Timeline of major world events

From IxWiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Stone Age

Bronze Age

Iron Age

15th century BC-9th century BC, it is generally attributed to the period wherein the Istroyan civilization came to power and influence. Alongside the rise of Adonerum in the north of Sarpedon and Levantia, the Istroyan civilization rose in eastern Sarpedon. These civilizations, which spread hundreds or thousands of city states across Levantia and Sarpedon, are considered to have begun the true rise of a recognizable Occidental civilization.

Year Date Event
~1500BC-848 The Istroyan civilization rises and reaches its golden age, spanning much of the basin of the Sea of Istroya.
~1500BC-570 The Adonerii civilization rises out of Ecinis and reaches its golden age, spanning much of the southern Odoneru Ocean which now bears this civilizaton's name.

Classical Antiquity

9th century BC-5th century AD, it is generally attributed to the period wherein the Istroyan civilization entered into a general decline and, following a period of turmoil in the Adonerii civilization, its Latinic successors began to rise. Chief among these successors was Great Levantia, which came to span a vast majority of the Levantine continent.

Year Date Event
887 BC January 1st (traditional) Latin settlers establish Urceopolis in Levantia, one of the furthest flung cities along the Urce river of the Adonerii civilization. The Latin city of Urceopolis almost immediately entered into conflict with the local Celtic tribes, though in time there would be a mutual understanding and coexistence established.
572 BC Urceopolis completes its conquest of the Latin cities in Levantia, stretching from up the Urce River to the coast through modern day Kistan, roughly approximating the entire eastern portion of the Adonerii league. Following the destruction of the league two years later, the now-unified cities form the civilization of Great Levantia, which roughly translates to the Great Eastern State. The name had been used - and is used to this day - to refer to the continent known as Levantia.
570 BC King Marius Tempestas Natus conquers the whole of Ecinis, destroying the Adonerii league.
500-300 BC Great Levantia begins its advance into the Levantine interior, conquering large swaths of modern day Urcea and making client kings out of many to most of the interior Celtic tribes.
142 BC Great Levantia rules over much of modern day Urcea and Latium, as well as part of the southern United Kingdom. Religious authorities proclaim that Great Levantia now rules over a majority share of the entire world, and conquest ceases for a time. The centuries of conquest had covered over serious issues with the republican constitution and representation of the constituent parts of the Levantine state, and following the cessation of expansion, several decades of instability and unrest begin.
74 BC The Levantine Social War breaks out, pitting Latinic cities, Celtic tribes, and the central authorities of Great Levantia in Urceopolis in a three way civil war.
56 BC The Social War ends as the newly elected Pontifex Maximus Gaius Stephanus Pictor leads the central Legions to victory. Pictor began reforms of the state, beginning the so-called Potentate Period of Great Levantia. Pictor's position as Pontifex Maximus began to supersede the consuls in most state authority, and the title of Princeps was soon held by the Pontifex Maximus as well. Following successful implementations of his reforms, Pictor marched north and conquered most of modern day Kuhlfros.
35 AD The first Christian missionaries arrive in Levantia.
64 AD The first Christian Pope and Bishop of Urceopolis, St. Peter, is crucified upside down in Urceopolis. Within a few years (or perhaps the same year), the Apostle St. Paul is beheaded in Urceopolis.
242 AD Following more than two hundred years, the Pictorian Dynasty dies out, throwing Great Levantia into chaos. By the end of the year, the Magister militum seized power, ending the Potentate Period and beginning the Dominate, so called due to the title of address of the Magister militum - Lord. While the nominal framework of the state remained the same, the Pontifex Maximus was now appointed directly by the Magister militum. The Dominate would remain until the end of the Levantine state. With the end of hereditary rule, the Dominate ushered in a period of civil wars for control over the state.
269-279 AD Most historians estimate the population of Great Levantia became majority Christian during this time.
307 AD The Christian Levantine General Amadeus Agrippa becomes Magister militum by appointment of his predecessor. Following a short civil war disputing his accession, Agrippa announces the legalization of Christianity in Great Levantia.
314 AD Magister militum Amadeus Agrippa deposes the last pagan Pontifex Maximus in Great Levantia, transferring the title and religious authority to the Bishop of Urceopolis while taking the nominal legal authority of Princeps for himself. From this point forward, as a consequence of the separation of the religious authority from political power, the head of Great Levantia is referred to as Emperor, as it was said from that point that he had imperium, or, command, over the State.
354 AD The Kingdom of the Odonerones, a distant descendant of King Marius's Ecinis Kingdom, invades Tromarine and Crotona, and Great Levantia's military response is slow and ultimately unable to repulse the invasion, ultimately settling the Odonerones into a nominal client status. This conquest revealed the the long term decline of the Levantine Legions and established the precedent of petty Kings carving out Levantine territory and being able to secure Levantine protecton afterwards. Most historians point to this as the beginning of the end of Great Levantia.
434 AD Urceopolis is sacked by a coalition of marauding Caens and Picts. The sack revealed the true extent of the decline of Great Levantia, and Emperors for the next two decades spend considerable resources attempting to rebuild and fortify the city.
502 AD With most of the peripheral areas of Great Levantia under "barbarian control", and the remaining Latino-Gaelic areas quasi-independent provinces, the nobility and people of Urceopolis depose the last Emperor, signalling the traditionally understood end of Great Levantia.

