Second Bulkhan War
|Second Bulkhan War|
Clockwise From Top Left: BPR Women's Liberation Brigade, BRP man lamenting Bulkhan air superiority, Bulkhan Special Forces clearing a BPR village near the border, Bulkhan and Burgundian forces assaulting a BPR position.
Center: Umardi Basijeen Froces, sent to fight Burgundian imperialism in the region
|Commanders and leaders|
Foreign volunteers 64,000
Foreign volunteers 25,000
|Casualties and losses|
The Second Bulkhan War was a conflict primarily between Bulkh and the Bulkh People's Republic from 6 January 2031– tbd. Other nations joined the war at various stages to further their personal goals, namely Burgundie and Xingkai'pei. Burgundie's involvement led to the internvention for Umardwal in a failed effort to curtail the reintroduction of Burgundian colonialism. Xingkai'pei sent 70,000 soldiers to protect the Bulkh People's Republican communist government but after high initial casualties and shifting priorities in Jiushi, they were withdrawn. Foreign volunteers also joined both sides of the conflict in order to support their respective political ideologies. In total it is estimated that almost 560,000 people died with civilian deaths perticularly high in the Bulkh People's Republic.
On 6 January, 2031 at approximately 4:45am the Bulkh People's Republic Army shelled a Bulkh a border checkpoint killing 3 and injuring 16 Bulkhan soldiers. A joint battalion of Bulkhan Special Forces and two squads of Umardi Askaris were sent to support the border guards and 14 dead BPR soldiers were recovered by the Bulkhan forces and three more taken captive in a punitive raid that lasted 14 hrs. The two squadrons of Umardi Askaris remained in Bulkh People's Republic to disrupt supply lines and conduct espionage. There presence was immediately leaked by the Levantia Times Union, and global protests against the opaque Burgundian involvement erupted.
War was officially declared that evening, January 6 at 6:28pm by Bulkh, 9:43pm by the Bulkh People's Republic, and 3:03am (local time) by Burgundie. All three reported conflicting casus belli and Bulkh was forced to amend theirs to more accurately align with its ally Burgundie later in the week.
- Bulkh's casus belli as stated January 6 at 6:28pm- "In order to punish the grievous act of war conducted by Bulkh People's Republic Forces, on the clear directive of the Communist Party of the Bulkh People's Republic, we the government of the Republic of Bulkh must declare war on that nation."
- Bulkh People's Republic's casus belli as stated January 6 at 9:43pm- "In clear violation of the sacred, sovereign, and internationally recognized borders of the Great and Powerful Bulkh People's Republic, the will and virtue of the People, lament the need to, once again, call themselves to arms and defend against the foreign invaders Burgundie and their oppressed colonial subjects the workers of Bulkh."
- Burgundie's casus belli as stated January 7 at 3:03am- "Maintaining the peace of the region being its only goal, Burgundie willingly sends her men-at-arms to sacrifice in the name of the restoration of calm and reason. But that the Bulkh People's Republic Forces did knowingly breach the peace on its shared border with the Republic of Bulkh, it is on behalf of the international community that Burgundie intervenes."
- Bulkh's casus belli as stated January 10 at 10:15am- "In order to restore order and maintain our sovereignty along the border, the Army of Bulkh has recently engaged in a peace-enforcing mission with the Army of Burgundie.
