|Motto: The Strong Will Survive|
|• Grand President||Zhan Guanting|
|• Total||1,139,286.8 km2 (439,881.1 sq mi)|
|• Density||310/km2 (790/sq mi)|
Imperial entities of Punth
Xingkai'Pei is a large nation in Southern Punth. Colonized by Burgundie in 1753, the colony known as Ching Ky Punth achieved independence in 1821. What was known as the Republic of Ching Ky Punth existed for over a century as a de facto anarchic state ruled by feudal warlords. In 1949, a socialist agrarian rebellion led by General Liu Po unified the nation as a socialist state known by its native name of Xingkai'Pei. In 1979, 3 years following the death of General Liu, the isolationist and communist nation opened its borders to foreign investment and industry. In the modern day, Xingkai'Pei is a rapidly industrial country which increasingly becoming known as a workshop of the world. Since 1990, Xingkai'Pei's population has tripled and projections suggest that Xingkai'Pei's population will become the largest in Ixnay by the end of the 21st century.
Ching Ky Punth Republic
Following the withdrawal of Burgundian West Punth Trading Empire from the region in 1821, a republic was declared led by President Wei Zhin Jiang. However, despite recognition from Burgundie and other foreign nations the Wei Government's influence extended only to the borders of Jiading Province surrounding the capital of Jiushi. The five other provinces of the nation were de facto ruled by eleven warlords who operated independently and ruled the still largely agrarian population in an essentially feudal state. After two years of independence, the internationally recognized government in Jiushi declared a state of emergency and enacted martial law to unify the fractured nation. This was never realized by the Wei Government which suspended elections and came to be ruled by a dynasty.
Through the following century, the nation existed in a perpetual state of war between the various warlords and the Wei government. Spheres of influence between these factions varied over time, but the political situation remained relatively static. The period of constant war however severely stunted the economic and technological development of the nation. Industrialization which intensified across the world and in parts of Punth in the 19th century was largely absent in Ching Ky Punth. As such, traditional ways of life and agriculture were preserved. In many provinces, the proselytizing efforts of Levantine Catholic Bergendii and Levantine protestant colonialists came undone and traditional religious practices achieved dominance for the first time since the pre-colonial era.
In 1906, the Wei Government wrested control of the three northern provinces from their respective warlords. In doing so, the Wei regime implemented punitive measures on the local populations. This prompted unified action on the part of the typically passive agrarian class. Unified under the leadership of Liu Po, a young Ching Ky national born in 1885 and educated in socialist ideology abroad, the agrarian rebellion formed fully in 1910 as the Proletariat Army. Liu, now styling himself as General Liu, began waging a coordinated war unlike any in the previous century. The Proletariat Army suffered a great number of setbacks and defeats in the early years of the Civil War, but the leadership evaded capture and continued to recruit peasants to their cause despite opposition from the Wei regime and the remaining warlords.
Over the following decades, the Wei regime continued to suppress the Proletariat Army, but economic and technological stagnation led to increasing radicalization of the Ching Py peasantry. Poor harvests in the 1941 through to 1945 saw the numbers of the Proletariat Army swell and under the veteran leadership of General Liu the peasantry began to achieve significant victories over the Wei Government. In 1948, General Liu led an offensive which captured Jiushi. By February 1949, the Proletariat Army had consolidated control of the entire nation and General Liu assumed control as Grand President of the new Xingkaipese Union. The date of this proclamation marked the first year of the Revolutionary Calendar, a lunar system which continues to be used in Xingkai'Pei to this day.
While traditional communist doctrine understands the world as progressing through three economic stages: feudal, capitalist, and socialist. The new Xingkaipese Union which was still heavily agrarian maintained that there existed an "advantage of underdevelopment" in which the new government could guide the nation from feudal society immediately into a socialist future through rapid advancement and industrialization. To that end, massive public works, foreign exchanges with other socialist nations, and many ordinances were underway by the mid-1950s. In order to maintain a balance between rural and urban populations, the government mandated that all citizens be registered within their municipalities. Social services are only accessible within the municipality that one is registered to. Social services were slow to penetrate into rural areas and roughly 70% of the population had no access to government services through the 1960s.
Nevertheless, the nation rapidly increased industrial capabilities in the second half of the 20th century. In addition, public works projects created a broad and reliable power grid and transportation network. The Proletariat Army developed as a standing army and mandatory military service was introduced in 1966 to safeguard the Union against its capitalist neighbours. While the quality of life of the average citizen greatly increased, successes in the Union were not shared universally and infrastructure greatly favoured urban development. The situation in rural municipalities became even more dire when irrigation projects failed in 1972. Once one of the largest lakes in Southern Punth, Lake Xu'Pei began to shrink drastically as too much water was drawn to irrigate fields. This greatly devastated the central agriculture valleys and led to many migrants forfeiting their access to healthcare and education in rural areas in favour of opportunities for informal work in larger cities. Today, Lake Xu'Pei has shrunk to 8% of its original area and remains one of the largest ecological disaster sites in Southern Punth as residue from volatile pesticides has saturated soil creating toxic dust storms on the dry lake-bed.
In 1976, Grand President Liu passed away at the age of 90. A period of conflict occurred within the government and Zhan Guanting emerged as Grand President in 1976. By the late 1970s, development was severely stagnated and the "advantage of underdevelopment" was seemingly discredited. In a groundbreaking statement, Grand President Zhan announced that for the time the nation would be abandoning its communist agenda in order to progress though the capitalist stage before eventually achieving communism. Grand President Zhan ensured the people that this development would occur under the guidance of the revolutionary government and that a path to true socialism would be achieved in due time. Following this announcement, the government created special economic zones across the country which were opened for foreign investment and privately-owned industry. These economic zones have since been expanded as the state has parceled and sold land to foreign developers. This policy has exacerbated the issue of migrant labourers as rural municipalities are further neglected and opportunities for informal labour flourish in industrialized cities. The complicity of the Xingkaipese government in the exploitation of these migrant labourers has been the subject of criticism by human rights organizations. Under this policy, Xingkai'Pei has become one of the most attractive countries in the world for manufacturing with extremely cheap labour, few labour and environmental regulations, and cheap land for factory leasing/construction. This has lent Xingkai'Pei a reputation as the workshop of the world.