Medieval history

5th century

6th century

Year Date Event
c. 570 Muhammad, founder of Islam, is born in Muqadas, Audonia

7th century

Year Date Event
624 Muhammad conquers the cities of Muqadas and Al-Aqdis, founding the Oduniyyad Caliphate
676-759 The Heavenly Shang Empire sends a number of treasure fleets to explore the western oceans. During this period the Shang established trading posts and colonies in modern day Mutsutori, Shanjin and Xingkai'pei. These are considered the first external colonies in Punth and were the harbinger of a frenzy for Punthite colonies that continues today.
680-1071 Nestorian exiles from Audonia during the rise of the Oduniyyad Caliphate, arrive in Levantia establishing the Principality of Hištanšahr

8th century

Year Date Event
Mid 8th century The stirrup, brought by the Nestorians from Audonia and introduced by the warriors of Hištanšahr catches on in Levantia, potentially kick starting feudalism on that continent. Cavalry, though it had been in use in antiquity, becomes a critical factor of warfare in Levantia for the next millennia.

9th century

10th century

Year Date Event
917 Emperor Brian III of the Levantine Empire dies and divides his realms into three upon his death; the Southern Kingdom of the Levantines to his eldest son, King Charles II, the Eastern Kingdom of the Levantines to his second son, King Culmann I, and the Western Kingdom of the Levantines to his youngest son, King Aemon I. No Emperor of the Levantines is crowned, functionally bringing the Empire to an end.
922 The last male-line heir of St. Julius I dies in the Archduchy of Urceopolis, leaving the Grand Duke of Yustona, Seán, in line for the throne. King Charles II, King of Southern Levantines, prohibits the Yustonan succession on grounds that it would make the combined realms too powerful. Seán refuses to be denied the so-called "Julian patrimony", beginning the War of the Urceopolitan Succession.
924 The War of the Urceopolitan Succession ends, leaving Grand Duke Seán victorious. With the Archduchy of Urceopolis and Grand Duchy of Yustona under one ruler, the House of Julio-Yustona becomes the most powerful in the Southern Kingdom of the Levantines. A majority consensus of historians points to the unification of these two realms as the birth of a distinctly Urcean nation.
931 The Conine dynasty dies out in the Eastern Kingdom of the Levantines with the childless death of King Culmann. The Dukes of the Kingdom elect one of their own, Leo, to serve as King.
965 King Leo I of the Eastern Kingdom of the Levantines begins an invasion of the Southern Kingdom of the Levantines. Urceopolis-Yustona joins the war on Leo's side.
972 After his conquest of the Southern Kingdom of the Levantines, King Leo I deposed the last Conine King in Levantia and was crowned Emperor of the Levantines, reforging the Empire. The Eastern and Southern Kingdoms formed the nucleus of what would become recognizable as the Holy Levantine Empire.
996 The Lenonine Dynasty of Emperors of the Levantines dies out in the male line, leading to a succession crisis and puts the Levantine Empire on the verge of civil war.
997 Civil war in the Levantine Empire is avoided as the Collegial Electorate is formed, beginning elective monarchy in the Empire. In the first election, the Collegial Electorate elected Duke Louis of Allaria to serve as Emperor. With an interruption between 1749 and 1799, every Emperor of the Levantines for the next millennia would be selected by the Collegial Electorate.

