الجمهورية الجنوبية الكبرى
Great Southern Republic
|Motto: Rallied together to break the chains|
|• President for Life||Simone al Zayd|
|• Total||1,574,247 km2 (607,820 sq mi)|
|• Density||230/km2 (590/sq mi)|
Imperial entities of Punth
- 1 History
- 2 Economy
- 3 See Also
Denoted as starting with the Muhammadian conquest of Muqadas and Al-Aqdis in 624 and ending at the fall of the Oduniyyad Caliphate in 1517, the Golden Age of Audonia had a sweeping effect on the area of modern Yanuban. When it was conquered by the Oduniyyad in the 800s the area was generally unorganized, pagan, and had very little industry. It became the province of al-Janub, meaning the south in Arabic, because of its location in relation to the rest of the empire. It was famed for its ancient trees which were used to make boats, most notably for the invasion of South Punth and Ixnay. Its inhabitants were also skilled horsemen how performed bravely in the South Punthite steppe against the Mongolic Khatiri and Kharani horsemen. The area was host to a holy site at the Musrumi Mosque, built on a well said to be connected to Muqadas and an academy. The locals adopted Islam as their religion, Arabic as their language, and became loyal citizens of the Oduniyyad Caliphate.
Near the end of the Second Wave of Bladerunners several ships arrived on the eastern shore of al-Janub in 1351. These Bergendii seafarers were unlike anything most of the Janubi had seen before. They established three small kingdoms: Sante Micel, Madone, and Bethel. These Christian fiefdoms swore fealty to the Oduniyyad Caliphate and are notable for doing so during the times of the Ixnayan Crusades. Despite their good relations the kingdoms were desolved in 1362 as local support for the Bergendii waned in light of news of Christian atrocities being committed by crusaders in northern and western Audonia. Some Bladerunners remained as advisors and treated a small but thriving community in the religiously tolerant Caliphate, but most moved on to Punth or returned to Levantia.
Early modern era
Starting with the fall of the Oduniyyad Caliphate in 1517 and lasting until the expulsion of the Burgundian West Punth Trading Company in 1836, the early modern era in Yanuban was characterized by low-scale tribal warfare as various sheiks jockeyed for power followed by massive levels of colonization. After the collapse, the Oduniyyad magistrate continued to rule as a local king until 1553. Following his death the sheiks and emirs of the area fell upon each other each claiming the thrown. Their form of tribal warfare was more ceremonial than fatal but still kept the peoples from uniting when faced with western colonial efforts.
The area of modern Yanuban was first colonized by NATION in the 1570s. The Burgundian West Punth Trading Company first arrived in the area in 1635 and established a series of timber factories along the coast. In 1653 the Colony of Majanub was formed and the Ghafiri Protectorate was established with the al-Ghafir family. By 1657 the Burgundian West Punth Trading Company had supplanted all of the other nation’s colonies in the area and helped the Ghafiris to conquer much of the southern part of the modern country. Through the Doctrine of Lapse the Company assumed direct control over the Ghafiri Protectorate in 1763 and as part of the Presidency Act of 1771 made the whole of its claims in the area into the Majanub Presidency.
Divided into 17 tribal states primarily under the Majanub Presidency, the modern area of Yanuban was a minor possession of the Burgundian West Punth Trading Company. This means that it was not subjected to the same level of cultural colonization and proselytizing as other parts of the Burgundian West Punth Trading Empire. The small administrative class of Levantine Protestants where happy to focus their rule in the few moderately sized cities that they built for themselves. This laissez-faire approach maintained much of the traditional values and practices of the area with the colonial administrators only getting involved in tax collection disputes.
Many Yanubis barely knew they were even under colonial rule as the tax collecting was subcontracted out to tribal leaders so as to diminish the need for a large costly colonial government. Due to its resource potential being mostly timber-based with some fishing, and rubber cultivation, Majanub was primarily focused on supplying the hotter less densely wooded colonies in the north. The few international exports it did have were routed through the Legatation of Ankivara before being either sold in Ixnay or forwarded to Crona and Levantia.
Late modern era
The late modern era in Yanuban officially started with the end of company rule in 1836 and lasted until the outbreak of the Great War in 1927. It was a generally peaceful time in which the various tribes minded their own business and the as-Samadh family emerged as the strongest political entity eventually uniting the tribes under their monarchy. The as-Samadh family ruled from 1884 until 1977.
During the late modern period the area was not engaged in international politicking as its location was not relevant and its resources were not in demand. Aside from some tribal conflicts and a war with Battganuur over fishing rights, the nation had no significant issues during this time.
Like the rest of the world the contemporary era in Yanuban spanned from the outbreak of the Great War in 1927 through the present day. It was a time of unprecedented unrest in the country and forced modernization. It spelled the end of the traditional lifestyles of the Yanuban farmer and normadic herder, the creation of a deep divide in the nation that spans socioeconomic class, geographical distribution, and cultural outlook.
Samadhi Civil War
To many in Audonia and South Punth, the Great War demonstrated the fallibility of democratized capitalism of the Occidental world. While the political climate in Audonia was more democratic than South Punth, the mainstay of most political systems was the monarchy and this was no different in the Samadh Sultanate. In the century since its independence from the Burgundian West Punth Trading Company, the Yanubi had turned to strong leaders and found solace in the paternalism of the state. In the 1930s and 40s a series of education reforms were undertaken and peasant farmers and nomadic herders were required to attend school at least through the 8th grade. This decidedly bourgeois policy was resented by the farmers, many of whom could only cultivate enough food to sustain themselves. It was doubly offensive to the nomads as it formed them into permanent camps for the school year, many of which became permanent as the government tried to end nomadism all together.
