Office of the Imperium

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The Office of the Imperium (Latin: Officium Imperialis, OI) is the principal executive organ of the Government of Caphiria. It comprises the President of the Council (i.e. the prime minister), all the ministers, and the undersecretary to the President of the Council. Deputy ministers (viceministri) and junior ministers (sottosegretari) are part of the government, but are not members of the Officium Imperialis. According to the Constitution, the Executive branch is led by the Imperator, who delegates through the President of the Council and ministers. The Imperator appoints the prime minister and, on his proposal, the ministers that form its cabinet. The Office of the Imperium is often contracted to simply "The Imperium" and is often also used metonymically to refer to the Government of Caphiria.

Organization

The Office of the Imperium consists of:

  • The Imperator, as head of state and of the executive branch of the government;
  • The Prime Minister, the chair of the council, who is appointed by the Imperator after consultations and is confirmed by a vote of both houses of the Senate;
  • The Ministers, appointed by the Imperator, according to the request of the Prime Minister.

The non-magisterial officials unique to this the Office are the numerarius, who keeps records of national finances; the adjutores, assistants to the emperor; and the magister equitum, organizer of the Imperator's transportation, to name a few.

All powers of the Office of the Imperium rest in the hands of the Imperator of Caphiria until the ministers assume their offices.

Functions

As the main organ of the executive power, the Office of the Imperium's primary role is the actualization of national political decisions. The Constitution provides it with the following means of doing this:

Legislative initiative: The Office of the Imperium can present bills to the two chambers of the Senate.

Decree power: The Office of the Imperium can adopt two different types of decree with legal force (that is with a legal power equivalent to laws passed by the Senate): the Decree law in cases of urgency and the Legislative decree in cases where the Senate has expressly delegated legislative authority to the Office. Frequent use of the decree power has seen substantial legislative power shift from the Senate to the Office.

Regulatory power: The ministers have two distinct but co-existing roles. They are politically the supreme executive authorities appointed by the Senate, but they are also the administrative heads of the State, whose activities they direct in accordance with the political process. As administrators, the Office and the individual ministers can produce "regulations" (regolamenti), which are legal implements subordinate to legislation. Thus, regulations which contradict legislation (i.e. laws passed by parliament, decree laws, legislative decrees) are illegitimate and can be set aside by ordinary judges and annulled by administrative judges.

Ministries

Main article: Ministries of Caphiria

The current Prime Minister of the Office of the Imperium is Gregricius Cenora Varimonteka. As of Jan. 2035, there are 15 Ministries.

Office of the Imperium
Ministry Minister
President of the Council (Prime Minister) Gregricius Cenora Varimonteka
Secretary of the Prime Minister Petius Goria Sabuccia
Ministry of the Treasury Luccia Gregordia Castoclerus
Ministry of Justice Critor Abusia Isurinovio
Ministry of Diplomacy Corbus Helvianus
Ministry of Culture Theodorus Iuba
Ministry of the Tribunate Aspasius Micius
Ministry of Defense Aureolus Numonis
Ministry of Intelligence Octavianus Caesennius Nerva
Censorial Assembly
Ministry of Technology Vel Marius Archarius
Ministry of the Church Alcesimarchus Valens
Ministry of Infrastructure Lysticus Robertus Amphion
Ministry of Education Cario Caecilius
Ministry of Health Eonius Staphio Olcaturnus
Ministry of Environment and Horticulture Tychio Dorati Pertinucion
Ministry of Meteorology Clen Rocaelia
Ministry of Commerce and Trade Ottiano Cosiano

Relationship with other parts of the political system

See also