Capital punishment around the world

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Capital punishment has occurred over much of the world in the past. However, in the past century, many countries in the region have abolished the practice. The following summarises the countries and conditions in which capital punishment is legal around the world.

Legend

    Abolitionist: Capital punishment has been formally abolished by statute or constitution.
    Abolitionist in peacetime: Capital punishment has been formally abolished except for crimes committed under exceptional circumstances (such as wartime).
    Abolitionist in practice: Capital punishment is legal but the country has not executed anyone during the last 10 years and is believed to have a policy or established practice of not carrying out executions.
    Retentionist: Capital punishment is legal and is used for ordinary offences.

List

Country Year implemented Year of last execution Year abolished Notes
 Burgundie Antiquity 2034 In effect The death penalty in Burgundie has existed since antiquity. The death penalty is reserved for violent crimes known in Burgundie as "crimes of power" such as sexual crimes (especially rape and pedophilia), serial murder, systemic abuse (physical and emotional), and treason. Burgundie is unique among developed nations for also having a legal concept for vigilantism. Called Deuagant (Eng. taken from God), it is a non-sanctioned execution that is defensible in the community in which it occurs. This construct is not formally sanctioned by the Lazarine Court, but if there is not a subsequent outcry cases are not common against the community in which it occurred. While Deuagant is not a proven deterrent to sexual crimes, in particular, Burgundie does have a one of the lowest sexual crimes reporting rates in the Occidental world.
25px Bussdaberria 1954 2039 In effect Stipulated by the Treaty of Kartika, Bussdaberria is allowed under extraordinary circumstances to enforce the death penalty to "any-and-all henious crimes against life itself". This has conflicting interpertation, the death penalty was disused since 1961 until 1997; with the takeover of the Regency Council, most offenses depending on severity of murders over the years expanding further and further categories. It started to include rapes, drug trafficking etc. Bussdaberria currently has the highest amount of executions per year.
 Caphiria Antiquity 2030 In effect Capital punishment is lawful and has existed since antiquity though in modern times it has faced criticism. Today, it is reserved for the most heinous crimes: rape, murder, terrorism, treason and espionage.
Template:Country data Chulzia Antiquity 1999 2000 Executions have been practiced since antiquity, it was only publicized on the arrival of the Oduniyyad Caliphate as a method of retribution by authorities. Over time, its validity was demarcated to exceptional happenings, i.e. murder, attempted murder, hijacking, acts of terrorism, treason, espionage, political offenses, child rape, molestation of a child under 12 years of age with aggravating factors, rape of an adult with aggravating factors, rape of an adult that results in death, illness or grievous bodily harm, robbery with aggravating factors, drug offenses, production of child pornography, child trafficking, child prostitution, child corruption, piracy, striking, unionizing, homosexuality, abortion, damaging or deliberately destroying state or private property, destroying military facilities or technology and pedophilia.

During the Chulzian Insurrection, the Insurrectionary Army made the practice illicit under all circumstances, it only permitted its use for penalizing panjandrums of society that had caused bloodshed of the civilians they have hegemonized. Capital punishment was fully abolished after the insurrection in 2000.

Template:Country data Diamavya 1334 2037 In effect The death penalty in Diamavya has existed since the establishment of the Magnicronz Empire, and remains in the constitution today. Although the death penalty is supposedly reserved for the worst of crimes, similar sentences leading to death such as colonial exile or reconditioning are used more frequently in its place.
 Cartadania 1711 2020 In effect
(Being abolished)
The death penalty in Cartadania was first used as a punishment for the corrupt during the overthrow of Cartadania's first government. It has been used throughout the years usually in extreme crimes and during upscale wars. While remaining legal, the Department of Justice has recommended it be phased out in favor of other methods.
 Fhainnaeran Fhainnaeran Antiquity 2020 In effect Death sentences in Fhainnaeran are generally reserved for cases involving murder, treason, violent rape, and occasionally the systematic abuse of dependents. While the practice of branding or tattooing felons for these crimes is far more common alongside prison time, the death penalty is still exercised on occasion for homicides, terrorism, and conspiracy against the state.
Template:Country data Kuhlfros Fiannria Antiquity 1952 1955 While protest to the Death Penalty can be traced back to the early 20th century, it was not until after the Great War to legislative action took place nationwide to affirm every human being, even the worst among them, are indeed human and deserve the right to life.
 Kiravia Antiquity 2034 In effect Capital punishment is lawful in the federal court system, most state and territorial courts, and the military justice system. Some states have abolished capital punishment - either entirely or for all ordinary crimes - while many more have discontinued capital punishment in practice, both with and without formal moratoria, but have not abolished it. Though most often handed down for (usually aggravated) murders and (in some states) aggravated rapes, it may also be used as a penalty for espionage, treason, piracy, perfidy and other military crimes, aircraft hijacking, and train derailment. A few jurisdictions, such as Kyllera, allow capital punishment for arson and horse theft. Firing squad is the standard method of execution.
25px Mellifera 1775 1953 1974 In 1974, a "right to life" amendment was passed by the Melliferan legislature, which would have prohibited abortions. However, four of the commonwealths refused to ratify it until it was modified to prohibit the death penalty. The Temporal Courts acquiesced and passed the modified amendment, which was ratified by all the states. A moratorium on executions by the federal government had already been in effect for two decades, after the Supreme Court had found it to be "imprudent."
Template:Country data Ralvithja 1991 2037 In effect After the unification of Ralvithja, the death penalty was brought back, as it is considered an important part of the Vithjan culture. It may be used for all crimes that fall under the Institute of Laws definitions of "Crimes against the nation", "Crimes against humanity" and "Crimes against society".
 Urcea Antiquity 2032 In effect The death penalty in Urcea has existed since antiquity. The death penalty is reserved for the violent crimes such as some rapes and murder, alongside treason.