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Dual Federal Republics of Yytuskia-Helvana
Doppelte Föderative Republiken Yytuskia-Helvana
Motto: Stärke, Sicherheit, Wille und Toleranz
Strength, Safety, Will, and Tolerance
|Location||The location of Yytuskia-Helvana in Levantia|
|Capital||Hauptstadt-Mühl / Turasava|
|Recognised national languages|
|Government||Dual-State Constitutional Monarchy|
|Mr. Benjamin Seidenstücker|
• Majority Party
|Mr. Robert Vasilievich|
• Majority Party
|Sotsialisticheskaya Sovetskaya Rabochaya Partiya (SSRP)|
|Federal Union (1990 CE)|
|670,179.12 km2 (258,757.60 sq mi)|
• 2035 CE estimate
• Per capita
|Currency||National Unity Dollar ($) NUD|
The Dual Federal Republics of Yytuskia and Helvana are a pair of sovereign nations unified under a two-state constitutional monarchy. Both the nations are run under their own separate governments – the Yytusche-Bundesrat and the Helvaic Federal-Soviet – but are ruled by a constitutional monarchy with the Head of State being the current Yytuskian King, Kaiser von Fürstenmold III.
The dual-state system was officially formed in late 1990, to unify both the economically-shattered Helvanic people and the civil-war stricken Yytusche. Under it, the two nations are unofficially two separate countries, but in all official offices are a singular entity, with the Bund and the Soviet governments overseeing their respective countries. The Kaiser oversees both the Bund and the Soviet through his stand-ins – known as Honourable Watchers. The current HWs are Edith Schuster for the Yytusche-Bund, and Aleksandra Vadimovna Zinchenko for the Helvanic Federal-Soviet.
Yytuskia, officially known in the Union as the Democratic-Socialist Federation of Yytuskia, is technically an thalassocracy due to the large military focus on naval power, using its large navy of aircraft carriers, cruisers and destroyers, and submarines to patrol various international waterways to offer protection to shipping routes for various countries. A mostly urban nation, many of the 53 million citizens in Yytuskia choose to live in metropolitan areas like the capital, Hauptstadt-Muhl, and other cities like Heerhaven, Immenschau, and Bernfeld. The major industries in the country are primarily steel/metal refining, with other smaller nations buying contracts with companies such as Spahr-Steel (Int.) to refine ore which is then shipped back to their country. Other major industries are mostly in the beef agriculture sector, with others being in shipbuilding, transportation, and technology sectors.
Helvana, or the Soviet Federal Republic of Hevlana, is a federal republic of 33.3 million and is a more rural country focused on land-based armed forces than that of the Yytusche-Armee, supplying a small but exceptionally-trained standing army for use by the Dual Republics. While smaller in population to Yytuskia, Helvana beats it in landmass, spreading metropolitan areas farther out than their Yytusche counterparts. Cities like Litka, Turasava, and Mygan – while small – house millions of citizens, while smaller towns dot the national rail- and highways. The largest industry in Helvana is without a doubt the Sosopul oil fields, with upwards of 104 to 128 billion barrels of oil underneath its location, which steadily feed into the refinery there. And while the oil sector represents 45% of the nation’s GDP, other smaller sectors like forestry, stone-works, and fishing supply to the national numbers.
With a conjoined number of roughly 86.3 million citizens, known for its rich and militarised culture, and its high annual education budget, the Dual Federal Republics have been continuously the home of influential and successful artists, philosophers, musicians, sportspeople, entrepenuers, scientists, engineers, and inventors.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Government and Policies
- 4 Military
- 5 Economy
- 6 Demographics
- 7 Cultures
The history of Yytuskia and Helvana, while forever intertwined with each other, are also fundimentally different to each other as well. From their formation as official countries back in the early 1000s, to their more modern issues of the Großerkrieg, the two have been on their own paths alongside one another. Historically, the two couldn't be more different. Yytuskia's many kingdoms and duchies formed a semi-cohesive empire in early 1230CE, while Helvana was nothing more than several hundred groups of normadic tribes until the late 1500s. Helvana, in the 1700s was leading to become the breadbasket of north-western Levantia, while the Yytusche Empire was embrolled in an decades-long of bloody civil war between the warring Five Kingdoms. Even more recently in the early 1900s, Helvana bloodily switched from their Tsar Gregori IV, to a Soviet-style communist/councilist government and economy, while Yytuskia abdicated their Kaiser Wilhelm III only to replace it with an authoritarian government, under the command of the newly brought-to-power Anfuhrer Maximillian Hertal.
The histories of both Yytuskia and Helvana are ones tempered in steel, soaked in blood, and eased through diplomacy.
