climate data for Monteangelo|
|Record high °C (°F)||34.3
|Average high °C (°F)||27.8
|Daily mean °C (°F)||23.8
|Average low °C (°F)||10.5
|Record low °C (°F)||3.3
|Precipitation mm (inches)||150.8
|Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)||15||11||14||15||15||13||13||14||14||16||19||19||178|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||172.4||183.2||192.7||173.6||179.8||177.7||187.9||180.6||156.2||155.2||129.6||133.5||2,022.4|
|Source: Climate of Monteangelo|
Government and politics
The state structure of Monteangelo is divided between the three branches of service: the Estat, Armade, and Gendarmerie each led by a chief officer: the General du Estat (Governor General), Admiral, and General (General) respectively. The chief officer of each branch has ultimate authority over his or her branch which operates in a strict militaristic hierarchy. Each branch is subject to oversight from the other two and a chief officer may be removed following a tripartite review or after resigning or retiring from the post. All officers perform "tours" that last between 2 and 5 years after (or during) which their positions are reviewed. Chief officers typically serve between 4 and 5-year tours before review, but there are no limits to the number of tours performed by any individual. Typically, declining to return for another tour is considered retirement while departing mid-tour is considered resignation throughout the branches of service. In times of emergency, resignation is not allowed.
The structure of the Monteangeline Estat has a direct lineage from the occupying coalition forces of Catarine Vallade. In keeping with the June 20th, 1896 agreement, the Estat is entirely disarmed and serves as an administrative and legal structure for the Monteangeline government, but has little direct power to enforce the law. This task is handled by the Gendarmerie, a paramilitary police force. The Gendarmerie was established out of another coalition faction which opposed the armed aggression of Vallander in the Eighties War. In addition to the day-to-day administration of justice, the Gendarmerie is responsible for both ground defence of the nation, firefighting and emergency medical services, and government-sponsored recreational activities and events among other duties. The responsibility of maritime defence falls to the Armade which holds equal station with the other two branches. The Armade is the largest branch of service by far in terms of personnel and would be the least productive if not for its joint control of the lucrative shipbuilding enterprises on the island. Two institutions are handled jointly by all three branches of service: education and the criminal justice system.
As a nation which practices mandatory conscription, Monteangelo considers broad segments of its population as reservists and eligible members of the population undergo biannual training in their respective branches.
Monteangelo's formal military is made up entirely by its navy with a paramilitary police force. This is reflected in the nation's doctrine of surface naval defence which is strong relative to the island's size and population. Nevertheless, the paramilitary Gendarmerie is funded and equipped for ground war should it prove necessary. Despite the important role of the military in Monteangelo's polity, the forces have been unproven in the past century. The armed forces also lack a significant air component which hampers the offensive capabilities and again reflects the importance of surface vessels in serving as platforms for longer range strikes.
The Armade is one of the largest employers nationally with over 250,000 active servicepeople. The Armade is also a major partner and shareholder in the nation's shipbuilding enterprises, both civilian and naval, as well as the merchant marine.
In addition to ensuring the defence of the island, both the Armade and the Gendarmerie maintain considerable political influence with limited say in governance, but a large role in oversight over the Estat.
Mandatory conscription is practised in Monteangelo upon graduation from the academies which are themselves jointly managed by all three branches of service. Cadets, trainees, or recruits (depending upon which branch they serve within) serve a mandatory two years and are assigned a branch by academy officials within their final year of education according to needs, aptitudes, and personal preferences of candidates. Following two years of mandatory service, candidates may elect to remain in service or be discharged. After discharge, the candidate remains a reservist in that branch until no longer physically or mentally fit to serve. There are no specific age limits for reservists. Reservists engage in bi-annual training sessions to maintain general readiness and report to local offices and commanders when called upon. Reservists are not exclusively called upon for combat duties, but most frequently are called upon in event of natural disasters.
Organization of the armed forces is based locally and graduates of the academies are often given the chance to serve alongside classmates to reinforce camaraderie and long-lasting relationships within the service. This practice has been criticized as it promotes insularity and could potentially damage isolated populations in the event a military unit suffers heavy casualties.