After a few days of tense standoffs across the length of the shared border, the Bulkhan Army launched an offensive along the coast and captured an area of approximately 150 sq. km. A stabilization operations command was established by the Provost Gendarmerie of Bulkh with the help of the National Gendarmerie of Burgundie. As part of the stabilization effort, administration of the local iridium deposit mine was handed over to the Revenue Guard's Transition Management Team, who in turn contracted O'Shea Operation Management Services to run the day-to-day operations and O'Shea Infrastructure and Design to improve the mining infrastructure. The BPR workers were sent to a re-education camp in Bulkh, under the plan that they would be returned to work the mine when they could be trusted not to sabotage it. Bulkhan laborers and mining experts were brought in to work with O'Shea in the interim. Local Bulkhan firms took over management of other pieces of critical infrastructure in order to maintain essential services for the BPR citizens. The Bulkhan Army deployed 5,000 soldiers to the area to combat any resistance. In the following days, another stalemate ensued. The BPR Army, who had been taken by surprise at the seemingly rash decision of Bulkh to invade and occupy territory outright, needed to regroup and to coordinate efforts with their naval and air forces compatriots. Within the occupied zone the resistance was fierce in urban areas. The two gendarme forces were constantly under fire and the stream of reinforcements were constant. The fighting was so intense in areas that gendarmes and soldiers were cycled on and off every 12 hours. With the threat of an ammunition shortage, the Burgundians had to establish an airbridge from Nova Levantia's Joint Base Punth directly to the province. The route crossed three nation's airspaces: Khatosthan, Pukhgundi, and Umardwal. Relations with Khatosthan and Pukhgundi where sufficient that there was not any need to worry. With the release of an article in the Pan Punth Press detailing the Ayatollah of Umardwal's concern about the possibility of Burgundian proselytizing of Christianity as part of their mission in southern Punth, the 6 hours, in each direction, that the pilots flew over Umardwal were fraught with the constant fear of being shot down.
The fighting remained localized throughout February with the BPR forces regrouping and their government attempting to recruit allies across the region. After gaining direct support from Xingkai'pei in the form of 15,000 combat troops and advisors, and money and materiel from Palmeria, all secreted in overland through Umardwal, the BPR launched a coordinated offensive starting on March 2.
The Spring Offensive was a 5-day offensive push in across the occupied zone. It was a coordinated attack on the various forces of the Bulkho-Burgundian coalition and resulted in approximately 1,500 casualties. The majority of the casualties were inflicted upon Burgundian Foreign Legionnaires who were stationed in a number of vulnerable areas across the occupied zone. Guerrilla soldiers, intermingled with the general populace opened the attack with a number of assaults on the infrastructure and barracks. During the response to these, the troops stationed on the border were diminished to restore order. On March 3rd at 3 am a combined force of BPR and Xingkiapese soldiers attacked the border at 17 points causing chaos as the Bulkho-Burgundians appeared to be trapped in a crossfire. After stabilizing their position on March 4th the Bulkho-Burgundians reestablished air superiority and started pushing the BPR and Xingkiapese back into the BPR, eventually occupying another 50 sq. km. and reportedly killing 630 BPR and Xingkiapese soldiers and insurgents. The offensive is considered to have ended on March 7 when the Bulkho-Burgundians stopped pressing the offensive and starting fortifying the new border.
Seige of Asrabad
Treaty of Haydée
In the months following the Treaty of Haydée, the colonial government of the Nord Kandoora set about establishing a reeducation campaign to turn the denizens of what had long been a highly centralized communist state, to a democratic capitalist colony of Burgundie. The massive state aparatus was dismantled slowly to help ween people from the pervasive socialist system to the leaner more self-reliant form of Burgundian governance. As part of the effort Burgundian companies were encouraged to move some of their unskilled labor jobs to the colony. This dramatic change was met with pandemic resistance from the newly conquered population. After 5 years, the experiment was deemed a failure and a heavily subsidized state was reformed, the most socialist government in the Burgundian Thalossocracy. The long-term plan is still to, through a newly educated generation of young Nord Kandoorans, bring the colony into the fold of Burgundian republo-capitalism, but any immediate efforts with the current electorate have been scrapped.
The colony had become another important base for the Burgundian Foreign Legion as well as shipping and refueling point for the Merchant Marine of Burgundie. Much of the industry in the colony are centered around the maritime and naval industries, with another large component focused on military-related services. The National Gendarmerie of Burgundie, the Revenue Guard and the Burgundian Foreign Legion have all been granted sweeping powers in the colony, but as the failure of the wholesale conversion of the colony became apparent, in part because of the perceived heavy-handedness of the Burgundian Security Forces in the region, a new focus on community policing has become more pervasive and the public response has been markedly better.