11th century

Year Date Event
1031 Due to political and religious factionalism within the Oduniyyad Caliphate between Sunnis and Shias, the Punthite territories secede and form a rival empire.
1067 Cambyses IV Ashrafioun, ruler of Hištanšahr, dies without a clear heir, beginning the War of the Three Princes. Artaxerxes IX nominally becomes Prince, but the country is divided into a three-way civil war.
1071 The War of the Three Princes ends with the Catholic Seoirge Ashrafioun, backed by the Holy Levantine Empire, emerges victorious. The Pope crowns him King of Gassavelia, bringing former Hištanšahr into the Holy Levantine Empire and into the Levantine orbit.
1095 Crusades begin in Sarpedon. Formal introduction of the stirrup to Sarpedonian militaries, and the rise of cavalry warfare on that continent.
1097 St. Julius I is canonized.
1098 Emperor Leo II Luciusan of the Holy Levantine Empire issues the Golden Bull of 1098, elevating the union of Urceopolis-Yustona to the Kingdom of Urcea. Archduke Riordan is crowned the first King of Urcea.

12th century

Year Date Event
1144 The Urcean Crown acquires the Electorate of Canaery, solidifying its influence in the Collegial Electorate and Holy Levantine Empire.
1153 The Interregnum of 1153 in Urcea results in the ascension of the Julio-Aleckán dynasty in Urcea.
1167 Crusades begin in Audonia.

13th century

Year Date Event
1206-1668 Myanga Ayil Khanate sweeps through northern Punth
1210-1214 Cromwelute Wars in the Kilikas and Coscivian Sea basins.
1214 Cónn of Holmfilth seizes the Urcean Crown with the help of powerful vassals is crowned King Constantine I of Urcea, bypassing the previous King's - Emperor Niall I - son Donnchad. This event marks the beginning of the Saint's War.
1291 Crusades in Sarpedon end.

14th century

Year Date Event
1206-1668 Myanga Ayil Khanate sweeps through northern South Punth
1320s-1555 Levantine Renaissance.
1339 Beginning of the Great Interregnum in Urcea. For more than six decades, the Crown of Urcea remains vacant, the Pope takes control of Urceopolis, and the Grand Duchy of Yustona and Archduchy of Urceopolis are divided between the two warring houses.
1350s Earliest record of cannons being used effectively in Occidental warfare.
1392 Hendric the Young ascends to the throne of the Empire-in-Fhainnin at the age of four. Within the decade, the central navy is disbanded, the government appears hopelessly embroiled in infighting, and trade with Audonia through the Bronzed Route is stifled.


Cardinal Cyfoeth

15th century

Year Date Event
1402 Louis, head of House de Weluta, definitively defeats the Cónn faction and becomes Apostolic King of Urcea, ending the Saint's War and Great Interregnum. House de Weluta, with some exception in the 16th century, has ruled Urcea ever since.
1409 Cardinal Cyfoeth, a Fhainic clergyman in Kisr Bryn, takes up arms against the 'regency council' of Emperor Hendric and leads an impromptu campaign to restore monarchic authority in Fhainnin. This sparks a major noble revolt, which the now-adult Emperor and the Cardinal-Militant brutally put down. Hundreds of rebellious or insufficiently loyal nobles are put to the sword, cementing power in the hands of the Imperial Throne.
1428 Crusades end in Audonia.
1320s-1555 Levantine Renaissance.
1450s Earliest Occidental record of firearms being used effectively in warfare.
1206-1668 Myanga Ayil Khanate sweeps through northern South Punth

Early 16th century

Year Date Event
1517 The Oduniyyad Caliphate collapses after centuries of infighting culminate in a civil war which fractures the state.
1535-1538 The Republican Revolution in Kirav results in the formation of the Confederate Republics of Kiravia.
1320s-1555 Levantine Renaissance.
1206-1668 Myanga Ayil Khanate sweeps through northern South Punth
1555 May 2 The Great Confessional War starts, signaling the end of the petty kingdoms of medieval Levantia and the start of the Early Modern period.

