Provinces of Caphiria
Provinces (Banlieueregio) are the highest level administrative divisions of Caphiria. There are currently 25 provincial-level divisions, classified into 17 Provinces, 2 Autonomous Provinces, 1 Special Administrative Province, and 5 Possessions. Provinces are ran by its elected chief administrator, the Praetor, who serves as the legal representative of the Imperator. However, Praetors have de facto authority over their province and the Imperator rarely interferes at the provincial level. The government of the province is called the provinciarum, holding legal and administrative jurisdiction within its bounds.
Only by majority vote from the Senate can provinces be formed or dissolved; not even the Imperator has the (legal) unilateral authority to admit a province into the Imperium.
Types of provincial-level divisions
The government of each standard province is led by its Praetor, who is elected from the citizens of the respective province. Standard Provinces hold legal and administrative jurisdiction within its bounds and share parallel autonomy with the central government. Provinces receive their power and authority from the Constitution of Caphiria, which delineates the admission of provinces, the concept of 'parallel autonomy', and the governance of provinces. Parallel autonomy refers to the unique relationship in which provinces - and by extension the provincial government - are administered directly by the Imperator, who passes autonomy to them through his imperium maius. This means that provinces have their own sovereignty that is separate from the Imperium yet they are directly controlled by it.
Autonomous Provinces (AR) are highly autonomous and self-governing divisions that are directly under the control of the Imperium. Each Autonomous Province has a chief executive as head of the province and head of government. The provincial government is not fully independent, as foreign policy and military defense are the responsibility of the central government, according to the basic laws. Autonomous Provinces typically have a higher population of a particular minority ethnic group or are culturally dissimilar enough that they are afforded the ability of self-governance.
Special Administrative Province
Special Administrative Provinces (SAR) are governed under the direct administration of the central government. Nominally, they fall under the jurisdiction of the Imperator but locally elected officials manage the operations and functions. The only SAR in the Imperium is the Special Administrative Province of Sator, which is led by the Praetor Proprius, (Special Praetor).
Possessions are the major overseas territories under the control of the Imperium. Caphiria does not classify its Possessions as subdivisions of the Imperium itself; rather, each is treated in law as a separate jurisdiction. Most have their own legislatures and a degree of autonomy usually exceeding that of the autonomous provinces, including fiscal independence. Still, The Imperium retains varying degrees of responsibility in all of the territories, currently ranging from full political control to a largely ceremonial presence. The main reserved matters are the areas of diplomacy, international treaties, defense and security. Possessions of the Imperium still follow the same organization of administrative divisions, though the naming scheme may differ based on cultural and historical contexts.
The central Imperial government delegates many functions (such as education and the police force) to Provinces and Regions, but retains the overall right to control them. The provinciarum - the provincial government, is free to organize its executive departments and agencies in any way it likes. This has resulted in substantial diversity among provinces with regard to every aspect of how their governments are organized, though the Imperium does mandate certain things for the sake of continuity across the state.
Because Caphiria is a unitary state, Provinces lack separate legislative authority and therefore cannot write their own statutory law. They levy their own taxes and, in return, receive a decreasing part of their budget from the central government, which gives them a portion of the taxes it levies. They also have considerable budgets managed by a regional council made up of representatives voted into office in provincial elections.
The main functions of Provinces are planning regional development, executing public investment projects, promoting economic activities, and managing public property.
- The building and upkeep of Secondary roads
- Other building plans which cover more than one local authority's area
- Caring for national parks
- The building and upkeep of hospitals
- The building and upkeep of state schools of secondary education
- Household waste collection and disposal
- Car registration
- Accommodation of foreign refugees
- Financial support for culture
- The building of pedestrian zones and clean transportation systems
- Financial support for school exchanges
- The building and upkeep of public libraries
- Revitalisation of the economy
- Encouraging tourism
Provinces are charged with the duty to make sure the roads under their care are well maintained. The roads and highways in each state are divided between local, provincial and federal governments. Provinces build and maintain roads and highways through their local provincial Ministry of Transportation. These state transportation departments oversee the building of new roads, and the maintenance of interprovincial transportation for the Imperium's Ministry of Transportation. The states are also responsible for public safety, as in the case of state troopers.
If the Imperium issues a mandate, it is the duty of the state to make plans and implement them to fulfill the mandate. Examples of mandates are if the imperial government requires provinces to cut air pollution, or requires that a province's public transportation meet particular safety standards. The imperial government is required by law to fund the mandated programs.
Provincial governments are also responsible for the education of their residents. Provinces have freedom in administering the imperial public education system, which receives the lion?s share of state and local money. The nation?s 150,000 school districts are governed by elected school boards.
Provincial governments also have the duty of drawing funding to operate its programs. Provinces collect insurance trust revenue from administering retirement, unemployment compensation, and other benefit programs. Provinces also collect fees, such as tolls, and lottery ticket sales, hospital charges and liquor sales. Provinces levy sales taxes for consumer goods, at 3 to 5 percent, as well as income taxes.
Provinces can perform additional functions, based on varying local laws in each region. In addition, provinces have considerable discretionary power over infrastructural spending, e.g., education, public transit, universities and research, and assistance to business owners. This has meant that the heads of wealthy provinces such as Luria and Caseni can be high-profile positions.
List of province-level divisions
|Flag||Classification||Province name||Capital City||Praetor||Population (2030 Census)|
|Province||Luria||Castra Vetera||Machus Elvorena||22,456,042|
|Province||Auvia||Castra Barduli||Lorata Montina||33,946,388|
|Autonomous Province||Eryx||Escalia||Maccus Apellius||7,676,207|
|Special Administrative Province||Sator||Venceia||Laucialis Trebanici||26,425,805|