Monteangelo is uncommon in its lack of foundational legal documents. The accord which created an island-wide government was a broadly witnessed verbal agreement which was never encoded in an official document. In this sense, Monteangelo is governed by only tacit legal authority. As a hierarchical dictatorship, Monteangelo does not abide by a legislative process and acts of government do not exist in a recognizable form. Instead, the branches of service pass orders along a chain of command which may only be guaranteed for the tenure of the issuer. In event of concern or conflict, however, two branches of service may overrule an order issued by the third. An order may also be overruled by a superior officer and the chief officers of each branch have traditionally held some oversight over each other's branches.
Due to the nature of this system, Monteangelo lacks any formal legal code. Any criminal convictions and sentencings are informed entirely by precedent and common law and a thorough archival record is kept of every criminal case charged on the island since 1901. For the majority of the civilian population, the criminal justice system is comprised of the Gendarmerie who enforce the law and the Estat who administrate the system. In the event that a summary conviction is issued, the accused is not detained prior to a trial conducted by a trio of Assessores who will render judgement. In the event that a serious offence is committed, an indictment will be issued and the accused will be detained prior to a trial before three Tribunes, the chief legal officers of the nation and some of the highest ranked individuals in the canton.
Penalties for criminal offences are typically exacted in labour. Traditional community service is the penalty for summary offences, though occasionally community service may be substituted for a fine. Convicts carrying out community service may also be ordered to quarter in a Gendarmerie barrack for the duration of their service. In the case of more serious crimes and indictable offences, labour is still the most common sentence, though the intensity and duration are much greater. Convicts are also exceedingly likely to be displaced to more remote locations on the island to carry out their work. Execution remains an option for sentencing but has never been issued in a civilian case. Despite integration with the broader population, the Gendarmerie maintains a degree of insularity which has been frequently criticized. Public ordinances are strictly enforced and punishments are relatively severe.
The justice system is very similar for military trials. Punitive measures for minor offences may be determined by any superior officer. In the event a serviceperson of any branch commits a summary offence, the conviction will be handled by an officer of equivalent rank to an "Assessore" (Lieutenant in the Armade or Capitaine in the Gendarmerie). Judgement is rendered by an individual, but two observers of equal rank from the other two branches of service have traditionally held the power to overturn rulings. In the event a serviceperson commits an indictable offence the trial will be held before a Divisionär, a Colonel, and a Commodore from each respective branch of service. Regardless of the outcome, an indicted serviceperson's career is almost universally damaged.
Local administration within Monteangelo is subdivided among 14 cantons, each the successor of one of the 14 townships that first settled on the island.
Cantons are further subdivided into districts, but these subdivisions are typically for the organization of government services and only very limited governance. For example, transportation infrastructure, which is typically governed at the municipal level in other countries, is instead under the purview of the canton's government. Law enforcement precincts, post offices, and other government offices are distributed by district.
Monteangelo remained relatively isolationist for the first half of the nation's history. However, dwindling supply of certain resources, particularly fossil fuels, led to an emergence on the global stage in commerce after the Great War primarily driven by niche agriculture and light manufacturing. Quality of life for the average Monteangeline increased greatly with access to more commodities driving a consumer society which fully developed from 1960 to 1970. During this time the island also opened itself to tourism with the establishment of several resorts along the western coast of Monteangelo proper.
By 1990, post-industrial business had also grown to become a major factor in the Monteangeline economy, particularly in urban centres on the east side of the island.
Today, niche agriculture continues to play a major role in Monteangelo's economy with a major share in the world's production of tea, pomegranate, vanilla, and sarsaparilla. Flax production is another staple activity in the agricultural sector. Centred in Monteangelo's tropical interior, the agricultural sector drives a huge part of the nation's exports. Carelline tea and Delesmontine pomegranates are world-renowned and widely consumed across the globe.
The post-industrial sector has recently undergone great changes after the state ruled that the internet was a utility and nationalized all internet service providers in 2020. Nevertheless, the sector has continued to grow in the subsequent decade. Despite a diminution of manufacturing in the latter quarter of the 20th century, the 21st century saw the expansion of shipbuilding as a major manufacturing industry centred on the west coast, particularly in the canton of Aser. Even more recently, production of warships for foreign usage has led to greater economic infusions to state-owned shipyards.
