|Imperial Legion of Caphiria |
Emblem of the Imperial Legion
|Active||600 - present|
|Country||Imperium of Caphiria|
5,000,000 active legionaries |
2,000,000 active national guardsmen
10,000,000 Legion Reserves
|Part of||Imperial Armed Forces of Caphiria|
|Headquarters||Castrum Rynalia, Legentium Province|
|Motto(s)||"With wisdom we conquer."|
|Supreme Commander||Alexander Constantinus I|
|Imperial Commander||Varrus Capelis Pavolcinax|
|Legion Commander||Soterius Audenia|
The Imperial Legion of Caphiria is the land warfare service branch of the Imperial Armed Forces of Caphiria. Founded in the 4th century BCE, the Legion has never ceased growing in capacity. As one of the longest operating militaries in human history, the Legion weathered the storms of gunpowder, aircraft, computers, and every new technology that reshaped warfare. Its incredible logistic flexibility and the mental fortitude of its troops, is primarily what has allowed it to persist over the course of all these developments over the millennia. Technically, the Legion is the political term for all of the Caphiriavan armed forces. However, it popularly refers specifically to the army (exercitus) and will be treated as such for most of the article.
As an arm of the executive government, the Legion is completely at the behest of the Imperator. Its internal leader, however, is the Generalissimus, supreme commander of the army, navy, and air force. Within the army are the three divisions of the soldiers, armored vehicles, and national guard. These work in concert according to the global strategies of the Ministry of War, Imperator, and Generalissimus.
The Legion is the focal point of its military-industrial complex as it has the largest budget within the IAF at $917 billion as well as the largest military personnel in the world with 5,000,000 active duty personnel and double for its reserves. The Legion also maintains a National Guard with approximately 3,000,000 national guardsmen. The combined-component strength of the Imperial Legion is 17,000,000 soldiers.
As a branch of the armed forces, the mission of the Legion is "to fight and win our Nation's wars, by providing prompt, sustained, land dominance, across the full range of military operations and the spectrum of conflict, in support of combatant commanders". The Legion participates in conflicts worldwide and is the major ground-based offensive and defensive force of the IAF.
The Imperial Legion serves as the land-based branch of the Imperial Armed Forces. The Constitution of Caphiria defines the purpose of the army as:
- Preserving the peace and security and providing for the defense of the Imperium and possessions and any areas occupied by the Imperium of Caphiria
- Supporting the national policies
- Implementing the national objectives
- Overcoming any nations responsible for aggressive acts that imperil the peace and security of the Imperium of Caphiria
As an arm of the executive government, the Legion is completely at the behest of the Imperator. Its internal leader, however, is the Imperial Commander (Generalissimus), supreme commander of the army, navy, and air force. Within the army are the three divisions of the professional soldiers, armored vehicles, and national guard. These work in concert according to the global strategies of the Ministry of War, Imperator, and Generalissimus.
The professional division of the Legion consists of 200 legions organized according to nearly identical designs. Its present form stems from the Second Marian Reforms in 1717. This reorganization emphasized the command hierarchy and enforced strict uniformity in the armed forces. The regular unit of the army, retaining its name for several thousand years, is the Legionary. Over a million of these professional soldiers train and fight for the Imperium, assisted in logistics by numerous engineers, officers, medics, technicians and artillery gunners. Its military doctrine emphasizes quality over the quantity of soldiers and maintains an incredibly strict military discipline combined with a spartan, physically and academically demanding environment.
Each of the 200 legions splits into ten cohortes individually composed of six centuries. One century is a battalion of 100 legionaries led by their centurion, ensuring that a single legion fields a total of 6,000 soldiers.
The Imperator personally commands his own personal legion, separate from the primary 200 legions. This 101st legion (pronounced Legio chi) operates independently of the Praetorian Guard and the Legion and has no other commander than the emperor himself. Its soldiers are widely regarded as some of the most fearsome in the modern world, comparable to the ancient Spartans.
On a global scale, there are 5 Continental Commanders (Legatus Augusti) who fields a number of legions on each continent. Density of legions varies from 60 under the Legatus Ixnaus to 20 under the Legatus Punthus. The Continental Commanders work directly with the Imperial Commander and form the military council called the Gathering of Legates, where large-scale decision making and military strategy is planned.
Below the Continental Commanders are the 20 Regional Commanders (Legatus Iuris) who are responsible for ten legions. The Regional Commander specializes in specific elements of strategy for modern warfare. Some notable Regional Commanders are experts in amphibious warfare, coordination with aircraft, intelligence management, and climate control. While centurions and legion generals are praised by the public, Regional Commanders have the sole honor of leading a military Triumph through the streets of Venceia. For this reason, Imperators and generalissimi have taken on the title. Even the presence of an Regional Commander demands reverence and respect from civilians and politicians as much as from inferior officers. It has long been standard practice for an Legatus Iuris to command Caphiriavan forces during a specific battle where different branches of the military work together. This tended to make them the highest ranked officers on the field. However, modern commanders operate far from the front line.
