Electoral systems of the world

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Polling booths in Anglei.

An electoral system or voting system is a set of rules that determine how elections and referenda are conducted and how their results are determined. Electoral systems are used in politics to elect governments, while non-political elections may take place in business, non-profit organisations and informal organisations. These rules govern all aspects of the voting process: when elections occur, who is allowed to vote, who can stand as a candidate, how ballots are marked and cast, how the ballots are counted, how votes translate into the election outcome, limits on campaign spending, and other factors that can affect the result. Political electoral systems are defined by constitutions and electoral laws, are typically conducted by election commissions, and can use multiple types of elections for different offices.

Some electoral systems elect a single winner to a unique position, such as prime minister, president or governor, while others elect multiple winners, such as members of parliament or boards of directors. When electing a legislature, areas may be divided into constituencies with one or more representatives. Voters may vote directly for individual candidates or for a list of candidates put forward by a political party or alliance. There are many variations in electoral systems, with the most common systems being first-past-the-post voting, block voting, the two-round (runoff) system, proportional representation and ranked voting. Some electoral systems, such as mixed systems, attempt to combine the benefits of non-proportional and proportional systems.

System Utilizacíon
System National governments Subnational, private, and other entities
First-Past-the-Post (FPTP)
Single-Member Plurality (SMP)
 Caphiria - National Assembly
 Urcea - Concilium Daoni
  • NiyaskaFlag.png Niyaska - Governor, legislature, most local offices

 Pelaxia - Some local councils
 Urcea - Most local government systems and all provincial government offices

Party-list proportional representation  Faneria - Party Council
 Pelaxia - Senate, Chamber of Deputies
 Yonderre - Parliament
 Volonia - National Assembly
Instant-runoff voting (IRV)
Alternative vote (AV)
Ranked-choice voting (RCV)
 the Cape



Single transferable vote (STV)  Kiravia  Kiravia
General ticket  Kiravia  Kiravia
Sortition  Anglei - Principal Electorate

Flag of the Australian Aborigines.svg Tablevania - House of Delegates