Commonwealth of Roseney
Motto: Ad Astra Per Aspera
|Ethnic groups |
|Government||Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy|
• from the United Kingdom
|March 17, 1942|
|228 km2 (88 sq mi)|
• Water (%)
• 2031 estimate
• 2027 census
|778/km2 (2,015.0/sq mi)|
• Per capita
|Currency||Roseneyan Dollar (R$)|
|Date format||dd/mm/yyyy (AD)|
The first inhabitants of Roseney belonged to the Nechita people, also known specifically as the Atemeraw people. Believed to have initially colonized Roseney around 1200 BCE, the Atemeraw were known to be hunters and gatherers who primarily relied on fish and game along the insulated bays of the island. Worshiping a pantheon of nature gods, they were known to be diverse in their particular beliefs. Northern tribes believed in the power of the seas, and often traveled north to hunt whales and seals, while Southern tribes largely depended on the elk and other creatures in the woods. Wars took place as well, evidence found near Aurora of a battle having taken place between two unknown clans. It was around 700 CE that tribal history was established and shared. A'anin, the chieftain of a tribe near Cutchogue unified the clans and fought against an unknown invader believed to be one of the many tribes from Punth.
The victory by A'anin saw the island transform into a nation. As the first person to rule over the entire island, he set up a court, established a standard currency, and even developed a permanent settlement and a map of the island. These developments even went to the point of creating an early parliament, with each clan electing a representative to go to the capital once a year. This new development however ended by 1130 CE, when the island fell into a permanent state of civil war. A'anin's line of descendants ended early in this conflict, and the state of affairs that once existed now did not. This period is called the Hundred Clans Period or the Shattering by the indigenous peoples of the Atemeraw, which continued on until the encounter with the first explorers from Helvianir and Rhodennir. Few figures rose to the prominence of A'anin again, and this caused the weakness of the island. On April 22, 1623, the island changed forever.
Captain John McCullough was chartered by the government of Helvianir to travel to Punth to find new land for their growing empire. Long seeking a way out of the country, he hoped to find a new land for the English and other minorities to settle. Hugging the coast of the far northern regions, he and his crew after a long trip on the Blue Rose lost their sail and rigging. They were forced to row for days, and when finally giving up hope, they saw the Northern Lights in the sky, which led them to safety on the shore. In honor of this saving grace, they named their first settlement Aurora after the phenomena. The Atemeraw made first contact with these new settlers in 1623, and there was a sense of peace among these strangers. McCullough was aided by them in repairing his ship, and twelve men were left behind on the makeshift fort, which was manned by indigenous and sailors alike. When the Blue Rose departed several months later to report the news to Helvianir, the crew nicknamed the island Roseney, after their ship.
The Blue Rose returned with a small flotilla of ships under the command of Remko Weideman, who was appointed to become the first Governor of Roseney. McCullough opposed the idea of having a leader appointed by Helvianir, especially one so indebted to the crown, but he had no choice in the matter. Aurora exploded in population as cartographers explored the coast and resources cataloged. In 1629, a report was sent back to Helvianir informing them on the financial value of the island. It was apparent from the start that wood was among the island's greatest resource, but the many coves, bays, and harbors also allowed for a defensible position for the military and ships during storms or wartime. Perhaps the most important were what came with the territorial waters, teeming with creatures such as cod, haddock, salmon, and lobster. In addition to that oysters were common in some of the harbors and bays. Whales and seals further north also became valuable assets to Helvianir's colonial efforts on Roseney. With these resources becoming publicly known, a rush of colonists surged across the Aquilonem Ocean to see this new island. In 1630, approximately 2,000 colonists lived on the island while there were 39,000 Atemeraw. In 1652, the population rose to 17,500 colonists, while the Atemeraw were reduced to 30,000.
Although the peaceful beginnings between the colonists and the Atemeraw led to hope for a prosperous future, relations quickly fell apart. Governor Weideman was under orders to remove the indigenous peoples to the interior of Roseney, leading a slow campaign of burning down villages for almost a decade. Relations completely collapsed between the settlers and the indigenous in 1645, when the Atemeraw launched the massive Raid on Aurora after a harsh winter. Burning down their food stores, this attack began the First Atemeraw War, which lasted for six years. The tribes united under Nokosi, a chieftain whose parents were killed ten years earlier by one of Weideman's raids. Over three hundred were killed in the first year, mostly colonists or militiamen, but the war quickly turned against the Atemeraw. Much of Nokoski's army was wiped out at the Siege of Netansett, one of the two major Atemeraw settlements. Nokoski and his remaining forces fled to Cutchogue, where most of their warriors were killed. The final fight, the Battle of Cutchogue, saw the death of Nokosi as well as Weideman, whose long reign as Governor of Roseney came to an end. What followed was tantamount to genocide. Five thousand Atemeraw, mostly women and children, were slaughtered across the island to make up for the dead colonists. The Two for One rule was implemented by Caleb Byrnes, who replaced Weideman as Governor of Roseney. The rule marked a new policy of killing two Atemeraw for every colonist killed.