Within Monteangelo, government-regulated rationing has been in place since the outbreak of the Great War. While private enterprises operate independently to a certain degree, the Estat institutes price controls. In addition, purchase of certain food items is restricted weekly. The system was originally regulated through stamp cards issued to households through the mail. In the modern day, the system is digitized and incorporated into the identification cards issued by the National Archives before payment at grocers. Traditionally, private gardens are not regulated by rationing which has led to extensive use of gardens spaces in residential buildings even in dense urban locales. This is one of the many forms of a black market in Monteangelo which is tacitly accepted by government authorities.
The island of Monteangelo is serviced by a robust public transit network. All major cities on the island have free public transit service through light rail networks. In addition, a light rail network runs the length of the southern and eastern coasts of the island, connecting all the way from Brisers to Cauez through rapid transit. In addition, heavy rail lines connect all of the major cities together (including to the island of Ioura via undersea tunnel), carrying both passengers and cargo across the country. The island has three major ports: Aser, Delesmont, and Haydez. One of the most vital routes in the country is the rail line from Eiffel to Delesmont's port where Carelline tea is transported from plantations to the port to be exported across the world. There are also three major international airports in the country in Aser, Ioura, and Haydez. Haydez International Airport sees the most traffic on the island, but Ioura International Airport sees heavy tourist traffic for the island's resorts. The Aser Aviation Centre sees significantly less traffic.
The various agricultural activities in Monteangelo and lucrative manufacturing contracts ensure that Monteangelo has a strong export economy. Monteangelo operates its own merchant marine fleet, but this handles only a small portion of trade. The Burgundian shipping industry handles a large portion of import/export activity.
Traditionally, Monteangelo made use of biomass fuel for heating and later primitive electrical generation. This is due to a general dearth of fossil fuels including both coal and petroleum. In 1943, a hydroelectric dam was constructed in Valfleuve to supply the island with renewable energy, but it was found to be insufficient in the drier months of February and June through early October which led to rolling brownouts unless supplemented by traditional energy sources. These problems were alleviated in 1950 with the opening of the nation's first nuclear power plant. Today, the nation is served by five nuclear plants, each with four reactors. Despite the nation's reliance upon nuclear energy, no new plants have been opened since 1976. The growing demand for energy has been fulfilled by wind power and limited use of tidal power generation.
The population of Monteangelo is highly urbanized and situated along the coasts. A large portion of the population is centred on the eastern coast of the island south and east of Mt. Angel in a relatively low-density megalopolis that spans across Vital, Haydez, and Cauez. Populations are measured per canton with districts as subdivisions, however, there are no distinctions between urban and rural districts aside from the larger area of the latter. As such, city limits are frequently nebulous and arbitrary as are their estimated population statistics.
Monteangelo's population is very stable and the rate of increase has varied between 0.2% above and below the replenishment rate over the past three decades. Recent trends have demonstrated that births may decline in the near future and the government has made no attempts to address this problem. The unemployment rate is very low at around 3.1% in part due to state job placement and a fast-growing economy.
Monteangelo is an ethnically diverse but culturally homogeneous nation. Ethnicity has not recorded by the national census since the institution of restrictive immigration policy in 1928 which makes the reckoning of current statistics difficult. However, the immigration history prior to this date demonstrates a highly diverse pool of immigrants. The first modern arrivals on the island are well-known to have been Caphirian immigrants. These would be followed shortly by a number of Urceans and Burgundians to complete the account of the island's Latinic and Romance heritage. While evident in both linguistic developments and naming conventions, the Germanic heritage of the island's inhabitants is more difficult to trace. This is due to discrimination early in the island's history. Germanic families became reticent to discuss personal histories and origins leading to the trend of altering names to fit with the emerging pidgin. Despite this sense of alienation, Germanic peoples are estimated to have accounted for between 30 and 40% of the island's population prior to 1930. A limited number of Coscivians also arrived on the island, likely from the Melian Islands.