These peoples were happy to hear out communist and socialist thinkers who travelled with impunity from village to encampment fomenting ill will. In the 1949 election to the representative council 4 communists were voted in. The votes were suppressed and the sheiks who had held the mostly ceremonial position were welcomed back into the council. When the results were discovered in 1953 resentment turned to violence. Farmers and herders in a number of provinces attacked their magistrates and the offices of the sheiks. This led to a revolt in the navy were sailors who long resented their appointed officers captured two of the country’s 8 naval bases. The army was used to suppress these actions and ill-will towards the army and the monarchy became widespread. In this environment the Yanuban National Liberation Army-Navy (YNLAN) was formed of anti-monarchist groups.
In 1955, the Samadh Sultanate fractured into a civil war. Suspected communists, anarchists, syndicalists, and anti-monarchists were rounded up and killed. The government began a Strategic Hamlet Progam forcing farmers and nomadic herders into areas they could control. The theory was that the government would be able to control the Yanuban National Liberation Army-Navy (YNLAN) by denying them access to manpower. The resulting difficulties with getting farmers to and from their disparate fields resulted in the hamlets adopting communal practices completely back firing on the programs objectives. By 1958 the hamlet program had completely failed and had become the backbone of the communist movement and YNLAN recruitment. In 1961 the Samadhi monarchy asked Burgundie for help. The Burgundian Department of War was happy to offload their equipment that had been made obsolete by the Great War and sold hundreds of millions of dollars of materiel, tanks, ships, and planes to the Samadhi government. Foreign aid only further divided the nation between the monarchy, the middle and upper classes, and the army versus the working people with a sizable contingent of the navy. The war was characterized by intense guerilla warfare taking place entirely in the countryside leaving cities untouched. Because of the hilly and densely forested terrain in much of the country the Samadhi government used napalm and defoliants consistently. This deprived farmers of their livelihood and herders of their ranges leading to a critical food shortage and one of the worst manmade famines of the 20th century. The urban areas began importing their food from other nations and inflation skyrocketed. By 1965 the urban areas had stabilized with a steady supply of food and goods being brought in on O’Shea ships, but it changed the diets of the urban population drastically. In order to cut costs the Samadhi government bought grain which instead of rice, they replaced lamb with beef, and generally made publicly available food more densely caloric. Meanwhile the cities also invested in fishing to supplement the foreign exports and a thriving industry developed. Urban industrialized fishing fleets were given dispensation to carry weapons and chase suspected communist (rural) fishermen from the country’s national waters. The monarchy’s loyal navy used the opportunity to “protect” the fishing fleets and shell insurgent positions. A method was developed by the fishermen where they would station themselves about three nautical miles further out from the naval flotillas and let the sounds of the bombardments drive the fish into their nets. The method was wildly successful but lead to extensive overfishing of the areas in which it was practiced.
In 1967 the YNLAN was formally disbanded as their adherents were starving to death. Support collapsed and the farmers begged the government to end the war and stop the deforestation. The YNLAN sued for peace and agreed to disband and hand in their arms. Their leaders were summarily executed and the country tried to find a sense of normalcy. However, having lost 2.3 million of its countrymen and having created a deeply divided nation, normalcy in the Samadh Sultanate was not without tension.
Just as the Samadhi Civil War was ending, communist uprisings across Audonia and South Punth erupted. By the mid 1960s a third of those countries were embroiled in anti-communist operations. Following their successful model in the Samadh Sultanate, Burgundie offered to sell its old military equipment to the embattled nations and facilitate any logistical support. In 1966 it was deemed not enough and Burgundian troops started pouring into both continents. The Samadh Sultanate, still strapped for cash from its own civil war agreed to allow Burgundie to build bases, airfields, and ports to support their war effort. In the early 1970s, Burgundian wartime logistics constituted 15% of the Sultanate’s economy. The money was largely put back into the revitalization of the countryside with massive public works projects the also rendered unemployment almost null. This led to a resentment amongst urban populations who wanted to invest in their own improvements. In 1977, they abolished the monarchy and established a constitutional republic with strict voting laws that intentionally excluded the rural citizens. As part of the coup they redistributed the foreign monies coming in and set about urbanizing the nation on a grand scale. Known in the countryside as the second Strategic Hamlet Progam, the urbanization was nominally more successful than its predecessor. It led to new urban centers being built, a network of transportation infrastructure, and a collectivization of farming in order to avoid the issues of the first hamlet program. It also included all of the social services that the urban populations deemed necessary and lead to an improvement in the lives of those who lived there, at least on paper.
As the Burgundian intervention dragged on the rural populations feared losing their identity to foreign influence and a thriving nativist cultural movement came into being. Nomadic Games were hosted to oppose the westernized Olympics, increasingly extreme interpretations of Islam were adopted, and raising children became as much about maintaining tradition as it did about preparing them for adulthood.
Following the conclusion of Operation Kipling and the advent of mass Containerization by the Burgundian} war effort, Audonia became a center of outsourcing. Far more developed than Punth with much of its own infrastructure and a mature raw mineral extraction industry, Yanuban and the other Audonian nations were spared the spate of recolonization that has become common in the late 20th and early 21st century in Punth. The seaports, airports, roads, and railroads that dot and cross Audonia in general, and Yanuban in particular, were rebuilt by Burgundian companies in the 1980s and 90s. As part of the various peace treaties O’Shea Heavy Industries and Lansing Lines were contracted by the Burgundian government to update and rebuild a vast network of communication and transportation infrastructure that, in Yanuban, were spearheaded by local engineers and workers. The experience was vital to a resurgence in the local economy as they switched from agricultural to heavy manufacturing. By the early 2000s they had become a massive exporter in the microprocessor business as well as in cellphone manufacturing. The GDPPC of the nation climbed from $493 to $1,502 between 1998 and 2031 and bore witness to a small but vocal middle class.