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The Federal Republic of Palmeria
República Federal de Palmeria
Motto: In Populi Manus
Anthem: The Song of Angry Men
|Recognised regional languages||Latin and several Romance Dialects|
|Government||Parliamentary Federal Republic|
• Federal Chancellor
• Kingdom of Palmeria
• Republic of Palmeria
• Federal Republic of Palmeria
|123.86/km2 (320.8/sq mi)|
• Per capita
|HDI (2037)|| 0.820|
Palmeria, officially the Federal Republic of Palmeria, is a nation in the north west of the Ixnay. With the growing unpopularity of king Luciano II, the monarchy was abolished in 1852 and established the Republic of Palmeria with its capital and largest city of Albalitor. In 2025 a series of unpopular socio-economic measures promoted by the recent right-wing government led to a popular uprising. This would be known as the Palmerian Revolution.
- 1 Etymolgy
- 2 Antiquity
- 3 Middle Ages
- 4 Modern History
- 5 Geography and Climate
- 6 Politics
- 7 Law Enforcement
- 8 Military
- 9 Economy
- 10 Demographics
- 11 Culture
- 12 See Also
"Palmeria" derives from the latin word "Palmam", which means "palm", in reference to the palm trees which florish across most of the nation due to its humid subtropical climate.
The Cognatish (from Latin: Cognatus) were a set of people that Caphirian sources identified with that name in the wester coast of Sarpedon over the Kindred Sea, at least from the 6th century BC. The Caphirian sources also use the term Palmari to refer to the Iberians. The term Cognatish, as used by the ancient authors, had two distinct meanings. One, more general, referred to all the populations of the cognatish valley without regard to ethnic differences. The other, more restricted ethnic sense, refers to the people living in the western and southern coasts of the Cognatish Valley, which by the 6th century BCE had absorbed cultural influences from the Eshelians and Takattan. This pre-Caphiravian cultural group spoke the Cognatish language from the 7th to the 1st century BCE. Due to their military qualities, as of the 5th century BCE Cognatish soldiers were frequently deployed in battles in Caphiria. Around 4th Century BCE, Caphiria sent Caphirian General Ottiano to conquer Cognatia from Carthage. General Rusciprio subsequently defeated the Cognatish Ilergetes tribes and conquered Montia. After the Cognaitsh defeat, the valleys were divided into two major provinces, Palmera Orientis and Palmera Occidentis. In 197 BCE, the Cognatish tribes revolted once again in the P. Orientis province. After securing these regions, Caphiria invaded and conquered Albalitoria and Cognatilitoria. The Caphirians fought a long and drawn out campaign for the conquest of Albalitoria. Wars and campaigns in the northwest coast of the Cognatish valleys would continue until 16 BCE, when the final rebellions of the Litorian Wars were defeated.
Caphirian Collapse and Kosal expansion
In the mid 5th Century CE., the Caphirian Republic would eventually face internal pressure from ambitious leaders such as Luccino Capontinus and Iscallio Maristo, as contention for leadership caused a number of small fights among the ambitious youth and the elder aristocracy. The fighting would culminate with a five year civil war, known now as the War of the Republic, that left 120,000 people dead. The war was in such a frenzy that by the time it had ended, there was no decisive victor and as a consequence, the Republic was on the verge of total collapse.
The undoing of Caphiravian control in the region was the result of four sarpedonian tribes crossing the Cazuano river in 407. After three years of depredation and wandering about southern Palmeria the Losa, Ladri and Klis moved into Palmeria in September or October 409. Thus began the history of the end of Caphiravian Palmeria which came in 472. The Losa established a kingdom in Monti in what is today modern Montia and northern East Palmeria. The Ladri also established a kingdom in the southern part of the region. The Klis established a kingdom in Albalitore – modern northwest coast. The Caphirian attempt under General Petia to dislodge the Septri from Jojoba failed in 422. Caphiria made attempts to restore control in 446 and 458. Success was temporary. After the death of Consul Alardo Macrispia in 461 Caphiravian authority collapsed except in Ficetia the far east quadrant of the region. The Kosal, whose kingdom was located in southwest Sarpedon, took the province when they occupied Ficia in 472. They also confined the Losa who had ruled most of the region to Montia in center Palmeria. In 484 the Kosal established Agrila as the capital of their kingdom. Successive Kosal kings ruled Palmeria as patricians who held imperial commissions to govern in the name of the Caphirian Consul. In 585 the Kosal conquered the Losa Kingdom of Montia, and thus controlled almost all of Palmeria.