The history of Yytuskia, with its many kingdoms and duchies early on, formed into the Five Kingdoms in late 1230CE, and was a major forming force in north-western Levantia from the 1300s to the late 1750s. The Five Kingdoms - the |Ulster, the Fürstenmold, the Heiliger Orden, the Koiv, and the Magnachar - created an uneasy truce with each other with the formation of the Five Kingdoms, and would remain a significant regional power up until the early 1700s. Even though there were slight disputes and conflicts between the five houses, nothing major brewed between them until the deaths of both Albert Fürstenmold and Bayer Koiv in 1734 CE, when the power-vacuum left behind exploded into an all-out war between the Five Kingdoms. There are many disputes as to why this conflict - the War of the Five Kingdoms - occured; many accounts from the time state that the new Tsar from the House of Koiv had been snubbed by the aging Konig of Magnachar, while other accounts insinuate that the Ulster and Koiv had a planned marrige between both the Ulster princess and the new Tsar Koiv, but Tsar Koiv had left her at the alter. Nevertheless, war broke, and the Five Kingdoms quickly shattered under it. The war lasted almost two decades, and was spearheaded by the Fürstenmolds, the Ulsters, and the Heiliger Orden kingdoms against the Koivian and Magnachar kingdoms - although the two renegade kingdoms were not formally allied, and at war with each other as well.
It was due to this three-way war, that in late 1750, the Fürstenmold Kingdom and her allies finally trounced both the Koivian and Magnachars. It was only then did the Five Kingdoms solidify into one - under the rule of the newly married Fredrick Wilhelm von Fürstenmold the First, and his wife, Catherine von Fürstenmold the First. Fredrick quickly set about uniting the kingdoms, solidifying power under his new title of Kaiser, or Emperor, as outside forces in northwestern Levantia soon turned their eyes to the budding nation. Both the Kaiser and Kaiserin set about reshaping the newly unified country, quickly industrializing many of the underdeveloped areas, while also making sure to rebuild wartorn parts at the same time. Now, the Kaiserliches Yytuschereich - the Second Empire (tr. Zweites Imperium) - had enemies on all fronts. To the east were the slowly rebuilding Magnachars - now the budding Helvanic Empire - and Albastria, buffered by the Heiliger Orden along the Silberberge. To the north was the frail and fracturing Bergendii Empire, while to the south the Federal Republic of Cohe soon proved to be a erstwhile ally for many year to come.
By the late 1800s/early 1900s, the Kaiserliches Yytuschereich had quickly grow to become one of the more industrialized countries of northwestern Levantia, with fishing, mining/refining operations, lumber, and manufacturing - automobiles, aircraft, ships, and firearms - becoming major contributors to the national economic index. Indeed, shipbuilding itself became a core military idea in Yytuskia at the time, as with its natural defenses of the Silberberge protecting them to the east, they could free up large portions of the armed forces for a larger navy. With the introduction of airplanes in early 1911, the Yytuskian Navy - the Kaiserliches-Marine - began investing technology into the first floatplane and later aircraft carriers. In late 1914, both Yytuskia and the Tsardom of Helvana had several minor scuffles known as the ''Four Years Conflict'', where Yytuskia would make small land gains against the Helvanics, gaining half of the town of Koivtov, which they promptly renamed into Wessen.
In late 1915, several irresponsible actions taken by the Yytuskian Mint and the monarchy resulted in an economic downturn that would plague the country for the next decade and a half. Irrisponsible investments, a bloated military budget, and other fiscal mishaps slowly turned the Yytuskian economy into a downward spiral which was only compounded by the Mint's insistance to experiment with taking the Yytusche-Mark off the Gold standard, which greatly inflated the Mark.
The Dual Federal Republics occupies roughly 670,179.12 million square kilometers of land, sharing borders with the Neoteric Confederation of Diamavya to the north, Albastria to the southeast of Helvana, and the Federal Republic of Cohe to the south of Yytuskia. Both of the Federal Republics have large coastlines, with the Yytuskia's access to the Odoneru Ocean allowing for its historic naval expansion and shipping, while Helvana's access to the Kilikas has only recently been through the Vandarch and the Diamavyan-owned Aburvrigeen Canal.
Geographically speaking, both Yytuskia and Helvana share many similarities with each other and their neighbours. Rolling hills, lowlying grasslands, sprawling forests, and mountain chains are present in both countries. The only differance between the two are the amount of these types of terrains. Yytuskia, being smaller than Helvana, has a higher abundance of hilly terrain, as well as large chuncks of the Silberberge, while having less fertile grasslands comapred to Helvana. On the otherhand, Helvana is comprised almost entirely of rolling grasslands from the Silberberge eastward, until around the coastline of Vandarch, where smaller hills and mountains arise from the tectonic shifts in the area.
