Provinces of Caphiria
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The Provinces of Caphiria, officially called Imperial Provinces (Banlieueregio), are the first level administrative divisions of the Imperium of Caphiria. Organized into 18 major Imperial Provinces, two autonomous regions, and one special administrative region, these 21 provincial-level divisions can be collectively referred to as "Greater Caphiria", a term which excludes its numerous overseas possessions.
Provinces are further divided into regions (lieueregias), making up the the second level of the administrative structure. Usually composed of many townships, Regions are unique in that they do not have their own governmental system like provinces or townships, yet they are responsible for local planning and zoning, provision of local police and fire services, regulating intraprovincial commerce. and transportation regulation (car registration, maintenance of local roads, etc).
Imperial Provinces receive their power and authority from the Constitution of Caphiria, which delineates the admission of provinces, the concept of 'parallel autonomy', and the governance of provinces. Only by majority vote from the Senate can provinces be formed or dissolved; not even the Imperator has the (legal) unilateral authority to admit a province into the Imperium. Parallel autonomy refers to the unique relationship in which provinces - and by extension the provincial government - are administered directly by the Imperator, who passes autonomy to them through his imperium maius. This means that provinces have their own sovereignty that is seperate from the Imperium yet they are directly controlled by it.
The Provinces are the most direct divisions under the Imperium, headed by an elected official called a Praetor who serves as its chief executive. A Praetor reports directly to the Imperator and acts on behalf of the province. The government of the province is called the provinciarum, holding legal and administrative jurisdiction within its bounds. Each provincial government is free to organize its executive departments and agencies in any way it likes. This has resulted in substantial diversity among provinces with regard to every aspect of how their governments are organized, though the Imperium does mandate certain things for the sake of continuity across the state. In theory, the Praetor is subservient to the Imperator, effectively acting as his representative. In practice however, Praetors have de facto authority over their province and the Imperator seldom interferes at the provincial level.
Provinces lack separate legislative authority and therefore cannot write their own statutory law. They levy their own taxes and, in return, receive a decreasing part of their budget from the central government, which gives them a portion of the taxes it levies. They also have considerable budgets managed by a regional council made up of representatives voted into office in provincial elections.
Some of the responsibilities that are delineated by Imperium to provinces are:
- The building and upkeep of Secondary roads
- Other building plans which cover more than one local authority's area
- Caring for national parks
- The building and upkeep of hospitals
- The building and upkeep of state schools of secondary education
- Household waste collection and disposal
- Car registration
- Accommodation of foreign refugees
- Financial support for culture
- The building of pedestrian zones and clean transportation systems
- Financial support for school exchanges
- The building and upkeep of public libraries
- Revitalisation of the economy
- Encouraging tourism
Provinces are charged with the duty to make sure the roads under their care are well maintained. The roads and highways in each state are divided between local, provincial and federal governments. Provinces build and maintain roads and highways through their local provincial Ministry of Transportation. These state transportation departments oversee the building of new roads, and the maintenance of interprovincial transportation for the Imperium's Ministry of Transportation. The states are also responsible for public safety, as in the case of state troopers.
If the Imperium issues a mandate, it is the duty of the state to make plans and implement them to fulfill the mandate. Examples of mandates are if the imperial government requires provinces to cut air pollution, or requires that a province's public transportation meet particular safety standards. The imperial government is required by law to fund the mandated programs.
Provincial governments are also responsible for the education of their residents. Provinces have freedom in administering the imperial public education system, which receives the lion’s share of state and local money. The nation’s 150,000 school districts are governed by elected school boards.
Provincial governments also have the duty of drawing funding to operate its programs. Provinces collect insurance trust revenue from administering retirement, unemployment compensation, and other benefit programs. Provinces also collect fees, such as tolls, and lottery ticket sales, hospital charges and liquor sales. Provinces levy sales taxes for consumer goods, at 3 to 5 percent, as well as income taxes.
Provinces can perform additional functions, based on varying local laws in each region. In addition, provinces have considerable discretionary power over infrastructural spending, e.g., education, public transit, universities and research, and assistance to business owners. This has meant that the heads of wealthy provinces such as Luria and Tiberni can be high-profile positions.
|Flag||Abbreviation||Province name||Capital City||Praetor||Population (2030 Census)|
|LR||Luria||Castra Vetera||Machus Elvorena||52,994,593|
|AV||Auvia||Castra Barduli||Lorata Montina||39,746,450|
|CA||Claunum||Magovocorte||Sario Auxilus Nigenus||34,791,401|
|BA||Balatum||Solavano||Stephaedrio Augenis Vairverd||40,799,629|
|MT||Marusta||Casterratti||Calvian Artinarius Aurelius||75,959,716|