Kingdom of Palmeria
Revolution of 1852: Establishment of the Republic
The fall of the monarchy and the birth of the republic were due to the unpopularity of King Luciano II of the House of Arrezego, from his irresponsible behavior and absolutist tendency during the government of the Liberal Party. The monarch's inoperative attitude towards parliamentary government would seem to go against his constitutional role, by not designating the lords recommended by Chancellor Botello for his House. Luciano ll would come to name a group of ultra-loyal lords that would form the group known as Casta Luciano.
The king was in open rebellion against the Law of Lords of 1846, sanctioned during the reign of his father, the late Enzo V. The legislation eliminated the hereditary designation of the lords to his camera, being an emblem of republican dye of the prevailing one Liberal Party. The law marked the "official" beginning of the political split between monarchists and republicans, a fracture that would be both social and military. The resistances and inoperacies of Luciano II would provoke such a level of irritation into the military class that a large group of high-ranking, Republican-line officers aligned with the Liberal government would begin to plan his deposition.
Chancellor Botello would try to reform the Law of Lords, seeking to establish the obligation of the monarch to appoint the lords recommended by head of Government. This proposed amendment was rejected in the House of Lords. Subsequently, Luciano ll would request his resignation to the Chancellor. This action would initiate the military uprising in Mercia in 1852, led by General Solorio Torres. The victory of Solorio Torres, who was beginning to stalk the capital, along with the following uprisings in Monte, Villa Gigonza and Terrero would seal the Republican triumph. Without military or political support, the monarchy had seen its last days. The liberal government eliminated the nobility titles and the House of Lords, and forced Luciano ll into exile. In addition, the administration of Botello would allow the local election of provincial governors through their respective parliaments, from which would benefit the military leaders who participated in the uprising.
Consolidation of Federalism (1876)
Although the deposition of the monarchy in 1852 culminated in the granting of greater provincial autonomy, the House of Lords, although eliminated, was not replaced. Towards the end of 1875, after the military defeat in the Palmo-Cartadania War, the government of the liberal Gamboa Galarza would seek to form a national military force, unlike the different provincial military forces, which at the time made Palmerian military.
Seven governors of the East openly opposed to the proposition of the Chancellor and, as exponents of the new federalist movement, demanded the establishment of a second parliamentary chamber representing the provinces whose members were directly elected by each governor. The refusal of Gamboa Galarza would instigate the uprising of three provinces in open secession (Montia, Mirlia and Jojoba). Faced with the threat of a general uprising and the suspected support of the likely "Eastern Confederation" by Caphiria, Parliament deposed Chancellor Gamboa Galarza. His successor, the Democrat Solis, would reach an agreement with the provincial governments, embodied in the constitutional reform of 1876, from which would establish the Senate and the federal character of the republic in legal and tributary terms. In return, the provinces yielded to the elimination of their military forces.
Solismo and birth of the modern Palmerian state (1876 - 1896)
Once the Parliament elected him, in the following months federal courts were organized in all the provinces. It also sanctioned a new commercial code. Solís educational policy was oriented to the extension and unification of secondary education, with the idea of extending liberal ideas among young people who could access it; national schools were founded in 30 provinces. The construction of the Federal Palmerican Railroad network began in 1880. During his regime it was founded, on November 15, 1887, the Central Railroad. It allowed to connect the provinces of Mercia, and Capir through Monte.
The 1880 to 1900 period saw the development of Palmeria's industrial capacity. Rapid urban growth also enlarged Albalitor, which incorporated its industrial suburb Costilla Blanca into the municipality in 1891. Oil emerged as a significant factor in Palmeria's economy with the foundation of the CoPeN (Corporación Petrolera Nacional), the Palmerian Oil Corporation in 1879.
In domestic policy Bismarck pursued a conservative state-building strategy designed to make ordinary Palmerians—not just his own elite—more loyal to the Republic, implementing the modern welfare state in Palmerian in the 1880s.
Solis' efforts also initiated the levelling of the enormous differences between the provinces, which had been independent in their evolution for centuries, especially with legislation. The completely different legal histories and judicial systems posed enormous complications, especially for national trade. In 1871, a common Criminal Code was introduced; in 1877, common court procedures were established in the court system , civil procedures and criminal procedures.