The highest active-duty military rank in the IAF is the Commander (Legatus). A Commander is in charge of a single legion. Evolving from the catch-all term for military leader in the early empire (50-700 CE), the term Legatus now refers to a specific rank. Commander's have a unique honor of being the lowest office which is permitted to formulate new strategic goals. Since they are often the nearest strategists to combat, they usually exercise more direct control than other commanding ranks.
A single soldier is called a Legionary, encased in standard lorica carbonata and operating in the most direct combat. Their smallest formation is a ten man unit called a contubernium. Modern contubernia each hold 10 legionaries, led on the field by a squad leader (Tesserarius) and his second-in-command the Decurion.
Ten contubernia collect together into a single century (centuria) whose commanding officer is the prestigious Centurion. A centurion's strategic link to his contubernia are his two second-in-commands (Optiones), one of whom - the Primo Optio - succeeds the centurion on his death. A successor position in the military, necessary to keep a consistent flow of orders, is an immutatio. COs and immutatios aren't included in the legionary count so a century comprises 100 legionaries and 23 officers.
Six centuries are grouped to form a cohort. Cohorts used to be arranged within a legion by a hierarchy from first to last cohort but this was phased out before the civil war. A cohort's principales (CO) is the Standard-Bearer (Signiferius). Once carrier of his cohort's symbol, signiferius came to denote a high military rank in the 18th century. Formal duties of a signiferius for his cohort are choosing its coat of arms, creating a motto and generally distinguishing it among the empire's many legions. While rarely in the line of fire, a signiferius still risks losing communications with inferior officers through a radio blackout or technical error. In such an event, he is temporarily replaced by the senior centurion, the Primus Pilus (First Spear) until higher leaders are contacted. Though the primus pilus' century does not receive special treatment, a first spear has the highest pay grade of all the infantrymen.
|Rank||Tiro||Conscribere||Legionarii||Tortores||Primo Tortores||Decurion||Tesserarius||Optio||Centurion||Signiferii||Angusticlavii||Legatus legionis||Legatus Praeses||Legatus||Legatus Augusti||Generalissimus|
|Translation||Cadet||Recruit||Legionarie||Specialist||First Specialist||Sergeant||Staff Sergeant||Lieutenant||Captain||Field Captain||Major||Colonel||Lieutenant Commander||Commander||Field General||General of the Army|
|Class grades||I - II||I - IV||I - IV||I - III||I - III||I - III||I - IV||I - V||I - II||I - II||I - III||I - V|
Besides basic infantry and their commanding officers, the Legion employs a number of personnel in a logistic or supportive military role. These form the specialized components of the Legion.
Field Psychologists (Aenator) are the professionals responsible for the mental well-being of Legionaries, veterans, and their families. Like traditional psychologists, these professionals diagnose and treat a variety of different mental disorders, such as anxiety, depression, and substance abuse. Unlike traditional psychologists, however, Army psychologists are trained to deal specifically with the special needs of members of the armed forces. Aenatores train in monitoring the mental states of soldiers for signs of trauma, stress, depression, and intentions to mutiny or desert. Field psychologists are also available on both domestic and foreign military bases to help treat any soldiers that are experiencing mental and emotional problems. When soldiers are home on domestic bases, psychologists might counsel them for a variety of problems, from minor stress to substance abuse. Soldiers who are away from home on foreign bases, however, may suffer from more severe mental anguish.
Field Doctors (Medici Legiones) are active duty physicians representing all the specialties and subspecialties of civilian medicine. They may be assigned to fixed military medical facilities, to deployable combat units or to military medical research and development duties. They are considered fully deployable soldiers and are able to heal in the middle of combat and between battles. One of the few military posts fillable by a non-citizen, legionary medics are famous for often being Corummese. The Corummese reputation as doctors pushed the Senate to open the road for them to serve in the military despite the public disdain for employing foreigners in the army. A non-combat specialty branch of the Legion called the Medical Corps exists to train and deploy field doctors, offering over 41 areas of concentration.
Artillery (ballista) is operated by the vital Ballistarii (artillerymen). They are grouped into formations known as regiments (Manipuli), individually commanded by a artillery officer (Duplicarius). The number of regiments assigned to a legion - and the composition of those regiments - is an area of flexibility for the Caphiran army. Regular legionaries are universally trained in the operation of mortars and every contubernium has one of its own for field use, but this does little compared to the effectiveness of dedicated artillerymen and heavy artillery.