In the modern day, ethnic distinctions are more nebulous, though Latinic peoples tend to have slightly darker skin than Romance peoples while Germanics distinguish themselves with genetic predispositions to blonde and reddish hair. The island's population growth has also seen relatively even distribution and mixing of ethnic groups over the past century. While the original settlers of modern Monteangelo were Latinic, subsequent migration and broad integration within Monteangelo has created a melting pot culture. Monteangeline authorities have also neither obtained nor kept information on the ethnicities of their citizens. Thusly, the current number of actual ethnic Latinic people within Monteangelo remains unknown, possibly non-existent.
The lingua franca of Monteangelo is Angeline; a constructed evolution from Latin with strong Gallo-Romance influences. The language maintains similar grammar and syntax with modern Romance languages and much of a typical Monteangeline's vocabulary is mutually intelligible to speakers of other Romance languages. Coscivian and Germanic influences both take form in some loaned vocabulary as well as influence on pronunciation. The language developed early in the island's history as a pidgin, but even prior to the Union of Exiles most townships maintained distinct languages. The project of linguistic standardization emerged as a component of state-building enterprises in the twentieth century.
In addition to education in the national language, students are offered optional classes in both Latin and English as well as other Romance languages. It is estimated that only approximately half of the population has competency in more than one language.
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Since the establishment of the Monteangeline state in 1891, religion has had no status in the nation. This was due to the influence of the Caphirian Caesaropapist regime which instigated the emigration of many who were derisively termed "anti-pilgrims." While more of a political protest than a religious one, irreligiosity has nevertheless spread across Monteangelo more intensely than other places in the world. The 1971 census marked the first time that the majority of the population considered itself irreligious. The 1976 census confirmed this trend and would be the last time religious beliefs would be recorded in government documents and census records due to the alleged "newfound irrelevance in the eyes of the state" of this information. Independent inquiries and polls have on occasion been conducted to measure religiosity, the most recent of which occurred in 2020. With a very large sample size and several polling locations, the findings in the table to the right are considered accurate.
Despite no status for religious organizations within Monteangelo, churches and religious gatherings are nevertheless present. These gatherings are considered by the government to be private community organizations similar to local fairs and non-Gendarmerie recreational clubs. As such, all incomes/tithes are subject to taxation. The island also has no representation or official diocese in either the Levantine Catholic or Imperial Churches. A majority of religious people on the island belong to independent Protestant organizations.
Education and Healthcare
Education at all levels and healthcare operate on a single payer system in Monteangelo. Both are also joint enterprises between different branches of service. Education is a joint venture of all three for every citizen. Each branch of service also maintains a medical component, though the general public interacts solely with the Estat and Gendarmerie who operate the general hospitals of the island. Armade medical professionals operate solely on warships, but are among the most frequently transferred personnel in Monteangelo.
While administered jointly by all three branches, the academies and universities are staffed by civilian educators. Attendance is mandatory starting at the age of five until the age of eighteen with graduation when mandatory service begins. The standard academic year runs from February to November with two months of vacation over December and January. Following mandatory service, applicants for post-secondary education may attempt entry exams. Exams are held four times every year and aspirants may attempt exams three times within a two year period. Following admittance to a post-secondary institution, degree programs vary according to subject and stream. Most programs take three to four years to complete. Alternatively, many vocations are accessible without post-secondary education through certified apprenticeship programs.
Hospitals and other medical services are provided to all citizens under a single-payer system. Ambulance and emergency medical services are provided by the Gendarmerie who also provide firefighting and prevention activities (though the latter is primarily a volunteer service among reservists). Medical professionals and other hospital staff are ranking members of the Estat. Monteangeline citizens are also entitled to two annual visits with general practitioners and dental professionals. Monteangelo has a reputation for quality medical facilities and its extensive coverage for various ailments and pharmaceuticals, though concerns have been voiced regarding triage and thrift in certain cases.
Monteangelo's culture is informed in many ways by its system of governance and concepts of trusteeship. The nation's history of flight from Caphiria provided the framework for a society with deep concerns for social equality and inclusivity free from what was considered tyranny and in the modern day, Monteangelines experience great social equality and very little discrimination of ethnicity, gender, or sexual preference. The development of the nation has also imposed a philosophy of order and trust, themes which extend into civilian life. Internationally, Monteangelines have a reputation for rigidness and solemnity: an expression of this philosophy. In actuality, Monteangeline society is tightly knit and vested in trust of the familiar. Much of these attitudes and beliefs originate from the work of noted Monteangeline academic Ferdinand Chausseur.