Solia worked closely with large industry and aimed to stimulate Palmerian economic growth by giving workers greater security. A secondary concern was trumping the Socialists, who had no welfare proposals of their own and opposed Solis'.
Solis' idea was to implement welfare programs that were acceptable to conservatives without any heavy socialistic aspects. He was dubious about laws protecting workers at the workplace, such as safe working conditions, and the regulation of women's and child labor. He believed that such regulation would force workers and employers to reduce work and production and thus harm the economy. Solis opened debate on the subject in November 1881 in the using the term practical Christianity to describe his program. Solis' program centred squarely on insurance programs designed to increase productivity, and focus the political attentions of Palmerian workers on supporting the Federal government. The program included, limitation of work hours, sickness insurance, accident insurance, disability insurance, and a retirement pension, none of which were then in existence to any great degree.
Federal and provincial government bureaucracies attempted to Palmerise the provincial national minorities situated near the borders of the empire: the In Cartadanias at the North, the Savrians in the West and Caphirians in the East. As Chancellor, Solís "sorted people into their linguistic [and religious] 'tribes'"; he pursued a policy of hostility in particular toward the Caphirians. "He never had a Caphirian among his peasants" working the Solisian provinces. It was the educated Caphirian born bourgeoisie and Cartadanian revolutionaries he denounced from personal experience.
Industrialisation progressed dynamically in Palmeria, and Palmerian manufacturers began to capture domestic markets from Levantine imports. The Palmerian textile and metal industries had by 1890 surpassed those of Caphiria in organisation and superseded Cartadania manufacturers in the domestic market.
Technological progress during Palmerian industrialisation occurred in four waves: the dye wave (1877–1886), the railroad wave (1887–1896), the chemical wave (1897–1902), and the wave of electrical engineering (1903–1918). Since Germany industrialised later than the rest of Western Ixnay, it was able to model its factories after those of Caphiria, thus making more efficient use of its capital and avoiding legacy methods in its leap to the envelope of technology. Palmeria invested more heavily in research, especially in chemistry, motors and electricity.
The Palmerian cartel system , being significantly concentrated, was able to make more efficient use of capital. Palmeria was not weighted down with an expensive worldwide empire that needed defense.
Palmerian Red Revolution (2025)
Geography and Climate
Palmeria is located in Western Sarpedon It shares its northern borders with Cartadania, borders Caphiria at the East and shares its southern border with Klyganoragh. Its coast rests on the Kindred Sea. It extends around 1,614,728 square kilometers.
Palmeria is mostrly located in the tropics below the Equator. Its climate varies from humid low-elevation plains, where average annual temperatures range as high as 35 °C (95.0 °F), and highlands with an average yearly temperature of 8 °C (46.4 °F). Annual rainfall varies from 430 mm (16.9 in) in the semiarid portions of the center to over 1,000 mm (39.4 in) in the Cazuello Delta of the far west and the Palmerian Jungle in the north. The precipitation level is lower in the period from August through April. These periods are referred to as hot-humid and cold-dry seasons.
The country falls into four horizontal temperature zones based primarily on elevation, having tropical, dry, temperate with dry winters, and polar (alpine tundra) climates, amongst others. In the tropical zone—below 800 m (2,625 ft)—temperatures are hot, with yearly averages ranging between 26 and 28 °C (78.8 and 82.4 °F). The temperate zone ranges between 800 and 2,000 m (2,625 and 6,562 ft) with averages from 12 to 25 °C (53.6 to 77.0 °F); many of Palmeria's cities. Colder conditions with temperatures from 9 to 11 °C (48.2 to 51.8 °F) are found in the cool zone between 2,000 and 3,000 m (6,562 and 9,843 ft), especially in the Palmerian Picos, where pastureland and permanent snowfield with yearly averages below 8 °C (46 °F) cover land above 3,000 meters (9,843 ft) in the land.
The highest temperature recorded was 42 °C (108 °F) in Albalitor, and the lowest temperature recorded was −11 °C (12 °F), it has been reported from an uninhabited high altitude at Pico de Piedras Negras.
The regions around the Palmerian Picos has exposed an enormous amount of mineral wealth, making it accessible to mining. Cobalt, copper, cadmium, industrial and gem-quality diamonds, gold, silver, zinc, manganese, tin, germanium, uranium, radium, bauxite, iron ore, and coal are all found in plentiful supply.
By its National Constitution, The Federal Republic of Palmeria adopts for its government the structure of federal, parliamentary republic. Every province shall disctate its own Constitución with a parliamentary system in accordance with the principles, declarations and guarantees of the National Constitution.