Following the First Atemeraw War, life calmed down on the island as the colonist population continued to grow. Towns like Portsmouth, Holbrook, Kensington, and Northampton were chartered between 1653 and 1670, all with new populations arriving from not just Helvianir, but also other nations around the world whose empires were growing. In 1672, some 40,000 colonists lived on Roseney, but a new conflict was arising over the Atemeraw and new settlers coming from a different part of the world. Pierre Devereaux, an explorer and leader of the Saphirians, commanded the Septem, a large ship ship to Punth to search for a new home for his people. They were an ethnic group from Insui, and after a tough storm, they found a safe harbor just north of Cutchogue in 1674. Landing at a harbor fresh with oysters, several ships in their small fleet filled with settlers stayed. They named their new home Devereaux, and many went into the countryside. It would not be for several months that the government in Roseney realized that someone else landed on the island. The Atemeraw fought a brief war against them, the Atemeraw-Saphirian War, but it only lasted a few months before a new arrangement was made. In 1679, when Roseneyan officials traveled to Devereaux asking them to pay tribute to Helvianir, they refused. The Saphirian colonists, who were growing at an exponential rate, made a pact with the Atemeraw leader Etchemin. They agreed to defend one another against Roseney.
Conflict at last broke out when the daughter of Etchemin was kidnapped by a militia from Aurora in 1683. The Second Atemeraw War began, and the tribes launched a massive attack on colonist territory once more, striking in a three-pronged attack meant to take over the three major centers of population. The attack, called Etchemin's Campaign, was regarded as a major success. Colonists were forced off of their fields and behind the defenses of Roseney's major cities, from Aurora, Kensington, Portsmouth, and Northampton. The roads between them were cut off, and unguarded villages were burned down. Promising ruling over the island alongside the Saphirians, who received aid from their countryman across the ocean, the new colonists joined in the conflict. In 1685, an expeditionary force from Helvianir landed in Aurora to find the indigenous fighting side-by-side with the Saphirians, all armed with rifles and cannons. The Battle of Campbell Field proved to be a disaster for the Helvianir-Roseneyan forces, with over a thousand killed out of their ranks while only three hundred indigenous or Saphirian soldiers were killed. Retreating behind the safety of Aurora, the town was besieged, and the long Siege of Aurora began. For six months the town was surrounded, and as the people starved, a fleet belonging to Helvianir arrived in February 1686 as the defending Roseneyans broke out of their defenses. Fleeing east, they joined with the fleet and left the island. For the time being, the Saphirians and Atemeraw controlled most of the island as the remaining colonists promised their loyalty to Etchemin.
The abandonment of Roseney was deliberate on the part of Helvianir. Walter Bouk, the commander of the expeditionary force, swung the fleet south and attacked the defenseless Cutchogue in June 1686. The Burning of Cutchogue devastated the Atemeraw, who lost their ancestral home. Etchemin's forces began to shatter as many independently traveled south to fight, only to be killed in a series of skirmishes over the following months. Realizing that he was in an untenable position, and that the Saphirians were likely to break off to defend their home, he decided to move. Taking his entire army out of Aurora, Etchemin met the Roseney-Helvianir force at the Battle of Elysian Field along Elysian Lake. The massive battle was fought from August 10 to August 12, 1686, and was a draw. Seven hundred and twenty-five Saphirian and Atemeraw soldiers and nine hundred and thirty-three Roseneyan and Helvianir soldiers were killed. Both sides lost the ability to launch a new offensive, and as the food stores on the island began to run dry with nobody working the fields and an effective blockade preventing anything from coming through, peace negotiations began. The Treaty of Elysian Field was signed on August 23, 1686, ending the three-year long war. The treaty effectively guaranteed the Atemeraw Peninsula's independence, allowing the indigenous people control over the interior of the country and the peninsula itself. A second agreement was made on February 5, 1687, at the Treaty of Campbell, where the Saphirians were guaranteed autonomy over Devereaux, so long as they swore loyalty to Helvianir.
