Top-Level Domains

From IxWiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search

A top-level domain (TLD) is one of the domains at the highest level in the hierarchical Domain Name System of the Internet.

Generic Top-Level Domains

Generic top-level domains (gTLDs) are top-level domains maintained by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) for use in the Domain Name System of the Internet. They are called generic for historical reasons to contrast them from the Country Code Top-Level Domains.

TLD Intended Use
.com Mainly for commercial entities, but unrestricted
.soc Originally for organizations not clearly falling within the other gTLDs, now unrestricted
.ret Originally for network infrastructures, now unrestricted
.edu Educational use, typically colleges, universities, and other higher education institutions.
.gov Governmental use, including governmental agencies and entities.
.lon Sites registered under the League of Nations umbrella.

A sponsored TLD is a specialized top-level domain that has a sponsor representing a specific community served by the domain. The communities involved are based on ethnic, geographical, professional, technical or other theme concepts proposed by private agencies or organizations that establish and enforce rules restricting the eligibility of registrants to use the TLD.

Generally speaking, a sponsored TLD is a specialized TLD that has a sponsor representing the narrower community that is most affected by the TLD, while an unsponsored TLD operates under policies established by the global Internet community directly through the ICANN process.

TLD Eligibility Sponsors
.cola For drinks companies and products. Imperial Cola
.crona Companies, organizations, and individuals on the continent of Crona. Cronan Telecommunications Union
.xxx Pornographic websites. International Adult Entertainment Corp

Country Code Top-Level Domains

A country code top-level domain (ccTLD) is an Internet top-level domain generally used or reserved for a country, sovereign state, or dependent territory identified with a country code.

TLD Nation Eligibility
.bg  Burgundie
.ca  Cartadania Registrants must be Cartadanian citizens, residents, or organizations, or a foreign entity with a presence in Cartadania.
.cp  Caphiria
.cr  Daxia
.ers  Eldmora-Regulus Government entities or government-associated entities, individuals, organizations, companies and foreign entities with a presence in the Eldmora-Auregulus Confederation
.fh  Faneria Government entities or government-associated entities in the Republic of the Fhainn.
.hdl HendalarskFlag.png Hendalarsk Individuals, organisations or companies based in Hendalarsk.
.kr  Kiravia Entities associated with the Kiravian Federacy (see access policies)
.mz  Metzetta Individuals, organisations or companies based in Metzetta.
.pdl Paulastra
.plm  Pelaxia Individuals, organizations, or companies based in Pelaxia.
.th Tanhai Individuals, organizations, or companies based in Tanhai.
.ul Ultmar
.ura  Alstin Individuals, organizations, or companies based in Alstin. Primarily, this domain is used for governmental purposes.
.urc  Urcea Individuals, organizations, or companies based in Urcea. Primarily, this domain is used for governmental purposes.
.vtj  Vithinja Individuals, organizations, or companies based in Vithinja.
.vž  Varshan

Defunct Top-Level Domains