League of Nations

From IxWiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Flag of League of Nations Latin: Societas Nationum Aenglish: League of Nations Coscivian: Vuntirán Térnáya Arabic: عصبة الأمم Spanish: Naciones Unidas
Flag
HeadquartersAlba Concordia (International territory)
Official languages
TypeIntergovernmental organization
Membership42 member states
2 observer states
Leaders
Establishment
• LoN Charter signed
26 June 1955 (1955-06-26)
• Charter entered into force
1 July 1955 (1955-07-01)
Website
www.lon.int

The League of Nations (LoN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked with promoting international cooperation as well as creating and maintaining international order. It was established after the decades-long Great War, with the aim of preventing future wars, and had no immediate predecessor, though a series of 19th century international congresses formed the base precedent for its foundation. It is headquartered in Alba Concordia, a city and territory under the sovereignty of the League. The organization is financed by assessed and voluntary contributions from its member states. Its objectives include maintaining international peace and security, protecting human rights, delivering humanitarian aid, promoting sustainable development, and upholding international law. The League of Nations is the largest, most familiar, most internationally represented and is one of the most powerful intergovernmental organizations in the world.

The League of Nations maintains a small defense force for the city of Alba Concordia in addition to a standing multinational-rotational peacekeeping force. The League of Nations Security Council, comprised of three permanent members and two rotating members, is responsible for enforcing the resolutions passed by the League of Nations General Assembly when necessary. The League is under the administrative oversight of the Provost-General of the League of Nations, who appoints officials and organizes the League's different departments and agencies.

Mission

The preamble to the League of Nations Charter includes, as the organization's purpose, that it should "serve as a testament towards a global war on war itself, and will serve both us and our posterity as it works to direct the efforts of the youth towards the practice of their own cultural and religious mores, science, and social progress, rather than towards the efforts of making war and inflicting death". Consequently, the mission of the League of Nations, as it defines itself, has been that of global cooperation towards peace. The organization initially started as a forum to prevent a second Great War and to forward the ability and rights of individual nations to pursue progress as nations themselves view it. In the intervening decades since the end of the Great War, the League has also committed itself to cooperative economic development of the developing world as well as a more aggressive posture in establishing global stability.

The League also works to preserve and uphold international law, which it defines by the Code of the League of Nations, though other treaties are often included in the body of standing international law.

Peacekeeping

Economic development

History

The foundation and precedent for the league was developed gradually throughout the 19th century. While no permanent standing organization representing some or most nations was created, international incidents began to be solved by multi-national congresses. These congresses were often informal meetings of diplomats in the months proceeding the adoption of formal treaties and allowed for some flexibility in solving crises as necessary. These congresses were often employed to resolve territorial disputes between nations or to determine the future of a particular region. Several congresses were held at Electorsbourg and the most notable congress of the period brought the First Fratricide to a conclusion. Congresses were not universally accepted; King Aedanicus VIII refused to submit the matter of Carolina to a congress in 1845, instead opting to continue to prosecute the Third Caroline War, which came to a conclusion in his favor in 1848. The congress system began a slow decline in the 1910s before fully collapsing in the 1920s. International congresses were unable to resolve disputes between Caphiria, Veltorina, and Iulia, and were additionally unable to reduce tension in the Kingdom of Dericania. The failure of the system lead to the Great War which began in 1927.

In the last years of the Great War, it became evident that the existing method of diplomacy - bilateral negotiations - had failed. In the early 1950s, negotiations to end the warfailed and most historians state that the war continued for three years beyond its natural conclusion having been reached. The great powers involved in the war were hesitant to agree peace deals they perceived as detrimental to their geopolitical standi g abroad and political standing at home. As early as 1948, the problem of diplomacy being viewed as zero sum was evident to many observers. An institution designed to arbitrate disputes with a global mandate was viewed by many as a hopeful outcome of the Great War.

Multilateral negotiations - and involvement of LOTA in the Third Fratricide - eventually brought an end to the conflict in 1953, and as part of the peace agreement the initial framework for the League of Nations was set forth. Ongoing negotiations lead to the adoption of the League of Nations Charter in June of 1955. The initial treaty was agreed to by every major participant within the Great War besides Pauldustllah, who objected to participation in the same organization as Caphiria. Subsequent acts were added to the Code of the League of Nations over the next decade, establishing the basis of international law.

Organs

The League of Nations consists of four primary organs, each of which includes varying degrees of international participation and differing roles. Each is considered a cornerstone part of carrying out the mission of the League of Nations. The first three organs - the General Assembly, the Security Council, and the Office of the Provost-General - were created by the League of Nations Charter in 1955. The International Justice Court was created by an act of the General Assembly in 1961.

General Assembly

Security Council

Office of the Provost-General

International Justice Court

Funding

The League of Nations is funded by voluntary contributions of its member-states. The contribution amount from any individual member-state is actuarially determined by the International Finance Authority, which calculates the need of the nation for the League, their influence and importance within it, the economic capacity of the nation, and the ability of the current government to pay. The majority of funding for the League originates from the three permanent members of the League of Nations Security Council, Cartadania, and Burgundie.

Criticism