- Legislative: The federal legislative power institutionalized in the Federal Parliament is composed of two chambers. One chamber of deputies that represents the whole people and one chambers of senators that represents the provinces. Deputies serve for a period of 5 years while senators serve for a period of 6 years. Members of the Federal Parliament (both deputies and senators) are elected in general, direct, free, equal and secret elections. They shall be representatives of the whole people, not bound by orders or instructions, and responsible only to their conscience. The Federal Parliament shall pass legislation in accordance to the National Constitution.
- Executive: The federal executive power is centered in the Federal President. The Federal President is elected by the Federal Parliament until he loses the support of solely the Chamber of Deputies.The person who receives the votes of a majority of the Members of the Chamber of Deputies shall be elected and appointed. The Federal President shall appoint his/her members of the cabinet.
- Judicial: The judicial power is vested in the judges; it is exercised by the Federal Supreme Court of Justice, by the federal courts provided for in the National Constitution, by provincial courts and by municipal tribunals.
The palmerian political system is by mandate of the National Constitution a multipartidist one.
Major political parties:
- Social-Labourist Movement
- Socialist Party
- Socialist National Party
- Liberal Republican National Party
- Social-Democratic Party
- Green Party
- Catholic Socialist Party
Due to its federalist constitution, law enforcement in Palmeria is vested mostly with the provinces, which is one of the main features of the palmerian political system. Therefore, every provincial government administrates its local police force through their own ministry of security. Since the capital (Albalitor) has federal status, it also administrates its local police force.
Palmerian Federal Police
The role of the PFP is to enforce the Federal Republic criminal law and to protect Federal and national interests from crime in Palmeria and overseas. The PFP is Palmeria's international law enforcement and policing representative, and the Government's chief source of advice on policing issues. The PFP exists within the portfolio of the Ministry of Security and Boundries, and the key priorities of the force are set by the Minister.
The PFP enforces Federal law and protects Federal and national interests from crime in Palmeria and overseas. The PFP provides community policing more actively to the ACT, the Vilamarín City, Albalitor City, and around the anarcho-communist territories. The PFP provides protective security for (and on behalf of) the Palmerian Government.
The PFP is Palmeria's international law enforcement and policing representative, and is the chief advisor on policing issues to the Palmerian Government. The PFP maintains an extensive international liaison network, officers are posted to 11 international posts. The PFP works closely and collaboratively with all Palmerian police forces and criminal investigative agencies and Crime Commissions.
The PFP consists of a workforce of over 600,000. The Palmerian Federal Police Act 1880 is the legislative base for the employment of all PFP staff. Each employee is described in the legislation as an PFP Employee, who are then declared as either a Federal agent or Police Officer(Uniform Protection Officer/Protective Service Division/Customs Service Division)
Current areas of focus for the PFP:
- Illicit drug trafficking
- Organised people smuggling
- Human Trafficking, including sexual servitude and human explotation
- Serious major fraud against the Government
- High Tech Crime involving information technology and communications
- Tax evasion
- Preventing, countering and investigating terrorism
- Transnational and multi-jurisdictional crime
- Money laundering
- Organised crime
Federal Military Guard
The Palmerian Federal Military Guard is the paramilitary corps of border guards of The Federal Republic of Palmeria.
The Federal Guard has a strength of 200,000.The Federal Guard is primarily a frontier guard force but also fulfils other important roles.
Non-commissioned personnel of the Guard are all volunteers and receive their training in the force's own comprehensive system of training institutions. Officers graduate after a four-year course at the National Federal Military Guard Academy. Both officers and non-commissioned personnel have access to the specialist training establishments of the Army.
The Guard was created in 1938 by the National Congress, and replaced the regiments of the Army which previously fulfilled the Guard's missions. The Federal Guard was particularly tasked with providing security in isolated and sparsely populated frontier regions which had only been settled relatively recently and still do in the East Palmeria territories. In many senses the Guard may still be considered an adjunct of the Palmerian Army.
The Guard's mission and functions are concerned with both domestic security and national defense.
According to the Palmerian Constitution, the armed forces cannot intervene in internal civil conflicts, so the Federal Guard is subordinate to the Ministry of Security and Boundries. It is defined as a civilian "security force of a military nature". It maintains a functional relationship with the Ministry of Defense, as part of both the National Defense System and the Interior Security System. It therefore maintains capabilities arising from the demands required by joint military planning with the armed forces.
