LGBT rights around the world
Rights affecting lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people vary greatly by country or jurisdiction – encompassing everything from the legal recognition of same-sex marriage to the death penalty for homosexuality. Laws that affect LGBT people include, but are not limited to, the following:
- laws concerning the recognition of same-sex relationships, including same-sex marriage, civil unions, and domestic partnerships
- laws concerning LGBT parenting, including adoption by LGBT people
- anti-discrimination laws in employment, housing, education, public accommodations
- anti-bullying legislation to protect LGBT children at school
- hate crime laws imposing enhanced criminal penalties for prejudice-motivated violence against LGBT people
- bathroom bills affecting access to sex-segregated facilities by transgender people
- laws related to sexual orientation and military service
- laws concerning access to assisted reproductive technology
- sodomy laws that penalize consensual same-sex sexual activity. These may or may not target homosexuals, males or males and females, or leave some homosexual acts legal.
- adultery laws that same-sex couples are subject to
- age of consent laws that may impose higher ages for same-sex sexual activity
- laws regarding the donation of blood by men who have sex with men
- laws concerning access to sex reassignment surgery and hormone replacement therapy
- legal recognition and accommodation of reassigned gender.
|Country/territory||Legality of same-sex sexual activity||Legality of same-sex unions||Legality of same-sex marriage||Legality of adoption by same-sex couples||Legality of LGBT service in military||Legality of anti-discrimination protections||Legality of gender self-identification and expression||Legality of LGBT activism||Legality of restrictions on conversion therapy||Notes|
|Cartadania||Legal||Legal||Legal||Legal||Legal||Legal||Legal||Legal||Legal||See LGBT rights in Cartadania|
|Corumm||Legal||Legal||Illegal||Limited||Limited||Illegal||Legal||Illegal||Illegal||Religious marriages are unrecognized by the state regardless of the homosexual or heterosexual nature of the participants.|
|Eldmora-Regulus||Legal||Legal||Legal||Legal||Legal||Illegal||Limited||Legal||Legal||See LGBT rights in Eldmora-Regulus|
|Faneria||Legal||Legal||Decriminalized||Legal||Legal||Legal||Legal||Legal||Limited||The state only recognizes three genders (male, female, and atypical) and makes no legal distinction between gender and sexuality.|
|Urcea||Decriminalized||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Decriminalized||Legal||Illegal||Sodomy is still considered illegal, but the felony is not prosecuted unless in conjunction with other charges.|
The Kiravian Federacy has a mixed but mostly unfavourable legal landscape for alternative sexualities and gender identities.
Same-sex sexual activity is either legal or decriminalised in all Kiravian federal subjects. In jurisdictions where it remains formally illegal, most limit the prohibition to public settings only, and it is rare for the remaining civil penalties to be applied. Most states have higher ages of consent for same-sex activity than for opposite-sex activity.
Same-sex marriage is not recognised anywhere in the Kiravian Federacy, and there are no plans to introduce it. A handful of federal subjects - Fariva, the Kiygrava, Argévia, Vôtaska, Asperidan, and the District of Coīnvra, offer gender-neutral civil unions that are functionally equivalent to civil marriages for most (but not all) purposes. A larger number of federal subjects offer gender-neutral domestic partnerships (atomixardmakūra) or "household covenants" (þramsāvirexóvon), which confer fewer rights than a marriage or civil union.
Anti-discrimination laws concerning alternative sexual and gender identities are few and weak. The modern Occidental concept of sexual orientation is not widely understood in Kiravian society, much less recognised in law. Laws concerning public and subsidised housing are one of the few areas in which raśgatestra ɣalamirsk ("gender-distribution of affection") is a widespread protected class. Healthcare regulations are another. Some coastal states and cities have clear anti-discrimination clauses regarding government services and public accommodations. Queer Kiravians have sought shelter under other protected categories mentioned in various laws, such as "marital status", "household composition", and "reasonably private dispositions", but these are have not always proven reliable and do not provide comprehensive protection.
The Henebrem and Ayembrem are two obscure Coscivian ethnic groups that have more than two sets of gender roles (the Henebrem three and the Ayembrem five), and the states where they live have afforded some measure of legal protection to the "traditional lifestyle and customary minorities among the Brem tribes". The Wisaya Urom tribe also has a third customary gender role assigned to certain biological males, which is recognised under the laws of the Wisaya Reservation. There is some controversy regarding this, as many reformers believe that Ayembrem or̥ot and Wisaya wodoāgro are oppressed in their respective cultures. Beyond this there is no legal recognition of alternative or transitory gender identities.
Loa Republic decides its laws via religious precedent, which condone homosexual activity and alternative gender expression, but do not mention marriage or adoption. In addition, persecution of homosexuality is so uncommon in Loa Republic that there is no precedent for the protection of homosexual rights to freedom of discrimination.
- ↑ Limited to 2 children.
- ↑ Limited to combat support roles.
- ↑ Marriages are considered a form of religious civil union, and are only recognized as civil unions as such, regardless of sexual orientation. Religious institutions are free to perform marriages but they are only recognized as civil unions by the government.
- ↑ The state only has civil unions, and considers marriage per se as a synonymous religious form of a civil union.
- ↑ Voluntary conversion therapy legal.
- ↑ "Marriage" is considered religious, not civil terminology in Hendalarsk, and so the state technically only recognizes same-gender unions. Individual faith groups are free to recognize the validity (or not) of same-gender marriages.
- ↑ Varies by state; may be legal, decriminalised, or rarely enforced as a criminal matter.
- ↑ Varies by state.
- ↑ Adoption per se not recognised in Coscivian law for anyone; An individual in a same-sex relationship may become a guardian of a minor relative as a ward. Only married couples may become joint guardians of a ward or become guardians to unerlated minors.
- ↑ Open service permitted in the Navy only.
- ↑ Varies by region.