More broadly, Monteangeline culture is informed by its many constituent ethnicities and cultures along with environmental factors through the lens of the nation's national philosophy, historical perspectives, and interpretations. This has created a melting pot culture rather than a cultural mosaic. As such, Monteangelo is culturally homogeneous, likely as a consequence of closed immigration and the inclusion of cultural education in the nation's curriculums. It is reasonably accepted by Monteangelines that the construction of a national culture is both actively occurring but also a worthy endeavour to create national unity. A sense of national unity has likely contributed to ubiquitous unionization across the population. As the structure of the government lacks any form of suffrage, union politics are at the centre of popular determination.
Militarism is another crucial element of Monteangeline culture. Roughly 2.4% of the population are actively employed within the branches of service while almost 29% of the population qualifies to serve as reservists across the various branches. The various branches of service interact with the broader society in fulfilment of civil duties which creates strong bonds. However, within the separate branches, there are elements of insularity and the development of subcultures.
Photography and painting is an element of Monteangeline culture which obtains reasonable attention locally, but Monteangeline artists receive very little attention internationally. The first national gallery for the presentation of visual arts was opened in 1946 and has expanded to three locations across the nation. These institutes were formed for the presentation of Monteangeline artwork and also for the safekeeping of non-governmental archival materials. While funded and curated by Estat personnel, artists and donors of archival materials maintain control over items kept within these institutes.
News media in Monteangelo is controlled by the Estat, but with the development of the digital and mass media the government's grip on control of the media has relaxed leading to the importation of foreign media in greater numbers. Domestic production of film and television has been historically undeveloped. On the other hand, the digital revolution has been wholeheartedly embraced by private industry in Monteangelo and post-modern industry and development features prominently in Monteangeline society and culture.
Sports and athletic activities are a vital component of everyday life in Monteangelo and approximately 20% of the population actively participates in physical recreational activities sponsored by the Gendarmerie's Sport, Athletics, and Gaming Department (Sport, atletiques, et ieu). Common sports include both association and gridiron varieties of football. Tennis and other racquet sports also see high participation.
Automobile racing is widely considered to be a national sport in Monteangelo and races are the most widely spectated events in the country by far. From young ages, Monteangelines are presented opportunities to engage in racing events from karting to hillclimbing, to open-wheeled circuit racing. Anghel Octan Racing, a premier international racing team, represents the nation in the International Racing Federation's Grand Prix Racing series. Monteangelo boasts the highest density per capita of race circuits and tracks in the world and aside from high level racing, amateur and recreational events are common and most tracks see weekly use throughout the year.
Monteangeline cuisine is little-known internationally but relies on several staples which lend it a distinct character. The primary nutritional staple is rice with maize and to a lesser degree wheat appearing in less notable roles. A surprisingly common addition is flax. Flax seeds and flax seed oil make common appearances in Monteangeline baked goods among other dishes. Common proteins are fish and other seafood, particularly snapper fish, though terrestrial meats such as chicken and pork are also present. Nevertheless, vegetarianism is a common feature in Monteangeline partially out of tradition and partially out of necessity due to a limited supply of protein under the rationing system. Private gardens are not regulated by rationing which has led to extensive use of gardens spaces in residential buildings even in dense urban locales.
An extremely well-known and important element of Monteangeline food culture is tea. Tea has been cultivated on the island since Burgundians operated a trading post on the island in the 19th century. In the modern day, Monteangelo remains the world's largest per capita consumer of tea by a ludicrous margin with the average Monteangeline consuming 12-13 kg of tea annually: an average of approximately 4 to 5 litres of tea per day. Traditions vary according to locale, but black varieties are most common, typically consumed either with honey or no additives. Unoxidized green tea is also consumed but in much lesser quantities. Tea is perhaps the best-known export of Monteangelo and despite immense popularity domestically, only approximately 200,000 tonnes are consumed domestically of the approximately 200,000,000 tonnes produced by Monteangelo as the rest is sold overseas.