Peace followed the Second Atemeraw War as colonization quickly returned to normal levels. With this extended peace lasting almost seventy years, new immigrant groups began to travel to Roseney, while many dozens of new towns and villages were chartered. Migrants from Rowynn were the first to arrive in the 1690s and 1700s as word of the discovery of new coal deposits north of Aurora spread across the world. Gaelic and Celtic immigrants also traveled to the island during this period, looking for a new home to practice their faiths or to avoid famine. Relations also improved between Roseney and the Saphirians, with the first Saphirian Governor of Roseney being appointed in 1703, a man named Thomas Marceau, who was a civic leader from Devereaux. His tenure oversaw integration and acceptance of the predominantly Catholic Saphirian population. During his twelve years of governance, the first major turnpike system was developed, while construction began on the Aurora-Kensington Canal, which would allow ships to avoid traveling through icy northern waters. Although construction would nearly take a century, it provided work for thousands of people and helped to build a common identity on the island. Left out of this new Roseney were the Atemeraw, whose political world was rocked when Etchemin finally died in 1709. With no leader to fill in the shoes of that great leader, many of the clans who for so long backed him went their own way. Some went deeper into the forest, while others gave up on the struggle and joined Roseney's advance into the future. One large clan, however, decided to fight on, purchasing weapons and preparing for the day when they would fight back.
The Third Atemeraw War began on October 19, 1762, when Wohali united the few clans willing to fight and launched an attack on Fort McCullough outside of Aurora. The Battle of Fort McCullough saw Wohali's forces devastated after briefly taking part of the fortress. Desperate to take some ground, the commanders in charge of the attack changed course three days later to Aurora itself, breaking down the town's defenses in the Burning of Aurora. Over a thousand civilians were killed in the burning, as was the town's militia, who desperately fought off Wohali's forces. Retreating back to the wilderness, the Roseneyan militias retaliated against Atemeraw civilians across the island, especially majority-indigenous areas. Netansett and Deerfield saw their communities harassed, while Cutchogue was burned completely to the ground. The purge of indigenous Roseneyans was called Roseney Burning, in which almost half of the entire remaining indigenous population was completely wiped out over the course of six months. Wohali organized his forces for one last attack, defending his people in a small unnamed village on the Atemeraw Peninsula, only to be killed in May 1763. A month later on June 5, 1763, his son Tihkoosue surrendered their forces to Roseney outside of Aurora. The Third Atemeraw War cam to an end, and it would be the last such conflict.
After the conclusion of the conflict, there was no formal treaty. Instead, the Wohali Laws were forced down upon the indigenous people in 1789, after over two decades of limbo. They were afforded rights and protections if they resided in chartered towns or villages, but needed permission from the colonial government to do so. Any other indigenous person who did not already reside in a town or city prior to the Third Atemeraw War were forced to move to one of seven major reservations. The Reservations of Roseney are an institution that still exists, and it in theory allowed the Atemeraw to live out in their lifestyle in peace, but in reality simply isolated them. Many left their tribes and would move into the towns and villages, intermarrying and losing touch with their roots. These laws proved to effectively end two centuries of resistance to the colonization of their island home. Shortly after the passage of these laws, Roseney was swept up in the Industrial Revolution, as factories and textile mills allowed for a new economy to develop on the island. With this, the population continued to grow, reaching 85,000 by 1803, exactly one hundred and eighty years since John McCullough and the Blue Rose arrived. With no threat of war facing the island, and restrictions on colonization imposed after the Second Atemeraw War in 1690 finally lifted in 1803 by the government of Helvianir, the newly-appointed Governor Logan Goodwin in 1807 declared that Roseney was a free and open land for all.
Self-Rule and Growth
The 19th century for Roseney was a period of great expansion and growth, and following the lifting of harsh immigration laws in 1803 by Helvianir, Governor Goodwin defined this period best, becoming the first person to rule the colony who considered themselves a Roseneyan over a citizen of Helvianir. Although he was loyal to the government and to his ancestral home, he was born on Roseney and his family line can be traced all the way back to the Blue Rose in 1623. A similar attitude was taken on by much of the island, who respected the rule of Helvianir but believed that they were ready to control their own affairs. To celebrate Goodwin's appointment, author and poet Owen Penrose wrote his epic work ''A Free and Independent Land'', the story of an island free from imperial rule. It was extremely popular upon its publication in periodicals across the island, and represented a new movement calling for full independence from Helvianir.