The Federal Guard's main missions are:
- Providing security for Palmeria's borders in cooperation with the Palmerian Federal Police.
- Providing security for places of national strategic importance.
The FMG is also used for other security missions, which include:
Guard Special Operations Group "Panther" is a regiment of military police/anti-terrorism unit. The usual roles are:
- Military, common with all other airborne/special operation forces troops;
- Law-enforcement, supporting the Federal law-enforcement units in dangerous areas (homeland security e.g. mafia-controlled zones, violent riots) and VIP escort and security service.
General policing missions of the FMG:
- Assisting provincial and federal police services in maintaining public security.
- Preventing smuggling.
- Fighting drug trafficking.
- Fighting terrorism.
The Federal Chancellor of the Republic is the Commander in Chief of the Palmerian Armed Forces (PAF). Military service in the armed forces is voluntary for every person between 18 and 45 years old. As of 2028 the military spending is around $NSD128 billion, representing 3% of the total government budget and 1.65% of the GDP.
The PAF have a combined active personell of 2,000,000. And a reserve of 3,000,000. The three main branches of the Palmerian Armed Forces are as follows.
- Federal Republic of Palmeria Army: 1,000,000
- Federal Republic of Palmeria Navy: 750,000
- Federal Republic of Palmeria Air Force: 250,000
See also:Economy of Palmeria
Palmeria is mostly a socialist market economy that incentives social ownership and democratic control of means of production effectively and constantly in various forms such as public, cooperative, collective ownership with the possibility of combining the three. In this sense it discourages the existence of private ownership of means of production (private property), but completely upholds and defends the right to personal property. Palmeria mostly utilizes the market mechanism for the allocation of capital goods and the means of production although there is an edge for central or local intervention/planning.
Public Ownership: refers to property interests that are vested in the state or a public body representing a community as opposed to an individual or private party. State ownership may refer to ownership and control of any asset, industry, or enterprise at any level (national, regional, local or municipal); or to non-governmental public ownership. The Palmerian Federal government may own partially in this sense the Banking System and several means of transportation (trains, highways) among other, while municipal and provincial jurisdictions may own and distribute lands articulately, although anarcho-communism may exist in some rural municipalities.
Cooperative: autonomous association of persons united voluntarily to meet their common economic, social, and cultural needs and aspirations through a jointly owned and democratically controlled business. Worker cooperatives are owned and self-managed by its workers. A cooperative enterprise may mean a firm where every worker-owner participates in decision-making in a democratic fashion, or it may refer to one in which management is elected by every worker-owner, and it can refer to a situation in which managers are considered, and treated as, workers of the firm. There are many variations of self-management. In some variants, all the worker-members manage the enterprise directly through assemblies; in other forms, workers exercise management functions indirectly through the election of specialist managers. Self-management may include worker supervision and oversight of an organization by elected bodies, the election of specialized managers, or self-directed management without any specialized managers as such. The goals of self-management are to improve performance by granting workers greater autonomy in their day-to-day operations, boosting morale, reducing alienation, and when paired with employee ownership, eliminating exploitation.
Collective Ownership: ownership of industrial assets or land by all members of a group for the benefit of all its members. It is distinguished from common ownership, which implies open-access, the holding of assets in common, and the negation of ownership.
As it was said, the state has large ownership positions in key industrial sectors, such as the strategic petroleum sector (PetroPal), hydroelectric energy production (PalmHydro), wind energy production(StatoVentus), aluminium production, and telecommunications provider (TeleMercury).
Palmeria has a 18 million deadweight tonnage merchant fleet with a total of 681 vessels of different types (bulk carrier 105, cargo 42, carrier 1, chemical tanker 164, container 21, liquefied gas 28, passenger 25, passenger/cargo 154, petroleum tanker 59, refrigerated cargo 4, roll on/roll off 39, specialized tanker 9, vehicle carrier 30)
Palmeria Investment Management Fund
The PIMF was set up in 2022 to underpin long-term considerations when phasing petroleum revenues into the Palmerian economy
PIMF manages the fund on behalf of the Ministry of Economy and Finance, which owns the fund on behalf of the Palmerian people. The ministry determines the fund’s investment strategy, following advice from among others investment funds and discussions in Parliament. The management mandate defines the investment universe and the fund's strategic reference index. The ministry regularly transfers petroleum revenue to the fund. The capital is invested abroad, to avoid overheating the Palmerian economy and to shield it from the effects of oil price fluctuations. The fund invests in international equity and fixed-income markets and real estate. The aim is to have a diversified investment mix that will give the highest possible risk-adjusted return within the guidelines set by the ministry.