The smaller of the two Federal Republics, Yytuskia's landmass and general geography is mostly comprised of rolling hills, large forests, and marshes. Few major rivers fun through the country with most originating from the Silberberge mountains to the east. Majors rivers like the Froese river act as a natural borders with other nations, often historically like the Dahn river to the south with Cohe.
Government and Policies
The government of the Dual Federal Republics is a constitutional monarchy reigning over two separate governments: the Yytusche-Bundesrat and the Federal-Soviet respectively. While Yytuskia might be taking a more recent lean towards a democratic socialist, liberalist democracy, Helvana sports a mix between a traditional communist/councilist type of government. It is the socialist link between the two that allows members for both governments to interact comfortably with each other, and come to better understandings with their socialist brother across the world. More recently, the two are unilaterally pushing for a more focused stance on egalitarianism, isolationism, and naval anti-piracy ideologies.
At the federal level, the two governments work closely with each other and with the monarchy to allow a more transparent government, as well as using each other as watchdogs in the event of corruption or a slip towards the far-right through legal - or otherwise - means. The leaders of both government - as well as high-ranking officials of those governments - regularly meet with the Kaiser three to five times a year to discuss ongoings within their respective countries, and how to go forward afterward. These meetings, the so-called "Nationale Kabinettssitzung", or "National Cabinet Meeting", usually jump every meeting, taking place in the Yytuskian capital of Hauptstadt-Muhl one time before going to the Helvanic capital of Turasava for the next meeting.
The Yytuskian government, or the Yytusche-Bundesrat as it is formally called, is a bicameralist legislature with two separate Houses, a Vizefuhrer, and a Premierfuhrer, under the watchful eyes of both the Ehrenwerte Beobachter Hn. Edith Schuster, as well as the Kaiser Ottokar von Fürstenmold the Third. The first House, the Haus der Unterenkammern, is the elected lower house comprised of elected Mitglieder des Staates (MdS). Elected from single-member electoral districts based mainly on population (which is updated every 10 years using Census data), members of the Oberkammern are democratically elected by the number of total votes every five years. With (NUMBER OF RIDINGS HERE) seats, the Oberkammern is arguably the more powerful of the two Houses, as it makes up the sum-total of the Executive Government and is responsible for the formation of the federal government. The Haus der Oberkammern on the other hand - usually refered to as the Senate - is the appointed upper house comprised of elected individuals elected by either the Ehrenwerte Beobachter or the Kaiser himself. All those appointed must, per the constitution, be a minimum of 30 years old, be a subject of the monarch, and own property with a net worth of at least $4,000, in addition to owning land worth no less than $4,000 within the province he or she is to represent.
Current Large Projects
Sosopul Oil Fields
The Sosopul Oil Fields, known officially as the Large Economic Infrastructure Project No. 1567A (Sosopul/Krakow) - Krupnyy proyekt ekonomicheskoy infrastruktury № 1567A (Sosopul / Krakov) - is currently the largest and longest-running infrastructure project in Helvana. Situated outside the small town of Sosopul, Krakow the Oil Fields are the largest recorded deposit of crude oil in north-west Levantia, with roughly 52.9 billion barrels of crude oil discovered in early 1860 CE. Unfortunately, miscalculation of the reserve in 1860 CE (at around 12.3 million barrels), and the less-than-impressive methods for extracting used by the Helvana government resulted in the oil fields not really being tapped into until around 1934 CE, where the Sosopul soviet council re-evaluated the site, giving us the more modern number. It wasn't until 1991, after the unification of Yytuskia and Helvana into a single state, was it that more work was put into the oil fields, resulting in both a production and extraction increase of almost 400%, but also the introduction of on-site refining and processing plants at the project.
Also of note, in 1974, after the opening of the Aburvrigeen Canal by the Diamavyan government, the Helvana government was finally able to sell crude oil on the international market. Thusly, they approached the Diamavyan government with a deal. The Diamavyan government would receive roughly 5 - 10% of all oil tanker transport through the Vandarch, allowing the Helvana tankers toll-free passage through the canal. In 1976, the Diamavyan-Helvanic Sosopul Trade Deal was ratified, and to this day, Diamavya receives roughly 15% of all Helvanic crude oil sold on the international market, at upwards of 35% cheaper than other countries.
PROJECT:SAFEHOUSE, more officially known as the National Strategy for Civilian Protection - Nationale Strategie für den Schutz der Zivilbevölkerung - is a national Yytuskian project started in the early 2000s to better protect their civilian population in the event of global or local nuclear war.
The energy sector in the Dual Federal Republics used to be two separate systems set up by the respective governments in the earlier part of the 20th Century. It was only in early 2001 CE that both the Yytuskian Energy Commission and the Helvanic Energy Council decided to merge both energy grids to better maximize energy efficiency across the board.
Main Article see: Holy Order