Early modern history

Late 16th century

Year Date Event
1206-1668 Myanga Ayil Khanate sweeps through northern South Punth
1555-1575 Great Confessional War in Levantia sparks an emigration of Levantine Protestants across the world, especially South Punth and southern Crona.
1598-1854 February 9, 1598 Burgundian West Punth Trading Company, formed primarily of Levantine Protestants fleeing the Great Confessional War start the Kandoora colony, sparking a 250 year campaign of explosive colonization in South Punth.

17th century

Year Date Event
1206-1668 July 21, 1668 Myanga Ayil Khanate sweeps through northern South Punth, ending in the Battle of Telmen-Uul when Burgundian West Punth Trading Company forces defeated the Army of the Khans.
1598-1854 Burgundian West Punth Trading Company, formed primarily of Levantine Protestants fleeing the Great Confessional War start the Kandoora colony, sparking a 250 year campaign of explosive colonization in South Punth.
1625-1634 The War of Ecinis, in which Urcea took the beachhead on Ecinis to prevent Caphirian expansion into Levantia.

18th century

Year Date Event
1598-1854 February 9, 1598 Burgundian West Punth Trading Company, formed primarily of Levantine Protestants fleeing the Great Confessional War start the Kandoora colony, sparking a 250 year campaign of explosive colonization in South Punth.
1722-1723 December 12, 1722 The South Levantine Company takes control of the Çyr, ruling it directly as a colony.
1776 April 4, 1776 Varisavius Leonoix completes the first shipment of coffee from Zirapsis, Melian Islands to Béyasar, Great Kirav.
1782 Veltorinan independence from Caphiria. Urcea supported the Veltorinan revolutionaries and recieved Dorhaven as a prize, and as a forward operating base to garuntee the independence of Veltorina against Caphirian reconquest.

Late modern history

19th century

Year Date Event
1811 Bergendii dissidents launch an insurrection against the local Kuhlfrosi occupation government. The Kistani Empire moves quickly to back the rebels using a prototype railroad, mobilizing far more quickly than thought possible. The Northern Levantine Mediatization War begins.
1812-1816 The Çyrine Revolution begins, culminating with the proclamation of the short-lived Republic of Çyr in 1815 before the government is toppled and replaced by a local monarchy.
1822 The Kingdom of Kuhlfros faces a serious government crisis due to a string of severe military defeats, known as the White Revolution. The war in northern Levantia is left primarily between the Coalition and the Ultmarine duchies. Burgundie is recognized as a sovereign state by its ally, and begins to conduct autonomous government for the first time since 1141.
1822 June 20, 1822 The Empire of Çyr is toppled, replaced with the Second Çyrine Republic.
1837 The Northern Levantine Mediatization War is won by the Christensen Coalition, officially freeing Burgundie from Kuhlfrosi control. Southern Ultmar, spanning across the central stretch of the Great Northern Plain, is decisively conquered by the Kistani Empire.
1843-1846 The Çyrine-Emirati War is waged between the Second Çyrine Republic and the emirates of Yas and Al Sa'id over naval boundaries. The war concludes with a Çyrine victory and an internationally recognized expansion of their maritime borders.
1848 People's Spring in Levantia and Crona. This event saw widespread, concurrent, not uncoordinated revolts. Since the revolutionary activity was ad hoc, no two had the same aims. However, in general they were in favor of more liberal forms of government, the abolishing of monarchies, the abolishing of empires and the creation of ethno-cultural nation states. It is considered the international expression of many aims of the 1823 White Revolution in Kuhlfros.
1854 July 2, 1854 The last Burgundian West Punth Trading Company colony, Dwemer Colony falls and the Burgundians formally lose their hold in South Punth.
1880s-ish Land war betwixt Kistan and Kuhlfros.Per Kistan

Early 20th century

Year Date Event
1911-1916 War of Faskano Strait
1916 March 18 The Battle of Langenhanshagen, Kiravian forces field mobile pill boxes against Burgundian troops, the first recorded use of tanks in warfare.
1919-1935 Great RIXcession
1927 April 4 The start of the Great War signaling the end of the late modern period.

Contemporary history

Late 20th century

Year Date Event
1927-1953 Great War in Crona, Sarpedon and Levantia
*Levantine Civil War
*Insui-Caphirian conflict
*Great Cronan War (1948-1953)
1942-1955 May 18 Thirteen Year War between Kuhlfros and the Yytuskian Reich
1966-1983 Operation Kipling in South Punth. Burgundie engages in a massive anti-communist counter-insurgency war.

21st century