The fund was set up to give the government room for manoeuvring in fiscal policy should oil prices drop or the mainland economy contract. It also served as a tool to manage the financial challenges of an ageing population and an expected drop in petroleum revenue. The fund was designed to be invested for the long term, but in a way that made it possible to draw on when required.
The fund is an integrated part of the government’s annual budget. Its capital inflow consists of all government petroleum revenue, net financial transactions related to petroleum activities, net of what is spent to balance the state’s non-oil budget deficit. This means the fund is fully integrated with the state budget and that net allocations to the fund reflect the total budget surplus, including petroleum revenue. Fiscal policy is based on the guideline that over time the structural, non-oil budget deficit shall correspond to the real return on the fund, estimated at 30 percent. The so-called spending rule, stating that no more than 30 percent of the fund over time should be spent on the annual national budget, was first established in 2015.
The PIMF aims to make the most of its two distinguishing characteristics, its long-term approach and its considerable size, to generate strong returns and safeguard wealth for future generations. It aims to invest in a wide range of countries, companies and assets to obtain the highest possible return with moderate risk as laid down by the Ministry of Economy and Finance. The fund cannot be invested in Palmeria. The Federal Public Income Agency (AFIP) oversees deeply the functioning and capital movement from the organization to the Palmerian Government, separately.
With a population of around 200 million, Palmeria shows a medium to big-sized population by Global standards. Palmeria depicts an anual population growth rate of 1.4%. Ethnically, the residents of Palmeria are predominantly ethnic Palmerian who are of Latin descent.
Immigrants constituted 8% of the population by 2027. Of these 16 million immigrants:
- 40% were Sarpedonian
- 32% were Takattan
- 15% were Punthi
- 5% were Audonian
- 5% were Cronan
- 3% were Levantine
Palmeria is one of the least religious countries in Ixnay, with only 15% of the population declaring religion an important part of their daily life. Among the religious population there are followers of 90 affiliations, Roman Catholics are the most prevalent.
Early Palmerians, like Cognatis, were adherents of Cognati paganism. Later the region was gradually Christianized.
In modern times, Palmeria has seen a great decline in religiosity, at least among non-immigrant Palmerians and most palmerians are irreligious: atheism and agnosticism are the most common metaphysical views.
In the last 2025 Poll:
- 47% of Palmerian citizens responded that "they believe there is a God".
- 26% answered that "they do not believe there is any sort of spirit, God, or life force".
- 25% answered that "they believe there is some sort of spirit or life force".
- 2% answered that they "do not know".
The Palmerian film industry was born between 1903 and 1908 with three companies: the Sociedad Cinematográfic de Palmeria, the Amberes Film and the Nueva Luz Film. Other companies soon followed in Montia and in Agrila. In a short time these first companies reached a fair producing quality, and films were soon sold outside Palmeria.The Macadamia Film Festival is celebrated since 2004 in the city of Macadamia and is one of the most prestigious film festivals in Sarpedon.
The most popular sport in Palmeria is, by far, football. The Liga Suprema is integrated by 16 teams. Other popular team sports in Palmeria include volleyball, basketball and rugby.
Palmeria also hosts the Palmerian Open is a tennis tournament held annually over the last fortnight of January in Albalitor, Palmeria. The tournament is the first Grand Slam tennis events held each year. It features men's and women's singles; men's, women's, and mixed doubles; junior's championships; and wheelchair, legends, and exhibition events. Prior to 1988 it was played on grass courts, but since then three types of hardcourt surfaces have been used at Villa Tenistica de Albalitor – green coloured Rebound Ace up to 2007, blue Plexicushion from 2008 to 2019, and blue GreenSet since 2037.
The Palmerian Grand Prix (Palmerian: Gran Premio de Palmeria) is hosted annually at the Circuit de Jojoba. The race runs 307.23 km over 66 laps in a relatively arid location. The consistent climate and well-rounded circuit has led to the Circuit de Jojoba hosting pre-season testing since shortly after the track was opened in the 1991. The circuit is well balanced with a long straightaway through the start/finish line with even and predictable turns which allow drivers to extract peak performance from their vehicles. Many of the corners on the track are well-suited for overtaking which leads to highly dynamic races.